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The Sermon on the Mount by Joachim Jeremias


Dr. Jeremias' other books published in English include The Parables of Jesus (New York: Scribner's), The Eucharistic Words of Jesus (New York: Macmillan), and Unknown Sayings of Jesus (Seabury). This book is a translation of Die Bergpredigt, Number 27 in the series "Calwer Hefre" edited by Theodor Schlatter and published by Calwer Verlag, Stuttgart,in 1959. The English version was first published by The Athlone Press, London, in 1961, then Fortress Press in 1963.


(ENTIRE BOOK) Does the Sermon on the Mount lay down rigid rules that Christians must follow, or is it only a standard to reveal human sin? Did Jesus mean it should be taken literally? Dr. Jeremian explains simply and clearly how the sermon came to be, and its contemporary relevance.

Introduction
Joachim Jeremias is an expert in the use of the tools of critical analysis of the Bible, and this study of the Sermon on the Mount is a splendid example of how these tools and methods can be used to tell us what Matthew 5-7 is all about.

Chapter 1: The Problem
Some of the Sermon on the Mount can be found in the Talmud, but there is much that cannot be found in that source. Much is in contrast to rabbinical-Pharisaic piety. Some of it stands over and against the teachings of the Torah. The main thrust of the Sermon, however, is that the whole preaching of Jesus is directed to the imminent End.

Chapter 2: The Origins of the Sermon 0n the Mount
Isolated sayings were first gathered together in the form of an Aramaic Sermon on the Plain, out of which the Greek Sermon on the Plain in Luke and the Greek Sermon on the Mount in Matthew have in turn developed.

Chapter 3: The Sermon on the Mount as an Early Christian Catechism
We have in the Sermon on the Mount a composition of words of Jesus, brought together on the basis of parenetic considerations, and we may conclude that its original function was in catechetical instruction (prebaptismal), or in teaching designed for the newly baptized (post-baptismal). In Luke (6:20-49) this catechism is designed for Gentile-Christians, and in Matthew (Chapters 5-7) for Jewish Christians.

Chapter 4: The Individual Sayings of Jesus
When we consider the sayings and groups of sayings independently, especially those directed to the disciples, we observe again what we noted at the conclusion of our third section: we notice very quickly that we can only rightly understand the individual saying when we presuppose in each case that it was preceded by something else.

Chapter 5: Not Law, but Gospel
The sayings of Jesus collected in the Sermon on the Mount say this: You are forgiven; you are the child of God; you belong to his kingdom. The sun of righteousness has risen over your life. You no longer belong to yourself; rather, you belong to the city of God, the light of which shines in the darkness. Now you may also experience it: out of the thankfulness of a redeemed child of God a new life is growing.

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