EAST TIMOR


See also ROMAN CATHOLIC HIERARCHY IN EAST TIMOR 1871 - 1945

PORTUGUESE DEPENDENCY OF EAST TIMOR

The Portuguese reached the island of Timor ca 1512 and established a first settlement in 1533, a separate administrator for the island, dependent of the Vice Roy in India, being however appointed only in 1651. (1) In 1844 the island was detached from Indian jurisdiction to become a district of Macau. In 1896 this link was also terminated and Timor became a separate colony (2), which from 1941 to 1942 was occupied by allied forces and from 1942 to 1945 by Japan. (3) (1) During the following centuries Portuguese rule was contested by the Netherlands who also claimed Timor. An agreement dividing the island was finally reached in 1859 (confirmed in 1904 and again in 1914). Portuguese Timor then included : - the eastern part of Timor - the minor islands of Ataúro-Pulo and Jaco - the enclave of Ambeno-Ocússi in Netherlands West Timor (2) At the same time the local organization of the island was also modified as direct rule was imposed to the indigenous "Kingdoms" which, till then, had enjoyed a large degree of independence. This led to a major revolt (1895 - 1912), led by Dom Boaventura King of Manufai. There is no general agreement on the number and the names of the "Reinos" which existed on the island A list of 1868 gives the following 47 names : - Alas, Atsabe, Bibiluto, Bibico, Barique, Balibó, Boibau, Bibissuço, - Cairuhi, Caimau, Cailaco, Cová, Cutubaba, Diribate, Dailor, Dóte, - Funar, Failacor, Faturó, Fatumartó, Foulão, Hera, Hermera, - Lacló, Laleia, Laicore, Lacluta, Limian, Liquiça, Laclubar, Luca, - Manatuto, Motahel, Manufai, Mahubo, Maubara, Raimean, - Sarau, Suai, Samoro, Saniri, Turiscáe, Tutuluro, Ulmera, - Venilale, Viqueque and Vemasse. (The Kingdoms were headed by a Dato or Liurai, styled Rei or Régulo in Portuguese) (3) Commanders of the Allied Forces in East Timor Commander of the Australian Forces 1941 - 1942 Lieut. Col. William Watt Leggatt 1894 - Commander of the Netherlands Forces 1941 - 1942 Lieut. Col. N. L. W. van Straten Commander(s) of the Japanese forces in East Timor 1942 - 194. Col. Sadashichi Doi ... (?) ____________________________________________________________________________

PORTUGUESE CHIEF ADMINISTRATORS

Governors Governadores (Subordinated to the Governors of Macau until 1896 - Not all military ranks could be traced) 1870 - 1871 -Capt. João Clímaco de Carvalho -Capt. Manuel de Castro Sampaio 1872 - 1876 Maj. Hugo Goodair de Lacerda Castel-Branco 1876 - 1878 -Capt. Joaquim António da Silva Ferrão -Capt. José Alves da Costa 1878 - 1880 Maj. Hugo Goodair de Lacerda Castel-Branco (2x) 1880 - 1881 -Capt. Augusto César Cardoso de Carvalho -Maj. José dos Santos Vaquinhas 1882 - 1883 -Capt. Bento da França Pinto de Oliveira -Capt. Porfírio Zeferino de Sousa -Maj. Francisco de Paula da Lua 1883 - 1885 -Capt. João Maria Pereira -Capt. Cipriano Forjaz 1885 - 1887 -Capt. Alfredo Lacerda Maia -Capt. Adriano Augusto do Rego -Col. António Joaquim Garcia 1887 - 1888 Maj. António Francisco da Costa 1888 - 1889 Rafael Jácome Lopes de Andrade 1889 - 1890 Capt. Porfírio Zeferino de Sousa (2x) 1890 - 1894 Capt. Ciprino Forjaz (2x) 1894 Capt. Porfírio Zeferino de Sousa (3x) 1894 - 1908 Col. José Celestino da Silva 1908 Jaime Augusto Vieira da Rocha* 1908 - 1909 Capt. Eduardo Augusto Marques 1909 - 1910 Gonçalo Pereira Pimenta de Castro 1910 Alfredo Cardoso do Soveral Martins 1910 Anselmo Augusto Coelho de Carvalho* 1910 José Carrazeda aldas Viana e Andrade* 1911 - 1913 Lieut. Filomeno da Câmara Melo Cabral 1913 - 1914 Capt. Gonçalo Pereira Pimenta de Castro* 1914 - 1917 Lieut. Filomeno da Câmara Melo Cabral (2x) 1917 -César de Abreu* -José Machado Duarte Júnior* 1917 - 1919 Luís Augusto de Oliveira Franco* 1919 - 1920 Manuel Paulo de Sousa Gentil 1920 - 1921 Luís Augusto de Oliveira Franco* 1921 José de Paiva Gomes 1921 Humberto dos Santos Leitão* 1921 - 1923 José de Paiva Gomes 1923 - 1924 Humberto dos Santos Leitão* (2x) 1924 - 1926 Raimundo Enes Meira 1926 - 1929 Teófilo Duarte 1892 - 1929 - 1930 Cesário Augusto de Almeida Viana 1930 Abel Teixeira Costa Tavares* 1930 - 1934 António Baptista Justo 1934 - 1936 Raul de Antas Manso Preto Mendes Cruz 1936 Eduardo Bernardo Lápido Loureiro* 1937 - 1940 Álvaro Eugénio Neves da Fontoura 1891 - 1940 António Jacinto Magro* 1940 - 1945 Capt. Manuel de Abreu Ferreira de Carvalho (4) (4) In order not to endanger Portugal's neutrality he considered himself as a prisoner during the allied occupation 1941 - 1942. During the Japanese occupation he was confined to his residence.
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