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1783- The war begins to wind down. The people of New Rochelle are able to resume the farming and local government affairs which were suspended during many years of fighting and raiding. On June 24th, voters are asked to select their officials freely. At a meeting held in Gilbert Brush's tavern, James Willis is elected Town Clerk and, along with David, Abraham and Isiah Guyan, is named Overseer of the Poor.

1784- Thomas Paine is granted a 300-acre farm in New Rochelle by the State of New York in recognition of his eminent services in the cause of independence.

1790- The first national census shows New Rochelle with 692 residents. 136 were African-American, of which 36 were freemen. French is no longer spoken.

1795- An act of State Legislature provides funds for schools. New Rochelle is divided into three school districts. When children are needed to help with farm work, they meet at various homes for lessons.

1798- First United States Post Office in New Rochelle is established.

1799- To show gratitude to the women responsible for saving her life, Hannah Pugsley frees her slave, also named Hannah Pugsley. The black woman becomes the matriarch of a long line of New Rochelle descendants. The present day Palmer-Potter Avenue area carried the name "Pugsley Hollow" until the mid1900's.

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