and Operations Center (SIOC)
- The original SIOC
was created in 1989 to monitor all major events held in conjunction with the inauguration
of President George H. W. Bush. It replaced an ad hoc emergency operations center
that was created for specific crisis situations.
--In November 1987 simultaneous
prison uprisings in Oakdale, Louisiana, and Atlanta, Georgia, had made it clear
that FBIHQ needed a permanent, and permanently staffed center that could handle
several crises at a time. Accordingly, following a feasibility study by the Institute
for Defense Analysis, SIOC was designed as a 24/7 command post, capable of carrying
out a full range of crisis management functions by 1 medium and 1 small crisis
action team simultaneously, both in constant contact with field commanders and
other law enforcement agencies. It encompassed 4,000 square feet; sat 50; and
had 85 built-in telephone lines.
1995, the FBI undertook an initiative to upgrade SIOC, reflecting its need to
staff increased responsibilties and interagency coordination efforts that had
subsequently arisen through presidential directives, federal orders, and laws.
Then Director Freeh asked that the FBI have a first class operations center capable
of meeting the FBI's growing mission in worldwide law enforcement and national
November 20, 1998, the new SIOC was inaugurated by former President George H.
W. Bush on the occasion of the FBI's 90th Anniversary celebration. The Center's
full name is the "George Bush Strategic Information and Operations Center," reflecting
the fact that the original SIOC was created for and opened on his inauguration
as 41st President of the United States. The Center officially opened for business
when President Bush pushed the "Full Alert Button" and sent an e-mail to all FBI
employees on 11/20/98.
investigations handled in new SIOC: Manila Air (1995), the Oklahoma City bombing
(1995), the Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia (1996), the U.S. embassy bombings
in Kenya and Tanzania (1998), criminal investigations in Kosovo (1999), the Y2K
Rollover (1999-2000), Borderbom (1999-2000), and, of course, the 9/11/2001 attacks
40,000 square feet (30,000 for the Center itself; 10,000 for the Information Systems
Support, or ISS, area); seats 380 in the Center and 50 in ISS; and 20 rooms to
support operations, including briefing theaters, watch floor, and control room.
- Equipment includes 1,110
telephone lines (35 miles worth); 60 miles of fiber optic cable; 225 computer
terminals, with access to 3 LANs, FBINET, the Internet, and FBI Intelligence Information
System; and 8 large video display screens.
--24-hour watch post;
--crisis management center supporting the exercise
of operational oversight;
--information processing center.
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