COCHINCHINA


FRENCH DEPENDENCY OF COCHINCHINA

In 1859, as a reaction to the persecution of christians in Vietnam, French - and briefly also Spanish - troops occupied the city of Saigon and the three southern Vietnamese provinces of Biên Hoa, Gia Dinh and Dinh Tuong, which Vietnam formally ceded to France by the Treaty of Saigon in 1862. In the course of the following years other provinces and territories - the islands of Poulo Condore (1862) and the provinces of Chau Doc, Ha Tiên and Vinh Long (1867) - were conquered and annexed to what had already become the French Colony of Cochinchina in 1864. (1) In 1887 Cochinchina became part of the Federation of French Indochina. (1) The Vietnamese government recognised the loss of all these territories by the treaties of Saigon (1874) and of Hué (1883, 1884) The last territories to be added to the colony in 1933 were the Spratly Islets. ____________________________________________________________________________

FRENCH ADMINISTRATORS

Miltary Governors Gouverneurs militaires 1870 - 1871 Adm. Alphonse Jean-Claude René Théodore de Cornulier-Lucinière 1811 - 1886 1871 - 1874 Adm. Marie Jules Dupré 1813 - 1881 1874 Adm. François Émile Krantz 1821 - 1914 1874 - 1877 Adm. Victor Auguste Duperre 1825 - 1900 1877 - 1879 Adm. Louis Charles Georges Jules Lafont 1824 - 1908 Governors Gouverneurs 1879 - 1882 Charles Le Myre de Vilers 1833 - 1918 1883 - 1885 Charles Antoine François Thomson 1885 - 1886 Charles Auguste Frédéric Begin 1835 - 1901 1886 - 1887 Ange Michel Filippini 1834 - 1887 1887 Noël Pardon* 1887 Georges Jules Piquet* Lieutenant Governors Lieutenant Gouverneurs (subordinated to the Governors General of Indochina) 1887 - 1888 Jean Antoine Ernest Constans 1833 - 1913 1888 Auguste Eugène Navelle 1888 - 1889 none 1889 Augustin Julien Fourès 1853 - 1889 - 1892 Henri Eloi Danel 1892 - 1895 Augustin Julien Fourès (2x) 1895 - 1897 Alexandre Antoine Étienne Gustave Ducos 1851 - 1907 1897 - 1898 Ange Eugène Nicolai 1898 - 1901 Édouard Picanon 1901 - 1902 Henri Félix de Lamothe 1843 - 1926 1902 - 1906 François Pierre Rodier 1906 - 1907 Olivier Charles Arthur de Lalande de Calan 1907 - 1909 Louis Alphonse Bonhoure 1865 - 1909 1909 - 1911 Jules Maurice Gourbeil Governors Gouverneurs (subordinated to the Governors General of Indochina) 1911 - 1916 Jules Maurice Gourbeil s.a. 1916 - 1921 Maurice Joseph La Gallen 1921 - 1926 Maurice Cognacq 1926 - 1929 Paul Marie Alexis Joseph Blanchard de la Brosse 1929 - 1934 Jean Félix Krautheimer 1934 - 1939 Pierre André Michel Pagès 1939 - 1940 René Veber 1940 - 1942 André Georges Rivoal 1942- 1945 ...

COCHINCHINA IN 1945

In 1945, following the Japanese coup which ended the last remants of French rule in Indochina, Cochinchina became a territory directly ruled by Japan. _____________________________________________________________________________

JAPANESE ADMINISTRATOR

Governor 1945 Minoda Fujio After the Japanese surrender the territory became part of the new independent Viet Nam Empire. ____________________________________________________________________________

SPRATLY ISLETS

After its conquest of Vietnam, France also toke control of the Spratly islets (Viet. : Truong Sa) which were considered as a part of their empire by the Vietnamese authorities. Like the Vietnamese - who never seem to have made an attempt to organise or even to occupy permanentely the islets - the French at first neglected them It was only in the 20ties of the 20th century when confronted with Chinese claims (2), that they started to show some more interest and that - between 1930 and 1933 - the different islets and reefs were all annexed to Indochina and became part, in 1933, of the province of Bâ Ria in Cochinchina (3). In 1939 Japan - basing its claim on the longtime presence of Japanese guano- diggers and fishermen - formally annexed the Spratly area, actual military occupation however only taken place in 1941. (4) (2) In the absence of a regular Vietnamese or French administration China had re-asserted - at least since 1876 - its claim on the Spratly (Chin. : Nansha), basing it on longlasting historical relations and the longtime presence of Chinese fishermen and traders. But like the two other countries China apparentely never made an attempt to organize or administer the islets. (3) The islets were governed either by French officials or by private citizens who governed them for the duration of one year in exchange for an allowance. The last of these so-called "contract - officials" was executed by the Japanese in 1941. In 1938 the Indochinese Meteorological Service established a weather station on Itu Aba. (4) The Japanese turned the island of Itu Aba into a major military base.
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