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The emigrant list is prefaced as follows:
Commissioners of the Customs in Scotland to John Robinson (Secretary of the Treasury)
The Officers of the Customs in the Islands of Shetland in consequence of the Instructions received from hence, having particularly examined sundry Emigrants for America, put into Shetland by Distress of Weather; We have inclosed the said Examinations, )Copies of them) as containing apparently the genuine causes of many Persons leaving the Country, and going to America, desiring you will lay the same before the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury for their Information.
Customshouse Edinburgh, 30th May 1774
George Clerk Maxwell
Here is the table OR Go directly to the transcript....
Emigrants from Scotland on board the Ship Batchelor of Leith embarking from the Port of Lerwick. 15th April 1774 Name Age Occupation Town Parish County Emigrating With Reasons for Emigrating William Bain 37 Shopkeeper Wick Caithness Widower To better his condition Alexander Campbell 12 Langwall Rogart Sutherland Grandson of Hector McDonald Joining his mother in Carolina Donald Campbell 50 Farmer Rae Estate Adrahoolish Sutherland Married w/ son 12 yrs old To better his condition & meet and uncle who lives there Hector Campbell 16 Langwall Rogart Sutherland R> Grandson of Hector McDonald Joining his mother in Carolina John Catanoch 50 Farmer Chabster Rae Caithness Married w/4 children 19 to 7 yrs High Rent & Opression James Duncan 27 Farmer Mondle Farr Sutherland Married w/2 children 5 and 9 mos old High Rent & Opression Alexander Gordon unk Wymore Clyne Sutherland Married w/children - with Father William Gordon High Rent & Opression John Gordon unk Wymore Clyne Sutherland Married w/children - with Father William Gordon High Rent & Opression Willam Gordon 60 Farmer Wymore Clyne Sutherland Married w/ 6 children High Rent & Opression George Grant 20 Farmer Aschog Kildonan Sutherland Married Joining his brothers in law Donald Gun 33 Taylor Achinnaria Halerick Caithness married w/3 children from 8 yrs to 5 wks To better his condition Aneas Mackay 21 Teacher/Clerk Tongue Sutherland In hope of employment Hugh Matheson 32 Farmer Rimsdale Kildonan Sutherland Married w/3 children from 8 to 2 yrs & Sister High Rent & Opression Kathrine Matheson 16 Spinster Rimsdale Kildonan Sutherland Brother, Hugh High Rent & Opression John McBeath 37 Farmer & Shoemaker Mault Kildonnan Sutherland Married w/5 children 13 to 9 yrs High Rent & Opression Alexander McDonald unk Langwall Rogart Sutherland son of Hector McDonald High Rent & Opression Donald McDonald 29 Farmer & Taylor Chapter Rae Caithness Married with 1 child of 6 yrs High Rent & Opression Elizabeth McDonald 29 Spinster Mointle Farr Sutherland Employment George McDonald unk Langwall Rogart Sutherland son of Hector McDonald High Rent & Opression Hector McDonald 75 Farmer Langwall Rogart Sutherland Married w/ 3 sons and 2 grandsons High Rent & Opression John McDonald unk Langwall Rogart Sutherland son of Hector McDonald High Rent & Opression William McDonald 71 Farmer Little Savall Lairg Sutherland Married w/3 children 7 to 5 yrs High Rent & Opression George McKay 40 Taylor & Farmer Strathoolie Kildonnan Sutherland Married w/ 1 child 1 yr old High Rent & Opression James McKay 60 Shoemaker Rae Estate Strathnaver Married w/ 1 child Extreme Poverty William McKay 28 Farmer Craigie Rae Caithness Married High Rent & Opression William McKay 30 Farmer Farr Strathnaver Married w/ 3 children 8 to 2 yrs High Rent & Opression Aneas McLeod 60 Farmer Tongue Sutherland 1 daughter 15 yrs old High Rent & Opression William McLeod 26 Farmer Adrahoolish Sutherland married w/ 1 son 2 yrs old High Rent & Opression William McRay 37 Farmer Shathaledale Rea Caithness Married w/4 children 8 yrs to 18 mos old, and one man servant High Rent & Opression Hugh Monro 26 Shoemaker Tongue Sutherland married Better employment William Monro 34 Shoemaker Borgymore Tongue Sutherland Wife, servant maid, servant boy Poverty George Morgan 37 Farmer Chabster Rae Caithness Married w/ 2 children, 7 and 1 yr old Poverty Alexander Morison 60 Farmer Kinside Tongue Sutherland One son and a Servant Maid High Rent & Opression John Ross 47 Farmer Kabel Farr Sutherland Widower w/6 children 20 to 5 yrs High Rent & Opression Patrick Ross 35 Schoolmaster Farr Sutherland Better employment Alexander Sinclair 36 Farmer Dollochcagy Rae Caithness Married w/3 children High Rent & Opression James Sinclair 21 Farmer & Husbandman Forsenain Rea Caithness Father, mother, sister For better opportunity Willam Sutherland 24 Farmer/Day Laborer Forse Latheron Caithness married - says "Left an only Child at home" High Rent & Opression William Sutherland 40 Farmer Strathalidale Rea Caithness Married w/5 children from 19 to 9 yrs High Rent & Opression
Here is the transcript... Go to the Table...Report on the Examination of the Emigrants from the Counties of Caithness and Sutherland on board the Ship Bachelor of Leith bound to Wilmington in North Carolina.
WILLIAM GORDON saith that he is aged 60 and upwards, by Trade a Farmer, married, hath six children, who Emigrate with him, with the Wives and Children of his two sons JOHN & ALEXANDER GORDON. Resided last at Wymore in the Parish of Clyne in the County of Sutherland, upon Lands belonging to William Baillie of Rosehall. That having two sons already settled in Carolina, who wrote him encouraging him to come there, and finding the Rents of Land raised in so much that a Possession for which his Grandfather paid only eight Merks Scots he himself at last paid Sixty, he was induced to emigrate for the greater benefit of his children being himself an Old Man and lame so that it was indifferent to him in what Country he died. That his circumstances were greatly reduced not only by the rise of Rents but by the loss of Cattle, particularly in the severe Winter 1771. That the lands on which he lived have often changed Masters, and that the Rents have been raised on every Change; and when Mr. Baillie bought them they were farmed with the rest of his purchase to one Tacksman* at a very high Rent, who must also have his profits out of them. All these things concurring induced him to leave his own country in hopes that his Children would earn their Bread more comfortably elsewhere. That one of his sons is a Weaver and another a Shoe Maker, and he hopes they may get bread for themselves and be a help to support him.
*"Tacksman" - A middleman who leased a large piece of land from the owner and sublet it in small lots.
WILLIAM MCKAY, aged Thirty, by Trade a Farmer, married, hath three children from Eight to two years Old, besides one dead since he left his own country, resided last at ______ in the Parish of Farr in the County of Strathnaver upon the Estate of the Countessof Sutherland. Intends to go to Wilmington in North Carolina, because his stock being small, Crops failing, and bread excessively dear, and the price of Cattle low, he found he could not have bread for his Family at home, and was encouraged to emigrate by the Accounts received from his Countrymen who had gone to America before him, assuring him that he might procure a Comfortable Subsistence in that country. That the land he possessed was a Wadset of the Family of Sutherland to Mr. Charles Gordon of Skelpick, lying in the height of the country of Strathnaver, the Rents were not raised.
WILLIAM SUTHERLAND, aged Forty, a Farmer, married, hath five children from 19 to 9 years old, lived last at Strathalidale in the Parish of Rea, in the County of Caithness, upon the Estate of the late Colonel McKay of Bighouse; Intends to go to North Carolina; left his own country because the Rents were raised, as Soldiers returning upon the peace with a little money had offered higher Rents; and longer Fines or Grassums,* besides the Services were oppressive in the highest degree. That from his Farm which paid 60 Merks Scots, he was obliged to find two Horses and two Servants from themiddle of July to the end of Harvest solely at his own Expence, besides plowing, Cutting Turf, making middings,* mixing Dung and leading it out in Seed time, and besides cutting, winning, leading and stacking 10 Fathoms of Peats yearly, all done without so much as a bit of bread or a drink to his Servants.
* Grassums: A premium paid to a feudal superior on entering upon the holding. *Middings: Manure heaps
JOHN CATANOCH, aged Fifty Years, by Trade a Farmer, married, hath 4 Children from 19 to 7 years old; resided last at Cabster in the Parish of Rae, in the County of Caithness, upon the Estate of Mr. Alexander Nicolson, Minister at Thurso, Intends to go to Wilmington North Carolina; left his own Country because crops failed, Bread became dear, the Rents of his Possession were raised from Two to Five Pounds Sterling, besides his Pasture or Common Grounds were taken up by placing new Tennants thereon, especially the grounds adjacent to his Farm, which were the only grounds on which his Cattle pastured. That this method of parking and placing Tenants on the pasture Grounds rendered his Farm useless, his Cattle died for want of Grass, and his Corn Farm was unfit to support his Family, after paying the Extravagant Tack duty. That beside the rise of Rents and Scarcity of bread, the Landlord exacted arbitrary and opressive Services, such as obliging the Declarant to labour up his ground, cart, win, lead and stack his Peats, Mow, win and lead his Hay, and cut his Corn and lead it in the yard which took up about 30 or 40 days of his servants and Horses each year, without the least Acknowledgement for it, and without Victuals, save the men that mowed the Hoy who got their Dinner only. That he was induced to Emigrate by Advices received from his Friends in America, that Provisions are extremely plenty and cheap and the price of labour very high, so that People who are temperate and laborious have every Chance of bettering their circumstances - Adds that the price of Bread in the Country he hath left is greatly Enhanced by distilling, that being for so long a time so scarce and dear, and the price of Cattle at the same time reduced full one half while the Rents of lands have been raised nearly in the same proportion, all the smaller Farms must inevitable be ruined.
ELIZABETH MCDONALD, Aged 29, unmarried, servant to James Duncan in Mointle in the Parish of Farr in the County of Sutherland, Intends to go to Wilmington in North Carolina; left her own country because several of her Friends having gone to Carolina before her, had assured her that she would get much better service and greater Encouragement in Carolina than in her own Country.
DONALD MCDONALD, Aged 29 years, by Trade a Farmer and Taylor, married, hath One Child six years Old. Resided last at Chapter in the Parish of Rae in the County of Caithness upon the Estate of Mr. Alexander Nicolson Minister at Thurso, intends to go to Carolina; left his own Country for the reasons assigned by John Catanoch, as he resided in the same Town and was subjected and was subjected to the same Hardships with the other. Complains as he doth of the advanced price of Corn, owing in a great measure to the consumption of it in Distilling.
JOHN MCBEATH, Aged 37, by Trade a Farmer and Shoe maker, Married, hath 5 children from 13 years to 9 months old. Resided last in Mault in the Parish of Kildonnan in the County of Sutherland, upon the Estate of Sutherland. Intends to go to Wilmington in North Carolina; left his own country because Crops failed, he lost his Cattle, the Rent of his Possession was raised, and bread had been long dear; he could get no Employment at home, whereby he could support himself and Family, being unable to buy Bread at the prices the Factors on the Estate of Sutherland & neighboring Estates extracted from him. That he was Encouraged to emigrate by the Accounts received from his own and his Wife's Friends already inAmerica, assuring him that he would procure comfortable subsistence in that country for his Wife and Children, and that the price of labour was very high. He also assigns for the Cause of Bread being dear in his Country that I is owing to the great quantities of Corn consumed in brewing Risquebah.
JAMES DUNCAN, Aged twenty seven years, by Trade a Farmer, married, hath two Children, one five years the other 9 months old. Resided last at Mondle in the Parish of Farr in the Shire of Sutherland, upon the Estate of Sutherland. Intends to go to Wilmington in North Carolina; left his own Country because Crops failed him for several years, and among the last years of his labouring he scarce reaped any Crop; Bread became dear and the price of Cattle so much reduced that One Cow's price could only buy a Boll* of Meal. That the People on the Estate of Sutherland were often supplied with meal from Caithness, but the Farmers there had of late stopt the sale of their Meal, because it rendered them a much greater Profit by Distilling. That he could find no Employment at home whereby he could support his Family. That he has very promising Prospects by the Advices from his Friends in Carolina, as they have bettered their circumstances greatly since they went there by their labours. Lands being cheap and good Provisions plenty, and the price of Labour very encouraging.
* Boll of Meal - A measure of meal amounting to about 6 bushels
HECTOR MCDONALD, Aged 75, Married, a Farmer, hath three sons who emigrate with him, JOHN MCDONALD, ALEXANDER MCDONALD and GEORGE MCDONALD, from 27 to 22 years old, also two Grand Children HECTOR CAMPBELL, aged 16 and ALEXANDER CAMPBELL aged 12, who go to their Mother already in Carolina. Resided last at Langwall in the Parish of Rogart in the County of Sutherland, upon the Estate of Sutherland. Intends to go to North Carolina, Left his own Country because the Rents of his possession had been raised from One pound seven shillings to Four pounds, while the price of the Cattle raised upon it fell more than One half, and not being in a Cour Country the price of Bread was so far advanced, that a Cow formerly worth from 50sh. To 3 pounds - could only purchase a Boll of Meals. He suffered much by the death of Cattle, and still more by oppressive Services exacted by the factor, being obliged to work with his People and Cattle for 40 days andmore Each year, without a bit of Bread. That falling into reduced Circumstances he was assured by some of his children already in America that his Family might subsist more comfortabley there, and in all events theycan scarce be worse. Ascribes the excessive price of corn to the consumptionof it in distilling.WILLIAM MCDONALD, Aged 71, by Trade a Farmer, married, hath 3 children from 7 to 5 years old, who emigrate with him. Resided last at little Savall in the Parish of Lairg in the county of Sutherland, upon the Estate of Hugh Monro of Achanny. Intends to goto Wilmington in North Carolina; left his own Country because Crops failed, Bread became dear, the Rents of his possession were raised, but not so high as the Lands belonging to the neighboring Heritors, by which and the excessive price of Meal, the lownessof the price of Cattle, and still further by a Cautionary* by which he lost 30 pounds Sterling, his Circumstances were much straightened, so that he could no longer support his Family at Home, tho' Mr. Monro used him with great humanity. That his Friends already in Carolina, have given him assurance of bettering his condition, as the price of labour is high and Provisions very cheap. Ascribes the high price of Corn to the Consumption of it in Distilling.
* Cautionary - Personal Security
HUGH MATHESON, Aged 32, married, hath 3 children from 8 to 2 years Old, also a Sister KATHRINE MATHESON, aged 16 who emigrate with him, was a Farmer last at Rimsdale in the Parish of Kildonan in the County of Sutherland, Leaves his Country and goes to Carolina, because upon the rise of the price of Cattle some years ago the Rent of his Possession was raised from 2.16.0 pounds Sterling to 5.10.0 pounds Sterling. But the price of Cattle has been of late so low, and that of Bread so high, that the Factor who was also a Drover would give no more than a Boll of Meal for a Cow, which was formerly worth from 50 shillings to 3 pounds Sterling and obliged the Tenants to give him their Cattle at his own price. That in these grassing Counties little Corn can be raised, and for some years past the little they had was in a great measure blighted and rendered useless by thefrost which is common in the beginning of Autumn in the Inland parts of the Country. That in such Circumstances it seems impossible for Farmers to avoid Ruin, and their distresses heightened by the consumption of corn in distilling in a Grassing Country where little can be raised. That encouraged by his Friends already in America, he hath good hopes of bettering his Condition in that Country.
WILLIAM MCKAY, Aged 26, Married, a Farmer last at Craigie in the Parish of Rae and County of Caithness, upon the Estate of George McRay Island Handy*; Goes to Carolina because the Rent of his Possession was raised to double at the same time that the price of Cattle was reduced one half, and even lower as he was obliged tosell them to the Factor at what price he pleased; at the same time his Crope was destroyed by bad Harvests, and Bread became excessive dear, owing in a great measure to the Consumption by distilling. That the Services were oppressive, being unlimited and arbitrary, at the pleasure of the Factor, and when by reason of sickness the Declarant could not perform them he was charged at the rate of one shilling per day. He had Assurances from his Friends in America that the high price of labour and cheapness of Provisions would enable him to support himself in that Country.
* Island Handy - Handa Island off the western coast of Sutherland County
ALEXANDER SINCLAIR, Aged 36, Married, hath 3 children from 18 to 2 years Old, a Farmer last at Dollochcagy in the Parish of Rae and the County of Caithness, upon the Estate of Sir John Sinclair of Murkle. Left his own Country and goes to Carolina, because the Tacksman of Sir John Sinclair's Estate demanded an advanced Rent and Arbitrary Services, which in the present Distresses of the Country could not be complied with without ruin. That he is encouraged by his Friends in America to hope to better Circumstances there.
GEORGE GRANT, Aged twenty, Married a Farmer last as Aschog in the Parish of Kildonan in the County of Sutherland on the Estate of ______; Intends to go to North Carolina, because Crops failed so that he was obliged to buy four month Provisions in a year, and at the same time the price of Cattle was reduced more than One half. That his Brothers in Law, already in America have assured him the from the Cheapness of Provisions, and the high price of labour, he may better hgis Circumstances in that Country.
WILLIAM BAIN, Aged 37, a Widower, by Trade a Shopkeeper, resided last in Wick in the County of Caithness. Intends to go to Carolina. Left his own Country because he could not get bread in his Employment, the Poverty of the Common People with whom he dealt disabling them to pay their debts. Hopes to better his Condition in America, but in what business he cannot determine till he comes there.
GEORGE MORGAN, Aged 37, Married, hath two children. One 7 the other One year Old, a Farmer last at Chabster in the Parish of Rae, and County of Caithness, upon lands belonging to Mr. Alexander Nicolson Minister at Thurso. Goes to Carolina leaving his country for the same reasons and upon the same Motives assigned by John Catanoch, who was his Neighbour.
WILLIAM MONRO, Aged thirty four, Married, Emigrates with his Wife, a servant maid, and a servant Boy, by Trade a Shoemaker, resided last at Borgymore in the Parish of Tongue and County of Sutherland. Left his own Country as his Employment was little and he had no hopes of bettering his Circumstances in it, which he expects to do in America.
PATRICK ROSS, Aged Thrity Five, Unmarried, lately Schoolmaster in the Parish of Farr, in the County of Sutherland. Goes to America on the assurance ofsome of his Friends already in that Country of procuring a more profitable School for him.
ALEXANDER MORISON, Aged Sixty, Married, hath One Son and a Servand Maid, who emigrate with him; resided last at Kinside in the Parish of Tongue and County of Sutherland, on the Estate of Sutherland, by Occupation a Farmer. Left his Country as the Rents of his Possession were near doubled, the price of Cattle low, and little being raised in that Country, what they bought was excessive dear, beside the Tenants were in various way opprest by Lor Rae's Factors; and by the Reports from America, he is in hopes of bettering his Circumstances in that Country.
GEORGE MCKAY, Aged 40, Married, hath one Child, a year old, by Trade a Taylor and Farmer, last at Strathoolie in the Parish of Kildonan and County of Sutherland, upon that part of the Estate of Sutherland set in Tack to George Gordon by whom his rent was augmented, and great Services demanded, viz 12 days work yearly over and above what he paid to the Family of Sutherland. That the price of Cattle on which he chiefly depended was greatly reduced, and the little Corn raised in the Country almost totally blighted by Frost for two years past, by which the Farmers in general were brought into great distress. In these Circumstances he had no resource but to follow his Countrymen to America as the condition can scarce be worse.
DONALD GUN, Aged thirty three, married, hath three Children from 8 years to 5 weeks old, by Trade a Taylor, resided last at Achinnaris in the Parish of Halerick in the County of Caithness. Finding he cannot make bread in his own Country, intends to go to America in hopes of doing it better there.
JOHN ROSS, Aged 47, a Widower hath six Children, from 20 to 5 years Old, who emigrate with him, by Trade a Farmer, last at kable in the Parish of Farr and County of Sutherland, upon the estate of Sutherland. Goes to Carolina, because the rent of his Possession was greatlly Advanced, the price of Cattle which must pay that Rent reduced more than one half, and bread which they must always buy excessively dear. The evil is the greater that the Estate being parcelled out to different Factors and Tacksmen, these must oppress the subtenants in order to raise a profit to themselves, particularly on the Article of Cattle, which they never fail to take at their own prices, lately at 20/ or 20 Merks and seldom or never higher than 30/ tho' the same Cattle have been sold in the Country from 50 to 55 shillings. By these means reduced in his circumstances, And encouraged by his Friends already in America, he hopes to live more comfortably in that Country.
JAMES SINCLAIR, Aged twenty one years, a farmer, married, hath no Children, resided last at forsenain in the Parish of Rea, and County of caithness, upon the Estate of Bighouse now possest by George McRay of Islandhanda, upon a Farm, paying 8 pounds Sterling Rent, that he left his own Country because Crops of Corn had, and bread was very dear; he had lost great part of his Cattle two years ago, the rearing Cattle being his principal business, the prices of Cattle were reduced one half while the Rents were neverthless kept up and in many places advanced. In such Circumstances it was not possible for people of small stock to evite ruin. His Father, Mother and Sisters and some other Friends go along with him to Carolina, where he is informed land and Provisions are cheap, labour dear, and Crops seldom fail. What employment he shall follow there he hath not yet determined, but thinks it will be Husbandry.
ANEAS MCLEOD, Aged sixty, a Farmer, married, hath one Daughter 15 years old. Resided last in the Parish of Tongue in the County of Sutherland upon the Estate of Lord Rae. Goes to Wilmington in North Carolina, where he proposes to live by day labour, being informed that one days Wages will support him a week. Left his own Country because upon the rise of the price of Cattle some years ago, the Rent of his Possession was raised from 28/ to 38/ a year, but thereafter when the price of Cattle was reduced one half the Rent was nevertheless still kept up. Moreover being near the house of Tongue, He was harrassed and oppressed with arbitrary Services daily called for without Wages or Maintenance.
ANEAS MACKAY, Aged twenty, single, resided last with his Father in the Parish of Tongue and County of Sutherland; hath been taught to read, write and cypher, and goes to Carolina in hopes of being employed either as a Teacher or as a Clerk; He has several Relations and Acquaintances there already, who inform him he may get from 60 to 70 pounds Sterling a year in this way, which is much better than he had any reason to expect at home.
DONALD CAMPBELL, Aged 50, a Farmer, married, has one Son 12 years Old, resided last in the Parish of Adrahoolish, in the County of Sutherland on the Estate of Rea. Intends to go to Carolina because the small Farm he possest could not keep a Plough and he could not raise so much Corn by delving as maintain his Family and pay his Rent, which was advanced from 21/ to 30/. Has hopes of meeting an Uncle in America who will be able to put him in a way of gaining his Bread.
WILLIAM MCRAY, Aged 37, a Farmer, Married, has Four Children from 8 years to 18 months Old; and one man Servant, who emigrate with him; resided last at Shathaledale in the Parish of Rea, and County of Caithness upon the Estate of George McRay of Bighouse. Left his Country because the Rent of his Posession was raised from 20 to 80 pound Scots, while at the same time the price of Cattle upon which his subsistence and the payment of his Rent chiefly depended had fallen in thelast Seven years at least one half. In the year 1772 he lost of the little Crop his Farm produced and in Cattle to the value of 40 pounds Sterling - Under these losses and discouragements, he had assurances from a Brother and Sister already in Carolina, that a sober industrious man could not fail of living confortable, Lands could be rented cheap, and Grounds not cleared purchased for 6 d an Acre, that the soil was feertile, and if a man could bring a small Sum of Money with him he might make rich very fast. He proposes to follow Agriculture but has not yet determined whether he will purchase or rent a Possession.
WILLIAM MCLEOD, Aged twenty six, a Farmer, married, has one Son two yearl old; resided last in the Parish of Adrachooliah, in the County of Sutherland, upon the Estate of Bighouse; intends to go to Wilmington in North Carolina, where he has a Brother settled who wrote him to come out assuring him that he find a better Farm for him than he possest at home (the rent of which was considerably raised upon him) for On fourth of the Money, and that he will live more comfortably in every respect.
HUGH MONRO, Aged twenty-six, a Shoemaker, married, hath no children. Resided last in the Parish of Tongue and County of Sutherland. Goes to Carolina upon assurance that Tradesmen of all kinds will find large Encouragement.
WILLIAM SUTHERLAND, Aged twenty four, married, left and only Child at home. Resided last in the Parish of Latheron and County of Caithness, upon the Estate of John Sutherland of Forse. Goes to Carolina because he lost his Cattle in 1772, and for a farm of 40/ Rent, was obliged to perform with his Family and his Horses so many and so arbitrary services to his Landlord at all times of the year, but especially in Seed time and Harvest, that he could not in two years he possest it, raise so much Corn as serve his Family for six months, That his little Stock daily decreasing, he was encouraged to go to Carolina, by the Assurances of the fertility of theland, which yields three Crops a year, by which means Provisions are extremely cheap, Wheat being sold at 3 shillings a Boll, Potatoes at 1 shilling so that one Man's labour will maintain a Family of Twenty Persons. He has no Money, therefore proposes to empoly himself as a Day labourer, his Wife can spin and Sew, and he has heard of many going out in the same way who are now substantial Farmers. At any rate he comforts himself in the hopes that he cannot be worse than he has been at home.
JAMES MCKAY, Aged 60, a shoemaker, married, has one child, Resided last on Lord Raes Estate in Strathnaver. Left his own country being exceeding poor, and assured by his Friends who contributed among them the money required to pay for his Passage, that he would find better employment in Carolina.
This and the 20 preceding Pages contain the Examination of the emigrants on board the Ship Batchelor of Leith, Alexander Ramage, Master, taken by the officers at the Port of Lerwick. 15th April 1774
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