Air Force BRAC Success Stories
Closing an Air Force base is more than
just relocating aircraft, lowering the flag and locking the gate. The
Air Force is responsible for ensuring that environmental responsibilities
are met and that the property is made available for reuse as efficiently
and quickly as possible. This is the mission of the Air Force Real Property Agency. This fact sheet provides some of their progress to date.
Bergstrom AFB, Austin, TX (BRAC 91): The
base closed in September 1993, and the city began to build the Austin-Bergstrom
International Airport which is the biggest new airport project in
the United States since Denver International. The Secretary
of the Air Force conveyed a deed for 942 acres to the City of Austin
on April 17, 1999. Environmental cleanup was integrated with
airport construction to ensure the transition of the base to a $600
million dollar airport. Because of the cooperative efforts of
the City, regulators and the Air Force, the City kept its tight construction
schedule and met deadlines on time. The Airport opened in May
1999 and over 3,660 new jobs have now been created.
Carswell AFB, Fort Worth, TX (BRAC 91): The base
closed in September 1993, and a major portion of the base, 1,770 acres,
became the Naval Air Station, Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth. Approximately
103 acres, consisting of the former Air Force hospital, were transferred
to the Department of Justice to be used as a Bureau of Prison’s hospital.
The remaining 374 acres were purchased by Westworth Redevelopment
Authority (WRA) as an Economic Development Conveyance (EDC). The WRA
is actively marketing the property for commercial development. The
majority of Wherry and Kings Branch housing units have been sold and
removed from the base. Over 800 new jobs have been created.
Castle AFB, Merced County, CA (BRAC 91): The
base closed in September 1995, and the Castle Joint Powers Authority
redesigned 94% of the former base into a public service center. The
Federal Bureau of Prisons has constructed a correctional facility,
the Department of Interior is operating an Air Museum and Learning
Center, and the Department of Health and Human Services provided a
community hospital. The Pacific Telesis Group established a major
customer care center employing 850 workers. The remaining property
(180 acres) is planned for a no-cost transfer through an existing
Airport Public Benefit Conveyance (PBC). Over 2,300 new jobs have
now been created.
Chanute AFB, Rantoul, IL (BRAC 88): The base
closed in September 1993, and today, there are more than 60 industrial
and commercial tenants on the property occupying over 1.3 million
square feet of space. Major new businesses include Textron, a manufacturer
of plastic automotive parts for Chrysler; a civilian airport that
has met its tenth-year projections in its second year of operation,
and a microfilm processing and document storage facility. More than
900 families now occupy former base housing. One housing initiative
includes an innovative foster care program, a medical clinic, and
housing for the elderly. These businesses have created over 1,700
Eaker AFB, Blytheville, AK (BRAC 91): The base closed
in December 1992, and today the base is in 100% reuse. The Presbyterian
Development Corporation has developed a retirement center, Westminster
Village, using 928 housing units, hospital, officer’s club, chapel,
child care facilities, youth center and Visiting Officer Quarters.
The Airport serves as hub for US Postal Service during Christmas holiday
season and there are several aviation related businesses. The Department
of Interior has requested transfer of an 80-acre archeological area,
a multi-component historical village designated as a National Historic
Landmark in 1996, to the Bureau of Land Management for continued Federal
ownership and protection. Over 620 jobs have been created as a result
England AFB, Alexandria, LA (BRAC 91): The base
closed in December 1992, and one year later England had nine new commercial
activities, including a facility maintenance firm, a "Magnet" elementary
school, an aviation repair company, and a local hospital expansion.
The Airport was named 1997 Louisiana Airport of the Year. President
Clinton stated “no place in the United States has done a better job
(in the base conversion business) than Alexandria, Louisiana. The
Mayor stated that the closure of the base allowed their community
to diversify its economy. Pride International, a start-up company
in 1995 in one hanger with 15 employees, has phenomenal growth. Today
Pride is one of central Louisiana’s fastest growing companies employing
more than 200 workers with an annual payroll of $7M. Due to the growth
and demand for playing time, the golf course is expanding from a 9-hole
to an 18-hole Professional Golf Association (PGA) tournament quality
course. Almost 1,800 new jobs have been created.
Gentile Defense Electronics Supply Center, Kettering, OH
(BRAC 93): The station closed in December 1996, and
the City of Kettering has redesigned the site into a modern, first-class
business park. The first major tenant, Bank One, now General Electric
Card Services, the fourth largest private label credit card business,
converted two large warehouses into a state of the art credit card
processing center. Its next major tenant, National Composite Center,
similarly renovated its facility, which designs and tests prefabricated
fiberglass car body parts for Ford and General Motors. The Defense
Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) signed the first Air Force leaseback
arrangement with the City in May 1999. These efforts have brought
over 1,800 jobs to the Kettering area.
George AFB, Victorville, CA (BRAC 88): The base closed in December 1992, and
reuse of the former base is underway with 100% of the base deeded or in long-term lease.
The Victor Valley Economic Development Authority’s reuse supports a variety of community needs.
The flight line has a new life as the Southern California Logistics Airport and is primarily utilized to
transport Army reservists to and from Fort Irwin, CA. The Federal Bureau of Prisons constructed a facility
on 900 acres of property that opened in October 2000. Sumiden Wire Manufacturing Company has constructed a
50,000 square foot facility for manufacturing wire products. Two parcels are being used by the local school
districts for educational purposes. Construction of multi-million dollar High Desert Power Plant began 5 April
2001. Over 770 new jobs have been created.
Griffiss AFB, Rome, NY (BRAC 93/95): The base
closed on September 30, 1995. The Air Force's Rome Laboratory and
a Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) center anchor the
Griffiss Technology and Industrial Park's diverse and expanding workforce.
The Central Heating Plant (CHP) was converted from coal to natural
gas in May 1998 by Air Combat Command (ACC) for $3.2M. Action will
permit future use of steam plant for redevelopment. Operations of
the steam plant have been transferred to the community. The Rome Free
Academy High School board has started construction of a new high school.
Expected construction completion date is Fall 2002. The school will
house grades 9-12 and have a capacity of over 1800 students. Over
850 new jobs have been created.
Grissom AFB, Peru, IN (BRAC 91): The base realigned
in September 1994 leaving a cantonment area of 1,380 acres used by
the Air Force Reserve. Grissom was the location of the first DOD Finding
of Suitability for Early Transfer (FOSET). The early transfer property
was deeded to the State of Indiana for the development of a new State
Correctional Facility that opened in 1999. Over 700 jobs have been
created due to reuse.
Homestead AFB, Homestead, FL (BRAC 93): The base
realigned in April 1994; leaving a cantonment area of 867 acres used
by the Air Force Reserve. The Miami-Dade County Homeless Trust constructed
and is operating an $8M facility for the temporary housing and training
of approximately 300 homeless individuals and families. With a $4M
planning grant, the Miami-Dade County Parks and Recreation Department
is constructing a 213-acre regional park. The Department of Labor
has developed a Job Corps Center to provide basic education, vocational
skills training, work experience, counseling, and health care to over
400 youths. Over 250 new jobs have been created.
Kelly AFB, San Antonio, TX (BRAC 95): The
base realignment was completed in July 2001. Ninety percent of the
surplus buildings on Kelly AFB are under lease, saving the government
over $19.0M per year in Operation and Maintenance (O&M) costs. Major
construction projects under way by Pratt & Whitney and Boeing. Construction
of a new Greater Kelly Development Authority (GKDA) Administration
building is on going. The Cooperative Agreement is saving the government
at least 20% or $2M per year. The current Base Operating Support (BOS)
contractor estimates savings of 38% over the peak CE workload and
converted activities under the Cooperative Agreement.. GKDA and Boeing
are negotiating to expand Boeing’s capability. Lockheed Martin has
hired over 1,400 employees to accomplish the propulsion workload remaining
at Kelly. They will continue to consolidate from 1.4M square feet
(currently occupied) to approximately 900,000 square feet. Gas and
electric utilities were transferred to City Public Service (CPS) 14
January 2000. Compressed Air System was transferred to GKDA on 20
March 2000. The Air Force water, sewer, chilled water and steam systems
were transferred effective December 1, 2000. Over 5,500 new jobs have
been created, many of which were federal employees hired by the contractors.
K. I. Sawyer AFB, Marquette, MI (BRAC 93): The
base closed in September 1995, resulting in the loss of 788 civilian
and 2,354 military jobs. The first Economic Development Conveyance
(EDC) allowed the County to transition the nuclear weapons storage
area into a high-tech sawmill, which now ships lumber all over the
Midwest. Numerous other businesses are being cultivated by the County
to assist in the redevelopment of the base: i.e., aircraft maintenance,
garden and recreational prefab building manufacturing, food processing,
computerized tool and dye design, and aluminum product manufacturing.
Marquette County moved its airport to the former base to spur more
business relocation. A new passenger terminal opened in September
1999. With businesses relocating to the base, most of the base housing
is occupied and the former base school reopened to serve the community’s
growing educational needs. The Airport Public Benefit Conveyance and
the second EDC were signed in December 1999. Over 960 reuse jobs have
now been created.
Loring AFB, Limestone, ME (BRAC 91): The base closed in September 1994, and the
LRA continues to work toward redevelopment. The Rural No-Cost Economic Development Conveyance (EDC) for 3,694 acres
to the LDA in April 1997, for Loring On-Site Property included all utility systems. Quickly transferring a large base
to provide the community with a jump-start for economic redevelopment. A Rural (no-cost) EDC for 36 acres to the City
of Presque Isle, ME, was executed in November 1998. A Federal transfer to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in September
1998 included Loring On-Site Property (3,886 acres), the Madawaska Dam (546 acres), and the Caribou Communications Site
(26.5 acres), enabling the continued preservation of this property for continued public purpose.
The Air Force has conveyed two parcels of land to the Aroostook Band of Micmacs Tribe. The two parcels,
totaling approximately 28 acres, are located on off-base sites at Connor and Presque Isle. These two transfers
provided much-needed housing to the Tribe.. Over 970 jobs have been created as a result of reuse at Loring.
Lowry AFB, Denver, CO (BRAC 91): The base
closed in September 1994, and the Local Redevelopment Authority’s
motto “Live, Learn, Work and Play” is the LRA’s motto and it is quickly
becoming a reality. The base has totally changed since the Air Force’s
departure with an entire new town being built on the former base.
New roads and other infrastructure have been developed. Old base housing
removed and new homes built in their place. The former headquarters
and heat plant will be converted into loft apartments surrounded by
a community complex of stores and businesses. High-tech operations
such as Bonfils Blood Bank and the Lowry Higher Education Center have
made the former base a “wholistic” redevelopment.. These efforts have
created over 3,000 new jobs.
March AFB, Riverside, CA (BRAC 93): The
base realigned in March 1996, leaving 2,091 acres to be used by the
Air Force Reserves. The March Joint Powers Authority continues to
pursue a developmental combination of public service and job oriented
businesses. The Ben Clark Public Safety Center is open and now training
public safety and law enforcement officers to serve the community.
Public recreation needs are being met with rebuilt athletic fields,
a library renovation, and strong community use of the existing golf
course. The recent completion of a 225,000 square foot Phillips redistribution
warehouse provides strong incentives for ancillary development of
the airfield and created 140 new jobs. A total of over 200 new jobs
have been created.
Mather AFB, Sacramento, CA (BRAC 88): The
base closed September 30, 1993 and was the first military base on
the National Priority Listing to have an “Early Transfer” approved.
Early Transfer for 24 acres approved April 1998. Property transferred
by deed June 1998. To date, the County of Sacramento has netted approximately
$2.5 million for additional reuse efforts from this transaction. An
additional 140 acres of land were approved for early transfer in December
1998. Air Cargo Operations now include Emery World Wide, UPS, Airborne,
and a number of other smaller cargo companies. Amount of cargo going
through Mather continues to increase on a monthly basis. The County’s
plans to make Mather Field a Pacific Rim cargo hub. Over 2,980 new
jobs have now been created.
McClellan AFB, Sacramento, CA (BRAC 95):
This base is closed on July 13, 2001. The August 1998 Economic Development
Conveyance is well into implementation through a Lease in Furtherance
of Conveyance. To date, 85 percent of the buildings have been conveyed
through lease for reuse. A total of 2,661 acres have been leased or
deeded. The electrical, water, and natural gas distribution systems
have been transferred to the LRA and the utility operators. The installation
of meters to allow individual service is in progress for the electrical
and water systems and underway for the natural gas system. The transfer
of the storm drain system was completed July 12, 2001. These efforts
have created over 3,150 reuse jobs.
Myrtle Beach AFB, Myrtle Beach, SC (BRAC 91):
The base closed in March 1993, and redevelopment activity at this
former base has generated 1,151 new jobs, with Horry County Aviation
Department employing over 400 people in the daily running of the commercial
airport. Aviation-related businesses account for an additional 100
jobs. Other reuses include residential, education, recreation, county
and city governments, and a range of small businesses. AVX Corporation,
a high tech corporation, purchased 69 acres in 1994 to expand existing
operations. The 800-unit rental housing community, which began operations
in June 1997, currently has about a 90% occupancy rate. Essentially
all property at the base has been conveyed by deed or is under lease.
Newark Air Force Station (AFS), Newark, OH (BRAC 93):
The station closed in 1996, and was immediately taken over by the
LRA and subleased to Boeing Corporation that continued with the same
mission of calibrating missile guidance systems for the Air Force.
Newark was the first deeded privatization of a closing base within
DOD. Jobs were immediately created with the EDC because contractors
gave jobs to federal employees impacted by the closure. Not only was
there a seamless transition of the workload, but the Air Force transferred
the property for this operation by deed prior to the closure of the
base. Over 960 jobs remain at Newark.
Norton AFB, San Bernardino, CA (BRAC 88):
The base closed in March 1994. The San Bernardino International Airport
Authority is presenting the former base as a land of opportunity.
The deeding of approximately 1,065 acres for the San Bernardino International
Airport will improve the community’s ability to attract airport-related
investors and entrepreneurs. Thomas Ramo Woolridge (TRW) is in full
operation of its Strategic Systems Division employing over 400 workers.
The San Bernardino Community College District is developing a technology
park featuring a regional technology center, education and work training
programs, and private sector technology companies. The San Manuel
Band of Mission Indians (SMBMI) is developing a portion of the former
base as an employment training center focusing on air cargo handling
and warehousing techniques. Another area will be set aside by SMBMI
to archive Native American artifacts. Even Hollywood has shown an
interest by filming two major motion pictures at the former base.
Over 2,380 new jobs have now been created.
O’Hare AFS, Chicago, IL (BRAC 93): This station
was closed on July 31, 1999. The City of Chicago recognized early
the value of the O’Hare facility. There is little to no property available
around one of this nation’s busiest airports. The planned United Airlines
headquarters on the facility is the first of many such developments.
The Air Force benefited from the closure of O'Hare due to the relocation
of the Air National Guard unit at no cost to the Government to new
facilities at Scott AFB. In exchange, O’Hare International Air Port
received property that potentially could bring greater economic value
to the City of Chicago. Over 225 new jobs have been created.
Onizuka AFS, Sunnyvale, CA (BRAC 95): The
Air Force transferred the Onizuka Housing Area and related facilities
to the Army on July 26, 2000. The Army plans to manage the housing
and serve military members in the region that are suffering from lack
of affordable housing.
Ontario AFS, Ontario, CA (BRAC 95): This
station closed in September 1998. On March 28, 2001, the transfer
of all land, facilities, and personal property at Ontario AFS to the
City of Los Angeles, Department of Airports, was completed. They plan
to use the 12 acre site for on going expansion of the new Ontario
International Airport. and will be used by the city as an addition
to the airport.
Plattsburgh AFB, Plattsburgh, NY (BRAC 93):
The base closed in September 1995, and On March 9, 2001, CCIDA and
AFRPA signed EDC agreement for 929 acres. Bombardier has set up a
rail car manufacturing operation using on and off base facilities.
Additionally, Pratt & Whitney have opened a flight test facility.
The presence of both of these major companies will serve as centerpieces
for reuse. Lakeside Container, Inc. closed sale of approximately 24
acres for $280k. Department of Interior has deeded approximately 32
acres of Lakefront Property to the City of Plattsburgh and approximately
80 acres of land were deeded to CCIDA for subsequent conveyance to
Select Group for a residential development.. Much of this property
has been subleased resulting in the creation of over 792 jobs.
Pease AFB, Portsmouth, NH (BRAC 88): Pease
AFB closed in March 1991 resulting in the loss of 400 civilian jobs.
Today, the establishment of the Pease International Tradeport has
created over 2,730 new jobs. Federal transfer to U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service for establishment of the Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge
consisting of 1054 acres. Airport public benefit conveyance of 2953
acres to the Pease Development Authority (PDA) for the Pease International
Tradeport. Current tenants include Pan Am, Alliance Aircraft Corp.,
Marriott, Redhook Brewery, Lonza Biologics and many others. In December
1998, PDA opened a new passenger terminal with a Customs and Immigration
Processing Center for international travelers. The Air Force Real Property Agency (AFRPA) Operating Location at Pease closed on September
30, 2000. Any remaining workload at Pease will be the responsibility
of the AFRPA Operating Location at the former Loring AFB.
Reese AFB, Lubbock, TX (BRAC 95): The base
closed in September 1997, and most of the base will be conveyed as
a no cost EDC. Texas Tech University’s Wind Engineering and Research
Center has subleased for a research field laboratory as part of a
$2.0M grant from the Texas Department of Economic Development Board.
Texas Tech and the Local Redevelopment Authority (LRA) received a
grant for construction of a super computer system. The grant will
fund fiber optic cables that will connect the main Tech campus, Texas
Tech Health Sciences Center and the U.S. Department of Agriculture
(Lubbock Office). Over 350 jobs have been created by reuse.
Richards-Gebaur AFB, Belton, MO (BRAC 91):
The base was closed in September 1994. This was the second closure
for this base and only 428 acres remained. Over 238 acres are being
retained by the Marine Corps and the U.S. Army. The City of Belton
is buying 13 acres for additional development and settlement.. A newly
formed LRA is developing plans for the reuse of the remaining 177
acres and anticipates submission of an EDC application during this
calendar year. Over 485 jobs have been created through reuse of the
Rickenbacker Air National Guard Base (ANGB), Columbus, OH
(BRAC 91): BRAC 91 directed the closure of Rickenbacker
ANGB in 1994, with several buildings remaining under Air Force control
indefinitely and the relocation of the Air Guard and Reserve. BRAC
93 reversed part of the '91 action; the Air Guard remained at Rickenbacker
and the Air Reserve relocated to Wright-Patterson AFB. In the past
5 years, over 10 million square feet of space has been constructed
at Rickenbacker attracting 30 development projects, representing 55
companies such as Laura Ashley, Eddie Bauer, Kubota Tractors, Whirlpool,
Lucent Technologies, Xerox, Kraft Foods, and Circuit City. Over 2,260
new jobs have now been created.
Roslyn Air National Guard Station (ANGS), East Hills, NY
(BRAC 95): This station closed in September 2000.
Roslyn ANGS deeded to Village of East Hills on November 30, 2000.
Turn-over ceremony held on December 9, 2000. On July 2, 2001, the
Village paid off Promissory Note with a check for $2.7M.
Williams AFB, Mesa, AZ (BRAC 91): The base
closed on September 30, 1993. Now known as the Williams Gateway Airport,
the former Williams AFB has quickly emerged as an international aviation
and aerospace center with more than 30 companies engaged in aircraft
maintenance and modification, avionics, flight training, and air cargo
operations. In addition, Williams Campus has been established as an
education, training, and research facility by a consortium of local
institutions including Arizona State University. After losing 728
jobs at the time of closure, Williams now boasts more than 2,350 new
jobs and is home to more than 2,000 college students and 760 high
school students. Eventually, the Williams Gateway Airport and Williams
Campus are expected to employ 17,000 and serve more than 20,000 students.
The National Association of Installation Developers Facility of the
Year Award went to the Williams Gateway Authority in 1996.
Wurtsmith AFB, Oscoda, MI (BRAC 91): The base
closed in June 1993. A large portion of the base, 1,344 acres, is
being used as a public airport. Several small parcels will be transferred
to other Federal agencies, and the remainder of the base is a no cost
EDC to the LRA. The aircraft maintenance operation and several businesses
have provided opportunities for redevelopment at the base. The LRA
continues to develop the property and 428 jobs have been created through
Current as of
May 08, 2002