General information

Our school is one of the so-called provincial ones, because ... outside Poznan metropolis. But the school is peculiar. Why ? The building, made of a decent red brick, stands in the 3rd May Street. Maybe it is the address that proves the spring which usually lasts longer, so four years in our "Slowak" are a pure pleasure ! One can say that we're a big family with our teachers. There are about 400 students. We can learn four languages of school: English, German, French and Russian. Among the teachers, there are 20 woman and 6 men. We belong to the "Slowak" elite, that is Juliusz Słowacki High School Association and all the schools alike and we have our song "Testament moj" "Testament mój" - pieśń (*.mp3 730Kb) "Testament mój" - pieśń (*.mid 1Kb).

Patron

Juliusz Slowacki (1809 - 1849) was one of the most famous Polish romantic poets. His earliest works, many of them created under the influence of Byron and Shakespeare, were usually Oriental poems (Arab) or tragedies based on historic events (Maria Stuart, Jan Bielecki). The breaking point for Slowacki's poetry was the November Insurrection (1830-31).  In 1795, by the Third Partition, Poland's independence came to an end. The Kingdom of Poland created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna was actually dependent from Russia and could not fulfill Polish people's hope for freedom. The insurrection of 1830 was to  create an independent Polish country, but failed and caused severe repressions. The fight for independence became the main topic of Słowacki's works (Hymn (Bogarodzico), Oda do wolności, Kulik). It also had a great influence on poet's later life - like many others he had to go into exile to France, where he published some of his earlier works. After going to Geneva in 1832, he could not return to France, as the French government refused to let Polish political emigrants enter their country. The two volumes of poetry Słowacki had published in France did not find acceptance among Polish people, who expected only patriotic poems devoted to the independence movement. Thus, the third volume (published in 1833) included the insurrectionary poems as well as Lambro (based on the Greek resurrection against Turkey in 1821/22) and Godzina Myśli. In Geneva, Słowacki wrote Kordian (1833) - his first romantic drama dealing with moral and political problems of the generation which had lost the resurrection. A continuation of these problems were the dramas Balladyna (1834) and Horsztyński (1835). During his stay in Switzerland, he also wrote poems inspired by the alpine nature, including the original lyric Rozłączenie (1835). In 1836 Słowacki started off on a journey which led him over Italy, Greece, Egypt and Palestine. The remains of ancient cultures of the Mediterranean made this a trip in both space and time, resulting in poems expressing the poet's reflections about his nation (Rozmowa z piramidami) and analogies between the history of ancient Greece and Poland (Grób Agamemnona). During this trip, many other works were also written, among them Hymn (Smutno mi Boże ...) and Rzym. In Anhelli, the poet deals with the sufferings of the oppressed Poles and presents a pessimistic and gloomy vision of his nation's destiny. Impressions of the whole journey are described in Podróż do Ziemi Świętej z Neapolu (1836-39), of which Grób Agamemnona is a part. After coming back from the East, Słowacki stayed in Florence for two years before going to Paris, which was the center of Polish culture at that time. However, the poet did not find approval. His poetry, differing from the accepted model of Mickiewicz's poetry, instead of optimism brought negative and ironic opinions about the Polish exiles and their chances to win independence. In this conflict, only few recognized the originality of the "new" poet. Słowacki's answer was the drama Lilla Weneda, published in 1840, expressing the conviction that suffering and death may lead to a nation's revival. Beniowski, Słowacki's greatest digressive poem (published in 1841), dealt with traditional poetry, answered reproaches of the critics and introduced a completely new poetic workshop. Although it impressed the readers, Słowacki did not find followers - Mickiewicz's model of poetry stayed in the popularly accepted way of writing. In 1842 Słowacki joined the organization of Andrzej Towiański - a religious and political group involving some important exiles (for example Mickiewicz), based on messianism and the faith in winning independence by the Poles in a short time. During this period, Słowacki created only a few works, among them the dramas Ksiądz Marek and Sen Srebrny Salomei. At this time, the early ideas of Polish romanticism started devaluating and losing their previous value - this tendency was expressed in the tragicomedy Fantazy (written probably in 1844, published in 1866). In 1844 Słowacki wrote Genezis z Ducha, where he introduced his own philosophic idea (called thus the genesic idea) - the material world being an expression of the ever improving spirit capable of progression into ever-new forms. Gradually, the poet gained more interest and gathered a group of the youngest exiles, and their ambition became a patriotic organization capable of organizing an insurrection. In 1848, Słowacki managed to travel to the Prussian part of the former Polish country, meeting his relatives and trying to make his philosophic ideas more popular. After his return, those ideas resulted in untypical dramas (Zawisza Czarny, Samuel Zborowski), which explained Polish history by means of his genesic philosophy. During this time, the poet also wrote Król-Duch, an original genesic epopee revealing Poland's legendary past, but also showing in this context differing political ideas of Poles and the two different models of national poetry: Mickiewicz's and his own, the two poets being the two most perfect of the ancient spirits. Short before his death, the poet led an important discussions with Norwid, one of Poland's most celebrated poets (besides Mickiewicz and Słowacki), described in Norwid's Czarne Kwiaty (1856), a book featuring his talks with famous people (e.g. Słowacki and Chopin). He died on April 3rd 1849. The poems I have included on this page are given only in the original Polish versions. Because of their specific character and sophistication, Słowacki's lyrics are very hard to translate and I wasn't able to find any (should you happen to know of any, let me know). There are, however, translations of his larger works, including Anhelli, Ojciec zadżumionych  (Father of the plague-stricken) and other.

History

The Słowacki school in Grodzisk Wielkopolski has been working in our town for a long time. In 1997 we celebrated the 70th anniversary of raising the school and giving it the name of Juliusz Słowacki. However, the origin of our school goes back much further and is inseparably linked to the tradition of an educational system in the town, developing on the turn of 19th and 20th century.

Here are the most important dates concerning the history of raising the school :

1882 – German civic authorities of those days made a decision about raising (in the year 1883/84) the Grammar School of a classical type with Latin, French, Greek and, additionally, Polish. The school was situated in a private building near the Old Market Square and its solemn opening took place on 5th April 1883.

1885 – Due to a growing number of students the school was moved to a new-built building that is a school seat nowadays.

1889 – According to a decision of civic authorities the Grammar School that had existed for six years was changed into Boys` High School. It was a German school because the Polish language had been removed from the curriculum two years earlier.

1919 – When Poland regained independence the school started to be governed by Polish administration at the head of which was professor Borzucki, headmaster of the Karol Marcinkowski Grammar School in Poznań. The first class with Polish as a language of instruction was brought into life, in other classes the native language started to be taught again.

1920 – According to the proposal of the contemporary school's superintendent office Boys` High School and Girls` High school were united and, instead, State Faculty Co-educational School was brought into being. An official opening took place on 11th December 1920.

1927 – On the basis of the school from 1920 Municipal Co-educational Grammar School of a humanistic type with classes I – IV was created. Those days the school was given the name of Juliusz Słowacki. In September a ceremonial inauguration of a school year took place.

1939 – When the Second World War broke out and the Hitler`s army marched into the town the school activity was suspended.  A sanitary detachment was created in a school building.

1945 – After the war on 4th April the Juliusz Słowacki Municipal Grammar School and Co-educational Secondary School was open again. Stanisław Musiał became the headmaster.  The school has been working since that time .

1950 – According to the dispositions of the Minister of Education the school became the National Secondary School preparing for the university.

1997 – The 70th anniversary of the founding of the institution .    

2000 – The school is still working and it is the only Secondary School of this type in town. The school headmaster is Mr. Maciej Mendel M.A.