The Second New Jersey Regiment wishes to thank Jim Chambers Flintlocks, Ltd. of Candler, North Carolina for providing graphics and copy for this page. The weapons depicted and described here are authentic period pieces, and are all currently available from Jim Chambers. The Second New Jersey is proud to recognize the work of gunsmiths of this type in the production of historically accurate reproductions of weapons that were actually used in by the Continental Army and Militia units to end colonial rule in America ! Links are provided at the end of this section if you wish to contact this manufacturer.


Early Lancaster Pennsylvania Rifle
circa 1765-1775

The Lancaster rifle represents the early but fully developed Lancaster style of architecture at its finest, with a high, straight comb, slender wrist and forestock, and wide-flat butt plate. Lancaster rifles were used all along the frontier in Pennsylvania before and during the Revolutionary War and were carried west into Ohio and Kentucky and south into Virginia, Tennessee and the Carolinas after the Revolution. The Lancaster is a pleasure to look at as well as to shoot. Typically produced in 54 caliber for a perfectly balanced, light weight hunting rifle capable of taking all North American game.

Courtesy of Jim Chambers Flintlocks

Early York Pennsylvania Rifle
circa 1770-1780

York County Pennsylvania lies just southwest of Lancaster and was home to many great gunsmiths such as George Schroyer, G. Eister, Martin Fry and others. Overall the York rifle is slightly smaller than the Lancaster which makes it ideal for those of smaller stature. Frontiersmen such as Davy Crocket carried York rifles. Typically produced in 50 caliber.

Courtesy of Jim Chambers Flintlocks

Isaac Haines
circa 1770-1780

Isaac Haines was born in 1750 and was listed on the tax records of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania as a gunsmith in 1772. He worked into the 1790's. Haines made some of the very finest rifles produced in Lancaster.

The Isaac Haines rifles were of the style that was made in Lancaster in the late 1770's or early 1780's. It could have had either a sliding wood or brass patchbox.

Typically produced in 54 caliber with a shorter 38" barrel and light weight makes this a very quick-handling rifle for those running shots in heavy cover.

Courtesy of Jim Chambers Flintlocks

Mark Silver - Virginia Rifle
circa 1750-1780

Historically this rifle is closely derived from an original rifle of the James River Basin area of Virginia. The original rifle may date from as early as the 1740's and quite probably was used by a member of Morgan's Riflemen during the Revolutionary war. This type of rifle would have been used along the frontier during conflicts such as the French and Indian and Revolutionary Wars and as a tool of daily life by settlers and "longhunters" of the mid-to-late 18th century and early 19th century.

Stylistically the rifle shows a subtle blending of British and German influences, typical of Southern rifles. The long tang buttplate derives from English fowlers while the decorative finials of the rifle style guard show German and French influences. This blending of styles is evident in the stock architecture as well, the classic English wrist balustration flowing into the prominent and effective Germanic cheek piece.

The round faced British export lock is typical of many Southern rifles of the period, its large size and excellent geometry assure fast reliable ignition, as important today as during the 18th century.

Courtesy of Jim Chambers Flintlocks

New England Colonial Fowler/
Militia Musket

by Mark Silver
circa 1740-1780

While typical of New England, this type of arm was also made and used extensively in all the colonies. Loaded with shot or ball, they were used for hunting all types of game from squirrel to turkey, waterfowl, deer, bear, and moose. These arms also played a significant role in the incessant sporadic border conflict with New France that culminated in the French and Indian War. During the American Revolution, these pieces again saw service with both Patriot and Loyalist partisans, militias, and line regiments in the early years of the war.

The stock styling is a graceful blend of English and French architecture, with a long slim balustrate wrist accentuated by the concave curve of the lower butt stock. The forend shows moderate swelling at the rear ramrod pipe common to the earliest Brown Bess service muskets as well as many European arms. Whether stocked to the muzzle or cut back a few inches for the use of a socket bayonet, these pieces were unique, graceful, and superbly effective.

The brass mounts reflect the styling of the very early 18th century, and could have been reused from earlier Britiish arms or made by colonial smiths to these familiar forms. The plain folded sheet brass ramrod pipes are 100% authentic as is, or can easily be filed to many different authentic shapes. The lock of round face British export type (Jim Chambers' Colonial Virginia) is authentic, fast, and superbly reliable as befits a serious firearm.

Courtesy of Jim Chambers Flintlocks

English Fowler/Officers Fusil
circa 1750-1770

Our English fowler was copied from an original gun made in 1762 by William Bennett, a very fine gunmaker who worked in London. This gun probably came to the Colonies with an English officer during the French and Indian War or the Revolution.

This 20 gauge fowler has a 41" long, fully-round barrel that measures 1 1/4" at the breech wedding band. It tapers quickly to 3/4" four inches from the muzzle and then flares to 27/32", giving the fowler superb balance. The long-slender wrist extends far back into the butt-stock for classic English smoothbore architecture.

With the addition of relief carving, engraving, and/or silver wire inlay, this fowler can be made into an expensive work of art suitable for English nobility.

Because this is an English gun, In modern construction, curly maple is not a suitable wood choice. Jim Chambers Flintlocks will make this fowler only with English walnut or cherry.

Courtesy of Jim Chambers Flintlocks

JÄGER (Hesse-Cessel ) (Germany)

Barrel Length
Overall Length
600 mm (23 5/8")
711 mm (28")
1105 mm (43 ½")
Kg. 3,700 (8,10 lbs)

The Jäger rifle is well known in Germany and in the neighboring Countries especially for hunting, it was taken to the New Continent by immigrants looking for a new life in a new Country, as well as the soldiers from Hesse Cessel who came to support the British military in combat against the revolting colonists. Der JÄGER! (The hunter!) A name which became soon well known all over the world; also American people called it with its German name, meeting with a precise style giving origin to the first Pennsylvania and later the Kentucky rifles. Hunting was not, however, the only use of these rifles which had application also in the military, especially to equip the specialized army soldiers who were called with the name “Jägeren Hunters” from the name of the rifle.

Courtesy of Davide-Pedersoli C., Italia


The Second New Jersey Regiment wishes to thank Jim Chambers Flintlocks and Davide Pedersoli & C. for their gracious permission to use the history and graphic images of their rifles and muskets found on this section.

 Jim Chambers Flintlocks

Jim Chambers Flintlocks

Documented and Historically accurate period rifles and muskets.

Jim Chambers Flintlocks, Ltd.
116 Sam's Branch Road
Candler, North Carolina 28715

Davide Pedersoli and C. Italia

Documented and Historically accurate Brown Bess and 1766 Charleville Muskets and JÄGER rifles


G. Gedney Godwin, The Sutler of Mount Misery

Valley Forge, Pennsylvania USA

Spare Parts for Pedersoli and Japanese Brown Bess and Charleville

Dixie Gun Works










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