Selected Timeline of Troup County History

English Colonization and the Revolutionary War, 1607-1783

1733 Georgia founded by Gen. James E. Oglethorpe; 13th British colony  -- named for King George II.
1739 Gen. J. E. Oglethorpe traveled to West Georgia to meet Creek leaders (probably came through Troup County)

Federal Period, 1783-1820

1789 George Michael Troup born, son of George Troup and Catherine McIntosh
1793 Militia from near Augusta, Georgia, retaliated against Creek raids by burning the village of Ocfuskeneana on banks of Chattahoochee River. Site now called "Burnt Village.

The Antebellum Period, 1820-1860

1807 Horace King, Bridge Builder, born a slave in South Carolina
1823 George M. Troup elected Governor of Georgia
1824 Grayson's Trail was a well-established Creek Indian path north of the area that becomes LaGrange.
1825 William McIntosh, President of the Creek Nation, and 49 other chiefs sold the land between the Flint and Chattahoochee Rivers to the United States
 -- The Marquis de Lafayette visits Georgia and is welcomed to the state by Governor Troup. Lafayette remarked upon the similarity of West Georgia to his estate, the Chateau de LaGrange, in France.
1826 Troup County created by the Georgia General Assembly
1827 Troup County Academy established, first school in county
1828 "Town" of LaGrange named county seat of Troup County; the name "LaGrange" proposed by Colonel Julius Caesar Alford and named for the country estate of the Marquis de Lafayette
1829 West Point organized (originally named Franklin)
1830 Hill View Cemetery established on grounds of Troup County Academy with burial of Abner Turner
1831 LaGrange Female Academy (LaGrange College) chartered
1832 Mickleberry and Nancy Coleman Ferrell bought land and built a home with a formal garden on Vernon Road.
1834 Bird's Mill (later Young's Mill) built (other early mills established in Troup County included O'Neal, Smith, Norwood, Dennis, Dallis, Pool, Eichelberger)
1835 John and David Culberson establish sawmill
1837 Robert C. Brown established Brownwood Institute, a school for girls (later becomes Brownwood University for Males)
 -- Montgomery and West Point Railroad incorporated
1838 City of LaGrange took control of Troup County Academy and renamed it LaGrange High School
1841 Sarah C. and Blount C. Ferrell began developing "Ferrell Gardens" which they called "The Terraces"
1844 John Maier, noted artist, applied for American citizenship in Troup County
1845 Louis Merz immigrated to West Point from Bavaria; died a Confederate soldier at the Battle of Sharpsburg (1862). He kept a diary from January to July 1862.
 -- A mill was established on Flat Shoals Creek. Three years later the mill was converted to cotton manufacturing, the first in Troup County
1846 Horace King freed by his owner, John Godwin
1847 Railroad incorporated, to run from Atlanta to LaGrange
 -- Robert Robertson of Scotland built first textile factory in Troup County to manufacture thread from wool
1849 Atlanta and LaGrange Railroad charter included an extension to West Point.
1840s Godfred Kener, of Germany, established furniture factory in LaGrange
1850s Christian, Valentine, and James Zimmer open German restaurant in LaGrange
 -- Albert Lehmann, German watchmaker, becomes proprietor (owner) of jewelry store in LaGrange
 -- Other families emigrating from Europe in the 19th century included: Wolf, Berringer, Freisleben, Merz, Hagedorn, Herzberg, Stein, and Holle
1851 Montgomery and West Point Railroad completed to West Point
 -- Bank of LaGrange established by Samuel Curtright and ten other men
1852 Jewish merchant Heyman Heyman emigrated to LaGrange from Germany; later established Heyman-Merz Merchandise Company in West Point
1855 "Bellevue," home of Senator Benjamin Harvey Hill completed (only Troup County home designated as a National Historic Landmark)
1856 LaGrange re-incorporated as "City of LaGrange"
1857 Atlanta and LaGrange railroad became Atlanta and West Point railroad

The Civil War and Reconstruction, 1860-1877

1861 Nancy Harts organized to defend LaGrange when the LaGrange Light Guards, and most able-bodied men enlisted in the Confederate Army
1864 Southern Female and LaGrange Female Colleges share faculty and facilities
1865 Battle of Fort Tyler (West Point, GA)
 -- Warren Temple United Methodist Church established. Congregation moves into new building in 1930 constructed by John Moore
 -- First Baptist Church of Fannin Street established
1870 Hogansville incorporated; named for local land owner William Hogan, who began the town before 1860
 -- Fuller E. Callaway, Sr. born in LaGrange.
 -- William O. Tuggle begins collection of local Indian lore in Oklahoma (1870s)
 -- William Jarboe, first Catholic mayor of LaGrange, elected
1871 Southern Female College, destroyed by fire in 1864, relocated to Church Street
 -- John E. Toole became first public school superintendent (called commissioner) in Troup County
 -- Troup County Board of Education established
c.1872 Horace King and sons establish construction company in LaGrange
1876 West Point Board of Education established
1877 Ulrich Bonnell Philips, nationally noted historian, born in LaGrange; He writes Life and Labor in the Old South, which is published in 1929

The Growth of America: Agricultural, Industrial and Urban Changes, 1878-1914

1886 Jefferson Davis made speech in LaGrange, his only one while en route to Atlanta for unveiling of statue honoring Benjamin H. Hill
1888 Callaway Department Store established
 -- King Street named in honor of Horace King and his son Marshall
1889 First modern textile plant opened in LaGrange located on Morgan Street
1890 Mountville Military Institute established (1890s)
1892 County Jail on Hines Street built (now Chattahoochee Valley Art Museum)
1893 LaGrange Telephone Exchange opened with 28 subscribers
 -- Hogansville Board of Education established
1895 Dixie Mill opened, the oldest surviving factory in Troup County
1896 Robert E. & Walter G. Park established Park High School in LaGrange
 -- Glass Bridge constructed over Chattahoochee River by John and George King, sons of Horace King
1897 Mountville, "oldest settlement in Troup County," incorporated as a town
1899 February 13, temperatures reach -10 degrees below zero, the coldest day ever on record in Troup County
1900 Trimble Brick Company established in northeastern Troup County
 -- Fuller E. Callaway and others establish Unity Mill (plant now called Kex)
 -- Families emigrating to the U.S. during the early 20th century included: Jabaley, Solomon, Gay, Joseph, Katter, Mansour, Struletz, Frosolono, and Edelson
1902 Confederate monument dedicated on square; (now located on New Franklin Road)
1903 LaGrange Board of Education established
 -- LaGrange High School opened on Harwell Avenue
1905 Elm City Cotton Mill established
1906 Court Square (now Lafayette Square) and Main Street, paved
 -- Atlanta, Birmingham and Coastline Railroad includes a stop at the northern Troup County community of Abbottsford which was originally settled by Scots
1908 LaGrange Fire Department organized for the first time with paid firemen
1909 An orchestra was organized in LaGrange by Joe Frosolono, a violin player who was born in Italy
1910 Joseph Eugene Dunson and others established Dunson Mill
1911 In an address at the depot, former presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan paid a glowing tribute to LaGrange saying "it was a garden for the purposes of cultivating great men."
1912 Post Office on Main Street, LaGrange, completed
 -- Chinese Laundry on Main Street operated by Hong Ying

World War I, Roaring Twenties, Great Depression and New Deal, 1914-1940

1915 Jewish immigrant and merchant, Hyman Kaplan, moves to LaGrange; born in Jerusalem
1916 Charlie Joseph emigrated to LaGrange from Lebanon
 -- Dunson Hospital, first public hospital, opened
 -- Italian villa of Fuller and Ida Callaway, "Hills and Dales," on Vernon Road, completed. Designed by Neel Reid
1917 Mansour's Racket Shop, forerunner of Mansour's Department Store, opened
 -- Local chapter of American Red Cross established
1919 Severe flood in West Point. Other bad floods hit the town in 1929 & 1961.
1920 Charlie Joseph's, home of "World's Best Hot Dogs & Hamburgers," opened
 -- Goldstein Brothers, dry goods (clothing products) located on East Court Square advertises "Store of Quality"
 -- March, cyclone (tornado) hits Troup County, over 200 dead and injured
1921 Sisters Anna, Lois, & Ethel Young open the Colonial Hotel on Ridley Avenue
1925 Severe drought in Troup County, remembered as "the year you could walk across the Chattahoochee River"
1926 LaGrange City Hall constructed
 -- "Sunny Gables," designed by P. Thornton Marye, constructed for Mary B. Nix
1928 LaGrange Reporter and two other weeklies merged to become LaGrange Daily News
1929 Callaway Memorial Tower dedication
1930 Robert Elliott Burns escaped from prison in Troup County and goes on to write I am a Fugitive from the Georgia Chain Gang, which has been made into two movies and won an Academy Award for Paul Muni
 -- Nick Xinor operates Greek Restaurant in LaGrange
 -- LaGrange Theater on Main Street opens
 -- Callaway Cubs, semi-professional baseball team, wore a patch of a cotton bale on right arm and a patch of elm leaves and roses representing LaGrange's slogan as the "City of Elms and Roses" on left sleeve
1931 A major fire on Main Street destroyed many buildings
1932 LaGrange Daily News declares Simon Struletz "City's Unluckiest Man" when home burns, dynamite explodes and car burns all in a short period of time.
1933 History of Troup County written by Clifford Smith
1935 Clark-Holder Clinic founded
 -- City Swimming Pool built on Church Street, LaGrange
1936 Callaway Airport constructed by Works Progress Administration. Field was in use by pilots before this date
 -- Courthouse burns on November 5th
 -- City-County Hospital built
 -- LaGrange College experimented with co-education but drops after one year
1937 Lamar Dodd, nationally renowned artist raised in LaGrange, began teaching career at University of Georgia
 -- Royal Theater in Hogansville constructed by Lam Amusement Company; later operated by Jabaley family

World War II, 1939-1945

1939 New Court House opens on Ridley Avenue
1930s 4-H Clubs introduced into local schools
1930s-1945 President Franklin Delano Roosevelt periodically seen driving roads of Troup County, always had a friendly wave
1941 WLAG goes on the air as first local radio station
1941-45 Hundreds of Troup County men and women leave their families and friends to help support U. S. war efforts, including Alfred Flowers and many others
1942 Callaway Auditorium completed
1943 Callaway Community Foundation established. Later becomes Callaway Foundation, Inc.
1944 Congregation Beth-El moves into old Episcopal Church building on Church Street

Korean Conflict (Early Cold War Era, 1945-1960)

1946 LaGrange Troupers play professional baseball. The team serves as farm team for New York Yankees from 1949 to 1951
1948 Hubert T. Quillian, President of LaGrange College, dies
 -- LaGrange City Cats named Alabama-Georgia Baseball League champions. Glenn Robertson, first Black elected to LaGrange City Council, played on team.
1949 Behr's Women's Specialty Shop opens on Main Street; owner is Harry Behr
1953 LaGrange College becomes permanently co-ed
 -- Lucy Morgan and Benjamin Harvey Hill Homes opened
 -- WTRP goes on the air
1956 Troup and Ethel Kight High Schools opened
 -- Edelson Brothers open Army Store on Hines Street. Their father Harry emigrated to the U. S. in 1914 from Minsk, Russia
1957 Seven Atlanta college students arrested while skinny-dipping on Square, a fraternity initiation prank
1960 Democratic Candidate for President John F. Kennedy visits LaGrange, school children line route as he drives by

Vietnam Era, 1961-1975

1961 Gypsy Queen in City-County Hospital, December 1961 to January 1962, created problems with her people camped all around hospital
1963 Chattahoochee Valley Art Association (now Museum) organized
 -- "Affair on the Square" begins
1968 Callaway Mills sold to Deering-Milliken
1970 January 9, Myrtice Carpenter ice skated on the Fountain with permission from Mayor Gardner Newman

Persian Gulf Conflict (Late Cold War Era, 1975-2000)

1975 West Point Lake completed. Has 525 miles of shoreline and is 25,900 acres.
1976 Statue of Marquis de LaFayette placed in center of square in downtown LaGrange
1977 Interstate 85 opens
1978 Richard English is first African-American elected to Troup County Board of Commissioners
1979 Interstate I-185 open
 -- Aso, Japan and LaGrange become "Sister Cities"
1980 NOK holds opening ceremonies at LaGrange plant with Japanese and American leaders present (later becomes Freudenberg-NOK)
1983 Troup County Archives opened
 -- La Fiesta, LaGrange's original Mexican restaurant opened, later becomes El Reyes, managed by Alfonso, Rodolfo and Carl Reyes
1984 Dr. Santiago Garcia named as head of Department of Education at LaGrange College
1985 January 21 is coldest day in Troup County in twentieth century. Temperatures reached a low of -4 degrees below zero
1986 West Point and Troup County schools merge
1988 TV 33 goes on the air
1989 Poti, Republic of Georgia (formerly Soviet Union) and LaGrange become "Sister Cities"
 -- Kay Durand becomes the first female elected to the LaGrange City Council
1992 Carl Von Epps elected to Georgia General Assembly, first African-American to represent Troup County area
1993 LaGrange City Schools merge into the Troup County School System
1994 Jeff Brown becomes first Republican elected to the Georgia House of Representatives from Troup County since the 1860s
1995 October, Hurricane Opal damages power lines, knocks down trees, and generally disrupts life in Troup County for about a week
1996 Olympics held in Atlanta. Over 500 athletes practice and train in Troup County
 -- LaGrange and Craigavon, Northern Ireland, become "Sister Cities"
1997 Dezayee family, Kurdish refugees, flee Saddam Hussein and Iraq and settle in Troup County
1998 Mama Flora's Family, a CBS Hallmark movie, filmed at Troup County Courthouse
1999 December 31: Year 2000 welcomed in by LaGrange "Downtown Countdown" on the Square
 -- Primera Iglesia Hispana de LaGrange, the first local Spanish language church opens in the former Unity Methodist Church, built by John King in 1903

The 21st Century

2000 Statue of LaFayette 'refuses' to be moved off Square. Instead statue is "refurbished" while standing in place. Statue is rededicated in ceremony with American and French residents in attendance, led by LaGrange Rotarians
 -- LaGrange is named as "Intelligent City of the World", partly because of free Internet services to all cable subscribers
2001 SPLOST vote approved, new Troup County Courthouse along with other recreation department projects to be built
2003 Georgia, Florida, and Alabama are in talks concerning the use of water from the Chattahoochee River. Chattahoochee is a Creek Indian word meaning colored or painted rocks. The river passes through Atlanta, Franklin, LaGrange, West Point and Columbus before entering Alabama. At the Florida border, it joins the Flint River to become the Appalachicola and empties into the Gulf of Mexico.
 -- LaGrange D.A.S.H. and Habitat for Humanity sponsor a large housing building project. 22 houses will be built during the first week of June.

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