The Seven Years' War in the Philippines, 1756-1763
Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills
Page created 1 September 2000. Corrected and updated 29.02.2004
SEVEN YEARS' WAR, 1756-1763
Conquest of Philippines
1762-1763
  Causes
  Chronology
  Results
  Forces & Casualties
  Commanders
  Battles & Battle Honours
  Order of  Battle
  Campaign Medals
  Societies, Forums, Re-Enactors
  Museums & Memorials
  Bibliography  
  External Links
 
   Causes

      With Spain's entry into the war in the European and North American theatres, Britain sought to retaliate by launching two major assaults to capture the Spanish colonies of the Philippines and Cuba. The fall of Pondicherry provided the opportunity to use idle troops in India. General Draper, who had gone home ill from the Indian campaigns, advanced a plan for the invasion of the Philippines, and he was appointed in June 1762 to lead it. The plan was hastily implemented in India with utmost secrecy so as to catch the Spanish unawares.

   Chronology (except battles, which see below)
1762.08.01 British expeditionary force departs from Calcutta (or Madras?)
1762.09.24 British force lands off Manila
1762.10.06 Spanish surrender Manila and all Philippine islands, but Spanish governor organises resistance to retake islands
1762 British military administration set up in Manila; Spanish move their capital to Bacolor
1763.02.10 Treaty of Paris: Britain cedes Philippines back to Spain
1763.07.23 British governor receives news of Treaty and negotiates truce, but fighting continues
1764 Spanish resistance receives news of Treaty from Spain, and fighting ceases
1764.05.31 British withdraw from Manila, but illegally retain base in Sulu islands
1773? British evicted from Sulu base by Filipino assault
 
 
   Results

     The immediate Spanish reaction to the loss of the Philippines was to focus their efforts on Portugal, which they had invaded in April 1762 under the pretext that the country was allied with Britain. Portugal appealed for help and the British sent assistance, but were unable to dislodge the Spanish. The longterm value of the Philippines was little appreciated in London, and the prize was negotiated away at the Treaty of Paris -- traded along with Cuba for Florida and Spanish withdrawal from Portugal. News of the end of the war was slow coming to the Philippines, and the Spanish kept resisting the British occupation until formally notified of the treaty by Madrid (not trusting the British news which had arrived earlier). Contrary to the terms of the treaty, the British held a base in the Sulu islands, but were later evicted by force. Like Cuba, the Philippines were part of the British empire but for a brief moment. Both Cuba and the Philippines remained securely in the Spanish empire until the Spanish-American war of 1898.

   Forces and Casualties
 
 
peak forces
total forces
total casualties
KIA
NCD
civilian dead
WIA
PW-MIA
British Army  
1,000
           
Royal Navy  
4,3301
           
HEIC  
2,000
           
  subtotal  
3,000
149
31
98
 
Spain  
9652
85
400
Filipino levies  
9,000
     
  subtotal  
12,000
900
         
  TOTAL    
1,050
   
                   
1. with 8 ships of the line, 3 frigates, 3 EIC armed merchantmen
2. 565 regulars, 400 militia
                   
 
   Commanders
     
Britain and India:    
Vice-Adm. Sir Samuel Cornish commander, expeditionary force  
Brig-Gen. Sir William Draper commander, land force  
Gen. Dawsonne Drake Military Governor
1762-1764
       
Spain and Philippines:
Simón de Anda y Salazar Governor,
Captain General
1738-1798,
Oct. 1762-1764
       
       
   Battles & Battle Honours
Index of Battle Honours
 
Date Battles
(Battle Honours are shown in
bold face)
Regiments
(regiments awarded Battle Honours are shown in bold face)
Note:  No battle honours or campaign medal clasps were awarded.
1762 Sep. 24-
   1762 Oct. 6
Manila
Inf:  F79 RM(270men) RN(550men)
Inf: [MCS bn]
1763 Oct. 9 Bagumbayan
Inf: 
Inf:
 
1763 Oct. 9 Malate
Inf: 
Inf:
 
 
   Order of Battle (Regiments & Formations)
Introduction to Regiments
   Medals
 
  • Note: no British medals were awarded.
   Societies, Forums & Re-Enactors
   Museums & Memorials
   Bibliography
How to Find Books
  Books:
 

Draper, William, Sir; Cornish, Samuel, Sir. A plain narrative of the reduction of Manila and the Philippine Islands. [S.l. : s.n., 1763.

Cushner, Nicholas P. Documents illustrating the British conquest of Manila, 1762-1763. London : Offices of the Royal Historical Society, University College, London, 1971. (Camden fourth series ; v. 8)

Tracy, Nicholas. Manila ransomed : the British assault on Manila in the Seven Years War. Exeter : University of Exeter Press, 1995. (Exeter maritime studies ; no. 10) ISBN: 0859894266

Ayerbe de Lierta y de Rubi, Juan Maria Jordán de Urríes y Ruiz de Arana, Marquès de. . Sitio y Conquista de Manila por Ingleses en 1762. Zaragoza : Impr. de R. Miedes, 1897.
 
Manuscripts:

Leebrick, K. C. (Karl Clayton). The English expedition to Manila in 1762, and the government of the Philippine Islands by the East India Company. Dissertation: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, May 1917.

British expedition against the Philippines : transcripts, 1762-1767. Copies of correspondence and official records of proceedings of the agents of the East India Company at Manila, including official documents relating to the government at Manila and the Philippines. Originals, entitled "Manila Records," in the Record Office at Egmore, Madras, India. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Ano, 1762: Segunda Pieza Del Expediente formado en punto de la Irrupcion Anglicana cõque procedió à el Acedio de esta Ciudad de Manila : Manila : DS, 1763 Aug. 6. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Anda y Salazar, Simón de; Rojo del Río y Vieira, Manuel Antonio; Drake, Dawsonne. Documentos para la historia de la invasion y guerra con los ingleses en Filipinas desde 1762 a 1764 : fielmente copiados de los originales en 1765. Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library, Chicago) ; Newberry Library. ; Manuscript.; Ayer MS 1292.
 
 
   External Links