"We were not revolutionary terrorists to whom assassination seemed the logical method for gaining personal political power. On the contrary, many of us hesitated on religious grounds to endorse Hitler's assassination, although we were dedicated to fighting the evil he personified. When we decided to kill him, it was only after considerable inner struggle and because there was no other way left. It was Hitler's life against the lives of millions of human beings. If ever in history an assassination was justifiable on moral and ethical grounds, this one was."

Fabian von Schlabrendorff


Below is a list of 226 German conspirators involved in the six-year effort to overthrow Hitler and the Nazi regime. They include army officers, intelligence officials, civil servants, diplomats, land owners, politicians, and pastors.

I have written short biographical profiles for 70 of the 226 conspirators listed below. Click on their names to learn more.

Executed
Suicide
Killed in WWII
Died in prison

Wilhelm Ahlmann

Colonel Otto Armster

Lieutenant Hellmuth Arntz

Walter Bargatzky

Lieutenant-Colonel Martin Bartels

Lieutenant-Colonel Hans Beck

Colonel-General Ludwig Beck

Lieutenant Count von Berg

Captain Robert Bernardis

Count Albrecht von Bernstorff

Major Ernst Binder

Count Herbert von Bismark

Major Hans Juergen von Blumenthal

General Guenther Blumentritt

Lieutenant Hans Albrecht von Boddien

George Boehme

Lieutenant-Colonel Hasso von Boehmer

Lt.-Colonel Georg Freiherr von Boeselager

Lieutenant Philipp Freiherr von Boeselager

Lieutenant-General Hans Freiherr von Boineberg-Lengsfeld

Dr. Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Dr. Klaus Bonhoeffer

Colonel Dietrich von Bose

Captain Eberhard von Breitenbuch

Dr. Reinhard Brink

Major-General Walter von Brockdorff-Ahlefeldt  
Dr. Eduard Bruecklmeier

Major Heinz Burchardt

Captain Axel Freiherr von dem Bussche

Admiral Wilhelm Canaris

Captain Helmuth Cords

Gustav Dahrendorf

Justus Delbrueck

Major Friedrich Degner

Father Alfred Delp

Dr. Hans von Dohnanyi

Captain Count Max Ulrich von Dreschel-Deuffenstetten

Captain Eggert

Lieutenant-Colonel Kurt Engelschall

Lieutenant-Colonel Hans Otto Erdmann

General Hans Karl Freiherr von Esebeck

General Alexander von Falkenhausen

Dr. Gotthard von Falkenhausen

General Erich Fellgiebel

Colonel Eberhard Finckh

Albrecht Fischer

Captain Hans Fritzsche

Captain Ludwig Gehre

Major Friedrich Georgi

Major-General Erwin Gerlach

Colonel Baron Rudolph-Christoph von Gersdorff

Dr. Eugen Gerstenmaier

Dr. Hans Bernd Gisevius

Dr. Carl Goerdeler

Lieutenant Helmut von Gottberg

Colonel Hans Gronau  
Lieutenant-Colonel Helmuth Groscurth

Lieutenant-Colonel Bruno Grosser

Karl Ludwig Freiherr von Guttenberg

Hans-Bernd von Haeften

Lieutenant Werner von Haeften

Lieutenant Dr. Albrecht von Hagen

Colonel Kurt Hahn

Nikolaus von Halem

Colonel-General Kurt Freiherr von Hammerstein-Equord

Lieutenant Ludwig Freiherr von Hammerstein

Colonel Georg Alexander Hansen

Lieutenant-Colonel Count Carl Hans von Hardenberg-Neuhardenberg

Ernst von Harnack

Lieutenant-General Paul von Hase

Ambassador Ulrich von Hassel

Theodor Haubach

Dr. Albrecht Haushofer
Major Egbert Hayessen

Lieutenant-Colonel Friedrich Wilhelm Heinz

Count Wolf Heinrich von Helldorf

Major-General Otto Herfurth

Lt.-General Otto Hitzfeld

Colonel-General Erich Hoepner

Major Roland von Hoesslin

Lieutenant-Colonel Dr. Caesar von Hofacker

Major Hoffner

Dr. Max Horst

Colonel Fritz Jaeger

Dr. Jens Jessen

Captain Dr. Sydney Jessen

Dr. Otto John

Dr. Hans John

Adolf Kaschny

Captain Hermann Kaiser

Jakob Kaiser

Governor Karl Kaufmann

Albrecht von Kessel

Hans-Bernd von Kessel

Dr. Otto Kiep

Major-General Wilhelm von Kirchdorff

Major Georg-Konrad Kissling

Lieutenant-Colonel Bernhard Klamroth

Captain Friedrich Karl Klausing

Colonel Berndt von Kleist

Ewald von Kleist-Schmenzin

Lieutenant Ewald Heinrich von Kleist

Major Gerhard Knaack

Colonel Heinrich Kodre

Major Koenig

Dr. Theodor Kordt

Dr. Erich Kordt

Bartholomaeus Kossmann

Colonel i.g. Kossmann

Walter Kramer

Lieutenant-Commander Alfred Kranzfelder

Major Joachim Kuhn

Captain Max Kupfer

Dr. Julius Leber

Major-General Erwin Lahousen

Lieutenant-Colonel Fritz von der Lancken

Dr. Carl Langbehn

General Hubert Lanz

Lieutenant Count Heinrich von Lehndorff-Steinhort

Captain Bernard Letterhaus

Major Ludwig Freiherr von Leonrod

Wilhelm Leuschner

General Fritz Lindemann

Colonel Hans-Ottfried von Linstow

Colonel Hans Liphart

Captain Wessel Freiherr von Freytag-Loringhoven

Hermann Ludemann

Dr. Hans Lukaschek

Lieutenant-General Heinrich Freiherr von Luttwitz

Major Count Wilhelm-Friedrich zu Lynar

Hermann Maass

Colonel Count Rudolf von Marogna-Redwitz

Captain Count Michael von Matuschka

Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert Maultzsch

Colonel Joachim Meichssner

Colonel Albrecht Ritter von Mertz von Quirnheim

Dr. Elmar Michel

Dr. Carlo Mierendorff

Colonel Harold Momm

Count Helmuth von Moltke

Dr. Joseph Mueller

Lieutenant-Colonel Vinzenz Mueller

Colonel Wolfgang Mueller

Arthur Nebe

Major-General Ludwig von Nida

Major Hans-Ulrich von Oertzen

General Friedrich Olbricht

Lieutenant Georg Sigisimund von Oppen

Major-General Hans Oster

Dr. Erwin Planck

Colonel Claus-Henning von Plate

Kurt Freiherr von Plettenburg

Dr. Johannes Popitz

Lieutenant-Colonel Horst Pretzell

Major Dr. Hermann Punder

Dr. Franz Rehrl

Dr. Adolf Reichwein

Colonel Hans Reinheckel

Joseph Reither

Colonel Baron Alexis Freiherr von Roenne

Major-General Hans-Guenther von Rost

Dr. Carl Sack

Colonel Wilhelm Freiherr von Salza

Captain Walter Schmidt-Salzmann

Marie-Louise Sarre

Dr. Hjalmar Schacht

Major Count Adolf Friedrich von Schack

Lieutenant Fabian von Schlabrendorff

General Rudolf Schmidt

Lieutenant-Colonel Werner Schrader

General Count Fritz-Dietlof von der Schulenberg

Ambassador Count Werner von der Schulenberg

Captain Friedrich Scholz-Babisch

Lieutenant-Colonel Hermann Schoene

Colonel Georg Schultze-Buettger

Dr. Hans Schoenfeld

Ludwig Schwamb

General Count Ulrich Wilhelm Schwerin von Schwanenfeld

General Viktor von Schwedler

Lieutenant-General Count Gerhard von Schwerin

Lieutenant-Colonel Ulrich Freiherr von Sell

Lieutenant-Colonel Guenther Smend

Major-General Georg von Sodenstern

Colonel Dr. Wilhelm Sommerlad

Major-General Dr. Hans Speidel

Colonel Wilhelm Staehle

Lieutenant Count Dr. Berthold von Stauffenberg

Colonel Count Claus von Stauffenberg

Major-General Helmuth Stieff

Colonel Martin Stein

Colonel Count von Strachwitz

Dr. Karl Strolin

Captain Dr. Theodor Struenck

General Karl-Heinrich von Stuelpnagel

Captain Karl Szokoll

Dr. Theodor Tantzen

Lieutenant-Colonel Hans Boehm-Tettelbach

Friedrich Freiherr von Teuchert

Lieutenant-General Fritz Thiele

Dr. Rudolf Thierfelder

Lieutenant Urban Thiersch

Major-General Georg Thomas

Lieutenant-General Karl Freiherr von Thuengen

Commander Werner Traber

Arnold von Tresckow

Major-General Henning von Tresckow

Dr. Adam von Trott zu Solz

Colonel Max Ulich

Colonel Karl von Unger

Colonel Count Nikolaus von Uxkuell-Gyllenbrand

Lieutenant-Colonel Hans Alexander von Voss

Colonel Fritz von Vethacke

General Eduard Wagner

Colonel Siegfried Wagner

Ernst von Weizsaecker

Captain Herbert Wichmann

Achim Freiherr von Willisen

Dr. Joseph Wirmer  
Dr. Joseph Wirth  
Major Schach von Wittenau

Field Marshal Erwin von Witzleben

Count Peter Yorck von Wartenburg

Colonel-General Kurt Zeitzler

General Gustav von Ziehlberg