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THE RECORD HOLDERS OF THE
NAVY CROSS


FIVE AWARDS

ROY MILTON DAVENPORT: Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, (72345), received five Navy Crosses while serving as a Submariner during World War II.
LEWIS BURWELL PULLER: Lieutenant General, U.S. Marine Corps, (03158), received five Navy Crosses. Two for service in the Second Nicaraguan Campaign, two for service in World War II and one for service in the Korean War (also received a Distinguished Service Cross for service in the Korean War). The five Navy Crosses and one Distinguished Service Cross were all earned during ground actions.

DAVENPORT, ROY MILTON
NAVY CROSS
Rank and Service: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (72345)
Organization: U.S.S. Haddock
Conflict: World War II
Date of Action: June to August 1943
Place of Action: off Palau and Caroline Island Group Areas
Authorized by: The Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Citation: For extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of a United States Submarine during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Pacific Area. Throughout numerous hazardous war patrols in enemy-infested waters, Lieutenant Commander Davenport pressed home his attacks with cool and courageous determination and despite intense and persistent hostile opposition, succeeded in sinking over 10,500 tons of enemy shipping and damaging over 35,500 tons. His aggressive fighting spirit, inspiring leadership and the splendid efficiency of the men in his command contributed immeasurably to the success of our operations in this vital area and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NAVY CROSS (1st Gold Star)
Rank and Service: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (72345)
Organization: U.S.S. Haddock
Conflict: World War II
Date of Action: September 1943
Place of Action: off Truk Islands Area
Authorized by: The Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Citation: For extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of a United States Submarine while that vessel was engaged in an aggressive and successful patrol against enemy Japanese in the Pacific War Area. Although operating in the presence of formidable concentrations of anti-submarine vessels, Lieutenant Commander Davenport pressed home a series of vigorous and persistent attacks which resulted in the sinking or damaging of an important amount of hostile shipping. Despite severe countermeasures on the part of the enemy, he brought his ship through many perilous encounters and his crew home without material damage or loss of life. His expert seamanship and cool courage in the face of great personal danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NAVY CROSS (2nd Gold Star)
Rank and Service: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (72345)
Organization: U.S.S. Haddock
Conflict: World War II
Date of Action: October to November 1943
Place of Action: off Truk Islands Area
Authorized by: The Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Citation: For extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. HADDOCK during the Seventh War Patrol in enemy Japanese-controlled waters in the Pacific War Area. With superb tactical skill, Commander Davenport maneuvered his ship into striking position and in a daring surface torpedo attack against a hostile destroyer search group, sank one of the Japanese warships then, during the ensuing confusion, carried out a successful surface retirement. Contacting two heavily escorted enemy convoys, he and his gallant command delivered accurate and devastating attacks against the hostile vessels, sinking a large amount of Japanese shipping. Commander Davenport’s inspiring leadership and indomitable fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NAVY CROSS (3rd Gold Star)
Rank and Service: Commander, U.S. Navy (72345)
Organization: U.S.S. Trepang
Conflict: World War II
Date of Action: September to October 1944
Place of Action: Tokyo Bay Area
Authorized by: The Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Citation: For extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TREPANG during the First War Patrol of that vessel in enemy waters. Effectively covering wide areas of the enemy’s shipping routes, Commander Davenport tracked Japanese surface forces with relentless determination, skillfully developing his contacts into highly aggressive torpedo attacks. Boldly launching his fire against hostile escorted convoys, he directed his command in the destruction of several important enemy vessels and continued his vigorous tactics by a night surface attack against a Japanese task force to sink or damage severely combatant ships of heavy fire power and vital to the enemy’s sustained prosecution of the war. His valiant ship-handling in evading severe enemy countermeasures despite the TREPANG’s inferior speed and highly phosphorescent seas and the gallant fighting spirit of the entire ship’s company reflect the highest credit upon Commander Davenport and the United States Naval Service.

NAVY CROSS (4th Gold Star)
Rank and Service: Commander, U.S. Navy (72345)
Organization: U.S.S. Trepang
Conflict: World War II
Date of Action: November to December 1944
Place of Action: off Luzon, Philippine Islands
Authorized by: The Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Citation: For extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TREPANG during the Second War Patrol of that vessel in enemy Japanese-controlled waters. Daringly penetrating a strong hostile escort screen to deliver a series of night surface attacks, Commander Davenport launched his torpedoes into an escorted convoy, holding to his targets grimly in the face of heavy countermeasures and sinking an important amount of Japanese tonnage. During this excellently planned and brilliantly executed engagement, the TREPANG effectively coordinated her efforts with other submarines and, as a result of the combined firepower of these gallant ships, contributed to the destruction of the entire convoy within a period of three hours. A courageous and expert seaman, forceful and inspiring in his leadership, Commander Davenport, as Group Commander, was largely responsible for the outstanding success of this vital and hazardous mission. His gallant conduct and the exceptional combat readiness of his command reflect the highest credit upon Commander Davenport and the United States Naval Service.

PULLER, LEWIS BURWELL
NAVY CROSS
Rank and Service: First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (03158)
Organization: attached to the Nicaraguan National Guard
Conflict: Second Nicaraguan Campaign
Date of Action: 16 February to 19 August 1930
Place of Action: Nicaragua
Authorized by: The Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Citation: For distinguished service in the line of his professional while commanding a Nicaraguan National Guard patrol. First Lieutenant Lewis B. Puller, United States Marine Corps, successfully led his forces into five successful engagements against superior numbers of armed bandit forces; namely, at LaVirgen on 16 February 1930, at Los Cedros on 6 June 1930, at Moncotal on 22 July 1930, at Guapinol on 25 July 1930, and at Malacate on 19 August 1930, with the result that the bandits were in each engagement completely routed with losses of nine killed and many wounded. By his intelligent and forceful leadership without thought of his own personal safety, by great physical exertion and by suffering many hardships, Lieutenant Puller surmounted all obstacles and dealt five successive and severe blows against organized banditry in the Republic of Nicaragua.

NAVY CROSS (1st Gold Star)
Rank and Service: First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (03158)
Organization: attached to the Nicaraguan National Guard
Conflict: Second Nicaraguan Campaign
Date of Action: 20 September to 1 October 1932
Place of Action: Nicaragua
Authorized by: The Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Citation: First Lieutenant Lewis B. Puller, United States Marine Corps (Captain, Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua) performed exceptionally meritorious service in a duty of great responsibility while in command of a Guardia Patrol from 20 September to 1 October 1932. Lieutenant Puller and his command of forty Guardia and Gunnery Sergeant William A. Lee, United States Marine Corps, serving as a First Lieutenant in the Guardia, penetrated the isolated mountainous bandit territory for a distance of from eighty to one hundred miles north of Jinotega, his nearest base. This patrol was ambushed on 26 September 1932, at a point northeast of Mount Kilambe by an insurgent force of one hundred fifty in a well-prepared position armed with not less than seven automatic weapons and various classes of small arms and well-supplied with ammunition. Early in the combat, Gunnery Sergeant Lee, the Second in Command was seriously wounded and reported as dead. The Guardia immediately behind Lieutenant Puller in the point was killed by the first burst of fire, Lieutenant Puller, with great courage, coolness and display of military judgment, so directed the fire and movement of his men that the enemy were driven first from the high ground on the right of his position, and then by a flanking movement forced from the high ground to the left and finally were scattered in confusion with a loss of ten killed and many wounded by the persistent and well-directed attack of the patrol. The numerous casualties suffered by the enemy and the Guardia losses of two killed and four wounded are indicative of the severity of the enemy resistance. This signal victory in jungle country, with no lines of communication and a hundred miles from any supporting force, was largely due to the indomitable courage and persistence of the patrol commander. Returning with the wounded to Jinotega, the patrol was ambushed twice by superior forces on 30 September. On both of the occasions the enemy was dispersed with severe losses.

NAVY CROSS(2nd Gold Star)
Rank and Service: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps (03158)
Organization: 1st Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division
Conflict: World War II
Date of Action: 24 to 25 October 1942
Place of Action: Guadalcanal, British Solomon Islands
Authorized by: The Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Citation: For extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, Seventh Marines, First Marine Division, during the action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 24 to 25 October 1942. While Lieutenant Colonel Puller’s battalion was holding a mile-long front in a heavy downpour of rain, a Japanese force, superior in number, launched a vigorous assault against that position of the line which passed through a dense jungle. Courageously withstanding the enemy’s desperate and determined attacks, Lieutenant Colonel Puller not only held his battalion to its position until reinforcements arrived three hours later, but also effectively commanded the augmented force until late in the afternoon of the next day. By his tireless devotion to duty and cool judgment under fire, he prevented a hostile penetration of our lines and was largely responsible for the successful defense of the sector assigned to his troops.

NAVY CROSS (3rd Gold Star)
Rank and Service: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps (03158)
Organization: 7th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division, attached to the 6th U.S. Army
Conflict: World War II
Date of Action: 26 December 1943 to 19 January 1944
Place of Action: Cape Gloucester, New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago
Authorized by: The Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Citation: For extraordinary heroism as Executive Officer of the Seventh Marines, First Marine Division, serving with the Sixth United States Army, in combat against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester, New Britain, from 26 December 1943 to 19 January 1944. Assigned temporary command of the Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, from 4 to 9 January, Lieutenant Colonel Puller quickly reorganized and advanced his unit, effecting the seizure of the objective without delay. Assuming additional duty in command of the Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, from 7 to 8 January, after the commanding officer and executive officer had been wounded, Lieutenant Colonel Puller unhesitatingly exposed himself to rifle, machine-gun and mortar fire from strongly entrenched Japanese positions to move from company to company in his front lines, reorganizing and maintaining a critical position along a fire-swept ridge. His forceful leadership and gallant fighting spirit under the most hazardous conditions were contributing factors in the defeat of the enemy during this campaign and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NAVY CROSS (4th Gold Star)
Rank and Service: Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps (03158)
Organization: 1st Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division (Reinforced)
Conflict: Korean War
Date of Action: 5 to 10 December 1950
Place of Action: vicinity of Koto-ri, Korea
Authorized by: The Navy Department Board of Decorations and Medals
Citation: For extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the First Marines, First Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against aggressor forces in the vicinity of Koto-ri, Korea, from 5 to 10 December 1950. Fighting continuously in sub-zero weather against a vastly outnumbering hostile force, Colonel Puller drove off repeated and fanatical enemy attacks upon his Regimental defense sector and supply points. Although the area was frequently covered by grazing machine-gun fire and intense artillery and mortar fire, he coolly moved along his troops to insure their correct tactical employment, reinforced the lines as the situation demanded, and successfully defended the perimeter, keeping open the main supply routes for the movement of the Division. During the attack from Koto-ri to Hungnam, he expertly utilized his Regiment as the Division rear guard, repelling two fierce enemy assaults which severely threatened the security of the unit, and personally supervised the care and prompt evacuation of all casualties. By his unflagging determination, he served to inspire his men to heroic efforts in defense of their positions and assured the safety of much valuable equipment which would otherwise have been lost to the enemy. His skilled leadership, superb courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of overwhelming odds reflect the highest credit upon Colonel Puller and the United States Naval Service.

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
Rank and Service: Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps (03158)
Organization: 1st Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division (Reinforced)
Conflict: Korean War
Date of Action: 29 November to 4 December 1950
Place of Action: vicinity of Koto-ri, Korea
Authorized by: Headquarters, X Corps General Orders Number 66, dated 1950
Citation: COLONEL LEWIS B. PULLER, USMC for extraordinary heroism in military operation against an armed enemy: Colonel Lewis B. Puller, 03158, United States Marine Corps, Commanding Officer, 1st Regiment, 1st Marine Division, distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy during the period 29 November to 4 December 1950. His actions contributed materially to the breakthrough of the 1st Marine Regiment in the Chosin Reservoir area and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.