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About the ACLU: Copyright Statement About the ACLU

Copyright and the
American Civil Liberties Union
Freedom Network Website

The ACLU Freedom Network Website in its entirety is copyrighted by the American Civil Liberties Union and the American Civil Liberties Union Foundation.

Many legal documents on are in the public record, having been submitted to a court, or are the rulings of courts. The presentation of these documents on the website is the copyright of the ACLU, while the underlying text is a public record. See more about public records below.

Permission is freely granted to create record or reference copies of pages of this web site for research and study. You may download, print, and make copies of these materials for research, teaching, and private study. Many of the materials on the site are designed to be printed and distributed locally for purposes of activism, and may be distributed widely as long as they provide proper attribution (see more below about .pdf documents).

Commercial print reproduction, such as for use in a course syllabus, or in print publication, or duplication of the materials on this website through mirroring or use on another website must be requested in advance.

Noncommercial print reproduction, such as for use by community activists, local ACLU chapters and activists, and student and noncommercial newspapers or student coursework is granted on a blanket basis, and should be accompanied by the following statement:

Copyright [1997 or other year indicated], American Civil Liberties Union
Reprinted with permission of the American Civil Liberties Union

Noncommercial reprinters may wish to contact us to confirm that an item is the most up to date, and may do so using our feedback function.

Requests for commercial reproduction should include the following information, and should be sent by fax to: (212) 549-2646.

Commercial reprint requesters will expedite a response by including a reply fax number, and by preparing this information in a form letter that includes a signature line and date.

Reprinting .pdf documents

Unless specifically labeled otherwise, materals presented on this web site using the Adobe Acrobat .pdf format are intended for no cost or at cost distribution by local civil liberties activists. As long as they are not modified before distribution, no permission is required to use or distribute these materials.

Public Records

We make it a practice to mark as copyrighted the presentation of various types of public records, including selected court decisions, case transcripts, and legal briefs. Each of these types of documents, along with congressional testimony, have become part of the public record, and are often, but not always, available from government or commercial sources. Our use of a copyright statement in these cases is intended to protect the enhancement of the text for web presentation and its inclusion in our overall website. Researchers and reprinters who wish to use such documents do not need to seek permissions regarding public records, but may prefer to obtain such documents directly from their sources.

Copyright 1998, The American Civil Liberties Union

You are currently visiting the ACLU online archives. These pages are not updated. For the latest information from the ACLU, go to