The Royal Scots Fusiliers [UK]
Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills
Page created 15 July 2000. Corrected and updated 12.12.2003
The Royal Scots Fusiliers
crest and tie
by James Robinson
United Kingdom 
  Titles & Lineage
  Battle Honours
  Colours, Standards & Guidons
  Uniforms & Badges

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  Museums, Monuments, Memorials

How to find information about individuals who served in this corps
1678.09.23 Earl of Mar's Regiment of Foot
also known until 1751 by the names of twelve other colonels
1685 Scots Fuziliers
1688.03.01 placed on British Establishment; ranked as 21st Foot
1707 North British Fusiliers
1713 Royal North British Fusiliers
1751.07.01 21st Regiment of Foot (Royal North British Fusiliers)
1877.04.03 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot
1881.07.01 The Royal Scots Fusiliers
reorganised as the county regiment of Ayrshire, encompassing also its Militia and infantry volunteers [see below]
1959.01.20 amalgamated with The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment), to form
The Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment)
  A Brief History of the Regiment (Regimental site)
Fact File, by Diana M. Henderson (Scots at War)
History and Lineage (Scottish Military Historical Society)
  1/21st Royal North British Fusiliers Regiment 1833-1839, by B & M Chapman.
The Royal Scots Fusiliers, by Chris Baker (The British Army in the Great War).
The Royal Scots Fusiliers, by Brad Chappell (The Regimental Warpath 1914-1918)
RHQ and Depot:
  ? Depot Battalion [1856-1871]
  61st Brigade Depot at Ayr [1873-1881]
  21st Regimental District at Ayr [1881-1905]
  B Group at Edinburgh [1946-1948]
  Lowland Brigade at Melton Bridge [1948-1959]
    1st Battalion [1678-1959]
    2nd Battalion [1804-1816, 1857-1948]
Militia and Special Reserve:
    3rd Battalion (Royal Ayrshire and Wigtown Regiment of Militia) [1881-1953]
  • Lineage (Scottish Military Historical Society)
  Territorials and Volunteers:
Lineage, 1859-1908 (Scottish Military Historical Society)
    1st Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
    2nd Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
    The Galloway (Kircudbright and Wigtown) Volunteer Rifle Corps
    4th Battalion [1908-1921]
    4th/5th Battalion [1921-1959]
    5th Battalion [1908-1921]
    12th (Ayr and Lanark Yeomanry) Battalion [1917-1919]
Hostilities-Only Units (First and Second World War, including T.A. duplicates):
Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Dettingen, Bellisle, Martinique 1794, Bladensburg, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, South Africa 1879, Burma 1885-87, Tirah, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902

The Great War (18 battalions):  Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, La Bassée 1914, Ypres 1914 '17 '18, Langemarck 1914, Gheluvelt, Nonne Bosschen, Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, Festubert 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Flers-Courcelette, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916, Arras 1917 '18, Scarpe 1917 '18, Arleux, Messines 1917, Pilckem, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, St Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Rosières, Lys, Estaires, Bailleul, Béthune, Scherpenberg, Drocourt-Quéant, Hindenberg Line, Canal du Nord, Courtrai, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Doiran 1917 '18, Macedonia 1916-18, Helles, Gallipoli 1915-16, Rumani, Egypt 1916-17, Gaza, El Mughar, Nebi Samwil, Jerusalem, Jaffa, Tel Asur, Palestine 1917-18

The Second World War:  Defence of Arras, Ypres-Comines Canal, Somme 1940, Withdrawal to Seine, Odon, Fontenay le Pesnil, Cheux, Defence of Rauray, Mont Pincon, Estry, Falaise, Le Vie Crossing, La Touques Crossing, Aart, Nederrijn, Best, Le Havre, Antwerp-Turnhout Canal, Scheldt, South Beveland, Lower Maas, Meijel, Venlo Pocket, Roer, Rhineland, Reichswald, Cleve, Goch, Rhine, Dreirwalde, Uelzen, Bremen, Artlenberg, North-West Europe 1940 '44-45, Landing in Sicily, Sicily 1943, Sangro, Garigliano Crossing, Minturno, Anzio, Advance to Tiber, Italy 1943-44, Madagascar, Middle East 1942, North Arakan, Razabil, Pinwe, Shweli, Mandalay, Burma 1944-45

4th Battalion:  South Africa 1900-02
5th Battalion:
  South Africa 1900-01

1919.04.12 F.M. HM King Edward VIII
1678.09.23 Col. Charles (Erskine), 5th Earl of Mar (Lord Erskine)
1686.07.29 Col. Thomas Buchan
1689.03.01 Brig-Gen. Francis Fergus O'Farrell
1695.11.13 Col. Hon. Robert Mackay
1697.01.01 Col. Archibald Row
1704.08.25 Brig-Gen. John (Mordaunt), Viscount Mordaunt
1706.06.26 Maj-Gen. Sampson de Lalo
1709.09.04 Brig-Gen. John (Mordaunt), Viscount Mordaunt [reappointed]
1710.05.01 Lt-Gen. Thomas Meredith
1710.12.08 Maj-Gen. Charles (Boyle), 4th Earl of Orrery, KT
1716.07.12 Lt-Gen. George Mccartney
1727.03.09 Maj-Gen. Sir James Wood, Bt
1738.11.01 Gen. John (Campbell), 4th Duke of Argyll, KT
1752.04.29 Gen. William (Maule), 1st Earl of Panmure
1770.11.10 Lt-Gen. Hon Alexander Mackay
1789.06.05 Gen. Hon. James Murray
1794.06.20 Gen. James Inglis Hamilton
1803.08.06 Gen. Hon. William Gordon
1816.06.01 Gen. James Ochonacar (Forbes), 17th Lord Forbes
1843.05.31 Gen. Sir Frederick Adam, GCB, GCMG
1853.08.29 Gen. Sir George de Lacey Evans, GCB
1870.01.10 Gen. Sir Frederick William Hamilton. KCB
1890.10.05 F.M. Sir Frederick Paul Haines, GCB, GCSI, CIE
1909.06.12 Lt-Gen. John Thomas Dalyell
1919.07.13 Col. Hugh Montague (Trenchard), 1st Viscount Trenchard, GCB
1946.05.01 Maj-Gen. Sir Edmund Hakewill Smith, KCVO, CB, CBE, MC
1957.12.24 Brig. Archibald Ian Buchanan-Dunlop, CBE, DSO
Victoria Crosses, by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
VCs in the Royal Highland Fusiliers Regimental Museum, by Iain Stewart.
  • Band History, by Gordon Turner and Alwyn W. Turner (Droit Music Ltd)
  • Bandmasters, by Gordon Turner and Alwyn W. Turner (Droit Music Ltd)
Miscellaneous Tradition Links:

The Scots Fusiliers of Canada

23rd/21st Battalion (The City of Geelong Regiment and The Victorian Rangers) 1935-1951
Museum of The Royal Highland Fusiliers, Glasgow (Regimental site)
Museum of The Royal Highland Fusiliers, Glasgow (Army Museums Ogilby Trust)
Museum of The Royal Highland Fusiliers, Glasgow (Simonides listing)
Museum of The Royal Highland Fusiliers, Glasgow (Scottish Military Historical Society listing)
Regimental Journal:
Full Histories:
Cannon, Richard. Historical record of the Twenty-First Regiment, or the Royal North British Fusiliers. London : Parker, Furnivall, & Parker, 1849.
Clark, James. Historical record and regimental memoir of the Royal Scots Fusiliers, formerly known as the 21st Royal North British Fusiliers; containing an account of the formation of the regiment in 1678 and its subsequent services until June 1885. Edinburgh : Banks & Co., 1885.
Buchan, John. The history of the Royal Scots Fusiliers (1678-1918). London ; New York : T. Nelson and Sons, ltd., 1925.
Kemp, J. C. The history of the Royal Scots Fusiliers, 1919-1959. Glasgow : Privately printed by Robert Maclehose, The University Press, Glasgow for the Royal Scots Fusiliers, 1963.
Blackburn, Geoff. Conquest & Settlement : 21st Regt (North British Fusiliers) in Western Australia 1833-1840.
Short Histories:
Groves, John Percy. History of the 21st Royal Scots Fusiliers (formerly the 21st Royal North British Fusiliers) now known as the Royal Scots Fusiliers... 1678-1895. Edinburgh : W. & A.K. Johnston, 1895.
A Short history of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. Aldershot : Gale & Polden, 1920.
Smith, Arthur George Baird. A short history of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. Aldershot : Gale & Polden, Ltd.,1934.
A short history of The Royal Scots Fusiliers. Ayr : Observer Printing Works, 1948.
A short history of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. Aldershot : Gale and Polden, [1959?]




M'Caw, R. Outposts and convoys with the Ayrshire Volunteers in South Africa. Kilmarnock : Dunlop & Drennan, 1901.

Second World War:

The 6th Battalion Royal Scots Fusiliers, 1939-46. Ayr : T.M. Gemmell, 1947.