9 - 1 1 R e s e a r c h

9-11 Research Home
Analysis
collapsing buildings
other highrise fires
other collapses
WTC 1,2 collapses
design parameters
role of fires
fire severity
effects on steel
collapse features
explosive events
frame shatterring
concrete pulverization
dust volume
steel shredding
symmetry
mushrooming
speed of fall
proofs
speed of fall
volume of dust
breakup of top
gravity collapse theories
column failure theory
truss theory
demolition theories
basement bombs
distributed explosives
directed energy
radiant projectiles
simulations
Building 7 collapse
WTC 6,5 holes
Pentagon
theories
flights
NORAD stand-down
phone calls
theories
suicide pilots
sabotoged planes
home run system
bumble planes
intent
minimized fatalaties
maximized shock
official actions
evidence destruction
investigation prevention
official players
George W. Bush
Dick Cheney
Rudolf Juliani
9-11 anomolies
historical precedents
________________________
Highlights
Materials
Resources
Papers
Talks
About
Contact
Contribute
V 0.844
Copyright 2003, 911Research.WTC7.net
Background Attack Aftermath Evidence Disinformation Analysis Memorial

'9/11' Anomalies

Anomalies of the September 11th Attack, its Run-up, and Response

Accepting the official story of the 9/11/01 attack requires one to accept a long series of anomalies -- extremely improbably events, amazing coincidences, and contradictions.

Run-up to the Attack

Numerous incidents preceding the attack indicate many people had advanced knowledge of the attack.
  • Put Options
    Stock trades bet on the fall in share values for the two airlines whose planes were used in the attack.
    • Put options purchases on United Airlines and American Airlines stock rose to 6 times normal levels in the days preceding the attack.
  • Avoidance of the Airlines, the WTC, and the Pentagon
    Government officials and executives avoided the targets of the attack.
    • Pentagon officials canceled travel plans on September 10th.
    • San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown received a warning not to fly on September 10th.
    • Two employees of Odigo, the instant messaging service, received e-mail warnings of the attack 2 hours before the first assault on the WTC.
    • Business executives, some of whom worked in the WTC, caught early planes to attend a meeting at Offet Air Force Base on the morning of September 11th.

Hijacking Scenario

The attack scenario was irrational on the part of the alleged hijackers, and its execution is incomprehensible in light of their behavior. There is no credible evidence that Arab hijackers were involved in the September 11th attack.
  • Attack Plan
    By flying from remote airports and going far out of their way, the attack planners exposed their plan to almost certain ruin, had the air defense system operated normally.
    • The originating airport for Flights 11 and 175 was Boston Logan instead of any of several airports near New York City. This created about 40 minutes of exposure to interception for each flight.
    • Flight 77 flew to the Midwest before turning around to return to Washington D.C.. It was airborne an hour and 23 minutes before allegedly attacking the Pentagon. That would provide ample opportunity for interception even if the air defense system were 95% disabled.
    • Flight 93 flew to the Midwest before turning around to fly toward Washington D.C. Had it reached the capital, it would would have been airborne over an hour and a half. The odds of escaping interception with that plan would be infinetesmal under Standard Operating Procedures.
  • Behavior of Villans
    The behavior of the alleged hijackers preceding the attack is inconsistent with skill and discipline needed to have a hope of pulling off such an attack.
    • Mohammad Atta allegedly barely caught Flight 11, a key flight in the event that he was supposedly planning for years.
    • The alleged hijackers partied at topless bars and drank alcohol, despite being portrayed as fundamentalist Muslims, for whom such behavior would be surprising.
  • Evidence Void
    There is no hard evidence that any of the alleged hijackers were on any of the doomed flights.
    • No video of any of the 19 hijackers at any of the 3 originating airports of the 4 flights has been made public.
    • None of the alleged hijackers' names appeared on the Airlines' passenger lists.
    • 8 of the alleged hijackers have turned up alive since the attack.
    • None of the 4 flight crews radioed Air Traffic Control about hijackings in progress.
    • None of the 4 flight crews punched in the 4-digit hijacking code.
    • No remains of any of the hijackers was identified at any of the crash sites.
  • Phenomenal Success
    The success with witch hijackers allegedly took over 4 jets with knives and then piloted the jets to small targets is simply miraculous.
    • None of the 4 flight crews were able to stop the alleged hijackers, in spite of several of the pilots being Vietnam veterans.
    • None of the alleged hijackers were good pilots, yet the three buildings were hit with phenomenal precision.

(Lack of) Military Response

Despite normal intercept times of between 10 and 20 minutes for errant domestic flights, the airliners commandeered on 9/11/01 roamed the skys for over an hour without interference.
  • Failures to Report
    According to NORAD's timeline the FAA reported errant airliners after inexplicable delays.
    • The FAA took 18 minutes to report Flight 11's loss of communication and deviation from its flight plan.
    • The FAA took 39 minutes to report Flight 77's deviation from its flight plan.
  • Failures to Scramble
    Interceptors were only scrambled from distant bases after long delays.
    • Despite the fact that Flights 11 and 175 were headed for New York City, no interceptors were scrambled from nearby Fort Dix or Laguardia, or from Langley, Virginia.
  • Failures to Intercept
    Once in the air, interceptors flew at only small fractions of their top speeds, assuring they would fail to intercept the airliners.
    • The two F-15s scrambled from Otis AFB to chase Flight 11 flew at an average of 447 MPH, about 23.8% their top speed of 1875 MPH.
    • The two F-16s scrambled from Langley to protect the capital flew at an average of 410.5 MPH, about 27.4% of their top speed of 1500 MPH.
  • Failures to Redeploy
    Nearby fighters on routine patrol duty were not redeployed to intercept the airliners, nor were fighters that belatedly reached Manhattan sent to defend the capital.
    • Two F-15s flying off the coast of Long Island were not redeployed to Manhattan until after the second tower was hit.
    • The two F-15s scrambled from Otis AFB to protect Manhattan could have reached the capital in 9.6 minutes once they arrived over New York City. That was still 34 minutes before the Pentagon was hit.

Building Collapses

On 9/11/01 3 skyscrapers totally collapsed with fire given as the sole or primary cause. Fires and bombings have never before or since caused steel-frame buildings to collapse.
  • Building 7
    Building 7 imploded late on 9/11/01. It was not hit by an aircraft.
    • Building 7 experienced total collapse, allegedly because of fires, when no steel frame building before or since has ever collapsed, totally or even partially, due to fires. Building 7 was an over-engineered 47-story steel frame skyscraper, standing over 350 feet from the nearest of the Twin Towers. Only small fires burned in it on September 11th.
    • Building 7 collapsed in a nearly perfectly vertical fall, leaving the buildings only 60 feet on either side virtually unscathed.
    • Building 7 collapsed into a remarkably small rubble pile of mostly pulverized remains, when no steel building falling for any reason has ever pulverized itself.
    • Building 7 contained a 23 million dollar emergency command center, but instead of using it for it's ostensible purpose, then-Mayor Giuliani evacuated his team to a makeshift command center as soon as the September 11th attack started.
    • The emergency command center was pulverized along with the rest of the building, even though it was constructed as a bomb-hardened shelter.
    • The remains of Building 7 were rapidly removed and the steel recycled, evidently without any on-site and only extremely limited off-site examination. The rapid disposal operation proceeded despite the fact that no-one was believed buried in the rubble, and the tidy rubble pile was not blocking adjacent roads.
  • Twin Towers
    The Twin Towers exploded into dust and shattered steel, a behavior inconsistent with the known behavior of steel structures outside of explosive demolition.
    • The South Tower was struck 17 minutes after the North North Tower, and in a less damaging manner, and it had less severe fires, yet it collapsed 29 minutes before the north tower.
    • The South Tower's core structure was largely undamaged by the off-centered jet impact, unlike the North Tower, yet it collapsed sooner.
    • The South Tower had much less severe fires than the North Tower, and yet collapsed sooner.
    • Smoke from the fires in the South Tower became progressively darker up to the time it collapsed.
    • Firefighters reached the crash zone of the South Tower and calmly described controllable fires.
    • Both towers started to crumble at regions well above the crash zones in the first seconds of their falls.
    • Both towers fell straight down, through themselves, following the path of maximum resistance, a behavior never before observed in spontaneous collapses of any type of vertical structure.

Pentagon Attack

The damage to the Pentagon is inconsistent with the impact of a large jetliner.
  • Evidence
    No public evidence shows a 757 approaching the Pentagon, nor remains of such an aircraft.
    • There are no photographs showing a 757 approaching the Pentagon. 5 security camera photos released in 2002 do not show anything like a 757, but do show a vapor trail like that of a missile.
    • Video recordings from adjacent businesses were seized by the FBI shortly after the attack and never seen since.
    • The lawn of the Pentagon outside the west wall was free of aircraft parts identifiable as belonging to a 757. The few small scraps photographed look like they belonged to a much smaller aircraft such as a Global Hawk.

Death toll

The death toll of the attack, though horrific, was much lower than it would have been if not for numerous aspects of target selection and timing.
  • Flights
    All four flights were unusually empty.
    • Flights 11, 175, 77, and 93 were only at 47%, 31%, 28%, and 16% occupancy, respectively.
  • World Trade Center
    The towers were attacked before most people had arrived, and were hit high enough to allow most people to escape.
    • When Flight 11 hit the North Tower at 8:46 AM, the World Trade Center buildings were at less than half the occupancy of a typical mid-day.
    • The first tower to be attacked was hit just 15 stories below the top, and trapped people mostly between the 95th and 110th floors.
    • The second tower to be attacked was hit only 30 stories below the top, and the plane missed the core, allowing people to evacuate from above the impact zone. The 17 minutes that elapsed since the first hit allowed many people to escape the second tower while the elevators were still working.
  • Pentagon
    125 people were killed in a building with 20,000 people.
    • The portion of the Pentagon that was attacked, the West Block, was in the process of being renovated, and so was at low occupancy.
    • No high-level Pentagon officials were killed in the attack.

Response

Despite the worst failure in history of the military to protect American civilians, there were no consequences for the responsible authorities, and no honest investigations.
  • Air Defense Failures
    No-one was held to account for the numerous unprecedented failures in air defense.
    • General Richard Myers, Acting Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on September 11th, was confirmed as Chairman on September 13th in spite of being unable to provide any meaningful answers to questions regarding the air defense failures.
    • NORAD's press release contradicted early statements by high-ranking officials that no interceptors had been scrambled on 9/11/01.
    • NORAD's vague timeline raises far more questions than it answers, yet officials have never been required to give a full account.
  • Building Collapse Inquiry
    The total collapses of WTC 1, 2, and 7 were the three largest engineering failures in history (based on the official story). How was it investigated?
    • FEMA was given the sole authority to investigate the collapses even though it is not an investigative agency.
    • The investigative team assembled by FEMA consisted of unpaid volunteers.
    • The investigators were not allowed access to Ground Zero.
    • The investigators were not provided with the blueprints of the buildings.
    • FEMA's report states the causes of the collapse "remain unknown at this time". (By the time the report was released the steel had been entirely disposed of.) The fact that Building 7 (supposedly) failed in a way that contradicts 100 years of engineering experience makes it the largest and least understood structural failure in history.