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This Month in Labor History: January
  • January 1, 1968 -- Local 100 wins contract guaranteeing 20-year half pay pension.
  • January 2, 1920 -- Attorney General Palmer orders arrest and illegal deportation of 10,000 Americans, many of them trade union members and officers.
  • January 4, 1966 -- President Mike Quill and other TWU leaders jailed for violating anti-strike court injunction.
  • January 5, 1956 -- First TWU Railroad Division contract signed with Pennsylvania Railroad.
  • January 7, 1939 -- AFL organizer Tom Mooney freed after 22-year imprisonment on false charges. TWU grants him honorary membership.
  • January 9, 1980 -- Supervisors in San Francisco MUNI system form Local 200.
  • January 10, 1950 -- Amendment to Railway Labor Act gives employees right to negotiate for union shop and check-off. TWU's American Airlines members are first to win both.
  • January 11, 1912 -- 10,000 immigrant textile workers in Lawrence, MA begin historic "Breadand Roses" strike for better wages and dignity
  • January 12, 1962 -- President Kennedy signs Executive Order 10998 guaranteeing federal employees rights to collective bargaining.
  • January 13, 1966 -- $60 million settlement ends NYC transit strike.
  • January 16, 1961 -- Agreement after 26-hour strike by Local 234, Philadelphia, gains major contract.
  • January 18, 1960 -- Local 100 ratifies $40 million contract which included fully-paid health plan, one of first with public agency.
  • January 20, 1979 -- Month long strike by Local 514 Zebco workers won.
  • January 26, 1937 -- Two-day sit down strike in Brooklyn power plant leads to major organizing in New York subways.
  • January 27, 1850 -- Birthdate of Samuel Gompers, president and founder of the American Federation of Labor.
  • January 28, 1966 -- Death of Michael J. Quill, founder and first president of TWU.
  • January 29, 1889 -- 6000 railway workers strike in sympathy with Brooklyn's Atlantic Ave. Railroad workers demanding union recognition and end to 18-hour day. Police and militia break up strike.
  • January 30, 1882 -- Birthdate of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
This Month in Labor History: February
  • February 1, 1972 -- Local 540, flight dispatchers, chartered.
  • February 2, 1946 -- Winston-Salem Local 248 wins first contract.
  • February 4, 1869 -- Big Bill Haywood, miner, socialist, and founder of the Industrial Workers of the World, born.
  • February 5, 1975 -- Southwest flight attendants join TWU.
  • February 6, 1919 -- Seattle shipyard strike of 32,000 sparks a general strike as workers take control of city. Action brutally repressed.
  • February 10, 1946 -- After 2-day strike, Local 234 wins wage increases, company-paid pension and union shop.
  • February 11, 1997 -- Local 252 organizes Laidlaw Transit.
  • February 11, 1937 -- General Motors sitdown strike ends in Flint, Michigan, with recognition of UAW.
  • February 12, 1880 -- Birthdate of John L. Lewis, United Mine Workers president and first president of CIO.
  • February 17, 1936 -- TWU merges with the International Association of Machinists, AFL, but soon withdraws and joins the CIO.
  • February 20, 1952 -- First parking garage workers in Philadelphia join Local 700.
  • February 20, 1997 -- Local 500 organizes Gray Lines Ft. Lauderdale.
  • February 21, 1943 -- Local 234, Philadelphia, chartered.
  • February 27, 1969 -- 21-day strike against American Airlines gains big pay and pension improvements.
  • February 28, 1990 -- Local 590, Nashville, chartered.
  • February 28, 1995 -- Local 500 organizes Airbus Industries.
This Month in Labor History: March
  • March 1, 1962 -- 28-day strike by Local 100 called when Fifth Ave. Coach fired 29 employees and threatened layoff of 1,500 others.
  • March 10, 1942 -- Local 101 wins recognition from Brooklyn Union Gas Co.
  • March 11, 1950 -- TWU workers at American Airlines win 11-day national strike gaining first severance pay clause in industry.
  • March 13, 1963 -- Local 260 Houston negotiates first contract with Pioneer Bus ending dual pay scales for black and white drivers.
  • March 14, 1944 -- TWU organizes Philadelphia transit workers into Local 234.
  • March 15, 1991 -- Local 234 begins successful 19-strike preventing introduction of part timers.
  • March 17, 1950 -- Half day work stoppage brings out 10,000 Local 100 members in support of 40 hour work week.
  • March 19, 1962 -- In effort to block massive layoffs and end strike NYC moves to seize privately-owned Fifth Avenue Coach, largest bus company in world.
  • March 20, 1997 -- Local 252 organizes Courtesy Bus.
  • March 21, 1965 -- TWU contingent marches in Selma, Alabama, to support voting rights drive.
  • March 22, 1995 -- Death of Matthew Guinan, second president of TWU.
  • March 23, 1932 -- Norris-LaGuardia Act restricts employer use of federal injunction against unions and bans "yellowdog" contracts.
  • March 24, 1974 -- Coalition of Labor Union Women (CLUW) founded.
  • March 26, 1911 -- Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire kills 146 sweatshop employees in NYC. Leads to eventual reform of garment industry.
  • March 27, 1967 -- Local 225 organizes Hudson Transit Lines in New Jersey.
  • March 28, 1962 -- Fifth Avenue Coach employees return victoriously to work as company abandons operation to NYC authority. Birth of MABSTOA.
  • March 30, 1965 -- First Michael J. Quill scholarships awarded.
This Month in Labor History: April
  • April 1, 1961 -- Local 101 begins 6-week strike against Brooklyn Union Gas Company.
  • April 4, 1966 -- After voting TWU sole bargaining rights, San Francisco MUNI workers reconstituted as Local 250-A.
  • April 4, 1998-- Local 580, America West, chartered.
  • April 8, 1966 -- Last remaining poll tax in US outlawed by federal court.
  • April 11, 1980 -- Leisure Village, NJ workers join TWU.
  • April 11, 1980 -- Local 100 wins 11-day strike in New York gaining 23% increases in wages and benefits over 2 years.
  • April 13, 1919 -- Labor leader and Socialist Party founder Eugene Victor Debs imprisoned for opposing American entry into World War I.
  • April 15, 1934 -- Small group of subway workers led by Mike Quill and Douglas MacMahon found TWU.
  • April 17, 1953 -- join TWU organizes employees of Allied Aviation Fueling of Texas.
  • April 20, 1914 -- Ludlow Massacre: Company police and Colorado National Guard burn striking miners' camp killing 13 children and 7 adults.
  • April 21, 1967 -- Governor Nelson Rockefeller signs anti-union Taylor Law.
  • April 25, 1968 -- First Local 1400 contract negotiated with Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
  • April 30, 1965 -- TWU wins $9.5 million in pensions for former Fifth Avenue Coach employees after long court battle.
This Month in Labor History: May
  • May 1, 1886 -- 8-hour day demonstration begins tradition of May Day as labor holiday.
  • May 1, 1991 -- Local 568, American Airlines, chartered in Miami.
  • May 2, 1911 -- First Workers Compensation law passed in U.S., enacted in Wisconsin.
  • May 5, 1950 -- 91% of membership of Local 234 vote union security.
  • May 5, 1961 -- Freedom Riders begin tour of deep South to test compliance with federal law on discrimination.
  • May 7, 1977 -- Longest transit strike in Philadelphia's history, 44 days, ended.
  • May 8, 1947 -- Houston Local 260 chartered.
  • May 9, 1934 -- Longshore-led strike for union hiring hall and recognition leads to general strike on West Coast.
  • May 10, 1937 -- TWU receives CIO charter.
  • May 11, 1894 -- Pullman Railway car employees strike. National rail stoppage results.
  • May 11, 1941 -- Columbus Local 208 affiliates with TWU.
  • May 12, 1955 -- Last run on Third Avenue elevated in NYC before demolition.
  • May 14, 1975 -- TWU Southwest Airlines flight attendants win first contract.
  • May 15, 1937 -- TWU wins bargaining rights on New York's IRT subway line.
  • May 16, 1953 -- Local 1 wins wage increase in 45-day strike against Akron Transportation.
  • May 20, 1926 -- Railway Labor Act passed guaranteeing collective bargaining rights to railroad worker.
  • May 22, 1895 -- Eugene Victor Debs jailed for his role in Pullman strike.
  • May 22, 1995 -- Local 500 organizes Meers Transportation.
  • May 26, 1949 -- Local 100 chooses Theodore Kheel as first permanent arbitrator.
  • May 27, 1937 -- First Local 100 contract with IRT gains $2.5 million including 10 percent wage increase.
  • May 30, 1937 -- 10 strikers murdered in Memorial Day massacre at Republic Steel in Chicago.
This Month in Labor History: June
  • June 1, 1946 -- Local 507, American Airlines, Boston, chartered.
  • June 1, 1990 -- Local 571 and Local 572, American Eagle, Chicago, chartered. Local 544, Continental Airlines, Houston, chartered.
  • June 4, 1937 -- TWU wins bargaining rights on Third Avenue Railway in NYC.
  • June 4, 1943 -- Orange and Black Company bus drivers join Local 225, NJ.
  • June 11, 1940 -- NYC Board of Transportation takes control of the IRT and BMT subway lines.
  • June 12, 1968 -- Age Discrimination in Employment Act takes effect.
  • June 13, 1967 -- Thurgood Marshall named to Supreme Court, first African American to serve.
  • June 16, 1975 -- Local 101 locked out by Brooklyn Union Gas Company.
  • June 21, 1877 -- 10 Irish miners hanged in PA, all accused of murder and membership in Molly Maguires.
  • June 22, 1937 -- TWU wins bargaining rights on NYC Omnibus.
  • June 22, 1970 -- Local 291, Miami transit workers vote TWU.
  • June 23, 1947 -- Anti-worker Taft-Hartley Act passed by Congress over presidential veto.
  • June 25, 1954 -- Local 100 defeats union busting move by management by winning exclusive representation rights in NYC transit lines.
  • June 26, 1967 -- Port Authority of NY and NJ workers vote to affiliate with TWU as Local 1400.
  • June 26, 1980 -- Local 543, Northwest Airlines, Minneapolis, chartered.
  • June 27, 1905 -- Industrial Workers of the World, IWW, believers in "one big industrial union," founded.
  • June 27, 1980 -- Local 261 certified to represent Houston School District bus drivers.
  • June 28, 1951 -- NYC transit workers win 40-hour work week at 48 hours pay.
  • June 29, 1932 -- General Motors and other companies form first bus holding company, National City Lines. The companies were later convicted of criminally conspiring to replace trolleys with gas and diesel buses. Companies fined $5,000; their treasurers, $1.
  • June 30, 1944 -- Philadelphia Local 234 wins first contract.
This Month in Labor History: July
  • July 1, 1979 -- Local 2017, Lithecote Company employees in Altoona, PA win 32-day strike.
  • July 5, 1935 -- National Labor Relations Act passed recognizing workers right to organize and bargain collectively.
  • July 5, 1965 -- Equal Employment Opportunity Act (EEOC), federal agency which investigates discrimination charges, becomes operational.
  • July 6, 1926 -- IRT subway workers strike in NYC, protesting forced signing of yellow-dog contracts which mandated they join company union.
  • July 6, 1960 -- Local 282, Bristol PA, signs first school district contract.
  • July 9, 1935 -- First TWU strike protesting dismissals of 6 car cleaners at IRT Jerome Avenue barn who refused work speed-up. All were reinstated.
  • July 9, 1998 -- Local 106, New York chartered.
  • July 12, 1892 -- State militia breaks 12-day strike against Carnegie Steel Corp. in Homestead, PA. Strikers, protesting wage cuts of 18-26 percent, suffered 7 deaths in attacks on them by Pinkerton detectives.
  • July 17, 1958 -- Accidental death of Local 525 missile mechanic sparks 4-day Cape Canaveral walkout. Local gains safety and medical program.
  • July 18, 1967 -- Down-range missile tracking station workers join TWU.
  • July 19, 1877 -- PA trainmen seize control of railroads in Pittsburgh to protest wage cuts. Two days later, National Guard moves in, killing 20 people.
  • July 21, 1937 -- TWU wins recognition of Fifth Avenue Coach, NYC.
  • July 22, 1946 -- TWU certified to represent American Airlines maintenance, fleet, and ground service workers.
  • July 24, 1950 -- First rocket launched from Cape Canaveral. a bumper 8 model.
  • July 25, 1979 -- All Nassau County MSBA bus drivers and maintenance workers, solidified under TWU banner, Local 252.
  • July 27, 1932 -- U.S. Army assaults an encampment of 20,000 World War I veterans who had camped in Washington asking Congress to speed up bonus payments.
  • July 31, 1937 -- TWU signs up workers on the BMT subway line in NYC.
This Month in Labor History: August
  • August 1, 1944 -- Company-instigated strike in Philadelphia tries to bar 8 African-American trolley operators from working. TWU members stay on job in support of minority trolley men.
  • August 3, 1945 -- San Francisco MUNI workers join Local 250.
  • August 5, 1964 -- Three civil rights workers, Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman found murdered in Mississippi.
  • August 7, 1997 -- Local 574, American Eagle, Dallas, chartered.
  • August 10, 1935 -- Mike Quill and four other union men beaten up by company thugs and then arrested for assault. Charges thrown out of court.
  • August 14, 1935 -- President Franklin Roosevelt signs Social Security Act.
  • August 16, 1937 -- TWU wins first contract at Fifth Avenue Coach in NYC.
  • August 20, 1866 -- National Labor Union formed.
  • August 23, 1927 -- Sacco and Vanzetti, two labor organizers, executed for alleged murder of two bank guards.
  • August 26, 1878 -- Third Avenue elevated line opened in NYC.
  • August 27, 1885 -- First electrically powered train tested on Ninth Avenue elevated line in NYC.
  • August 28, 1963 -- TWU participates in March on Washington for "equal rights for all now."
  • August 29, 1945 -- Successful 2-day strike at Columbia University by Local 241 after school had denied government directives for two years to recognize union.
  • August 29, 1989 -- Local 570, American Airlines, Nashville, chartered.
  • August 30, 1920 -- Attempt to organize BMT workers broken when court halts strike.
  • August 31, 1938 -- First TWU contract with Gray Line Bus.
This Month in Labor History: September
  • September 1, 1988 -- Local 569, American Airlines, Raleigh-Durham, chartered.
  • September 1, 1992 -- Local 567, American Airlines, Alliance-Ft. Worth, chartered.
  • September 6, 1916 -- Strike on IRT in NYC begins. Walkout broken when company spends $3.5 million and hires 3,000 strikebreakers.
  • September 8, 1993 -- Local 249, Cobb County, GA, chartered.
  • September 9, 1919 -- Over 1,000 Boston police strike when union leaders fired for organizing. National Guard called up and all strikers fired.
  • September 12, 1960 -- TWU wins 12-day strike against Pennsylvania Railroad guaranteeing job security.
  • September 14, 1959 -- Landrum-Griffin Act passed severely limiting trade union activity.
  • September 18, 1905 -- Birthdate of Mike Quill, founder and first president of TWU.
  • September 18, 1968 -- 12,000 Penn Central carmen, helpers, apprentices and food workers join TWU.
  • September 19, 1981 -- Solidarity Day called by AFL-CIO, Over 400,000 trade unionist march in Washington.
  • September 22, 1919 -- 365,000 steel workers strike nationally for union recognition. Police and courts break strike.
  • September 26, 1945 -- First TWU Pan American contract gains 40 hour work week, first in industry.
  • September 30, 1946 -- TWU Local 514, American Airlines, Tulsa, OK, chartered.
This Month in Labor History: October
  • October 1, 1954 -- 40,000 CIO railway workers affiliate with TWU.
  • October 1, 1962 -- First New York City MABSTOA contract ratified.
  • October 1, 1985 -- Local 225 Branch 4 chartered.
  • October 4, 1937 -- First TWU Constitutional Convention.
  • October 5, 1976 -- Local 241 ratifies contract after nine-day strike at Columbia University, gaining wage increases, prescription plan, and increased health insurance coverage.
  • October 6, 1970 -- Local 291, representing Metro-Dade transit workers, chartered.
  • October 10, 1946 -- Local 241 strikes Columbia University for five days, gaining 40-hour work week.
  • October 12, 1937 -- First contract with BMT gains TWU recognition for 12,000 transit workers.
  • October 15, 1945 -- Air Transport Locals 504, New York, and 505, San Francisco, chartered.
  • October 22, 1945 -- First contract for Local 241, Columbia University, goes into effect.
  • October 24, 1978 -- Airline Deregulation Act passed. It leads to abandonment of routes, decreased service, bankruptcies of established carriers, and unfair competition, all fostered by new low-wage non-union airlines.
  • October 27, 1941 -- Employees of Omaha and Council Bluffs Street Railways vote TWU and form Local 223.
  • October 29, 1955 -- Local 276 in Waco wins 58 day strike.
This Month in Labor History: November
  • November 1, 1918 -- Malbone tunnel disaster in NYC. Scab motorman crashes subway during strike killing 97 and injuring 255.
  • November 1, 1996 -- Local 555, Southwest Airlines, Dallas, chartered.
  • November 3, 1949 -- 12-day walk-out by Local 260 in Houston leads to first contract.
  • November 5, 1974 -- Local 250-A helps defeat Proposition L which would have destroyed their collective bargaining rights in San Francisco.
  • November 9, 1935 -- Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) founded.
  • November 11, 1887 -- 4 labor organizers hanged for alleged conspiracy in rioting and bombing at Chicago's Haymarket.
  • November 12, 1941 -- Local 208 chosen by Columbus transit workers in NLRB election.
  • November 14, 1958 -- KLM station agents and cargo handlers represented by Local 504 win first contract.
  • November 18, 1953 -- Local 100 private bus drivers win 40 hour work week.
  • November 19, 1982 -- Bus deregulation becomes law threatening riding public and transit workers with abandonment of routes, decreased service, and growth of non-union bus lines.
  • November 23, 1954 -- Local 2017 Altoona, chartered.
  • November 24, 1939 -- Local 100 wins bargaining rights at Triboro Coach.
  • November 24, 1941 -- Local 225, Hackensack, NJ, chartered.
  • November 26, 1968 -- Local 289, Upper Darby, PA, chartered.
  • November 26, 1996 -- Local 542 organizes America West dispatchers.
  • November 28, 1945 -- TWU certified to represent stores personnel at American Airlines.
  • November 29, 1937 -- Mike Quill elected Council member for the Bronx.
This Month in Labor History: December
  • December 1, 1933 -- First issue of TWU newspaper, Transport Workers Bulletin, is published.
  • December 1, 1996 -- Local 225 organizes Gray Line ticket sellers.
  • December 2, 1994 -- Local 500 organizes Hudson-General.
  • December 4, 1952 -- Walter Reuther elected CIO president.
  • December 5, 1955 -- Merger of AFL and CIO. George Meany elected president.
  • December 8, 1970 -- Brick Township NJ Board of Education employees join TWU.
  • December 9, 1869 -- Knights of Labor founded.
  • December 16, 1946 -- Barnard College workers join TWU and form Local 264.
  • December 19, 1969 -- 6-time Socialist Party candidate, Norman Thomas, dies.
  • December 20, 1945 -- 10-day strike by Local 225, Hackensack, ends in victory.
  • December 22, 1935 -- First TWU radio broadcast airs on WEVD in NYC.
  • December 29, 1970 -- Congress passes Occupational Safety and Health Act.
  • December 30, 1941 -- Brooklyn Union Gas employees vote TWU and form Local 101.


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