CHRONOLOGY
 
 
DATE
EVENT
 
 
Jan., 1936:
The Kriegsmarine 'K' Design Office proposes the Type XI U-Cruiser specifications.
 
 
Oct., 1948:
Orders for the Type XI construction are awarded to the German shipbuilding yards of Deschimag - A.G. Weser in Bremen.
 
 
8 Sep., 1939:
Admiral Doenitz calls for the building and completion of the Type XI "Long Distance" U-Boat.
 
 
Aug., 1939:
Anti-Nazi conspirator Carl Goerdeler travels to the United States and meets with U.S. Foreign Affairs officers of the Dept. of State in an attempt to avoid war with the Western Allies. (met with Cordell Hull, Henry Wallace, Sumner Welles, G.S. Messersmith, Herbert Hoover, Henry Lewis Stimpson, Henry Morganthau, Jr., Owen D. Young).
Goerdeler is joined in his trip by Gerhard Westrick, a known representative of German Industry. It is documented that Goerdeler transmitted to U.S. personnel a "Peace Program".
 
 
Sep., 1939:
Construction on the four Type XI hulls commences at Bremen.
 
 
26 Oct., 1939:
German Foreign Officer Trott-zu-Solz, (a confirmed Anti-Nazi), arrives in New York in an attempt to make certain American dignitaries aware of just what is happening in Europe as a result of Hitler's planning.
 
 
Nov., 1939:
Orders for the construction of the Type XI U-Boats at Bremen are "Officially" cancelled. Indications are that the four keels remain in 'ordinary' on the building slips for an unknown amount of time.
 
 
May, 1941:
German Foreign Officer Ulrich von Hassell uses his contact with American businessman Federico Stallforth, (a New York Banker), to maintain the peace between the U.S. and Germany. Donovan, Wilkie and Wood are mentioned as possible negotiators in this matter.
 
 
Oct., 1941:
For the first time von Hassell mentions the plans about a German "coup" against Hitler while visiting Stallforth in New York.
 
 
9 Dec., 1941:
Germany declares war on the United States as a result of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December.
 
 
Nov., 1942:
The disastrous German defeats around Stalingrad indicates to all Allies and Germany the inevitable defeat of the Nazis.
 
 
Nov., 1942:
Allen Dulles of the American Office of Strategic Services Intelligence is sent to Switzerland for the express purpose of setting up O.S.S. contacts with the Nazi Opposition.
 
 
Apr., 1943:
Germany begins the evacuation of North Africa to the Italian mainland.
 
 
Sep., 1943:
Allied forces invade Sicily and the "Boot" of Italy.
 
 
Oct., 1943:
German Foreign Officer Trott-zu-Solz meets O.S.S. Chief Allen Dulles in Switzerland to discuss details of a proposed armistice between Germany and the Western Allies.
 
 
Nov., 1943:
The plans for the safeguarding of German Industrial and State securities, (known as "Aktion Feuerland"), is approved by Martin Bormann. Plans include the use of submarines to transport to Argentina the Nazi securities and additional transfers to Switzerland, Lichtenstein and the Vatican Bank.
 
 
Nov., 1943:
General Donovan, head of the O.S.S., brought to New York a written "Peace Proposal" which included an offer of negotiation from the Nazi Opposition.
 
 
Nov., 1943:
The Nazi Opposition, via German General Georg Thomas, manages to deliver to the O.S.S. two coding machines for the specific purpose of opening communications between American and Anti-Nazi negotiators. This is probably brought to New York by Donovan and the items are soon transferred to the State Department. "There was to be a discussion with President Roosevelt the next morning to decide on whether to follow-up on the offer or not".
 
 
Jan., 1944:
Admiral Canaris is removed from his position as Chief of the German intelligence agency known as the 'Abwehr' and placed under house arrest for one month. (Canaris is documented as having been an active conspirator against Hitler and the Nazis).
 
 
Mar.-Jun., 1944:
"Germany's situation was so desperate, however, that every effort, however hopeless, had to be made to persuade the Allies to make some positive gesture. In many of his reports from Berne, Switzerland Dulles urged that something be done along these lines, (of negotiation)".
 
 
Apr., 1944:
Trott-zu-Solz again meets with Allen Dulles in Switzerland to discuss procedures for armistice negotiations.
 
 
16 May, 1944:
The German Opposition offers to the O.S.S. to help Allied military units get into Europe if the Allies agree to let Germany hold the Eastern Front against the Soviets. (this plan includes the landing of Allied airborne troops into Berlin and Bremen, as well as withdrawing from France to allow the Allies an uncontested landing).
 
 
6 June, 1944:
The Allied invasion of Europe begins with the landings along the Normandy coast of France, known as "D-Day".
 
 
19 June, 1944:
The German Krupp Industries completes the liquidation of its holdings of bonds, stocks, etc. into gold, precious stones and currency to the tune of 68 million US dollars and makes plans to ship said securities to the former free-state of Danzig on the Polish coast. (shipment disappears shortly there-after).
 
 
2 July, 1944:
The U.S. Naval Airship "K-14" is shot-down by a German U-Boat off the coast of Bar Harbor, Maine.
 
 
5 July, 1944:
The German mine laying submarine U-233 is reportedly sunk southeast of Nova Scotia.
 
 
7 July, 1944:
Mr. van Tets, Dutch Royal Secretary to Princess Julianna of the Netherlands, crosses the Canadian border by car enroute from Ottowa to Boston.
 
 
9 July, 1944:
The Nazi Opposition plans to begin the liquidation of the war by withdrawing on the western front and forcing the Eastern Front against the Soviets. Dulles reports these details from Switzerland on 12, 13, and 18 July.
 
 
14 July, 1944:
Capt. Susink, Dutch Security for Princess Julianna of the Netherlands, departs Ottawa bound to Boston.
 
 
17 July, 1944:
Dutch Princess Julianna and party depart from Canada enroute to Cape Cod via Boston.
 
 
19 July, 1944:
Princess Julianna arrives at Chatham, Cape Cod.
 
 
20 July, 1944:
"Operation Valkyrie" - the failed coup attempt against Hitler commences. The operation fails by 21 July.
 
 
20 July, 1944:
A German Naval Mutiny occurs in the afternoon within the Baltic sea ports of Danzig, Memel, Gotenhafen and Stettin as a result of the coup attempt against Hitler.
 
 
20 July, 1944:
The Type XI departs the Danzig/Gdynia area of the Baltic Sea enroute to the American coast.
 
 
1 Aug., 1944:
ULTRA" intelligence reports that one U-Boat is sighted leaving the Baltic and two U-Boats are in the North Atlantic bound West.
 
 
7 Aug., 1944:
German Economic Agent Carl Heinz Weber meets with Allied contacts in Lisbon, Portugal to work out Nazi-Opposition concessions relative to Armistice negotiations. German contacts are willing to "Meet any or all Industrial or Territorial demands".
 
 
10 Aug., 1944:
Leading Nazi Industrialists meet in Strasbourg to determine future procedure on the continuing safe-guarding of Industrial and State assets.
 
 
25 Aug., 1944:
O.N.I. Radio Intercept Telegrapher intercepts and re-transmits a diplomatic "B-Bar" U-Boat transmission from an "S-5" location off Cape Cod.
 
 
25 Aug., 1944:
The Naval Airship "K-25" encounters the Type XI on the surface during patrol, 14 miles southeast of Chatham, Cape Cod. The vessel is sunk in one attack-run on Orion Shoal.
 
 
25 Aug., 1944:
The Washington O.N.I. Attack Log shows an unknown German U-Boat transmission sent during the early evening, stating that she is "Being attacked by aircraft". Eastern Sea Frontier Northern Group Command designates a U-Boat search within the area of Orion Shoal off Cape Cod, MA.
 
 
26 Aug., 1944:
Princess Julianna departs prematurely from Cape Cod and returns to Canada, only hours after the sinking of the Type XI off Chatham.
 
 
 
 
TIME -LAPSE CHART - CHRONOLOGY OF 25 AUGUST 1944
 
 
 
 
Time Vessel Position Action
1400 Decatur-Nelson convoy 42-45N 69-10W Enroute Kearney, NJ
1600 K-25 Airship South Weymouth Departs for Decatur Nelson
1619 Sub Chaser SC-1022 41-45N 69-50W Patrolling southbound
1656 Pan Am Comm. Flt. 41-23N 69-47W Reports Two step Sub
1800 Decatur-Nelson 42-30N 69-02W South Bound
1810 K-25 42-23N 68-05W Dispatched to Sub site
1915 K-25 41-40N 69-50W Surfaced Sub 12 mi. S
1935 K-25   Engages & sinks U-boat
2000 SC-1022 41-32N 69-42.5W Notified of Sub sighting To Course 209 Mag.
 
 
 
 
TIME -LAPSE CHART - CHRONOLOGY OF AUGUST 26 AND 27, 1944
 
 
 
 
DATE
EVENT
August 26
Special call signs designated for vessels in Sub sighting area
August 26
K-27 on "Special Search" to Orion Shoal
August 26
Meetings held with ONI listening station personnel (Chatham)
"Events of August 25 never happened"
August 26
Debriefing of K-25 crew "Events of August 25 never happened"
August 27
K-19 on "Special Search" of area of Sub Sighting
Blimp Squadron 11 War Diary shows: K-25 on Patrol 6 hours and 5 minutes
Ammunition expended: 1 smoke float, 1 Bronze slick, 6 MKX:M bombs
No report of Submarine engagement
Pilot's flight report for August 25, 1944 is missing
 
 
 
 
Section II - People
 
 
Specialist 2nd Class Preston Howley
 
 
Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI)
Enlisted May 26, 1943
September 1943 - Assigned Radio Intercept Station, Chatham, Cape Cod
On Duty, evening of August 25, 1944
January 1945 - Transferred to Guam
Discharged April 24, 1948
 
 
Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz
 
 
Born - September 16, 1891, Grunau, Germany
1910 Joins Imperial Navy
1916 Joins U-boat Branch
July 1935 Appointed commander of Submarines (total of three U boats)
30 January 1943 Appointed Grossadmiral Commander in Chief of the Navy
30 April 1945 President of the German Reich
25 May 1945 Surrenders to Allies
August 1946 Tried at Nuremburg /Sentenced to 10 yrs.
October 1956 Released from Spandau prison
1958 Published memoirs "10 Years & 20 Days" (doc existence of XI type)
24 Dec.1980 Died AumŸhle, Germany
 
 
 
 
Section III - Documentation of Missions & Research
 
 
DOCUMENTATION OF XIB SPECIAL MISSION JULY-AUGUST 1944
 
 
August 1 Cominch to various North Atlantic Commanders
U-boat leaving Baltic (U802)
Two westbound U-boats estimated north of Azores (U1229&XIB)

August 15 Admiraly to Cominch
"LT" Special Mission? Belle Isle Strait likely

August 17 Admiralty to Cominch "LT" to America

August 18 Admiralty to Cominch "LT" heading remains open

August 21 Cominch to Admiralty
Two officers and one Propagandist from Love Easy (LE) (U1229)
Love Tare (LT) heading baffling

August 25 US Navy Cominch - Log of Attacks of U-boats
1736 hours (EST) - Series Local
"Am being attacked by aircraft" with designation "LT"

 
 
THE "ENIGMA" MACHINE
 
 
Top Secret German Diplomatic & Naval Code Throughout WW II
August 16, 1939 French Military Intelligence hands over to British
MI6 a replica of the Enigma machine hand made by Polish Intelligence
September 4, 1939 Alan Turing joins Bletchley Park
B-Code/Enigma declassifed 1973

Events linked to Enigma
March 1941 German Naval Chart Overlay and Enigma key tables for
February captured from trawler Krebs

May 7, 1941 Weathership MŸnchen captured with weather ciphers and
June Enigma key tables

May 9, 1941 HMS Bulldog captures U110 with Enigma cipher
machine and cipher tables for April and June

February 1942 Four wheel added to Naval Enigma, "Triton"

Early 1942 British brief Americans on Enigma

December 1942 Triton broken - Allies "read" German Naval and diplomatic
wireless correspondence for the remainder of the war

1973 The Enigma breakthroughs of WW II Declassified

 
 
GERMAN U-BOAT "SPECIAL MISSIONS" - 1944 PUBLIC RECORD
 
 
August 20 U1229 sunk by Air attack SE Newfoundland enroute to U.S. coast. 40 crew captured plus spy Oscar Mantel.

August 25 XIB sunk off Cape Cod by air attack. Lost with all hands.

November -Two German spies landed on Maine coast via U-boat insertion. Special agents of the FBI capture both within 60 days.

 
 
TRIDENT RESEARCH & RECOVERY CHRONOLOGY
 
 
Summer 1941 Chief Petty Officer Robert Marr, U. S. Coast Guard,
Shows submarine wreck to Petty Officer Ronald Baker

September 1988 Ed Michaud told of Submarine wreck by tug Captain Warren LeGyte

June 5, 1993 Paul Machias on behalf of Ed Michaud conducts side scan sonar search revealing vessel on Orion Shoal

November 1994 E.E.&G. scan reveals unique XIB gun mounts

December 27, 1994 Ed Michaud conducts exploratory dive on Orion Shoal. Confirms XIB Submarine structure and bomb blast hole. Recovers small debris / artifacts from scour channel.

March 27, 1995 Trident Research & Recovery, Inc formed

June 26, 1995 Trident Research awarded Admiralty Claim to submarine wreck on Orion Shoal believes to be German XIB.

December 9, 1995 Second side scan sonar image obtained with superior technology (E.G.&G.). LOA, Beam determined

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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