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The Church of Scientology and Homosexuality

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The teachings of the Church of Scientology are based upon the writings of its founder, L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986). He was a very prolific author, having written over 200 books - largely in science fiction and fantasy. One of his most famous books was published in 1950-MAY, "Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health." 1 It has never gone out of print since. It has sold over 17 million copies worldwide. Book 2, Chapter 5, Page 120 says, in part:

"The sexual pervert (and by this term Dianetics, to be brief, includes any and all forms of deviation in dynamic two such as homosexuality, lesbianism, sexual sadism, etc., and all down the catalog of Ellis and Krafft-Ebing) is actually quite ill physically."

The term "dynamic two" within Dianetics normally refers to the human urge to procreate. Ellis and Krafft-Ebing were two early researchers into human sexuality.

One year later, in 1951, Hubbard published "Science of Survival: Prediction of Human Behavior." 2 One source has quoted excerpts from it. 3 Hubbard crated a "tone scale" which classifies individuals and human behavior. The scale runs from -3 to +4. He apparently rated gay and lesbian behavior at a 1.1. Book One, Chapter 18, Page 116 says:

"At 1.1 on the tone scale, we enter the area of the most vicious reversal of the second dynamic. Here we have promiscuity, perversion, sadism and irregular practices."

This presumably includes homosexuality. In Book One, Chapter 27, Page 163, he writes:

"From 1.3 down to 0.6 we have the general area of the subversive, who promises a people freedom and equality and gives them a slaughter of their best minds and cultural institutions, to the end of a totalitarian dominance."

 In Page 89-90, he writes:

"Such people should be taken from the society as rapidly as possible and uniformly institutionalized; for here is the level of the contagion of immorality, and the destruction of ethics...No social order which desires to survive dates overlook its stratum 1.1's. No social order will survive which does not remove these people from its midst."
 

One of Hubbard's solutions to homosexuality was quarantine; the other was counseling with the goal of raising the individual's rating above 1.1.

It is important to realize that L.R. Hubbard's beliefs matched those of mainstream psychiatry and psychology at the time -- that homosexuals were suffering from a mental illness. It was only in the mid-1950's that Evelyn Hooker published the first major study of the mental health of homosexuals. This led to the decision in 1974 by the American Psychiatric Association to remove homosexuality from its official manual of mental disorders. Other professional associations have since issued statements about homosexuality which contradict the beliefs of mental health professionals of the 1950's, including Hubbard's.

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References:

  1. L.R. Hubbard, "Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health," Bridge Publ. (1950) You can see reviews and/order order this book from Amazon.com online bookstore
  2. L.R. Hubbard, "Science of Survival: Prediction of Human Behavior." (Reissued 1990). See reviews and/order order this book
  3. Anon, "Scientology Homophobia," at: http://wpxx02.toxi.uni-wuerzburg.de/~gerard/demo/leaflets/antigay.txt

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