HACI BEKTAS VELI

Turkish

The thirteenth century was a period of extraordinary currents evolution and development period in the history of Anatolia to which the Turks arriving in large masses had brought their social orders together with their political and military supremacies.

Several thinkers and scientists had actively participated in this current in order to create a unity. Many sage men had undertaken an enlightening role for the education of the Anatolian population. Mevlâna Celaleddin-i Rumi, Yunus Emre , Ahi Evran, Ahmet Fakih, Sultan Veled, seyyad Hamss, Nasreddin Hoca and the others under the spiritualleadership of Ahmet Yesevi are the forerunners of the thirteenth century and of this objective. Some of these great men had aimed at developing the divine feelings, some others had striven to promote the unity and strength, some had undertaken the bolster the peace, love and brotherhood, some had attempted to improve the economic order and some others had set as their goals the establishment of the tolerance and altruistic optimism among the man- kind.

These great men are the foundation stones of our culture and sources of pride within the context of the universal cultural structure. They are unforgettables whose influences have spread well beyond the Anatolian peninsula and continued through the centuries.

Haci Bektas Veli is one of these great men.

He was born at the city of Nishabur in Khorasan. His birthday, though not known with any degree of certainty, is believed to be around 1248. His father is Seyyid Ibrahim from Khorasan and his mother is Khatem Khatun of Nishabur.

Haci Bektas Veli had spent the first 25 years of his life in Nishabur where he learned philosophy, physics, literature and other sciences from noted scientists of Turkestan, headed by Lokman Perende. He bolstered his knowledge with extensive travels in Turkestan, Iran, Baghdad, Kerbela, Mecca and Syria.

He then moved on to Anatolia and settled at Sulucakarahuyuk whose current name is Hacibektas upon an invitation from Ahmet Yesevi, developed his thought at the Turkish culture center that he established here,raised untold numbers of pupils and played the leader of military,social and religious unity among the Anatolian Turks by also taldng up the problems of the people and the army.

Marrying Fatma Nuriye Hamm (Kadincik Ana), daughter of Îdris Hoca,Haci Bektas Veli travelled extensively the regions where the Turks had settled in Anatolia, studied the Turkish customs and traditions as maintained intact until then, amalgamated the Islamic faith and Turkish culture in the culture center that he had erected and founded his philosophy on this vector of consensus.

Known also as the founder - saint of the janissary group, he was instrumental in creating the Turkish unity in Anatolia, raised the status of the woman in the social life and continued for his entire life his efforts to protect the Turkish language and culture from foreign influences and heretic intrusions.

Believed to have died in 1337, Haci Bektas Veli is buried in his turbeh at Hacibektas town.

He has books titled "Makalat", "Fevaid", "Sadhiyye" and "Serh-i Besmele". The work known as "Velayet-name" is an important source material for the life and miracles of Haci Bektas Veli.

DICTIONS FROM HACI BEKTAS VELI

Find in yourself all that you seek

Beauty of the man is in the charm of his words

Honored are those casting light to the fountain of tought

Blame no nations and humans

Control your deeds, tongue and desires

Educate all women

Do not do to others what you do not want to be done to yourself

Research is an open - ended exam

Seek and find truth

Do not forget that even your enemy is a human being

Saints are the God's gift to the humanity

Patience is the tool for attaining the goal

Ethics are the first vehicle of sage men

End of the road not passing through science is dark

Do not hurt even if you are hurt yourself