The Second New Jersey Regiment wishes to thank the Davide Pedersoli & C. in Brescia Italy for providing graphics and copy for this page. The weapons depicted and described here are authentic period pieces, and are all currently available from Davide Pedersoli through an extensive list of distributors. The Second New Jersey is proud to recognize the work of gunsmiths of this type in the production of historically accurate reproductions of weapons that were actually used in by the Continental Army and Militia units to end colonial rule in America ! Each weapon has been thoroughly researched and documented from authentic period pieces. Links are provided at the end of this section if you wish to contact this manufacturer, or find a local distributor for new weapons or spare parts and ammunition.


 

 

1763 Léger (1766) Charleville Musket .69 cal. (France)

Caliber
Barrel Length
Overall Length
Weight
17,5 mm (.69 )
1137 mm (44 3/4")
1529 mm (60")
kg. 4,300 (9,47 lbs)

In 1763 France adopted a new model infantry musket, much stronger than the previous models, to answer the accelerated fighting during the War of the Seven Years which ended that same year. The new musket however appeared soon to be too heavy and after only three years it was replaced by its modified version, known as Model 1766, designed by M. de Montbeillard, Inspector of Saint Etienne Manufacture. The new model appeared to be very strong and reliable in spite of the fact that it was substantially lightened. More than 150,000 pieces of the Model 1766 were manufactured until 1770; after such date it was replaced by the Model 1770/71 and all the muskets the corps used were placed in storage. In 1776 after the outbreak of the American Revolution, France happened to have plenty of Model 1766 muskets and were able to supply large quantities to the Continental Army. The musket is produced in .69 caliber, with walnut stock. Typically loaded with 70-100 grains of FFg black powder and patched .635 round ball. Charges in excess of 100 gr are not recommended, and produce no substantial increase in muzzle velocity or effective range. Accurate reproductions are made by Pedersoli in Italy.

This model would be the only historically accurate French Charleville in use by the Continental Army. There is a substantial difference in the shape of the stock at the waist. The cheekpiece is much higher and is at a sharper angle than the later Charleville muskets. (See graphic at inset)

Courtesy of Davide-Pedersoli C., Italia


1777 Revolutionnaire (France)

Caliber
Barrel Length
Overall Length
Weight
17,5 mm (.69 )
1140 mm (44 7/8")
1515 mm (59 5/8"
kg. 4,400 (9,69 lbs)

This rifle is the predecessor of the 1777 Corrigé An IX. The only difference is in the frizzen shape and in the substitution of the two bands retaining springs with two locking screws. Issue arm of the infantry during the French Revolution, this musket is the result of the modifications made to the various models produced since 1765, among which, particular attention was given to the interchangeability of parts from one gun to another, the precursor to modern mass production techniques. Typically, this weapon would not have been used in America during the Revolution, except in very special occasions where they were procured by French merchants directly. The majority of Charleville muskets used during the Revolution by American troops would have been of the 1766 model.

Courtesy of Davide-Pedersoli C., Italia


1777 Corrigé An IX (France)

Caliber
Barrel Length
Overall Length
Weight
17,5 mm (.69 )
1140 mm (44 7/8")
1515 mm (59 5/8"
kg. 4,400 (9,69 lbs)

It is the exact copy of the famous French 1777 Corrigé An IX model, flintlock musket modified and employed during the IX th. year of the French Revolution. It was the basic arm of the Napoleonic infantry. Its particular features are the lock with heart-shaped hammer (with double neck) and pan with frizzen screw support bridle. The smooth-bored barrel is fastened to the stock by two metal bands fixed by two retaining springs. All fittings are made of steel, except the front sight which is of polished brass. Typically, this weapon would not have been used in America during the Revolution, as it was not designed and manufactured until the late eighteenth century. The majority of Charleville muskets used during the Revolution by American troops would have been of the 1766 model. This model is shown here as a comparison to the earlier Charlevilles.

Courtesy of Davide-Pedersoli C., Italia

French Charleville Musket Stock and Lock Progression

RETURN to 1766 Charleville Musket description


2nd Model Land Pattern Musket "The Brown Bess" .75 cal (England)

Caliber
Barrel Length
Overall Length
Weight
75
1066 mm (42")
1480 mm (58 1/4"
kg. 4 (8,80 lbs)

Brown Bess was the weapon used by the English troops during the colonization of Indian and American territories and Australia. Also used by Wellington’s troops during the war in the Iberian Peninsula and at Waterloo. Used extensively by both sides in the American Revolution. The smooth bored barrel is of polished steel and the European walnut stock is oil finished. This Second Model Brown Bess is an exact reproduction of the musket manufactured in England by Grice in 1762. Features a European walnut one-piece stock 54" long, with 2 1/2" drop and 14 1/2" trigger pull. Barrel is .75 caliber left in the bright, 42" long tapered round 1.250" at breech to .890" at muzzle, smoothbore (.750" diameter). Front sight is steel stud which serves as bayonet lug. Flintlock uses 1" flints. Brass furniture, lockplate border line engraved "Grice 1762" on tail w/ crown and "GR" (also known as the "Royal Cipher") ahead of hammer (cock). Single trigger. Sling swivels, steel head ramrod (10x32 male thread). Musket is 58 1/4" in overall length and weighs 9 lbs. Typically loaded with 70-100 grains of FFg black powder and patched .735 round ball. Charges in excess of 100 gr are not recommended, and produce no substantial increase in muzzle velocity or effective range. Accurate reproductions are made by Pedersoli in Italy.

Courtesy of Davide-Pedersoli C., Italia

Brown Bess Carbine (England)

Caliber
Barrel Length
Overall Length
Weight
75
775 mm (30 1/2")
1190 mm (46 7/8")
kg. 3,500 (7,70 lbs)

Courtesy of Davide-Pedersoli C., Italia

 

 


Davide Pedersoli and C. Italia

Documented and Historically accurate Brown Bess and 1766 Charleville Muskets and JÄGER rifles


Distributors

G. Gedney Godwin, The Sutler of Mount Misery

Valley Forge, Pennsylvania USA


Spare Parts and Ammunition for Pedersoli and Japanese Brown Bess and Charleville

Dixie Gun Works