the last of the four steps in characterization in a performed
an imagined event or series of events; an event may be verbal
as well as physical, so that saying something or telling a
story within the story may be an event.
as in metaphor, one thing (usually nonrational,
abstract, religious) is implicitly spoken of in terms of something
concrete, usually sensuous, but in an allegory the comparison
is extended to include an entire work or large portion of
the repetition of initial consonant sounds through a sequence
of wordsfor example, "While I nodded, nearly
napping, . . ." from Edgar Allan Poe's "The
a referencewhether explicit or implied, to history,
the Bible, myth, literature, painting, music, and so on--that
suggests the meaning or generalized implication of details
in the story, poem, or play.
the use of a word or expression to mean more than one thing.
the design of classical Greek theaters, consisting of a stage
area surrounded by a semicircle of tiered seats.
a comparison based on certain resemblances between things
that are otherwise unlike.
a metrical form in which each foot consists of two unstressed
syllables followed by a stressed one.
a neutral term for a character who opposes the leading
male or female character. See hero/heroine and protagonist.
a leading character who is not, like a hero, perfect or even outstanding, but is
rather ordinary and representative of the more or less average
a plot or character element that recurs in
cultural or cross-cultural myths such as "the quest" or
"descent into the underworld" or "scapegoat."
a stage design in which the audience is seated all the way
around the acting area; actors make their entrances and exits
through the auditorium.
the repetition of vowel sounds in a sequence of words with
different endingsfor example, "The death
of the poet was kept from his poems,"
from W. H. Auden's "In Memory of W. B. Yeats."
a morning song in which the coming of dawn is either celebrated
or denounced as a nuisance.
someone other than the readera character within the fictionto
whom the story or "speech" is addressed.
distinct from plot time and reader time, authorial time denotes
the influence that the time in which the author was writing
had upon the conception and style of the text.