Presidential Speeches Archive

[the President] shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them...
US Constitution Article II Section 3

...the one great public document of the United States, which is widely read and discussed. Congressional debates receive scant notice, but the President's message is ordinarily printed in full in nearly every metropolitan daily, and is the subject of general editorial comment throughout the length and breadth of the land.
Charles Beard


Presidential Seal
Including
Inaugural Addresses
Annual Messages to Congress
State of the Unions
Farewell Addresses
War Messages
and other extraordinary
Presidential Orations









Major Themes of American History
by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.

President # TypeYear Date as Notes Wds
Washington11st Inaugural17894/30SDelivered at Federal Hall in New York City1415
 1Annual Message17901/8S  1077
 2Annual Message179012/8S  1393
 3Annual Message179110/25S  2291
 4Annual Message179211/6S  2100
 22nd Inaugural17933/4SShortest - Delivered at Congress Hall in Philadelphia 135
 5Annual Message179312/3S  1967
 6Annual Message179411/19S  2905
 7Annual Message179512/8S  1977
 8Annual Message179612/7S  2861
  Farewell17969/17M  6109
John Adams 3rd Inaugural17973/4SDelivered in Philadelphia 2316
 1Annual Message179711/23S  2045
 2Annual Message179812/8S  2207
 3Annual Message179912/3S  1494
 4Annual Message180011/22S1st delivered in Washington DC 1372
Jefferson14th Inaugural18013/4S1st inaugural delivered in Washington, DC 1710
 1Annual Message180112/8M1st delivered to Congress as written message, breaking GW's tradition of personally delivering it in a speech 3225
 2Annual Message180212/15M  2210
 3Annual Message180311/17M  2295
 4Annual Message180411/8M  2119
 25th Inaugural18053/4S  2156
 5Annual Message180512/3M  2968
 6Annual Message180612/2M  2906
 7Annual Message180710/27M  2420
 8Annual Message180811/8M  2717
Madison16th Inaugural18093/4S  1171
 1Annual Message180911/29M  1857
 2Annual Message181012/5M  2447
 3Annual Message181111/5M  2280
 4Annual Message181211/4M  3254
   War Message181211/4MWar of 1812 3254
 27th Inaugural18133/4S  1210
 5Annual Message181312/7M  3299
 6Annual Message18149/20M  2113
 7Annual Message181512/5M  3142
 8Annual Message181612/3M  3371
Monroe18th Inaugural18173/4S  3364
 1Annual Message181712/4M  4423
 2Annual Message181811/16M  4389
 3Annual Message181912/7M  4718
 4Annual Message182011/14M  3450
 29th Inaugural18213/5S  4447
 5Annual Message182112/3M  5819
 6Annual Message182212/3M  4748
 7Annual Message182312/2MMonroe Doctrine 6445
 8Annual Message182412/7M  8444
JQ Adams110th Inaugural18253/4S  2902
 1Annual Message182512/6M  8957
 2Annual Message182612/5M  7623
 3Annual Message182712/4M  6909
 4Annual Message182812/7M  7262
Jackson111th Inaugural18293/4S  1121
 1Annual Message182912/3M  10563
 2Annual Message183012/6M  15200
 3Annual Message183112/6M  7207
 4Annual Message183212/4M  7898
 212th Inaugural18333/4S  1168
 5Annual Message183312/3M  7914
 6Annual Message183412/1M  13456
 7Annual Message183512/7M  10854
 8Annual Message183612/5M  12431
  Farewell18373/4   8262
Van Buren113th Inaugural18373/4S  3877
 1Annual Message183712/5M  11468
 2Annual Message183812/3M  11475
 3Annual Message183912/2M  12904
 4Annual Message184012/5M  8985
W Harrison114th Inaugural18413/4SLongest 8406
Tyler Acceptance18414/9M  1674
 1Annual Message184112/7M  8295
 2Annual Message184212/6M  8415
 3Annual Message1843 M  8061
 4Annual Message184412/3M  9351
Polk115th Inaugural18453/4S  4784
 1Annual Message184512/2M  16101
 2Annual Message184612/8M  18502
  War Message18465/11MMexican War 2984
 3Annual Message184712/7M  16506
 4Annual Message184812/5M  21391
Taylor116th Inaugural18493/4S  1086
 1Annual Message184912/4M  7700
Fillmore1Annual Message185012/2M  8379
 2Annual Message185112/2M  13683
 3Annual Message185212/6M  10032
Pierce117th Inaugural18533/4S  3320
 1Annual Message185312/5M  9605
 2Annual Message185412/4M  10144
 3Annual Message185512/31M  11704
 4Annual Message185612/2M  10541
Buchanan118th Inaugural18573/4S  2816
 1Annual Message185712/8M  13735
 2Annual Message185812/6M  16397
 3Annual Message185912/19M  12299
 4Annual Message186012/3M  14100
Lincoln119th Inaugural18613/4S  3612
 1Annual Message186112/3M  7188
 2Annual Message186212/1M  8418
 3Annual Message186312/8M  6192
 4Annual Message186412/6M  5867
 220th Inaugural18653/4S  696
A Johnson1Annual Message186512/4M  9257
 2Annual Message186612/3M  7142
 3Annual Message186712/3M  12047
 4Annual Message186812/9M  9928
Grant121st Inaugural18693/4S  1110
 1Annual Message186912/6M  7603
 2Annual Message187012/5M  8810
 3Annual Message187112/4M  6532
 4Annual Message187212/2M  10611
 222nd Inaugural18733/4S  1330
 5Annual Message187312/1M  10057
 6Annual Message187412/7M  9886
 7Annual Message187512/7M  12229
 8Annual Message187612/5M  6873
Hayes Nomination18767/8S  1999
 123rd Inaugural18773/5S  2459
 1Annual Message187712/3M  10730
 2Annual Message187812/2M  7829
 3Annual Message187912/1M  11718
 4Annual Message188012/6M  13190
Garfield124th Inaugural18813/4S  2965
Arthur1Annual Message188112/6M  13785
 2Annual Message188212/4M  10933
 3Annual Message188312/4M  8951
 4Annual Message188412/1M  9175
Cleveland125th Inaugural18853/4S  1673
 1Annual Message188512/8M  20472
 2Annual Message188612/6M  15559
 3Annual Message188712/6M  5282
 4Annual Message188812/3M  13285
B Harrison126th Inaugural18893/4S  4379
 1Annual Message188912/3M  13037
 2Annual Message189012/1M  11489
 3Annual Message189112/9MWounded Knee 16204
 4Annual Message189212/6M  13369
Cleveland127th Inaugural18933/4S  2011
 1Annual Message189312/4M  12163
 2Annual Message189412/3M  15779
 3Annual Message189512/2M  14640
 4Annual Message189612/7M  15444
Mckinley Nomination18968/30M  1653
 128th Inaugural18973/4S  3942
  1 Annual Message 1897 12/6 M   12111
 2Annual Message189812/5M  20066
  War Message 18984/11 SSpanish-American War 3091
 3Annual Message189912/5M  23486
 4Annual Message190012/3M  19500
 229th Inaugural19013/4S  2202
TR1Annual Message190112/3M  12765
 2Annual Message190212/2M  9738
 3Annual Message190312/7M  14886
 4Annual Message190412/6MRoosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine 17494
  30th Inaugural19053/4S  983
 5Annual Message190512/5M  25197
 6Annual Message190612/3M  23625
 7Annual Message190712/3M  27420
 8Annual Message190812/8M  19558
Taft131st Inaugural19093/4S  5421
 1Annual Message190912/7M  14571
 2Annual Message191012/8M  28958
 3Annual Message191112/5M  24482
 4Annual Message191212/3M  25557
Wilson132nd Inaugural19133/4S  1699
 1Annual Message191312/2SWilson revived tradition of personally delivering Message 3571
 2Annual Message191412/8S  4572
 3Annual Message191512/7S  7685
 4Annual Message191612/5S  2139
 233rd Inaugural19173/5/S  1518
   War Message19174/2
S
World War I 3459
 5Annual Message191712/4S  3970
    Address 1918 1/8 S Fourteen Points 2515
 6Annual Message191812/2S  5494
 7Annual Message191912/2Mconfined by illness 4784
 8Annual Message192012/7M  2704
Harding134th Inaugural19213/4S  1518
 1Annual Message192112/6S  5637
 2Annual Message192212/8S   5798
Coolidge1Annual Message192312/6S1st broadcast live on radio 6708
 2Annual Message192412/3M  6933
 135th Inaugural19253/4S  4052
 3Annual Message192512/8M  10810
 4Annual Message192612/7M  10228
 5Annual Message192712/6M  8694
 6Annual Message192812/4M  8283
Hoover136th Inaugural19293/4S  3738
 1Annual Message192912/3M  11140
 2Annual Message193012/2M  4655
 3Annual Message193112/8M  5848
 4Annual Message193212/6MXX Amendment moved Inauguration to 1/20 5107
FDR1Nomination19327/2S1st delivered to a convention personally - 1st use of 'New Deal' 4331
 137th Inaugural19333/4S"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself" 1870
 1Annual Message19341/3S  2211
 2Annual Message19351/4S  3526
 3Annual Message19361/3S  3807
 2Nomination19366/27S"This generation of Americans has a rendezvous with destiny." 1999
 4Annual Message19371/6S  2710
 238th Inaugural19371/20S  1790
 5Annual Message19381/3S  4686
 6Annual Message19391/4S  3712
 7Annual Message19401/3S  3164
  3Nomination19407/19S   3556
 339th Inaugural19411/20S  1288
 8Annual Message19411/6S"Four Freedoms" 3332
  War Message194112/8SWorld War II 597
  9Annual Message19421/6S  3397
 10Annual Message19431/7S  4356
 11Annual Message19441/11M  3882
 4Nomination19447/11MLetter516
 440th Inaugural19451/20SFDR died 4/12/45 528
  12Annual Message1945 1/6M  8208
Truman1Annual Message19461/14M  17300
 1State of the Union19471/6S1st "state of the union" and live television broadcast 6069
  Address19473/12
S
Truman Doctrine 2194
 2State of the Union19481/7S  5211
  Nomination19486/27S  2684
 141st Inaugural1949 S1/20 2253
 3State of the Union19491/5S  3415
 4State of the Union19501/4S  5150
 5State of the Union19511/8S  4019
 6State of the Union19521/9S  5296
 7State of the Union19531/7M  9550
Eisenhower142nd Inaugural1953 S11/20 2417
 1State of the Union19532/2S  6935
 2State of the Union19541/7S  5971
 3State of the Union19551/6S  7237
 4State of the Union19561/5M  8261
  2 Nomination 1956 8/23 S   4433
    Special Message 1957 Jan 5 S Eisenhower Doctrine 3583
 243rd Inaugural19571/21S  1602
 5State of the Union19571/10S  4135
 6State of the Union19581/9S  4916
 7State of the Union19591/9S  4925
 8State of the Union19601/7S  5708
 9State of the Union19611/12M  6196
  Farewell19611/17SWarned of 'military-industrial complex'1940
JFK   Announcement 1960 1/2 S Announced candidacy for Presidency427
  Nomination19607/15SCalled for a New Frontier 2542
 144th Inaugural19611/20S  1313
 1State of the Union19611/30S  5184
 2State of the Union19621/11S  6445
 3State of the Union19631/14S  5343
LBJ Address196311/27
S
First address to Congress as President 1637
 1State of the Union19641/8SDeclared "War on Poverty" 3177
  Speech19645/22
S
Great Society speech 1803
 1Nomination19648/27
S
Atlantic City 2350
 145th Inaugural19651/20S  1460
 2State of the Union19651/4SLBJ moved time to prime time TV hour 4496
 3State of the Union19661/12S  5483
 4State of the Union19671/10S  7254
 5State of the Union19681/17S  4864
 6State of the Union19691/14S  4080
Nixon   Speech 1952 11/23 S Checkers Speech 4717
 1Nomination19688/8S  3546
 146th Inaugural19691/20S  2081
    Address 1969 11/3 S "Silent Majority" speech 4497
 1State of the Union19701/22S  4451
 2State of the Union19711/22S  4471
 3State of the Union19721/20S  3955
  2 Nomination 1972 8/25 S   4472
 4State of the Union19731/22M  1663
 247th Inaugural19731/20S  1765
 5State of the Union19741/30S  5132
  Resignation19748/8S  1821
  Farewell19748/9S  1926
Ford Acceptance19748/9S  4045
    Nixon Pardon 1974 9/8 S   1088
 1State of the Union19751/15S  4045
 2State of the Union19761/19S  4902
  Nomination19768/19 S  2918
 3State of the Union19771/12S  4700
Carter 1 Nomination 1976 date S   2882
 148th Inaugural19771/20S  1201
 1State of the Union19781/19S  4551
 2State of the Union19791/23S  3243
    Speech 1979 7/15 S So-called "malaise" Speech 3659
 3State of the Union19801/23SCarter Doctrine3430
   2 Nomination 1980 8/11 S   4506
 4State of the Union 19811/16MLongest written message 33831
  Farewell19811/24S  2212
Reagan   Announcement1979 11/13SAnouncement to run for President3682
 1Nomination19807/17
S
Nomination Acceptance Speech 4757
  49th Inaugural19811/20S  2409
 1State of the Union19821/26S  5186
    Speech 1982 6/8S Reagan Doctrine 4489
 2State of the Union19831/25S  5594
 3State of the Union19841/25S  4967
 2 Nomination19848/23
S
  5574
 250th Inaugural19851/21S  2529
 4State of the Union19852/6S  4204
 5State of the Union19862/4SOnly postponed (from 1/28) - due to Challenger disaster 3525
 6State of the Union19871/27S  3865
 7State of the Union19881/25S  4986
  Farewell19891/11S  3312
GH Bush   Announcement 1987 10/12e S Annoucement to run for president 3105
    Nomination 1988 8/18 S Nomination Acceptance Speech 4249
 151st Inaugural19891/20S  2283
    Address 1989 2/9 S Building a Better America Speech to Congress; 4806
 1State of the Union19901/31S  3837
    War 1991 1/8 M Gulf I 320
 2State of the Union19911/29S  3838
 3State of the Union19921/28S  5033
  2 Nomination 1992 8/20 S   5078
Clinton   Announcement 1992 10/3 S Announcement to run for President 3149
 152nd Inaugural19931/21S  1507
  New Direction 19932/17SOften mislabeled state of the union 3889
 1State of the Union1994 1/25 S   7502
  2State of the Union19951/24S  9029
 3State of the Union19961/30S  6333
 2Nomination19968/30SNomination Acceptance Speech 7030
 253rd Inaugural19971/20   2161
 4State of the Union19972/4S1st carried live on internet 6793
 5State of the Union19981/27S  7234
 6State of the Union19991/19S1st to address a Congress considering his removal 7450
 7State of the Union20001/27S  9046
  Farewell20011/19S  1127
GW Bush Nomination20008/3S  4269
    Speech 2000 12/3 S 1st address to nation as President-Elect 1327
  54th Inaugural20011/20S  1608
    Address 2001 2/28 S 1st Address to Congress 5059
    Address 2001 11/10 S Remarks to UN General Assembly 2478
 1 State of the Union20021/29
S
"Axis of evil" 3846
  2 State of the Union 2003 1/28 S   5366
Selected Bibliography
  1. Campbell, Karlyn Kohrs and Kathleen Hall Jamieson,   Deeds Done in Words: Presidential Rhetoric and the Genres of Governance   Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990
  2. Fields, Wayne   Union of Words: A History of Presidential Eloquence    NY: The Free Press, 1996      Booknotes
  3. Israel, Fred editor   The State of the Union Messages of the Presidents 1790-1966  with an introduction by Arthur Schlesinger, NY: Chelsea House, 1966

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