Alongside Brisbane's Bay City Union and Sydney's The Foreday Riders, Melbourne's Adderley Smith Blues Band is recognised as one of the first authentic blues bands Australia ever produced. Blues enthusiasts Kerryn Tolhurst (guitar) and Mark Dindas (piano) formed the band, taking their inspiration from the Chicago blues masters like Muddy Waters, Jimmy Rogers, Junior Wells, Willie Dixon, Sonny Boy Williamson and Howlin' Wolf.
The line-up shifted constantly. Broderick Smith (vocals, harp) joined in 1966, and over the years other members included Gary Collier (guitar), Fat Fred Bond (vocals), Joe Camilleri (vocals, sax), John O'Brien (vocals), Colin Graham (bass; future Australian Ballet lighting director), Ron Issac (drums), Paul Lever (vocals, harp) and Doug Stirling (bass). The band played regularly at dances and blues clubs around Melbourne. Smith and Tolhurst were called up for the army draft in 1968, but Tolhurst kept a line-up (with drummer Noel Herridge and bassist Mark Kozuch) going until 1970. Although the Adderley Smith Blues Band did not release any records, demo and live recordings are known to exist. Tolhurst and Smith teamed up again in 1973 with The Dingoes.