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Research Alert News                        April 5, 2000

Look for previous issues, divided by year, then further divided by month (m) and day (d).
(Please note that links contained in archived items may be outdated.)

In this issue:
Research Prizes and Honors | State and National News | Research Opportunities | Reports Received | Faculty Highlights


Special Notice

  • Proposal Writing: The 'Nuts and Bolts' of a Successful Grant Application
  • April 17, 2000, 8:00 AM - 12:00 PM
  • Location: Thompson Convention Center, Room 2.110
  • Sponsored by the Office of the Vice President for Research (NOTE: Limited to the first 50 who register. TO REGISTER, PLEASE CALL SHONNA MOSLEY AT 471-2877.)
  • 8:00-8:30
  • Continental Breakfast
  • 8:30-8:35
  • Welcome--Sharon A. Brown, Associate Vice President for Research
  • 8:35-10:00
  • Elements of a Successful Grant Proposal
  • Laura Lein, Center for Social Work Research
  • 10:00-10:15
  • Break
  • 10:15-11:00
  • In Search of Funding Opportunities
  • Allison Supancic, Hogg Foundation
  • 11:00-12:00
  • Proposal Review Panel
  • Myron Gutmann, PhD, Professor/Director, Population Research Center
  • Robert Abzug, PhD, Professor, Department of History
  • W. Parker Frisbie, PhD, Professor, Department of Sociology/Population
  • Research Center
  • Alexa Stuifbergen, PhD, RN, Professor/Associate Dean for Research, School of Nursing
  • 12:00
  • Evaluation

RESEARCH PRIZES AND HONORS

None this week.

STATE AND NATIONAL NEWS

PRIORITY URGED FOR SCIENCE AND MATH EDUCATION: AIP and four of its Member Societies joined nearly 20 other professional societies in a statement calling on policymakers to support improved K-12 science, math and technology education. Congress is already busy with education; while House committees considered the FY 2001 request for K-12 education programs, a Senate committee has passed a bill to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

REQUEST FOR DOE SCIENCE PROGRAMS CONSIDERED: The budget request for DOE's Office of Science came under review by two House panels in March. Energy and Water Development chairman Ron Packard (R-CA) cautioned that the available money would be "very close to level funding." Questions were raised regarding the status of Spallation Neutron Source construction, and the need to shut user facilities or reduce running times because of funding constraints and higher priorities. Several Members expressed concern over the requested budget for fusion.

EFFORTS ACHIEVE $1 BILLION INCREASE FOR R&D IN BUDGET RESOLUTION: The House last week approved a plan to give general science spending a $1 billion increase in the FY 2001 budget resolution. Efforts to urge strong funding levels for science were spearheaded by several Members of Congress including physicists Vern Ehlers (R-MI) and Rush Holt (D-NJ), as well as by industry leaders. See also http://www.aip.org/enews/fyi/2000/fyi00.036.htm

HEARINGS REVIEW NASA BUDGET AND PERFORMANCE: Also under the congressional microscope were NASA's FY 2001 request and recent problems and mission failures. Agency head Dan Goldin testified that while his "'faster, better, cheaper' concept is absolutely okay," too much emphasis may have been placed on cutting costs. House VA/HUD appropriators offered their continued "strong support" but warned that funding may be tight again this year.

CONGRESS LOOKS AT FY 2001 DEFENSE S&T BUDGET: Members of congressional Armed Services subcommittees expressed great concern with the level of funding for R&D in the Defense Department, but also acknowledged the funding deficiencies in other areas of the defense budget, ranging from replacing aging ships and planes to recruitment and retention needs.

RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES

IMPORTANT UNIVERSITY RESEARCH DEADLINES
More Information

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

Enhancing Infrastructure for the Social and Behavioral Sciences This competition aims to create or extend innovative large-scale infrastructure projects that promise widely spread support to social and behavioral scientists. Challenging questions abound in the social and behavioral sciences that require new infrastructure for their study. The capabilities of the World Wide Web offer new power to bring data, researchers, and experimental facilities together electronically.

Infrastructure projects may be designed to collect new data and organize them into accessible databases; to create Web-based data archiving systems; to create Web-based collaborations; to establish Center programs; or some combination of these.
More Information

Information Dissemination Activities
More Information

Demonstration and Intervention Projects
More Information

Capacity Building within Community Colleges
More Information

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH

Preventing Childhood Injuries in Primary Pediatric Care, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
More Information

Shared Pathology Informatics Network, National Cancer Institute
More Information

Innovations in Translational Epilepsy Research for Junior Investigators, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
More Information

Research on Mental Disorders in Rural and Frontier Populations, National Institute of Mental Health
More Information

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

Aerospace Composite Materials
More Information

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Longitudinal Evaluation of the Effectiveness of School Interventions
More Information

ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES

International Performance Assistance in Music (Pilot Project), Canada Council for the Arts Music Section Programs NOTE: For Canadian Citizens
More Information

Arts and Culture, Bank of America Foundation
More Information

OTHER FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES

General Foundation Awards, Research Corporation enhance science research or bear on of the infrastructure of science
More Information

Cottrell Scholars Awards: younger faculty members who wish to excel at both teaching and research, the awards aim to help the holders become outstanding scientists and educators
More Information

Research Grant, Haynes Foundation: research on major economic, social, and political problems, preferring studies that add to the knowledge and understanding of complex issues in the greater Los Angeles area
More Information

Health Care Delivery and Policy Research Contracts, National Multiple Sclerosis Society
More Information

REPORTS RECEIVED
(Available for perusal in MAI 301)

None this week.

FACULTY HIGHLIGHTS

Project Participants/Collaborators:
  • Nicole Harlan, PI, UT-Austin Ph.D. student in the Materials Science & Engineering Program and a member of the Laboratory for Freeform Fabrication
  • Dr. John Kappelman, UT-Austin Anthropology Department (3D laser scan of human bone)
  • Reuben Reyes, UT-Austin Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics LRC (digital processing and 3D modeling)
  • Stewart Veeck, Howmet Research Corporation (Titanium casting)
  • Adam Kalmbach (undergraduate researcher) and SeokMin Park (Ph.D. student, Mechanical Engineering) assisted with producing the molds

Project Title: TITANIUM BONE IMPLANTS

Abstract: A portion of a human bone was replicated in titanium to demonstrate that the complex surface of an actual bone could be recreated in a structural implant material. Although titanium is currently used for bone replacement, implants are simple geometric approximations of the bone shape. Mismatches between implants and real bone often cause stress concentrations and result in premature implant failure. In this project, an accurate digital model of a bone was sliced into discrete layers. A reproduction of the bone was constructed using Selective Laser Sintering (SLS), a layered manufacturing process developed at The University of Texas at Austin. Rapid prototyping technologies such as SLS are ideal for producing complex parts and prototypes because no specific tooling or patterns are required. Because the titanium piece is an exact duplicate, it will fit the patient's bone structure exactly and have a longer service life.

In this study, an accurate titanium replica of the ball section of a human femur bone was produced. The major limiting factor in titanium processing is the metal's extreme reactivity with many atmospheric elements, particularly at elevated temperature. To avoid titanium contamination a mold for titanium casting, rather than the implant itself, was produced using SLS. Titanium was then cast into the mold using standard methods, thereby maintaining a low level of metal contamination. The key aspect of the project was the selection and development of a mold material system that could withstand the titanium casting process and could be produced using Selective Laser Sintering.

More information

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Please address questions or comments regarding this publication to:

Sharon A. Brown
sabrown@mail.utexas.edu
Associate Vice President for Research
Main Building 302
The University of Texas at Austin
Austin, TX 78712
Fax 512-471-2827; PH 512-471-2877
Mail Code G1400

Denise R. Mendoza
Administrative Associate
Office of the Vice President for Research
Main Building 302
The University of Texas at Austin
P.O. Box 7996
Austin, TX 78713-1111
Fax 512-471-2827; PH 512-471-2877
Mail Code G1400