WAAKE-UP! In the News:  April 2000

Colorado Daily 4/27/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Chancellor takes heat
      Prof denounces Byyny’s sweatshop stance, heavy police presence

Colorado Daily 4/27/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Nader backs WAAKE-UP!

Colorado Daily 4/27/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Byyny ought to resign -- Opinion

Colorado Daily 4/20/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Students press Byyny on WRC
      Chancellor unlikely to sign agreement until next week

Colorado Daily 4/19/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      One autograph away  CU's membership in sweatshop
      watchdog group now hinges on chancellor's signature

Colorado Daily 4/19/00 -- Letter to the Editor
      Cultural imperialism excuse doesn't work

Colorado Daily 4/19/00 -- Letter to the Editor
      WAAKE-UP's demands are valid

Colorado Daily 4/18/00  The Insane Linda Gorman -- Read it for a laugh
      WAAKE-UP! and feel better -- throw the poor out of work

Boulder Daily Camera 4/18/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      No proposals from CU labor panel Group spends most of meeting
      addressing fate of CU athletic agreements

Colorado Daily 4/18/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Group approves WRC CU subcommittee endorses joining
      consortium for one-year trial, but move still needs Byyny’s approval

Colorado Daily 4/17/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Snowfall only temporary setback for shantytown
      Students return after Saturday’s bad weather

Colorado Daily 4/17/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Protest in Washington D.C. mirrored in Boulder  Demonstrators brave cold weather
      to voice opinions on IMF/World Bank

Boulder Daily Camera  4/14/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Task force discusses sweatshop labor

Colorado Daily 4/14/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Shantytown’s future uncertain

Colorado Daily 4/14/00-- WAAKE-UP!
      Progress made on students’ demands
      WAAKE-UP! meets with CU on code of conduct

Colorado Daily 4/13/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      WAAKE-UP! will attend  But students are critical of CU administration’s
      ‘task group’ meeting

Colorado Daily 4/12/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Camp still stands Threat of removal doesn’t deter activists

Boulder Daily Camera  4/11/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Students demand CU join consortium Protesters want CU to be sure
       sweatshops don't make university-licensed apparel

Colorado Daily 4/11/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Habitat for humanity

Colorado Daily 4/11/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Local A15 events slated

Colorado Daily 4/10/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Opinion:  CU Showing its true colors

Colorado Daily 4/10/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      Student reps back WRC Note campus support growing for anti-sweatshop
      measures; Byyny’s task force to meet today

Colorado Daily 4/7/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      BFA demands ‘no sweat’ Stops short of complete endorsement of WAAKE-UP!’s
      WRC demands; Byyny absent from forum

Boulder Daily Camera 4/7/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      CU apparel policy debated:  Student group calls for fair and
      humane factory conditions

Colorado Daily 4/6/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
       Sweatshop issue gaining momentum:  WAAKE-UP! gives CU
      deadline to join WRC

Colorado Daily 4/5/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
      'Sweatshop King' reigns:  Cops keep eye on WAAKE-UP! rally,
       students demand 'no sweat'   <photo>



Colorado Daily 4/27/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
Chancellor takes heat
                     Prof denounces Byyny’s sweatshop stance, heavy police
                     presence

                     By TERJE LANGELAND
                     Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                     Whenever Danielle Levin sees a shirt or cap depicting Ralphie the
                     buffalo, she can’t help but think about the sweatshops in which much
                     CU apparel is likely made.

                     The CU student said it’s especially hard for her because her family has a
                     special connection to Ralphie.

                     The beloved mascot was named after Levin’s grandfather, Ralph F.
                     Nogg, she claims.

                     So on Wednesday evening, as CU-Boulder Chancellor Richard Byyny
                     met with about 80 students to discuss the standoff over a proposed
                     anti-sweatshop policy at the university, she wanted Byyny to know how
                     she felt about his refusal to adopt the proposed policy.

                     "My grandfather would roll over in his grave if he knew," Levin said,
                     breaking out in tears. "You’re causing people to die."

                     A flustered Byyny said he resented the implication that he was to blame
                     for people’s suffering.

                     "I have to tell you, I don’t believe I’m responsible for those things,"
                     Byyny said, pointing out that he’s trying to make policy revisions which,
                     he said, would improve conditions for sweatshop workers.

                     The emotional exchange was the culmination of a half-hour meeting in
                     the Forum Room of the University Memorial Center, in which student
                     activists said they heard little, if anything, new from the chancellor.

                     The meeting was seen as a last-ditch attempt at salvaging talks between
                     Byyny and anti-sweatshop activists, most of whom belong to the
                     organization WAAKE-UP!. The activists have urged that CU adopt a
                     stringent code of conduct for companies making licensed CU apparel,
                     and that the university join the Worker Rights Consortium, a nationwide
                     sweatshop-monitoring group.

                     An ad hoc committee appointed by Byyny himself recommended
                     recently that the university agree to virtually all of the students’ demands.
                     But on Tuesday, Byyny suddenly announced he would not follow most
                     of the committee’s recommendations.

                     The announcement sparked protests Tuesday night in which one local
                     activist, Julius Dahne, was arrested. Dahne was charged with criminal
                     trespass for entering a room in the UMC where Byyny was attending a
                     reception. An arrest report states that Dahne, who was eventually
                     released from the Boulder County Jail, refused to leave the room when
                     asked to do so by police.

                     Wednesday night’s meeting in the Forum Room was crawling with CU
                     police officers, some of them lurking behind stage curtains. At one point,
                     they nearly arrested one activist for brandishing a water gun.

                     The activist, Eric Loftman, had at first displayed his water gun openly
                     without any reaction from police. But at one point, Loftman said, officer
                     Tim Delaria grabbed the gun, causing it to shoot water at two other
                     officers. The two rushed Loftman, accusing him of firing the gun.
                     According to Loftman, one officer put his wrist in a compliance hold,
                     while Delaria — the same officer who arrested Dahne the night before
                     — told him he was under arrest.

                     Police Lt. John Kish, however, let Loftman off with a warning, sternly
                     lecturing him not to "do something stupid." He also confiscated the water
                     gun.

                     Ira Chernus, a CU professor who represented faculty on the licensing ad
                     hoc committee, decried the show of force. Earlier in the day, Chernus
                     and fellow Professor Marty Walter had abstained from attending a
                     ceremony in which Byyny was scheduled to give them certificates of
                     service.

                     "I have protested to Vice Chancellor (Ron) Stump and to chief (Jim)
                     Fadenrecht the excessive and unnecessary presence of police here
                     today," Chernus said. "I think that is insulting to the students."

                     Byyny responded by criticizing Chernus, saying Chernus shouldn’t make
                     such statements without talking to him privately first.

                     The reason for the police presence, Byyny said, was that he and his
                     family have recently been harassed and his yard has been vandalized.

                     However, "I didn’t actually ask the police to be here," Byyny said.

                     In their exchange with Byyny, students and others repeatedly asked
                     Byyny why he would not follow the recommendations of his own
                     committee.

                     "We simply don’t understand why you chose not to take the route that
                     the committee recommended," Chernus said.

                     Byyny responded by saying he supported human rights for workers, but
                     said he didn’t agree with all of the recommendations as far as how to
                     address the issue.

                     "I believe we are being responsive," Byyny said, pointing out that he has
                     agreed to some of the recommendations. "We’re not necessarily
                     agreeing with everything you believe in. ... For you to say that we
                     haven’t been responsive is just not true."

                     Byyny repeatedly said the sweatshop issue is being resolved via normal
                     university processes.

                     "Those are the processes we go through," he said. "It’s not something
                     new."

                     But Dan Pabon, a tri-executive of the CU Student Union who served on
                     the ad hoc committee and is also a member of Byyny’s executive
                     committee, challenged that notion. He accused Byyny of misleading
                     students about the process from the beginning.

                     "There is a large disconnect from what was laid out in the beginning and
                     what actually turned out," Pabon said.

                     Graduate student Robert Hernandez Muñoz Jr. said the university’s
                     processes themselves must be changed, because they are allowing
                     suffering to happen.

                     "I find it very disturbing that there is one human being in this room that
                     has the power" to make decisions unilaterally, Muñoz said.

                     WAAKE-UP! members, noting that they have received support from
                     2,000 students who have signed petitions and from numerous campus
                     and community groups — including the Boulder Faculty Assembly and
                     the CU Student Union — demanded to know whose interests Byyny
                     was representing.

                     Byyny didn’t name specific parties. He mentioned that he’s received
                     many calls from people urging him to "stonewall" the students, but said
                     he ignored those calls in favor of dialogue.

                     "There are other voices I’m ignoring, too," Byyny said.

                     Pressed for an answer as to what specific portions of the committee’s
                     recommendations he disagreed with, Byyny mentioned one example —
                     a guarantee that sweatshop workers be given overtime pay.

                     "I don’t know if overtime pay for workers is necessarily a workers’
                     right," he said.

                     Other than that, Byyny gave few specifics as to why he was going
                     against his own committee, students complained.

                     At one point during the meeting, several activists covered their mouths
                     with ribbons and pieces of duct tape featuring slogans such as "more
                     lies," and "appalled."

                     It was a gesture of protest, they said, because students’ voices aren’t
                     being listened to anyway.

                     "I just think it’s a sad message that we’re sending to these young
                     people," commented Ross Haenfler, a CU graduate student who
                     teaches sociology. It doesn’t matter if students build coalitions and start
                     dialogue, he said, because "in the end, one person has the power."

                     Levin said she had waited all semester to speak out about her concerns
                     but couldn’t wait any longer.

                     "If Ralphie the buffalo is going to be named after my family, and we
                     support these sweatshop practices, I’d rather he be named ‘Nike the
                     buffalo,’" she said.

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Colorado Daily 4/27/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Nader backs WAAKE-UP!

                     By TERJE LANGELAND
                     Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                     DENVER -- U.S. presidential candidate Ralph Nader on Wednesday
                     strongly endorsed the efforts of anti-sweatshop activists on the
                     CU-Boulder campus and condemned the university for its refusal to join
                     the Worker Rights Consortium.

                     The veteran consumer activist also endorsed fellow Green Party
                     candidate Ron Forthofer, who is running for Congress in Colorado's
                     Second District, which includes Boulder.

                     "The University of Colorado is a publicly owned institution, not a wholly
                     owned subsidiary of the corporations of America," Nader said in a
                     press conference at the state Capitol during a brief visit to Denver.

                     The student campaign against sweatshops at CU and across the nation
                     touches on the vital issue of corporatization of public universities, Nader
                     said. He said CU's actions were probably influenced by an
                     announcement this week from Phil Knight, the CEO of Nike, who said
                     he would retract a $30-million pledge to the University of Oregon after
                     that institution joined the WRC.

                                 
                          Presidential hopeful Ralph Nader, right, speaks with Ron Forthofer, the Green
                           Party candidate for the 2nd Congressional District, prior to Nader’s press
                           conference at the state Capitol Wednesday morning. Nader endorsed Forthofer
                           and backed the efforts of anti-sweatshop activists at CU.

                     "I'm sure that rang the bell to the governors of the University of
                     Colorado, and they probably said, 'Well, it's not worth it,'" Nader
                     speculated.

                     Nike opposes the WRC, a sweatshop-monitoring group joined by a
                     growing number of colleges, because the WRC lacks corporate
                     representation.

                     But the university cannot allow corporations to throw their weight
                     around in that manner, Nader implored.

                     "The University of Colorado should never mix the right thing to do with
                     a finger to the wind of what the corporations want," Nader said. "I think
                     they're setting the stage for some intensified demonstrations, and we'll
                     see what the students are made of."

                     The news conference was the first campaign appearance in Colorado
                     for Nader, who received 5.7 percent of the vote in a recent nationwide
                     poll. He also received 9 percent in California, and a separate poll gave
                     him 7 percent of the vote in Oregon.

                     In addition to his comments on the sweatshop issue, Nader focused his
                     message on taking power away from corporations and giving it back to
                     the American people.

                     "Big business is on a collision course with democracy," Nader declared.

                     Because of corporate influence in government, workers are less able
                     than in the past to form trade unions to protect their interests, he said.
                     Taxpayers, meanwhile, have decreasing control over where their tax
                     money goes, as government increasingly spends it on corporate welfare.

                     "Here in Denver, you've had your share of corporate welfare for athletic
                     stadiums," Nader said, referring to tax subsidies for Coors Field and the
                     new Broncos stadium.

                     The Democratic and Republican parties are fueling this trend instead of
                     fighting it, Nader said.

                     "They're taking money from the same business interests," he said.
                     "They're increasingly converging into look-alike parties."

                     A democratic society cannot survive massive poverty in the face of an
                     "economic boom," destruction of the environment, lack of universal
                     health care and the handover of local, state and federal sovereignty to
                     international institutions such as the World Trade Organization, Nader
                     said.

                     All across the country, people are responding to this message, he said.

                     "Most people, regardless of the political labels they put on themselves,
                     feel like they've lost control," he said. "We have found people who call
                     themselves conservatives, extremely upset about corporate subsidies,
                     corporate welfare."

                     Nader also called for public financing of campaigns and sent a message
                     to his Democratic opponent, Al Gore.

                     "If you continue to pander to the corporate interests (and) if you
                     continue to repulse the progressive traditions of the Democratic party,
                     you're going to lose this election," he warned.

                     Nader is widely expected to win the nomination of the Green Party,
                     although he faces a challenge from two other candidates, activist
                     Stephen Gaskin of Tennessee and punk-rock artist/writer Jello Biafra, a
                     Boulder High School graduate. The nomination will be decided at the
                     Greens' national convention in Denver in June.

                     The Green Party is already on the ballot in Colorado. Nationwide,
                     Nader said he's on the ballot in about 15 states and going for all 50.
                     Meanwhile, he has raised more than $300,000 in campaign donations
                     and is aiming for $5 million, including matching federal funds, he said.

                     Nader said he plans to have dozens of full-time organizers around the
                     country and to sign up thousands of campaign volunteers.

                     "We're gonna have hour-raisers as well as fund-raiser," he said.

                     In endorsing Forthofer, who also came out in support of the CU
                     students and faculty urging the university to join the WRC, Nader cited
                     the Boulder County resident's commitment to activism.

                     "I support Ron fully," Nader said. "He's a five-star candidate."

                     The conference was sparsely attended. No television cameras were
                     present, and reporters from The Denver Post, the Pueblo Chieftain and
                     Boulder's Daily Camera all left halfway through the conference.

                     Nader's Web site is www.votenader.com.

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Colorado Daily 4/27/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Byyny ought to resign

                          CU students and faculty tried to look into the depths of Chancellor Richard
                          Byyny's soul and have found themselves gazing at the bottom of a Dixie cup.

                          In a move that outraged both student activists and faculty, Byyny announced
                          Tuesday that he was scrapping weeks of work by members of an ad hoc
                          committee that was trying to hammer out a new anti-sweatshop licensing policy.
                          Rather than following the committee's recommendations, Byyny has decided to
                          make a few changes to CU's existing policy on his own, using some of the
                          committee's work as a guideline. He has also decided that CU will not join the
                          Worker Rights Consortium -- a sweatshop watchdog group -- for at least one
                          year.

                          Students, faculty and the public have a right to be disgusted with Byyny and
                          ought to demand his resignation. Tuesday's announcement was only the latest
                          slap in the face given by the chancellor to the people who pay his salary.

                          This week started with Byyny throwing a number of obstacles in the way of his
                          own committee. Members of that committee had expected him to review and
                          sign the document, but Byyny put two new twists in the road, canceling a
                          meeting at which the proposed policy was supposed to be on the table and then
                          announcing that Paul Tabolt, vice chancellor for administration, and CU's
                          lawyers would be given the chance to change the policy. Behind the scenes, the
                          athletic department -- which seems to run CU -- was apparently being given the
                          same opportunity.

                          Even worse, Byyny asked his staff to lie for him in order to help him elude
                          students who'd come to his office to speak with him. Although students were
                          told that Byyny was not in, the chancellor was seen sneaking out of Regent Hall
                          with an escort of police officers.

                          "Byyny betrayed our trust!" students shouted at an impromptu protest Tuesday
                          evening.

                          And betray their trust he did. Despite their misgivings, students came to the table
                          in good faith. They came with the hope that Byyny would keep his word and
                          work with them on the sweatshop issue. Byyny repaid their faith with deception,
                          making a mockery of the process he himself had set up.

                          This kind of behavior is unacceptable from a public servant. And that's what
                          Byyny is -- a public servant. Granted, there really isn't anyone in CU's
                          administration capable of setting an example for the chancellor when it comes to
                          public service. CU President John Buechner, who is Byyny's boss, is the perfect
                          example of what not to do while on the public payroll, having demonstrated his
                          contempt for the public in his refusal to hold himself accountable to the
                          taxpayers.

                          Still, lack of suitable role models is no excuse. Byyny has spit in the face of
                          everyone who participated in the ad hoc committee process. Further, he has spit
                          in the face of everyone who looked to him for leadership on this issue, both on
                          campus and across Colorado. Worst of all, he has spit in the face of an issue
                          that could well come to define our time -- the fight for global justice and human
                          rights.

                          Some weeks ago, the Colorado Daily encouraged Byyny to look into his heart
                          and to find room in that space for justice and human rights. At first it seemed that
                          Byyny, despite a few stupid statements about what constitutes a human right and
                          what does not, might reluctantly respond. We assumed that, because he is a
                          physician, he might be more inclined than most administrators to show concern
                          for human suffering.

                          But now we see that Byyny believes his heart is too small for that. While we
                          share the outrage of all those who are working so hard to eliminate the brutality
                          of sweatshop labor, the bulk of our compassion goes to Byyny. He has now
                          publicly demonstrated not only the limits of his leadership, but of his humanity as
                          well.

                          PAMELA WHITE

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Colorado Daily 4/20/00 -- WAAKE-UP!
Students press Byyny on WRC
                 Chancellor unlikely to sign agreement until next week

                 By TERJE LANGELAND
                 Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                 CU-Boulder Chancellor Richard Byyny is unlikely to
                 sign a set of proposed anti-sweatshop measures any
                 sooner than the middle of next week, he told student
                 activists during a tense meeting Wednesday.

                 Byyny, who planned to be out of town today through
                 Sunday, agreed to the brief, impromptu meeting
                 Wednesday morning with student activists who have
                 pushed for the measures. Most of the students are
                 affiliated with WAAKE-UP!, a coalition of student and
                 community activist groups.

                 The students asked for the meeting, they said, because
                 they wanted Byyny to sign off on the recommended
                 measures on the spot, or no later than Friday. But
                 Byyny said that wasn't feasible, in part because a
                 document listing the recommendations wasn't even
                 finalized yet.

                 "I will look at it as soon as I get it," Byyny promised.
                 "I won't have a chance to critically review it,
                 probably, until the weekend."

                 The measures were recommended by an ad hoc
                 committee appointed by Byyny himself, which
                 wrapped up its work Tuesday. The purpose of the
                 recommendations is to make sure licensed CU apparel
                 -- such as T-shirts bearing CU's logo -- aren't
                 manufactured in sweatshops.

                 The ad hoc committee, which includes students, faculty
                 and administrators, has agreed to recommend that CU
                 join a sweatshop-monitoring group called the Worker
                 Rights Consortium, adopt an anti-sweatshop code of
                 conduct for CU's licensees, and establish an internal
                 advisory board for licensing.

                 WAAKE-UP! members said they had been led to
                 believe that Byyny could adopt those recommendations
                 shortly after receiving them from the committee.

                 But to their surprise, Byyny told them he couldn't sign
                 the document until he has consulted with the
                 Chancellor's Executive Committee, a body of students,
                 staff, faculty and administrators that's scheduled to
                 meet next Wednesday.

                 "I feel kind of disgusted that no one told us about that,"
                 complained WAAKE-UP! member Emily Becker.

                 Visibly agitated, Becker tried to persuade Byyny to
                 review a copy of the document on the spot. But Byyny
                 said he didn't have enough time because he had to
                 attend another meeting.

                 "You're giving me five minutes to review a complex
                 document that you've been working on for weeks, and
                 you call that responsible?" Byyny said.

                 Besides, Byyny said, the document students had
                 brought with them was not the final, edited version of
                 the committee's recommendations.

                 "I would prefer to have the final document," Byyny
                 said.

                 He was supported by Ron Stump, the interim vice
                 chancellor for student affairs. Stump, who served as
                 chairman of the ad hoc committee, said some members
                 of the committee still had not given their final input on
                 the document.

                 "The committee has not signed off on it," Stump said.

                 But Becker said copies of the document had been
                 e-mailed to all committee members. When some
                 members didn't reply, WAAKE-UP! assumed that
                 those members had no objections or proposed changes,
                 she said.

                 "We had come to the conclusion that the committee had
                 agreed to this," Becker said.

                 Stump, however, said that by presenting the document
                 without everyone's final input, students appeared to be
                 violating an agreement they had made with other
                 committee members.

                 "I don't think it's fair," Stump said.

                 "I don't think it's fair that the university is stalling,"
                 replied Becker.

                 Byyny responded by calling WAAKE-UP!'s behavior
                 "confrontational."

                 "Maybe a little confrontation is what we need,
                 chancellor," Becker said. "We're tired of waiting."

                 Pressed repeatedly by students, Byyny agreed to try to
                 find time in the next few days to review the document.

                 Students said they would make sure to get the
                 document finalized and in Byyny's hands today. They
                 said they would also send copies of it to members of
                 the Chancellor's Executive Committee so that those
                 members may review it in advance of their meeting on
                 Wednesday.

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Colorado Daily 4/19/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

One autograph away
CU's membership in sweatshop watchdog group now hinges on chancellor's signature

By TERJE LANGELAND
Colorado Daily Staff Writer

After a six-week-long campaign by student activists, CU appeared Tuesday to be just one autograph away from adopting comprehensive measures aimed at making sure licensed university apparel isn't made in sweatshops.

An ad hoc committee appointed by CU-Boulder Chancellor Richard Byyny agreed Tuesday morning on a proposed anti-sweatshop "code of conduct" and recommended that CU join the Worker Rights Consortium, a sweatshop-monitoring group.

The committee also recommended that CU establish an internal advisory board to guide licensing decisions.

As of press time, committee members were still putting finishing touches on their recommendations and consulting with each other via e-mail.  However, they said they hoped to forward the finished product to Byyny for his signature by the end of Tuesday or early today.

"I am ecstatic," said Katie Borse, a member of WAAKE-UP!, the coalition of student and community groups that has driven the anti-sweatshop campaign.  "I am so happy right now."

She added, however, that she still felt apprehensive because there is no guarantee that Byyny will adopt the recommendations.

"The chancellor has the power to just ignore it altogether, and I guess that really makes me nervous," Borse said.

Throughout their campaign, WAAKE-UP! members have repeatedly suggested that administrators weren't negotiating with them in good faith.  They boycotted the first meeting of the ad hoc committee.

Some administrators, meanwhile, strongly questioned portions of WAAKE-UP!'s demands, especially those guaranteeing workers a living wage, the right to collective bargaining, and equal pay for women.

But with the exception of numerous small compromises and language adjustments, the committee ultimately make recommendations that were substantially similar to a set of demands issued by WAAKE-UP! on March 2.  The committee was made up of CU administrators, faculty, and students, including WAAKE-UP! members.

Many of of the administrators' concerns about WAAKE-UP!'s demands were alleviated during the committee process, said Ron Stump, CU's interim vice chancellor of student affairs.

"I think what's been key here was the information we have received from faculty that have researched these issues,"  Stump said.

Specifically, administrators appeard persuaded on several points by the testimony of CU Professor Rachel Silvey, who has researched labor issues in Indonesia and who served on the ad hoc committee.

Borse, meanwhile, said she believed administrators felt pressured as an increasing number of other universities have adopted codes of conduct and joined the WRC.

"It's becoming a national issue," Borse said.  "They can't just ignore it."

Moreover, Borse said she believed administrators working on the issue realized their moral responsibility to take action.

"The people that we've been working with, especially, know that this is the right thing to do," Borse said.

Stump said he anticipated that Byyny would need some time to review the recommendations before deciding whether to adopt them.  Since Byyny hasn't been a part of the committee meetings, he will probably want to know more about the rationale behind the various recommendations, Stump predicted.

"I think he'll want some briefing from members of the committee," Stump said.

Byyny himself could not be reached for comment.  His spokeswoman, Bobbi Barrow, said she had talked to Byyny briefly and that the chancellor was of the understanding he'd be receiving the recommendations by the end of the week.

Byyny will be heavily booked today and also on Thursday, when he will attend a CU Board of Regents meeting in Pueblo, Barrow said.  The chancellor hopes to have a revised licensing policy in place by the end of the semester, she said.

That might not be soon enough for WAAKE-UP! members, who have slept in a mock shantytown on the CU-Boulder campus since April 10 and have pledged to continue doing so until their demands have been met.  Emily Becker of WAAKE-UP! said she'd like Byyny to sign the recommendations within hours of receiving them.

"He should be able to sign (them) by noon tomorrow," Becker said.

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Colorado Daily 4/19/00 -- Letter to the Editor

Cultural imperialism excuse doesn't work

                      Paul Tabolt and Jinks Cooper offered a flimsy excuse for not
                      supporting the WRC (Workers Rights Consortium). They
                      claim that it is "cultural imperialism" for Americans to
                      impose our values regarding fair employment on another
                      country and that this may cost people their jobs. By
                      demanding fair employment laws overseas, we are seeking to
                      impose American laws on American companies and
                      stockholders. If workers received a living wage, American
                      corporations would still be paying them less than an
                      American minimum wage, so these corporations would
                      therefore remain overseas.

                      The only moral question here is whether or not the
                      stockholders who work for the university are willing to take
                      a cut in profits in order to support the establishment of
                      democratic practices in other countries. We can either gain
                      excess capital from little kids working in factories all day or
                      pay their parents enough so that the kids don't have to work.
                      Cultural imperialism is that the profits to this school and
                      certain individuals are secured at the expense of entire
                      nations.

                      FRANCES CARLEY
                      Boulder



Colorado Daily 4/19/00 -- Letter to the Editor

WAAKE-UP!'s demands are valid

                      Chancellor Byyny: Please take a stand. If not for your
                      university (for which you have a professional responsibility
                      to do so), do it for yourself. Your rhetoric concerning
                      WAAKE-UP! is ridiculous. Do you believe in a professional
                      code of conduct? Yes or no. It is that simple. Whether or not
                      another culture believes the same as you is pointless. The
                      selling of CU merchandise is your responsibility. If you
                      believe in safe working conditions, a living wage, and equal
                      pay, then demand your supplier meet your requirements.
                      Simple capitalism. If the "other" cultures cannot meet your
                      demands, I'm sure there are plenty of suppliers right here in
                      your own culture that will meet them (we do make things in
                      this country, don't we?).

                      You are supposed to be a leader. Act like one. Take a stand
                      for your university, your community, and yourself. A positive
                      stance. As of today, all your pathetic "cultural imperialism"
                      speak stands for is cheap goods manufactured in miserable,
                      exploitive working conditions. And anything for a profit.

                      I wish you good luck guiding the 'leaders' of tomorrow.

                      SHAUN CRONIN
                      via Internet



Colorado Daily 4/18/00 -- The  *#%@ing insane Linda Gorman

WAAKE-UP! and Feel Better--
Throw the Poor Out of Work

By LINDA GORMAN

                       What do the people in the WAAKE-UP! coalition
                       have against the poor? And why are they so intent
                       on forcing the University of Colorado to act like
                       the worst kind of imperialist?

                       WAAKE-UP!, a coalition of everything from the
                       Rain Forest Action Group to the AFL-CIO, wants
                       the university to adopt its code of conduct for
                       determining who may and may not manufacture
                       licensed CU apparel. The model code, as posted
                       on the United Students Against Sweatshops
                       (USAS) Web page, imposes the agenda of
                       wealthy Americans unions on poverty-stricken
                       workers in other countries. It is a central planner's
                       dream.

                       The code mandates that licensees "establish a
                       dignified living wage for workers and their
                       families" and limit a working week to either 48
                       hours or a country's maximum legal workweek,
                       whichever is less. Never mind that data for
                       determining this "living wage" would be difficult
                       to come by even in the United States. The average
                       family household size in the U.S. is about 3.2
                       people, with 25 percent of "family" households
                       having only one wage earner. Three and
                       two-tenths divided by 1.75 adult wage earners
                       equals 1.8 wage earning adults-per-household.
                       Using the Statistical Abstract of the United States
                       -- a rough calculation of the cost of housing,
                       energy, nutrition, clothing, health care, education,
                       potable water, childcare, transportation, and
                       savings for the requisite average family unit
                       divided by the average number of adult wage
                       earners -- produces a "living wage" of about
                       $13,000.

                       U.S. workers earning the minimum wage make
                       only $10,300 working 50 weeks, 40 hours per
                       week. Under the code, they would not be allowed
                       to sew CU sweatshirts. Licensees must also
                       comply with American laws like Title 29 CFR of
                       the Federal Code of Regulations as enforced by
                       the American Occupational Safety and Health
                       Administration, American recommendations like
                       the Threshold Limit Values of the American
                       Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
                       for chemical, biological, and physical agents, and
                       American "consensus standards" for process,
                       mechanical and building issues.

                       This type of regulatory regime is famously
                       expensive. OSHA's 1987 formaldehyde
                       requirement forced employers to spend an
                       estimated $72,000,000,000, in 1984 dollars, for
                       every life saved. One hundred years ago the
                       United States was a developing country. Imposing
                       WAAKE-UP! regulations would likely have
                       prevented it from ever becoming anything else. In
                       1900, young men began work by 15. According to
                       the 1900 census, 25 percent of all male children
                       over the age of 10 listed an occupation.
                       Manufacturing workers worked "11- or 12-hour
                       days, six days a week."

                       As the employed labor force created wealth and
                       capital, wages rose. Higher wages, along with
                       technological changes and an immense flow of
                       immigrant labor, reduced the demand for child
                       labor. People could afford leisure time, and began
                       working fewer hours. Safety and labor regulations
                       that codified existing practices began to be
                       enacted.

                       WAAKE-UP!'s rules would have wiped out
                      millions of jobs and prevented the capital that has
                       made us rich from ever being accumulated. They
                       would have helped ensure that the demonstrators
                       at the Hellems building would be living
                       permanently in a real shantytown.

                       Poor people are poor because they lack enough
                       productive work. The WAAKE-UP! code
                       destroys productive work. This, as a group of
                       Honduran girls discovered when anti-sweatshop
                       posturing caused Wal-Mart to cancel its contract
                       for the Kathie Lee Gifford clothing line and cost
                       them their jobs, cuts no ice with activists.
                       Unemployed Hondurans are far less important
                       than raising the self-esteem of the wealthy Left
                       and helping American unions protect their high
                       cost jobs. Should you need to bolster your
                       self-esteem by throwing poor people out of work,
                       all of the elements needed for a WAAKE-UP!
                       style campaign, from protest carols and chants to
                       detailed narratives for consciousness-raising
                       sweatshop fashion shows, are available at the
                       USAS Web site.

                       The USAS shares a Washington, D.C., address
                       and fax number with the United States Student
                       Association. It, too, is probably underwritten by
                       student fees. According to the USAS Popular
                       Education Workshop script, you should be
                       prepared to overlook a few centuries of evidence
                       and strive to make others -- presumably the
                       well-intentioned ignorant -- believe that it is a
                       myth that international trade benefits workers and
                       local economies in poor countries. It is also a
                       myth that international trade has increased
                       prosperity and economic equality between
                       countries. In sum, people must be made to
                       understand that "A small number of bankers,
                       billionaires, and politicians made the global
                       economy and created the situation that allows
                       sweatshops to thrive; a large number of people,
                       working together, can dismantle it!" So much for
                       the lessons of history. If abolishing trade helps the
                       poor, why does the Left rail against the trade
                       embargos on Cuba and Iraq? And when, exactly,
                       does moral preening become moral culpability?

                       Linda Gorman is a Senior Fellow at the
                       Independence Institute, a free-market think tank
                       in Golden, Colo. Citations for the sources used
                       in this article are available at the Institute's
                       Web site, http://IndependenceInstitute.org.
Go to the website if you really want to see some messed up shit!!  You won't believe it.

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Boulder Daily Camera 4/18/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

No proposals from CU labor panel

                Group spends most of meeting addressing fate of CU athletic
               agreements

                  By Emma Adams
                  Camera Staff Writer
 

                  A committee formed to examine sweatshop labor and University of Colorado
                  licensing agreements failed to pass any recommendations Monday.

                  Committee members spent most of their meeting debating whether the draft of a code
                  of conduct for CU merchandise would cover athletic sponsorship agreements.

                  The committee, comprised of representatives of a student group, administrators and
                  faculty, eventually concluded there was no athletic loophole in the proposed code of
                  conduct.

                  "The best answer I'm comfortable giving you here today ... there will probably be a
                  licensing agreement involved with the supply of athletic apparel to cover your
                  concerns," said Bob Chichester, associate athletic director.

                  Committee member and student activist Nina Wadlinger said having a
                  sweatshop-free licensing agreement that doesn't cover athletic team apparel
                  would be contradictory to the cause of her group.

                  The World Action & Awareness Coalition, or WAAKE-UP!, wants CU to join the
                  newly formed Worker Rights Consortium. The group of 44 colleges and universities
                  aims to ensure that companies respect the rights of workers.

                  In addition, WAAKE-UP! members want CU to create a code of conduct
                  for licensing agreements and to form internal advisory boards to monitor
                  the practices.

                  Each of those demands was addressed by a task force that made recommendations
                  for the committee to review.

                  But WAAKE-UP! members said progress in changing the sweatshop policies is going
                  slower than expected. They said they will continue to draw attention to the issue by
                  occupying a shantytown erected on campus or by more extreme measures of
                  persuasion.

                  "I'm very, very disappointed with the results of the meeting," said WAAKE — UP!
                  member Emily Becker. "I expected all three points to be passed, but we'll continue to
                  live in our shantytown, and possibly use other options. The (committee's) stall tactics
                  are ridiculous."

                  The task force that looked into the external monitoring request met Monday morning.
                  According to Licensing Director Pat Roberts, the group recommended the university
                  join the WRC for one year and then review the relationship before deciding whether
                  to extend its membership.

                  The WRC would monitor the companies licensed by CU and aid the university in
                  determining if they are in compliance with the code of conduct.

                  The recommendations of the other two task forces were not available, but are
                  scheduled to be discussed at a meeting this morning.

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Colorado Daily 4/18/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Group approves WRC 
                                 CU subcommittee endorses joining consortium for
                                 one-year trial, but move still needs Byyny’s approval

                     By TERJE LANGELAND
                     Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                     CU took a step closer Monday to joining the Worker Rights
                     Consortium, as an official subcommittee reviewing the issue
                     recommended a one-year, conditional membership in the
                     sweatshop-monitoring group.

                     A larger ad-hoc committee reviewing CU's licensing policies would still
                     have to sign off on the recommendation, and CU-Boulder Chancellor
                     Richard Byyny would have to give the ultimate approval, before CU
                     would become a member. The ad-hoc committee was scheduled to
                     meet again this morning.

                     "I think it's a great compromise," said Pat Roberts, CU's director of
                     licensing. "I think it will get us where we want to be."

                     Membership in the WRC is one of the three main demands of
                     WAAKE-UP!, a coalition of student and community organizations that
                     wants to make sure licensed CU apparel isn't manufactured in
                     sweatshops.

                     WAAKE-UP! members, who have slept in a shantytown on campus for
                     more than a week to draw attention to their cause, also want CU to
                     adopt an anti-sweatshop "code of conduct" for companies that make
                     CU apparel, and to establish an internal advisory board for ethical
                     licensing.

                     Roberts and other CU officials have expressed concern about the
                     business plan, funding basis and organizational structure of the
                     newly-formed WRC. On the other hand, if CU is to adopt a code of
                     conduct, it will need an organization such as the WRC to enforce the
                     code, Roberts said.

                     "A code of conduct without some way to monitor it is just a piece of
                     paper," she said.

                     By joining for just one year, CU can re-examine the consortium down
                     the road and decide if it works, Roberts said. At least 45 other colleges
                     and universities have already joined the WRC, many of them on a
                     one-year, conditional basis.

                     Roberts also said it made more sense to join the WRC at this point than
                     another sweatshop-monitoring group, the Fair Labor Association,
                     because the WRC appears "a little more aggressive."

                     Still, the university will monitor the FLA over the next year and keep its
                     options open, Roberts said.

                     "We may end up joining the FLA as well," she said.

                     There was no guarantee, however, that the ad-hoc committee would
                     automatically forward the subcommittee's recommendation. Meeting
                     Monday afternoon, the ad-hoc committee didn't even get to the issue
                     because it got bogged down in debate over the proposed code of
                     conduct.

                     Even though another subcommittee had agreed on the wording for the
                     code of conduct Friday, the larger committee got stuck in a discussion
                     as to whether that code would apply to a major contract between the
                     CU athletic department and Nike Inc.

                     Nike has two separate contracts with CU. Under a deal with the
                     licensing office, Nike is authorized to make and sell apparel bearing
                     CU's logos. Under a separate sponsorship deal with CU's athletic
                     department, which was signed in 1995 and expires next year, Nike
                     provides cash and free apparel to CU's athletic teams.

                     The former deal, worth about $50,000 per year, would be subject to
                     the code of conduct. But the latter deal, worth about $1 million per year,
                     might not.

                     WAAKE-UP! members said they had just assumed that both deals
                     would be subject to the code. But when they raised the issue Monday,
                     officials seemed to struggle to give them a straight answer.

                     Pressed by WAAKE-UP! members, Bob Chichester -- CU's assistant
                     athletic director for administration -- acknowledged it was theoretically
                     possible that Nike could cancel its licensing agreement with CU and still
                     keep its contract to supply the athletic department, thereby avoiding
                     compliance with the code.

                     But he added that in reality, this was unlikely because any company
                     supplying CU's athletic teams would also want to be able to sell licensed
                     gear.

                     Eric Loftman of WAAKE-UP! suggested that the code be re-written to
                     explicitly cover sponsorship deals in addition to licensing deals.

                     "I really believe we have to include the whole thing," Loftman said.

                     But administrators said that would require a whole new discussion
                     involving other parties, because the university has numerous other
                     sponsorships for which the code could have unintended consequences.

                     "If you put sponsorships into this agreement, you need to end this
                     meeting right now and get some other people at the table, and we won't
                     be done with this until September," Roberts said.

                     By the end of the meeting, WAAKE-UP! representatives seemed
                     assured that the code would ultimately affect both of Nike's deals, even
                     if it didn't explicitly include sponsorships.

                     Still, some said they felt CU hadn't been completely forthright about
                     Nike's potential "loophole." No one from CU brought it up, and when
                     students asked whether the athletic department's deal would be
                     covered, administrators hesitated in their answers, they said.

                     "All of a sudden, they're looking at each other and going, 'Well, kind
                     of,'" said WAAKE-UP! member Nina Wadlinger. "I feel betrayed."

                     Fellow WAAKE-UP! member Emily Becker said she felt it was an
                     attempt by the administration to stall the negotiations.

                     "The stall tactics used in this meeting are ridiculous," Becker said. "I'm
                     just really frustrated. They want to drag this out as long as they possibly
                     can."

                     The students won't stand for that, Becker pledged. She and other
                     WAAKE-UP! members said they would stay in their shantytown until
                     CU has met their demands.

                     "We're not packing up until we get them signed by Byyny," promised
                     Michael Hill.

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Colorado Daily 4/17/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Snowfall only temporary setback for shantytown
                     Students return after Saturday’s bad weather

                     By TERJE LANGELAND
                     Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                     Activists who are demanding that CU adopt an anti-sweatshop code of
                     conduct were back in their shantytown Sunday night, after evacuating it
                     Saturday due to heavy snow.

                     And, having obtained an extension of their initial temporary-structure
                     permit, the activists said they planned to continue camping in the shanties
                     for an undefined period of time.

                     "A lot of us are dedicated to staying out here," said Eric Loftman of
                     WAAKE-UP!, the coalition of student and community groups that has
                     driven the anti-sweatshop campaign.

                     The activists erected the shantytown in front of the Hellems building one
                     week ago in an attempt to draw attention to their cause. WAAKE-UP!
                     has demanded since March 2 that CU adopt a "code of conduct" to
                     prevent companies that manufacture licensed CU apparel from
                     exploiting and abusing their workers.

                     The coalition is also demanding that CU join the Worker Rights
                     Consortium, a rapidly-growing group of universities that have banded
                     together to monitor sweatshop conditions. Finally, WAAKE-UP! wants
                     CU to create an internal advisory board for licensing policies.

                     CU police and facilities management helped WAAKE-UP! get a
                     temporary-structure permit for their shantytown after it was built
                     Monday. The permit was good for only one week, but CU has
                     extended it for another week, Loftman said.

                     Still, the activists have violated a campus ban on overnight camping by
                     sleeping in the shanties every night with the exception of Saturday night.
                     Saturday’s storm damaged the shantytown, Loftman said.

                     "Right now we’re working on rebuilding and trying to make it a
                     substantial living environment again," he said. "We have a lot of repair to
                     do."

                     Meanwhile, official CU subcommittees continued to go through
                     WAAKE-UP!’s demands Friday, with the goal of making
                     recommendations to a larger ad-hoc committee appointed by
                     Chancellor Richard Byyny for the purpose of reviewing CU’s licensing
                     policy.

                     "I think we’re making good headway with those demands," Loftman
                     said. However, "we got stuck on a couple of points," he added.

                     One such point had to do with workplace health and safety standards
                     for apparel workers, he said.

                     Another was WAAKE-UP!’s demand that CU guarantee workers’
                     right to collective bargaining. CU officials have expressed some
                     reluctance toward this demand, although Loftman noted that two of
                     CU’s biggest licensees — Nike Inc. and Gear for Sports — have their
                     own codes of conduct which already recognize this right.

                     How long the activists keep camping in the shantytown may depend on
                     how the committee negotiations progress, Loftman said. The shantytown
                     seems effective for now, but if the process stalls, other ways of
                     pressuring the university may become necessary, he said.

                     "If it doesn’t work, we’re gonna have to think about other ways to get
                     our point across," Loftman said.

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Colorado Daily 4/17/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Protest in Washington D.C. mirrored in Boulder
                     Demonstrators brave cold weather to voice opinions on IMF/World Bank

                     By AMANDA HILL
                     Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                     Neither rain, nor sleet, nor snow kept nearly 100 A-15 activists from
                     attending Saturday's pre-protest for this weekend's annual International
                     Monetary Fund meeting in Washington D.C. But despite their efforts to
                     brave the mid-20-degree snowy weather, the festivities ended nearly
                     five hours before scheduled, with only a handful of speakers sticking out
                     the cold.

                     "I'm an activist, and I'm trying to get on the inside," said Ron Forthofer,
                     the Green Party candidate running for the second Congressional District.
                     "I want to be an activist in Congress. We the people can do this. We're
                     derailing this stuff -- we're making a difference on campus -- the
                     administration is backing down and coming around. Way to go!"

                     The A-15 rally got off to a slow start, with several organizers scrambling
                     to get the band shell in Central Park ready for the speakers and
                     performers. Even with an unexpected snowstorm blowing into Boulder
                     the morning of the protest, the activists were still able to regroup and pull
                     off their celebration.

                     "The IMF is no more about trade than the Boston Tea Party was about
                     tea," said Jeff Milchen, of "Reclaim Democracy" and the Boulder
                     Independent Business Alliance. "This is about taking back the power
                     from the corporations. Corporate power can only continue to exist as
                     long as we keep feeding it to them."

                     With anti-IMF picket signs scattered throughout the band shell area, the
                     protesters were definitely not lacking in spirit. The protest was more
                     akin to a celebration, as local progressive bands and musicians kept
                     spirits high in the chilly afternoon. It was complete with the Radical
                     Cheerleaders, who led the crowd in a "Take back the power, fight
                     corporate greed," chant.

                     But even with the dancing and festivities, the activists were still set on
                     their goals of educating the crowd about the IMF and the repercussions
                     that Third World countries face as a result of corporate power.

                     "The IMF is an organization that now transfers the wealth from the
                     South to the North," said Forthofer. "It overrides democratic economies
                     and makes decisions about what countries can do. It makes sure that
                     Third World countries remain colonies to the West."

                     Much of the crowd was from the CU-Boulder activist community and
                     the Rocky Mountain Peace and Justice Center.

                     "I'm here because I feel strongly that we should do something," said CU
                     senior Danielle Frohlich, who is a member of CU-Sinapu. "Large
                     corporations are exploiting Third World countries right under our noses.
                     I want to do something because people don't know about this."

                     The rally concluded with a march through Pearl Street and back to the
                     band shell, where the group disbanded because of the weather.

                     The event was a success according to the protesters' code of
                     non-violence, which asked that all people participating, whether police
                     or protester, follow four basic guidelines:

                     "1. We will maintain an honest and respectful relationship with all living
                     things," read the code. "2. We will use no verbal intimidation or physical
                     violence. 3. We will not carry or use any illegal drugs, alcohol, or
                     weapons. 4. We will not destroy any public or private property."

                     There were no negative contacts with the police during the protest, even
                     though police presence near the rally was thick. Despite fears by some
                     caused by recent anti-corporation vandalism in the Pearl Street area, the
                     protesters remained completely non-violent and positive.

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Boulder Daily Camera  4/14/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Task force discusses sweatshop labor

               University of Colorado student activists concerned about sweatshop
               labor met with a chancellor-appointed task force Thursday to discuss
               creating a code of conduct for companies that make CU apparel.

               Members of the student group — World Action & Awareness Coalition,
               or WAAKE-UP — declined to take part earlier this week in the first
               meeting of an ad hoc committee aimed at addressing the issue. But
               WAAKE-UP plans to participate in various task forces. Members said
               they did not attend the committee meeting because they perceived it
               to be a stall tactic.

               Campuses across the country are joining the newly formed Worker
               Rights Consortium, which would monitor conditions at apparel plants
               around the globe.

               The CU activists have erected a shantytown on the Norlin Quadrangle
               in an effort to demonstrate living conditions for sweatshop laborers.
               About 3 a.m. Thursday, a group of students attacked the protesters
               with water balloons and set off firecrackers. The shantytown is timed to
               coincide with this week's Conference on World Affairs at CU.

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Colorado Daily 4/14/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Shantytown’s future uncertain

By TERJE LANGELAND
Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                                       Anti-sweatshop activists were scheduled to decide Thursday night whether to
                                       continue camping in a mock shantytown in front of the Hellems building on
                                       the CU-Boulder campus.

                                       Dozens of activists, most of them affiliated with the WAAKE-UP! coalition
                                       of student and community organizations, have been sleeping in the shanties
                                       since Monday. They erected the shanties to draw attention to their
                                       demands that CU adopt an anti-sweatshop code of conduct and join the
                                       Worker Rights Consortium, a sweatshop-monitoring group.

                                       The purpose of the code and the WRC is to make sure companies that
                                       manufacture licensed CU apparel — such as T-shirts bearing CU’s logo — don’t
                                       subject their workers to sweatshop conditions.

                                       As of press time Thursday, CU police had not intervened against the
                                       activists, who were violating a CU regulation that prohibits overnight
                                       camping on campus. However, other forces subjected the shantytown to
                                       its first hostile attack early Thursday morning.

                                       “We had 10 people that came by at 3 a.m. and set off a bunch of fireworks
                                       and threw water balloons,” said Eric Loftman, a WAAKE-UP! member. “It
                                       was all in good fun.”

                                       The anti-protest protestors reportedly distributed flyers proclaiming, “kegs
                                       not contraversy (sic).”

                                       “We appreciated that it was a nonviolent action,” Loftman joked.

                                       With the help of CU police and facilities management, WAAKE-UP! obtained a
                                       temporary structure permit for its shantytown after erecting it Monday. That
                                       permit expires next Monday, however, and many WAAKE-UP!
                                       activists will be busy this weekend participating in scheduled demonstrations
                                       against the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, taking place
                                       in downtown Boulder.

                                       Shantytown residents said they would hold a “town meeting” Thursday evening
                                       to decide whether to take down the shanties or apply for a one-week extension
                                       of their structure permit.

                                       “Personally, I’m comfortable sleeping here until the (sweatshop) issue
                                       is resolved,” Loftman said.

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Colorado Daily 4/14/00-- WAAKE-UP!

Progress made on students’ demands
                 WAAKE-UP! meets with CU on code of conduct

By TERJE LANGELAND
Colorado Daily Staff Writer

           Surprising some of its members, a CU subcommittee on licensing
                 appeared to be nearing agreement Thursday on a proposed anti-sweatshop
                 "code of conduct" for the university.

                 Meanwhile, another subcommittee discussing whether or not CU should
                 join the Worker Rights Consortium — an upstart sweatshop monitoring
                 group joined by a growing number of colleges across the country — was making
                 less rapid progress.

                 Student activists who are demanding that CU take action against sweatshops
                 had expressed skepticism about participating in Thursday’s meetings.
                 However, they said afterward that they were pleasantly surprised,
                 especially by the code-of-conduct meeting.

                 "I thought it was actually very productive," said Eric Loftman of
                 WAAKE-UP!, the coalition of student and community groups that has
                 led the anti-sweatshop drive. The coalition first issued its demands, which
                 aim to make sure that companies manufacturing licensed CU apparel don’t
                 abuse or exploit their workers, on March 2.

                 WAAKE-UP! members had initially planned to simply show up at
                 Thursday’s meetings, reiterate their demands, answer questions and
                 observe.

                 But the chairman of the code-of-conduct subcommittee, Interim
                 Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs Ron Stump, agreed to use
                 WAAKE-UP!’s proposed code of conduct as the basis for discussion, going
                 through it point by point to identify concerns and possible improvements.

                 "That meeting was what we were looking for from (Chancellor Richard)
                 Byyny a month and a half ago," said Stacey Proctor of WAAKE-UP!.

                 She speculated that mounting pressure since then may have helped to
                 finally bring about a discussion on WAAKE-UP!’s terms.
                 Several campus organizations have supported WAAKE-UP!’s
                 cause in recent weeks, including the Boulder Faculty Assembly, the CU
                 Student Union and the United Mexican American Students. More than
                 1,100 students have also signed a petition supporting WAAKE-UP!’s
                 demands, Loftman estimated.

                 In the past, CU administration officials have expressed
                 reluctance to adopt several points in WAAKE-UP!’s
                 code of conduct, especially those calling for workers’
                 right to collective bargaining and a living wage.

                 But even on those points, subcommittee members
                 seemed able to find mutually agreeable language.

                 "I think we are finding common ground on all of them,"
                 Stump said. "I think we can come to something as a
                 group that’s very close to what WAAKE-UP! has."

                 Stump and Pat Roberts, director of CU’s licensing
                 program, seemed persuaded on many points by fellow
                 subcommittee member Rachel Silvey, a CU assistant
                 professor who has researched labor conditions in
                 Indonesia.

                 "I’m really glad to see the university finally address
                 this issue," Silvey said.

                 One instance in which Silvey drew upon her
                 experience was when administrators suggested that it
                 may be sufficient to guarantee workers the right to
                 assembly freely, as opposed to explicitly guaranteeing
                 them the right to collective bargaining.

                 Workers in Indonesia, Silvey said, can assemble
                 freely. But once they try to bargain collectively, "that’s
                 when they face torture and all kinds of human rights
                 abuses."

                 After the meeting, WAAKE-UP! activists expressed
                 optimism that the code-of-conduct subcommittee might
                 be able to finish its work as soon as today.

                 "I really think that we can go ahead and sign off on the
                 code of conduct tomorrow," Loftman said.

                 If that happens, the subcommittee would forward its
                 recommendation to a larger ad-hoc committee on
                 licensing, which meets again Monday.

                 In order for CU to enforce a code of conduct, however,
                 it would need to adopt some form of monitoring
                 mechanism. That was the subject of a second
                 subcommittee meeting Thursday, in which members
                 discussed whether to join one of the two existing
                 monitoring groups, the Worker Rights Consortium and
                 the Fair Labor Association.

                 WAAKE-UP! supports the student-organized Worker
                 Rights Consortium, calling it a more aggressive
                 watchdog than the FLA, which includes corporate
                 representatives. Many universities have recently
                 joined the WRC and dropped out of the FLA, mostly in
                 response to student demands.

                 Bill Herbstreit, CU’s director of financial and
                 business affairs, said he agreed that WRC seemed to
                 have certain advantages over the FLA.

                 "The WRC seems to be more aggressive on paper,"
                 Herbstreit said.

                 However, he said he was concerned about the lack of
                 industry involvement in the consortium.

                 "There’s no manufacturing representation on the
                 WRC," Herbstreit said.

                 If CU wants cooperation from industry, the industry
                 either has to be represented, or else the university
                 needs to make sure it has the leverage to make industry
                 cooperate regardless, Herbstreit said.

                 "I don’t see the leverage at this point," he said.

                 He pointed out that licensed collegiate products
                 represent only a small segment of the apparel market,
                 and said companies may choose to stop making
                 collegiate apparel rather than deal with a monitoring
                 group over which they have no say.

                 Nike Inc. recently did just that by moving to cancel its
                 contract with Brown University, which has joined the
                 WRC.

                 But Nike still has contracts with other, more profitable
                 WRC members. And Loftman pointed out that
                 companies such as Nike also get major advertising
                 benefits by sponsoring college athletic teams.

                 Herbstreit, meanwhile, said he also questioned the
                 WRC’s organizational structure and its funding.

                 Roberts, the director of licensing, echoed his concerns,
                 saying she wouldn’t want to commit CU funds without
                 being sure the university would get what it’s paying
                 for.

                 "I don’t see any organizational structure or business
                 plan," Roberts said.

                 WAAKE-UP! members, on the other hand, said that by
                 joining the WRC, CU could help put its structure and
                 business plan in place.

                 They also said the WRC’s stricter labor standards —
                 which, unlike the FLA’s, include women’s rights —
                 make it the superior moral choice.

                 "To us this isn’t necessarily a business issue," Proctor
                 said. "It’s a moral issue."

                 The monitoring subcommittee agreed to meet again
                 Monday morning, by which time WAAKE-UP!
                 members are to provide more answers to
                 administrators’ questions.

                 A third subcommittee, appointed to discuss the
                 establishment of an internal advisory board for
                 licensing practices, was scheduled to meet today.

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Colorado Daily 4/13/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

WAAKE-UP! will attend
    But students are critical of CU administration’s
    ‘task group’ meeting

                     By TERJE LANGELAND
                     Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                     Anti-sweatshop activists who have been camping in a mock shantytown
                     on the CU-Boulder campus will send representatives to "task group"
                     meetings sponsored by the CU administration to examine the sweatshop
                     issue, they said Wednesday.

                     However, those representatives won't formally participate in the task
                     groups, said Emily Becker of WAAKE-UP!, the activist coalition
                     leading the anti-sweatshop campaign. Instead, representatives will
                     merely present WAAKE-UP!'s positions, answer questions and
                     observe.

                     "I think we realize there needs to be a dialogue," said WAAKE-UP!
                     member Ross Haenfler.

                     At the same time, Haenfler questioned the purpose of the task groups,
                     saying they are essentially trying to reinvent the wheel. He said the
                     university doesn't need committees to formulate solutions to the
                     sweatshop problem, because the solutions have already been identified
                     "over and over and over" by WAAKE-UP!, and by the dozens of other
                     universities that have already taken action.

                     "I'm just curious why they have to reinvent what we've already done,"
                     Haenfler said.

                     The task groups are part of an ad-hoc committee appointed by
                     CU-Boulder Chancellor Richard Byyny in response to WAAKE-UP!'s
                     escalating anti-sweatshop campaign. WAAKE-UP! boycotted the first
                     meeting of Byyny's ad-hoc committee, which took place Monday.

                     The anti-sweatshop campaign started when WAAKE-UP! sent the
                     university a detailed set of demands on March 2, aimed at making sure
                     companies manufacturing licensed CU apparel -- such as T-shirts
                     bearing CU's logo -- don't mistreat their workers.

                     The coalition is demanding that CU adopt a code of conduct for
                     licensees, appoint an internal licensing advisory board, and join the
                     Worker Rights Consortium, a national sweatshop-monitoring group
                     which already counts at least 44 other colleges among its members.

                     On Monday, WAAKE-UP! members erected a shantytown in front of
                     the Hellems building to draw attention to their concerns and to spread
                     the word among members of the CU community. They have since spent
                     their nights sleeping in the shanties and in tents, in violation of a CU
                     regulation that bans overnight camping on campus.

                     During the day, activists have distributed flyers, gathered petition
                     signatures and held teach-ins, rallies and workshops.

                     On Wednesday, they set up a mock sweatshop to protest the alleged
                     labor practices of the Walt Disney Co., which was scheduled to hold an
                     internship recruitment fair on campus later in the day.

                     Three "workers" toiled behind sewing machines while a stick-wielding
                     "foreman," wearing a Mickey Mouse mask, screamed at them to work
                     faster.
 


                      The students living in the shanty town on the CU campus staged skits about
                   alleged sweatshop conditions used by Disney to manufacture their merchandise.

                     "I've been working for 12 hours," complained one of the workers.

                     "You've only got four more to go," yelled the foreman. "Shut up and
                     work! Disney needs profits, damn it!"

                     WAAKE-UP! distributed flyers alleging that workers manufacturing
                     Disney apparel in Hong Kong regularly work 16-hour days, seven days
                     per week, earning between 13 and 36 cents per hour.

                     Activists said they also planned a protest during the recruitment fair,
                     which was scheduled to take place after the Colorado Daily's press
                     time.

                     Meanwhile, a scene similar to the one in front of Hellems was playing
                     out at the University of Oregon, where anti-sweatshop activists began
                     sleeping in tents outside the university's administrative building last week.
                     At least 14 students had been arrested as of Tuesday for trespassing.

                     However, the Oregon Daily Emerald reported that the university's
                     president appeared ready to give in to the activists' demands late
                     Wednesday, by agreeing to join the Worker Rights Consortium.

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Colorado Daily 4/12/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Camp still stands
                     Threat of removal doesn’t deter activists

                     By TERJE LANGELAND
                     Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                     Anti-sweatshop activists remained in their shantytown in front of the
                     Hellems building at CU-Boulder Tuesday, after camping out overnight in
                     spite of rain and the possibility that police might order them to disperse.

                     The activists, most of them affiliated with the WAAKE-UP! coalition of
                     student and community organizations, said they planned to sleep in their
                     shanties again Tuesday night.

                     "It got a little cold," said Ross Haenfler, a CU sociology graduate
                     student, one of the 18 people who slept over Monday night. "I think I
                     got about five hours of sleep, actually. I had a couple of raindrops
                     seeping through the tarp and wake me up a couple of times."

                     Nonetheless, Haenfler added, "I plan on staying as many nights as
                     possible."

                     WAAKE-UP! members erected the shantytown Monday morning to
                     draw attention to their demand that CU adopt an anti-sweatshop "code
                     of conduct" for companies that manufacture licensed CU apparel. The
                     activists also want CU to join the Worker Rights Consortium, a
                     sweatshop-monitoring group already joined by at least 44 other colleges
                     across the country.

                     CU Police Chief Jim Fadenrecht had informed the activists Monday that
                     camping overnight in the shantytown would be a violation of campus
                     regulations. However, police may or may not choose to enforce those
                     regulations if students were to violate them, he said.

                     The activists took that as a hint that police would not intervene, and
                     decided to sleep over. Indeed, police officers who stopped by a couple
                     of times during the night didn't enforce the camping ban, activists said.

                     "We feel like we're having just great communication with them," Haenfler
                     said of the police.

                     Sgt. Brett Brough, spokesman for the CU police, said Tuesday that he
                     couldn't say for sure whether or not officers would at some point
                     enforce the camping ban.

                     "It's something that hasn't been discussed," Brough said. He said police
                     are treating the matter on a "day-to-day" basis.

                     Activists, meanwhile, said the purpose of the shantytown was not to
                     engage in any civil disobedience and get arrested, but to educate the
                     campus community about the sweatshop issue.

                     CU-Boulder Chancellor Richard Byyny and Ron Stump, the interim vice
                     chancellor for student affairs, have asked for increased community
                     dialogue on the issue, Haenfler noted.

                     "This is a good effort on our part to do what Byyny and Stump have
                     said, to bring more people into the discussion," he said.

                     Nonetheless, WAAKE-UP! members have said civil disobedience
                     remains an option in their escalating campaign. Students at several
                     universities across the country have staged sit-ins in recent months to
                     pressure their institutions to join the WRC.

                     "We know we can escalate this, and the administration knows that,"
                     Haenfler said.

                     Activists spent much of the day Tuesday holding teach-ins, distributing
                     flyers and explaining their purpose to passersby. Below a sign
                     announcing the "Conference on World Despairs" -- in reference to the
                     Conference on World Affairs sponsored by CU this week -- was a
                     schedule of events including rallies, meetings, workshops and
                     "community fun." Each day of events will have a theme; Wednesday's
                     planned theme was politics, Thursday's theme is inequality and Friday's
                     theme is "the revolution within."

                     Several individuals and community groups have stopped by to express
                     their support, some of them bringing food, Haenfler said. He said people
                     are welcome to stop by anytime.

                     WAAKE-UP! members were scheduled to hold a "town meeting"
                     Tuesday evening to discuss whether or not they would participate in
                     future meetings of an ad-hoc committee appointed by Byyny to examine
                     CU's licensing policy. WAAKE-UP! was invited to the committee's first
                     meeting Monday but boycotted it, questioning the committee's purpose
                     and effectiveness. The activists also criticized the committee's makeup,
                     noting that it consisted mainly of administrators and few women or
                     students.

                     The Colorado Daily was denied entry to Monday's committee meeting,
                     but people who attended said the committee agreed to split into three
                     smaller "task groups" to examine each of the three demands made by
                     WAAKE-UP!: that CU join the WRC, adopt a code of conduct and
                     establish an internal advisory board for licensing. The task groups were
                     supposed to start meeting this week, according to Dan Pabon, a CU
                     Student Union representative on the committee.

                     Pabon also said the committee agreed to expand its membership to
                     include one or two female faculty members, a graduate student and two
                     or three WAAKE-UP! members.

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Daily Camera  4/11/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Students demand CU join consortium

                  Protesters want CU to be sure sweatshops
                  don't make university-licensed apparel

By Julie Poppen
Camera Staff Writer
 

            Just after the first sessions at the Conference on World Affairs got under way Monday
                  at the University of Colorado, protesters set up a gateway to what they called their
                  "Conference on World Despair" on campus.

                  About 60 protesters are beefing up their demands that CU follow the lead of a
                  growing number of campuses that are joining the Worker Rights Consortium. At last
                  count, 44 other campuses have joined.

                  The actions at CU immediately sparked the attention of plain-clothes campus police
                  who snapped photographs of the participants.

                  "We were hoping we weren't going to have anything like this happen," said
                  student Chris O'Loughlin, a member of World Action & Awareness Coalition, or
                  WAAKE-UP! "We're being strung along by the administration."

                  The newly formed Worker Rights Consortium had its first meeting late last
                  week in New York. It aims to make sure sweatshops are not producing
                  university-licensed apparel.

                  The backers of the consortium claim that the Fair Labor Association, appointed by
                  President Clinton, is inadequate because it largely relies on corporations to do
                  self-monitoring of plants here and abroad.

                  CU Chancellor Richard Byyny has been meeting with the students but has sought
                  more universitywide input on the issue. CU's top five licensees are Nike, 4004, Gear
                  for Sports, LogoAthletics and Champion Sports.

                  "We've been trying to maintain communication with them," interim Vice Chancellor for
                  Student Affairs Ron Stump said. "We're addressing their demands and coming up with
                  standards and principles."

                  A hastily appointed committee to review potential changes to CU's limited licensing
                  policy met for the first time Monday and divided into three task forces. They will focus
                  on factory monitoring, creating a code of conduct for licensees and creating an
                  advisory board to review licensing issues, Stump said.

                  WAAKE-UP! representatives did not attend the meeting, despite being invited.

                  The three task forces will meet this week and then meet again as a whole Monday,
                  Stump said.

                  The committee will give recommendations to Byyny by the end of this month, Stump
                  said.

                  University officials also agreed to speed up the permitting process, which normally
                  takes a couple of weeks, and allow WAAKE-UP! activists to get a permit for structures
                  they erected on the quadrangle. CU Police Chief James Fadenrecht said the students
                  are prohibited from camping at the site, but they can do rotations around-the-clock.

                  "What we're concerned about is that we don't allow unsafe conditions to develop," he
                  said.

                  The students carried a large figure called the "Sweatshop King," as well as a giant
                  puppet with disparaging comments toward Starbuck's Coffee. They plan to have five
                  students at the protest site at all times this week and up to 20 overnight.

                  "Basically this is our shanty-town," said WAAKE-UP! member Eric Loftman, referring to
                  the anti-apartheid protests of the 1980s.

                  Contact Julie Poppen at (303) 473-1359 or poppenj@thedailycamera.com.

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Colorado Daily 4/11/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Habitat for humanity

            By TERJE LANGELAND
                     Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                     Students and other activists urging CU to adopt an anti-sweatshop
                     "code of conduct" took their battle to a new level Monday by erecting a
                     mock shantytown on campus and pledging to sleep there for at least a
                     week, risking possible removal by police.

                     Meanwhile, activists boycotted the first meeting of an ad-hoc committee
                     appointed by Chancellor Richard Byyny to examine the sweatshop
                     issue. The meeting took place behind closed doors, and reporters were
                     not admitted despite protests by the Colorado Daily.


              Following a march from the Rocky Mountain Peace & Justice Center,  WAAKE-UP! members
                       begin erecting a shantytown on the lawn near Hellems in protest of sweatshop conditions
                     endured by  workers who manufacture university apparel. WAAKE-UP! has demanded that CU
                     join the Workers Rights Consortium, a student-created sheatshop watchdog group. WAAKE-UP!
                         members said they planned to spend the night in the shantytown, risking arrest.

                     The students struck just hours before CU's Conference on World
                     Affairs was scheduled to open with a procession across the Norlin
                     Quadrangle. Activists hastily erected three shanties in front of the
                     Hellems Arts and Sciences Building and named their shantytown the
                     "Conference on World Despairs."

                     The activists -- most of them affiliated with the WAAKE-UP! coalition
                     of student and community groups -- said their purpose was to draw
                     attention to CU's refusal to adopt a code of conduct and join the
                     Worker Rights Consortium, a sweatshop watchdog group
                     encompassing a growing number of universities across the country.

                     "Chancellor Byyny has talked a lot about having a community
                     discussion, and that's part of what this is about," said Stacey Proctor, a
                     WAAKE-UP! member.

                     She said that while CU has invited people from all over the world to
                     discuss global issues this week, the university itself is refusing to address
                     the sweatshop issue.

                     "This should be morally embarrassing to the chancellor," Proctor said.

                     More than 50 activists gathered at the Rocky Mountain Peace and
                     Justice Center near campus at 9 a.m. before marching on the campus.
                     Upon reaching the lawn in front of Hellems, they met up with fellow
                     activists who had hauled construction materials and tools onto the lawn
                     shortly beforehand. They grabbed hammers and nails and erected the
                     shanties within minutes.

                     Activists said the shantytown was meant to symbolize the poor living
                     conditions of workers in other countries who toil in sweatshops to make
                     licensed collegiate apparel -- such as T-shirts and caps bearing CU's
                     logo or Ralphie the buffalo.

                     The scene was reminiscent of another student action in the spring of
                     1988, when activists erected and slept in a shantytown in the fountain
                     area of the University Memorial Center to pressure CU to divest from
                     South Africa's apartheid regime. That time, the university ultimately
                     responded by arresting 23 activists, 13 of them students.

                     CU police took a more cooperative approach Monday, informing
                     students that their shanties were illegal but that they could be approved if
                     the students would apply for a temporary structure permit.

                     "This is really a First Amendment, free speech kind of issue," said Jim
                     Fadenrecht, CU's chief of police. "We are very willing to work with
                     you."

                     WAAKE-UP! applied for and received a permit, which is valid for one
                     week and can be extended for another. However, while that legitimized
                     the shanties, Fadenrecht informed activists that CU policies still would
                     not allow them to camp overnight.

                     "The permit will not change that," he said. "I'm just advising you of the
                     rules."

                     If students were to go ahead and sleep on the lawn, CU police could
                     order them to disperse, Fadenrecht said. If they refused to disperse,
                     police might arrest them, he said, although he promised that the activists
                     would be warned in advance of any such action.

                     Fadenrecht added, however, that police may or may not choose to
                     enforce the camping ban. Students said they took that as a hint that the
                     police would not intervene. As of the Daily's press time, they said they
                     planned to stay overnight.

                     "Part of the symbolic nature of this is that we want to stay here," said
                     WAAKE-UP! member Stacey Proctor, noting that actual shantytown
                     residents have little choice about where they sleep.

                     Despite the potential for police intervention, WAAKE-UP! members
                     said they did not plan to engage in civil disobedience at this stage.
                     Students at numerous other colleges across the nation have taken over
                     administrative offices in recent months to pressure their institutions to
                     join the WRC, and many have been arrested.

                     WAAKE-UP! members said such civil disobedience is still an option for
                     them in their ongoing campaign. But the purpose of the shantytown is
                     mainly to educate students and the community, they said.

                     "We're not looking to have a confrontation here," said Dana Wilson, a
                     CU graduate. "None of us want to be arrested. That's not what we want
                     to do here."

                     In addition to passing out flyers and gathering petition signatures,
                     activists said they plan to have teach-ins, music, entertainment and free
                     food in their "commune." People are welcome to stop by anytime and
                     learn about the sweatshop issue, they said.

                     Fadenrecht, however, said he was concerned that the shantytown might
                     attract "outside elements" who aren't really interested in the sweatshop
                     issue.

                     "The bottom line is we're concerned about your safety," Fadenrecht told
                     the students.

                     WAAKE-UP! members, meanwhile, told the chief they have been
                    trained in nonviolence and have designated individuals as
                     "peacekeepers" to keep events under control.

                     Ron Stump, the interim vice chancellor for student affairs, visited with
                     activists in the shantytown briefly. The activists, on the other hand,
                     boycotted the inaugural meeting of Chancellor Byyny's task force to
                     review CU's licensing policy. Stump is the committee's chairman.

                     Proctor said she felt the committee was just a bureaucratic attempt at
                     stalling WAAKE-UP!'s efforts.

                     "We feel like the dialogue we've been having (with administrators) has
                     been really empty, and they haven't really said anything to us," Proctor
                     said.

                     Moreover, Proctor decried the makeup of the committee, which was set
                     up to include five administrators, two faculty members and two students,
                     including one WAAKE-UP! representative.

                     "That's unrepresentative of the community," she complained, noting the
                     high proportion of administrators vs. students.

                     Fellow WAAKE-UP! member Eric Loftman said activists were also
                     reluctant to participate in CU's bureaucratic procedures, because those
                     procedures haven't traditionally served to further progressive ideals.

                     "We have to be very skeptical of the system that's been set up, because
                     it hasn't been working very well for human rights," Loftman said. "Behind
                     this issue lies a way of administrating that's very secretive."

                     Indeed, the chancellor's ad-hoc committee met behind closed doors,
                     over objections from the Daily, which maintained the meeting was
                     subject to Colorado's open-meetings law.

                     As the meeting was about to begin, Stump failed to respond to repeated
                     requests to meet with the Daily and discuss why the meeting was closed.

                     Asked after the meeting was over, Stump replied, "We didn't have
                     enough space."

                     The Colorado open-meetings law, which generally assumes all university
                     meetings to be open, contains no exception for space considerations.
                     However, Stump said space constraints created by the Conference on
                     World Affairs forced him to have the meeting in his own office, and that
                     there just wasn't enough space for reporters.

                     Stump also said the group, which met for about one hour, didn't get
                     down to specifics.

                     "We weren't discussing policy," he said. "This meeting was set up to get
                     us organized."

                     Stump said he was disappointed that WAAKE-UP! didn't come to the
                     meeting, but he said the coalition would still be invited to future meetings.
                     Those future meetings will be open to the public, he said.

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Colorado Daily 4/11/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Local A15 events slated

                     By AMANDA HILL
                     Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                     Boulder’s activists don’t plan to be left out of the planned A16 protest
                     against the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, expected
                     to take place this Sunday in Washington D.C. Kicking off the protests a
                     day early, a group of students, workers and community members will be
                     hosting a community celebration in Boulder on Saturday, April 15.

                     "A15 is a chance for the community to come together and show that
                     there are values that we have in society, such as human rights and
                     environmental protections, that currently are put by the wayside by
                     corporate interests in their quest for profit," said Aaron Ibur, an event
                     coordinator.

                     The A15 protest is a continuation of the World Trade Organization
                     protest that shut down the WTO meeting in Seattle, Wash., last fall.

                     "This movement is against corporate domination in our lives, which
                     manifested itself in Seattle during the WTO protests, and has grown as
                     more people around the globe become aware of how corporations
                     negatively affect their lives and communities," said Ibur.

                     The A15 event will kick off Saturday at 10:30 a.m. with speakers,
                     bands and community booths at the bandshell in Central Park on the
                    corner of Canyon Street and Broadway.

                     Among the speakers scheduled to be at the event is Cecilia
                     Zarate-Laun, the co-founder of the Colombia Support Network of
                     Madison, Wis., an entity that promotes solidarity between American
                     citizens and Colombians whose lives are often placed in danger while
                     working towards peace and justice. Zarate-Laun is in Boulder to speak
                     at the Conference on World Affairs. In the CWA, she will be
                     addressing a range of topics from democracy in Latin America to the
                     horrors of colonialism.

                     CU Ethnic Studies Professor David Pellow will also be speaking at the
                     protest.

                     "I’m going to tell it like it is as an African American," said Pellow. "An
                     African-American perspective is definitely needed in the discussion,
                     especially since the continent of Africa has gotten one of the biggest
                     shafts from groups such as the IMF and WTO."

                     Pellow, who teaches "Environment and Society — the Corporation vs.
                     the World" at CU, was invited to the event by former students.

                     The protest organizers have adopted a code of nonviolence for the
                     event. The code states that the participants should maintain an honest
                     and respectful relationship with all living things. It also advises that
                     participants not use verbal intimidation or physical violence, use or carry
                     any illicit drugs, alcohol or weapons.

                     The protests is planned to run from 10:30 a.m. until 8 p.m.. The event is
                     free and community members are encouraged to attend.

                     "Anyone who wants to express concern about any kind of human right
                     or environmental issue is welcome and encouraged to participate," said
                     Ibur.

                     For a complete list of participants, or to learn more about the planned
                     events, contact the WAAKE-UP! office, the members of which will also
                     be presenting at the protest, at 303-492-5449.

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Colorado Daily 4/10/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Opinion:  CU showing its true colors

                People who attended a forum on a proposed CU licensing code of conduct last
                                Thursday seemed miffed that Paul Tabolt, the university's vice chancellor for
                                administration, would show up and speak but then leave without hearing what
                                many others had to say.

                                Perhaps he had to rush off to catch a movie; he apparently has a fondness for
                                those.

                               During his brief appearance at the forum, Tabolt said the debate over the
                                proposed anti-sweatshop measure reminded him of the film "Wall Street,"
                                wherein the character Gordon Gekko, played by Michael Douglas, declares that
                                "greed is good."

                                Contrary to Gekko's claims, "greed is not good," Tabolt said. He then went on
                                to make a series of statements so reactionary they could have made Gekko
                                blush.

                                "Collective bargaining is not a right," Tabolt declared, despite the fact that the
                                U.N. Universal Declaration on Human Rights specifically states that workers
                                have the right to unionize.

                                CU supports "fair" wages but not a "living wage," which is a different thing,
                                Tabolt also said. In effect, what he was saying was that it is fair to pay workers
                                less than they need to in order to live.

                                As far as overtime pay goes, "industry practice" should determine that, he
                                proposed. Even CU students may expect to work 48 hours or more per week
                                when they graduate and go to work for U.S. corporations, he said.

                                And, hey, for some workers in the Third World, it may be better to make 20
                                cents an hour than no money at all, he suggested.

                                Apparently, Tabolt would like us to return to the days when workers everywhere
                                had to come begging to their bosses, hat in hand, whenever they wanted
                                something.

                                It was evident that Tabolt's job at the forum was to serve as Byyny's hatchet man
                                by publicly attacking the proposed code of conduct. Ron Stump, the interim vice
                                chancellor for student affairs, couldn't carry out the attack because his job is to
                                play the "good cop," defusing tensions and leading students on to keep them
                                from rioting. And Byyny, because he's in a high-profile position, needs to stay
                               above the fray.

                                So Tabolt, a bureaucrat who doesn't really have any other role in the debate, is
                                sent in to do the dirty work.

                                At least the sweatshop debate at CU has forced the men who run this university
                                to show their true colors. For example, when Chancellor Richard Byyny said
                                recently that equal pay for women may not be a human right, it might help explain
                                why female CU professors earn less than their male counterparts, or why
                                women's sports programs receive only about one-quarter of the CU athletics
                                department's financial resources.

                                A long string of administration doublespeak should also help rid anyone of the
                                illusion that CU is negotiating in good faith over the proposed code of conduct.
                               A few weeks ago, Byyny promised students a detailed response to their
                                anti-sweatshop demands, but broke his promise. Byyny has advocated
                                "dialogue" on the issue, but was a no-show at Thursday's "sweatshop" forums.
                                Tabolt, meanwhile, repeated the chancellor's pleas for more "dialogue," but then
                                took off before the dialogue got going.

                                It all begs the question: On whose behalf are these administrators working? On
                                Thursday, the Boulder Faculty Assembly and the CU Student Union --
                                democratically elected bodies that represent the will of the faculty and students,
                                respectively -- each voted to back student's demands for a licensing code of
                                conduct that protects human rights. Meanwhile, hardly anyone other than the
                                administrators themselves has come out publicly against a code of conduct that
                                guarantees human rights for apparel workers.

                                If it is Byyny and Tabolt's job to represent the university community, why don't
                                they? Do Byyny and Tabolt think it's their job to simply represent their own
                                personal opinions, even if they fly in the face of the opinions of students and
                                faculty?

                                If so, they should resign.

                                And by the way -- Mr. Tabolt, the next time you want to see someone with the
                                moral character of Gordon Gekko, don't bother driving all the way to
                                Blockbuster to rent "Wall Street."

                                Just look in the mirror.

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Colorado Daily 4/10/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

Student reps back WRC
       Note campus support growing for anti-sweatshop
                     measures; Byyny’s task force to meet today

                     By TERJE LANGELAND
                     Colorado Daily Staff Writer

                     The push for CU to join the Worker Rights Consortium, an
                     anti-sweatshop monitoring group, gained additional momentum early
                     Friday as the CU Student Union unanimously urged the university to
                     become a member.

                     "The UCSU Legislative Council calls upon the Chancellor of the
                     University of Colorado at Boulder to establish the University as a full
                     member of the Worker's (sic) Rights Consortium," read a resolution
                     which passed on a 13-0 vote.

                     The UCSU's strong show of support came shortly after the Boulder
                     Faculty Assembly overwhelmingly urged CU to join a monitoring group
                     "such as the Worker Rights Consortium."

                     But just hours before the two bodies voted, CU Chancellor Richard
                     Byyny announced that the university would not be joining the WRC at
                     this time.

                     "The University of Colorado at Boulder is not yet ready to join the
                     Worker Rights Consortium or any other organization formed for
                     purposes of monitoring manufacturing practices," Byyny wrote.

                     The purpose of the WRC, which has already been joined by more than
                     35 other colleges, is to make sure that companies manufacturing licensed
                     collegiate apparel don't subject their workers to sweatshop conditions.

                     WAAKE-UP!, a local coalition of student and community activist
                     organizations, has demanded since March 2 that CU join the WRC and
                     adopt a "code of conduct" for companies that manufacture licensed CU
                     apparel.

                     "It's just an issue that's become very important to students," said Dan
                     Pabon, a UCSU tri-executive, who co-authored the resolution. "This is
                     a hard issue to argue against."

                     More and more students are becoming engaged in the sweatshop
                     debate or have joined WAAKE-UP!, Pabon said.

                     "This disproves the theory that we're apathetic," he said.

                     Legislative Council member Matt Dempsey agreed that students in
                     general seem to favor licensing reform.

                     "It's gotten a lot of support around the campus," Dempsey said. "I think
                     WAAKE-UP!'s done a good job with this."

                     Legislative Council member Kimberly Cadena said the WRC's
                     anti-sweatshop regulations and enforcement mechanisms made sense
                     and seemed reasonable.

                     "I don't think the regulations are unfair," she said.

                     WAAKE-UP! had asked CU to join the WRC no later than Thursday,
                     so that representatives for the university might participate in a WRC
                     meeting Friday in New York.

                     That was too soon for Byyny, who said in his letter that CU must "get
                     our own house evaluated and in order" before it could join any licensing
                     organization.

                     To accomplish this task, Byyny told WAAKE-UP! he has appointed an
                     ad-hoc committee of faculty, administrators and students, including a
                     WAAKE-UP! representative, "charged with the responsibility for
                     reviewing the important issues you have raised and recommending
                     changes in our campus licensing policies to deal with those issues. ... I
                     have asked the committee to move quickly and develop a preliminary
                     report as rapidly as possible."

                     WAAKE-UP! sent Byyny a reply Friday criticizing his refusal to join the
                     WRC and questioning the purpose of the committee, although the group
                     said it would come to the first meeting of the committee, scheduled for 4
                     p.m. today.

                     "WAAKE-UP! is not asking to form an Ad Hoc committee to further
                     discuss licensing policy at this time," the coalition wrote. "We are strong
                     in our conviction that the University adopts a stringent Code of Conduct,
                     joins the Worker Rights Consortium, and develops a strong, diverse
                     internal monitoring board.

                     "Any further meetings between WAAKE-UP! and the administration
                     must be with (an) empowered decision making body in order to move
                     forward on this issue. ... We have had many discussions about the issue,
                     and it is time to start negotiating and making decisions."

                     WAAKE-UP! member Nina Wadlinger said the coalition is planning a
                     rally on campus today, although details were not yet decided by press
                     time.

                     Pabon, who is expected to represent UCSU on the chancellor's
                     committee, said he agreed that CU needs to make a move.

                     "The time is now to really address the issue," Pabon said. "I think it's
                     time for CU to quit dragging their feet."

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Colorado Daily 4/7/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

BFA demands ‘no sweat’

Stops short of complete endorsement of WAAKE-UP!’s
WRC demands; Byyny absent from forum

By TERJE LANGELAND
Colorado Daily Staff Writer

With one professor comparing the measure to "Mom and apple pie," the Boulder Faculty Assembly voted overwhelmingly Thursday to back students' demands for an anti-sweatshop code of conduct at CU.

Meanwhile, CU administration officials appeared to distance themselves from students and faculty, suggesting it would be "presumptuous" of the university to subject corporations to a code of conduct.

"This is just basic, decent, civic, common sense," said Professor Cathy Comstock in supporting the BFA resolution.

The resolution stopped short of urging CU to adopt, as written, a detailed code of conduct proposed by the activist coalition WAAKE-UP!.

Under the code, companies licensed to manufacture and sell goods bearing CU's logo would be prohibited from abusing and exploiting their workers.

The BFA resolution also stopped short of fully endorsing WAAKE-UP!'s demand that CU join the Worker Rights
Consortium, a rapidly-growing coalition of colleges across the nation aimed at curbing sweatshop
practices.

Still, the resolution substantially backed students' demands by urging that CU adopt a licensing code of conduct including many of WAAKE-UP!'s proposed principles -- several of them lifted verbatim out of the U.N. Universal
Declaration on Human Rights. The resolution also asked that CU join a group "such as" the WRC to ensure compliance with the code.

In a voice vote, only a handful of the approximately 30 faculty members present voted "no."

Professor Jinks Cooper made the only remarks opposing the resolution, calling it "cultural imperialism."

"I cannot see it doing very much good, and I think it'll do a lot of harm," Cooper said.

But Professor Kayann Short of the BFA blasted the notion that the university would somehow be "imposing" standards on people in other countries. She specifically criticized Chancellor Richard Byyny, who in the past has suggested that equal pay for women may be a "cultural norm," not a human right.

"Women workers within the multinationally controlled export processing zones and industrial areas are themselves demanding equal rights in the form of fair pay and humane working conditions," Short said during a discussion prior to the BFA meeting. "Rather than impose U.S. standards, fair licensing agreements and codes of conduct within U.S. institutions like CU support the struggles of women workers within their own countries."

The cultural-norms argument has  been, and continues to be, used by many to condone child labor and slavery, Short noted.

"It would be most unfortunate for CU to perpetuate this faulty rationale for labor exploitation," she said. "It is time for CU to become a leader in establishing licensing agreements that uphold equal human value and dignity. Let
our name and logo represent socially just practices, not exploitatively derived profits."

Byyny, meanwhile, was conspicuously absent during two BFA-sponsored public forums on the licensing issue Thursday. No one from the CU administration spoke at the first forum, during the lunch hour outside the  University Memorial Center.

At a subsequent forum inside the UMC's Alferd Packer Grill, Paul Tabolt, vice chancellor for administration, attended briefly. He made a series of remarks that seemed to leave student activists in disbelief.

Tabolt said CU does indeed believe in principles such as fair compensation, limited work hours, overtime pay in compliance with "industry practice," a ban on child abuse and forced labor, safe and healthy work environments, and "freedom of association" -- but not the right to bargain collectively.

Like Cooper, Tabolt suggested that imposing standards on people in other countries -- such as a right to collective bargaining and a living wage -- might be cultural imperialism.

Moreover, he suggested that CU's actions could cause people to lose their jobs in other countries.

"What right do we have to impose our standards on people in other countries?" Tabolt asked. "Is it all right for us to take action that may cause others to lose their jobs? ... I have to ask, is it better to make 20 cents an hour than it is to make nothing?"

Tabolt called for more discussion of the issue, saying, "I have more questions than answers." After answering a few follow-up questions, he left the forum.

WAAKE-UP! members said they thought it was strange that after calling for a community-wide discussion of the issue, Byyny didn't show up for Thursday's forums. Emily Becker of WAAKE-UP! said she was ready to provide specific answers to many of Tabolt's questions, but wasn't able to because Tabolt left.

"This is completely ridiculous," lamented WAAKE-UP! member Eric Loftman. "What I heard (from Tabolt) was 'I don't know, I don't know.'"

The administration keeps asking the same questions even though WAAKE-UP! has answered them many times, Loftman said. The standards that CU keeps questioning are taken right out of the U.N. Universal Declaration on Human Rights, various international conventions, and the policies of more than 30 other U.S. colleges that have already adopted codes of conduct, Loftman noted.

Ron Stump, CU's interim vice chancellor for student affairs, said Byyny is putting together a task force on the licensing issue that may meet as soon as Monday and should report back to the chancellor no later than April 30.

Loftman, however, said such slow progress was unacceptable because many students, including Loftman, will be leaving school in early May.

"They're just trying to stall us," he complained.

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Daily Camera 4/7/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

CU apparel policy debated:
Student group calls for fair and humane factory conditions

By Julie Poppen
Camera Staff Writer
 

Students at the University of Colorado are joining a growing number of campus groups
demanding — sometimes through hunger strikes and sit-ins — that workers in
factories that make collegiate apparel be treated fairly and humanely.

In response to an increasingly vocal student group called WAAKE-UP and threats of
civil disobedience, Chancellor Richard Byyny issued a statement to the group
Thursday saying he appointed a committee to review the university's existing
apparel-licensing policies. Student activists called the move a stall tactic.

"These are complex issues requiring thoughtful deliberations," Byyny wrote.
"Nonetheless, I have asked the committee to move quickly and develop a preliminary
report as rapidly as possible. ... I send this with my sincere hope that we can engage
in campus dialogue with civility and sincerity."


                                                    CU student Pete Sebastian, center, gets a
                                                 signature form J. Adrian Stanley on a petition
                                                        demanding that university-licensed
                                                 merchandise be made under fair labor conditions

Students have complained that the university policy does not include any way to
regulate conditions at so-called apparel sweatshops.

"We're like the only activist group that would be on" the committee, said Eric Loftman,
a member of the World Action & Awareness Coalition, or WAAKE-UP.

"We have absolutely no guarantee anything will come from it. Then we all leave for
the summer," Loftman said. "Its seems like the university is giving more of a PR
campaign than actually being worried about this stuff."

Students have pushed for CU to join the newly formed Worker Rights Consortium. In
recent days, WAKE-UP circulated a petition in support of the consortium, and by
Thursday it had 546 signatures.

CU isn't alone in facing the issue.

Six Purdue University students completed their 10th day of a hunger strike Thursday,
protesting sweatshop conditions. A dozen students were arrested at a sit-in at the
University of Kentucky administration building this week.

At Tulane University, dozens of students have occupied the administration building for
a week, seeking better treatment of overseas workers who make Tulane merchandise.

Companies are also taking action. Nike Inc. recently moved to end its contract to
supply sports uniforms and equipment to Brown University after the school joined the
Workers Rights Consortium.

The consortium was formed by students in response to the Fair Labor Association,
created in 1996 by President Clinton, that critics say took the teeth out of monitoring
by placing the onus on corporations, rather than third-parties.

The association does require that a minimum of 30 percent of factories be inspected
by independent monitors within the first three years, but critics say that isn't enough.

In response to student pressure, about 35 colleges and universities, including the
University of Michigan and University of Wisconsin, have joined the consortium, which
plans to monitor labor practices through surprise checks.

New members of the consortium, which costs $6,000 to join, are gathering today in
New York for the founding meeting. Because CU is not officially a member, its request
to attend the meeting was denied.

CU's faculty assembly approved a resolution Thursday in support of a new code of
conduct for ethical apparel licensing, and demanded that the university join an
organization such as the Worker Rights Consortium.

"As I read the rules (on licensing at CU), they are pretty loose," said Ira Chernus,
co-chairman of the Faculty Assembly's student affairs committee. "There is no
enforcement mechanism."

A forum on the issue was also held Thursday at the fountain area of the University
Memorial Center. Nobody spoke against the Worker Rights Consortium during an
open microphone period, but that didn't mean everyone agreed with what was said.

CU senior Brandice Durkan, who sat on a step listening to the speakers, said the
governments of Third World countries also have a responsibility to protect their
workers, not just "Nike and Coca-Cola." Plus, she said, the majority of CU students
don't feel strongly about the issue.

"I don't think such a small minority of students should have such a big say on policy
decisions," the 22-year-old biology and psychology major said. "This is a complicated
issue."

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Colorado Daily 4/6/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

 Sweatshop issue gaining momentum:  WAAKE-UP! gives CU deadline to join WRC
By TERJE LANGELAND
Colorado Daily Staff Writer

With "sweatshop" negotiations between student activists and the CU-Boulder administration registering little progress in the past two weeks, students sought to speed things up Wednesday by urging the university to join the Worker Rights Consortium, a sweatshop
monitoring group, by the end of today.

Meeting this deadline is important because it would allow CU to attend a major meeting of the WRC taking place in New York Friday, said WAAKE-UP!, a coalition of student and community activist groups.

The purpose of the fledgling, student-organized WRC is to help make sure that companies manufacturing licensed collegiate apparel -- such as T-shirts with CU's logo -- don't exploit and abuse their workers.

"The WRC will be an excellent independent  monitoring system and the University of Colorado must be involved in the  formation of this body,"  WAAKE-UP! wrote in a letter to CU Chancellor Richard Byyny. "CU must join the Worker Rights Consortium no later than Thursday, April 6, 2000."

Bobbie Barrow, a spokeswoman for Byyny, said the chancellor was not in his office and had not yet read WAAKE-UP!'s
letter.

Meanwhile, she said the chancellor was taking his own steps to speed up the process of determining what CU might do in regards to the sweatshop issue.

"The chancellor is going to appoint a committee immediately to take a very rapid look at our campus policies," Barrow said. The
committee will have broad representation from the campus community, including students, she said.

It appeared unlikely, however, that the appointment of a committee would appease the members of WAAKE-UP!, who repeated their accusations that the administration is just trying to stall their efforts.

"We have been disappointed with the slow, unclear responses from the administration and we feel that instead of working
with us, the administration is attempting to delay progress," WAAKE-UP!'s letter stated.

WAAKE-UP! members also hinted, as they have done before, that they may employ civil disobedience if CU fails to meet their
demands.

"At this point it has become clear that the best option for CU is to join the WRC, and if the administration continues to stall, action will be taken," said WAAKE-UP! member Harrison Fox.

Students at several colleges around the country have successfully staged sit-ins to pressure their institutions to join the WRC. Just last Tuesday, the University of Iowa agreed to join in response to a student sit-in. Meanwhile, students asking Purdue University
to join are in their second week of a hunger strike.

Joining the WRC would not only give CU a place at  the table Friday but would be very easy, WAAKE-UP! argued.Attached to the coalition's letter was a one-page form which the coalition said Byyny could simply sign in order for CU to become
an immediate WRC member.

The complete list of WAAKE-UP!'s demands, and other related information and links, can be found on-line at http://ucsub.colorado.edu/~amnesty/doitjust.html

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Colorado Daily 4/5/00 -- WAAKE-UP!

‘Sweatshop King’ reigns: Cops keep eye on WAAKE-UP! rally,
    students demand ‘no sweat’

By TERJE LANGELAND
Colorado Daily Staff Writer

With a contingent of plainclothes CU police officers watching through their sunglasses, the
"Sweatshop King" held court Tuesday in the fountain area outside the University Memorial Center.

The king -- a 10-foot-tall, grim-faced street puppet adorned with the logos of CU and Nike -- represented the

evil nature of the corporate sweatshops that make T-shirts and caps bearing CU's name, according to organizers of the event.

Members of WAAKE-UP! used "The Sweatshop King,"
  a street puppet, during their rally at the Dalton Trumbo
  Fountain during their anti-sweatshop rally Tuesday.  A
forum on the sweatshop issue is scheduled to take
place at the fountain area Thursday.

The organizers belonged to WAAKE-UP!, a coalition of student and community groups which is demanding that CU join a nationwide movement to curb sweatshop practices.

Enjoying a large lunchtime audience thanks to the sunny and warm weather, WAAKE-UP! members
spoke about their demands, handed out flyers and gathered what appeared to be several-hundred
signatures imploring CU's administration to take action.

"We can't go on any longer having our clothing made in sweatshops," declared Stacey Proctor. "We
really need to think about what we're allowing corporations to do."

The response from students ranged from those who ignored the speakers to those who cheered loudly. Many
could be seen signing WAAKE-UP!'s petition, which asks CU to adopt a proposed "code of
conduct" for companies that are licensed to make CU apparel. The code aims to prevent licensees, as well as
their contractors, from mistreating their workers.

In addition to students, at least two CU police officers were also out enjoying the weather: Detective Tim DeLaria and Lt. Michelle Irving, both of whom belong to the investigations/community service unit of the CU
Police Department.

WAAKE-UP! members said the two have been observed at previous anti-sweatshop events, where they have been taking pictures.

Asked why they were monitoring the event, Irving replied that it was standard practice "anytime there is a rally
scheduled for the fountain."

She also confirmed that police have photographed WAAKE-UP! in the past.

"Yeah, we take pictures all the time," Irving said.

WAAKE-UP! members have threatened to carry out civil-disobedience protests if CU fails to adopt the code of
conduct and join the Worker Rights Consortium, an independent sweatshop-monitoring group that has been
joined by more than 30 other colleges. Many of those colleges joined in response to student sit-ins. At Purdue University, six students are currently in the midst of a hunger strike in an effort to force the university administration to join the WRC.

But Irving said the CU students' threat didn't mean that WAAKE-UP!'s events are receiving increased attention from police.

"It hasn't raised the ante up as far as I'm concerned," she said.

WAAKE-UP! member Eric Loftman, however, said he didn't buy Irving's explanation that police always monitor
rallies at the fountain.

"I've been to several rallies where they weren't here," he said.

Tuesday's rally took place two days before a scheduled public forum on the sweatshop issue. The Boulder Faculty Assembly is sponsoring the forum to gather community input on the proposed code of conduct and on whether CU should join the WRC.

In negotiations with WAAKE-UP!, CU-Boulder Chancellor Richard Byyny has said he can't endorse the group's demands without hearing more from students, faculty and staff.

"This forum is a way for faculty to take the lead in responding to Chancellor Byyny's call for a campus-wide discussion of the issue," said Ira Chernus of the BFA's Student Affairs Committee.

The first session of the forum will take place from 12:15-1:15 p.m. Thursday in the UMC fountain area, and a
second session will take place from 3-5 p.m. in the UMC Alferd Packer Grill. Speakers will include Ron Stump,
CU-Boulder's interim vice chancellor for student affairs; Boulder Mayor Will Toor; and representatives from
WAAKE-UP!, BFA and the CU Student Union.

While welcoming the forum, WAAKE-UP! members said they nonetheless suspect Byyny's call for dialogue
is part of a strategy to stall their efforts.

"They've been dragging their feet on every step, postponing dates and deadlines," said WAAKE-UP!
member Chris O'Loughlin.

Speaking to students in the fountain area, O'Loughlin said most of them probably were wearing some item of
clothing made in a sweatshop. Students shouldn't have to live with the knowledge that their clothing is made
by workers who are abused and exploited, he said.

"It's a terrible thing that we have to feel guilt and responsibility because the university isn't taking their
responsibility," he said.

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