BRITISH EUGENICS
LIST OF MEMBERS


Source of members names: From 1930 until 1990 members' names were published in the Society journal as they joined or became fellows. These sources are shown as a journal abbreviation followed by the year in which the person entered the Society, e.g., ER 1942. (ER = Eugenics Review; Bulletin of the Eugenics Society; B&S; = Biology and Society). The Eugenics Review at times listed all the officers and members of the council. These sources are also shown as a journal abbreviation followed by a date. The Society is a corporation and its directors are listed in its annual reports deposited in Company House (CH). In 1937 the Society published a list of members in its Annual Report (ESAR 1937). In 1957 the Society published a list of members in the Eugenics Review (ER 1957). A list of members compiled in 1977 was deposited in the Welcome Archives (1977 list). Deaths of members were sometimes noted in obituaries in the Society journals (Obit + journal abbreviation and date). Other sources are as specified.


Lacey, Mr. E.D.

Eugenics Society Member 1988
Source: B&S; 1989
Laffan, Mrs. J. de Courcy
17 Gayfere St., London SW1, 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1933, 1937
Source: ER 1933, 1937
Lafitte, Prof. Francois
Social Policy and Administration, Univ. of Birmingham, Edgbaston
Eugenics Society Fellow 1943, 1964 Council 1966
Adopted son of Havelock Ellis q.v.; Chmn., British Pregnancy Advisory Service 1968-88; University of Birmingham, Professor of Social Policy and Administration (1959-1980); Council of ES 1966
Personal: b. 3 Aug 1913; son of Francoise Lafitte (aka Francois Cyon) and John Collier (see Havelock Ellis q.v.); Population Policies Committee 1939; Chmn. of PEP Research groups on health services 1943-46, housing policy 1948-51 (see Elmhirst); subscriber to Family Planning Association Ltd. articles of incorporation 1966 (see Denman q.v., Pyke q.v.); Chairman: Birmingham Pregnancy Advisory Service 1968 (Times 17 June 1971, p. 2) which was connected with the Calthorpe Nursing Home, an abortion clinic. (see M. Cole q.v.); Chmn., British Pregnancy Advisory Service Trust & British Pregnancy Advisory Service Ltd. 1968-30 July 1988, thus connected with Merseyside Nursing Home and four other abortion clinics. (see Raymond Goodman q.v.)
Publications:
- with R. Titmuss q.v., "Eugenics and Poverty", Eugenics Review, JA, 106-112, 1942
- The Internment of Aliens. 1940 (repr. 1988); Britain's Way to Social Security. 1945; Family Planning in the Sixties. 1964; Socially Deprived Families in Britain. 1970; and contrib to Eugenics Review
- For Lane Commission:
"Written Evidence"; "Abortion in Britain Today." (New Society, 14 December 1972. Chap 4, para 77 of Lane Report); "helpful suggestions" given to Institute for Social Studies in Medical Care for Vol. 3 of Lane Report; "Personal Communication.", reference for Vol. 3, Lane Report
Source: ER 1943, 1964, 1966, CH, WSW 1990, Lane Report, ER , ER Index
Quotes:
"Whenever the law tries to suppress both abortion and contraception, the effect appears to be to swell the abortion rate. Thus in France, with about the same population as Britain, the minimum estimate of the number of abortions is 250,000 a year, against our figure of just over 100,000 (IPPF Medical Bulletin 6, 4, Aug 1972) ... Italy is estimated to have as many abortions as births (The Guardian, 7 Oct 1971); ... most Latin American countries one abortion for every two to five pregnancies. ("Abortion: a World Survey" IPPF News 216, March 1972)", from Family Planning January 1973 (by 1990 the British rate of abortion had reached this "Latin American" rate)
"Charity" begins abroad:
Claimed that "Increasingly the commercial sector is having to make its money by attracting foreign women, like the 30,000 who came last year." p 81, Family Planning 1973 (the BPAS was receiving clients from the Ulster Pregnancy Advisory Association and from France at the time this statement was made.)
Sterilisation:
" BPAS charged 105 British pounds for a man and 300 British pounds for a woman in Feb. 1992 (from Parents, Feb. 1992)
Lafitte's Dream:
Hunting Down the English "for eugenicists ... our broad strategy must be, by general measures to encourage healthy parenthood in all classes, and by specific measures, to hunt out individuals who are undesirable as parents ... (by) ... personal casework ... (The job of hunting out to be done by) ... social workers and doctors ... trained in ... human heredity ... when more is known", from "Family Allowances and Eugenics" by Lafitte in ER July 1941, p. 69-70
Good Germans Needed in 1941:
When German aliens were interned at the start of World War II, Lafitte complained that "2,000 people (from some of whom the Eugenics Review would have welcomed contributions) were herded into a derelict rat-infested ... factory ... we shall have need of good Germans" (from a review of The Internment of Aliens. 1940 by Richard Titmuss q.v., ER Jan. 1941, p. 136)
Background: Lafitte's Dream Come True
from Diane Munday, BPAS PR person: "I emphasize the stupidity of the suggestion that BPAS should provide the full range of alternatives to abortion. BPAS is unashamedly an Abortion and Fertility Control providing service." (quoted by Jill Knight in Hansard 13 Dec. 1979 according to ALDU Newsletter No. 6, 1980. Lafitte was BPAS chairman at this time.)
Laing, U.A.N.
Eugenics Society Member 1960
Source: ER 1960
Lamb, Miss Kathryn BA
Eugenics Society Member 1984
Source: B&S; 1985
Lambert, Mrs. BSc
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ER 1937
Lambert, Mr. E.W. MA, MSc, AICS, FCS
Manchester
Eugenics Society Member 1951, 1957
Source: ER 1951, 1957
Lamont, Mr. G.C.
Eugenics Society Member 1939
Source: ER 1939
L'Amy, S.M. Ramsey
86 Cornwall Gardens, London SW7, 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lanctot, Dr. C. MD
Eugenics Society Member 1962
Source: ER 1962
Landman, Dr. Augusta MB, BCh
Eugenics Society Member 1949
Personal: MB, BCh Leeds 1915; Medical Officer, N.W. London Family Planning Clinic 1958; Mem., Comm., London Marriage Guidance Council 1958
Source: ER 1949, Medical Directory 1958
Lane, Miss

Eugenics Society Librarian 1939-43 Ass't to Editor, ER 1940 Editor, Eugenics Review 1960
Personal: (see Mrs. Hodson); Secretary, International Federation of Eugenic Organizations (IFEO) 1934
Source: ER, EN 1934
Background:
Influence of the Eugenics Society: "the strength of the Eugenics Society lies not in its numbers but in the influence it can exert, through farsightedness, in high places." (ER 1954-55, p. 71, Notes of the Quarter) (see Lafitte, Blacker, Osborn, IPPF as examples of influence exerted in high places)

Lane, Mr. J. Ernest FRCS
Eugenics Society Council 1909-11, 1916 First International Eugenics Congress 1912, General Committee
Personal: Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons
Source: ER 1909-11, 1916; Problems in Eugenics. 1912 (repr.)
Lane-Roberts, Mr. C.S. MS, FRCS, FRCOG
Eugenics Society Fellow 1939
Personal: Master of Surgery; Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons; Fellow, College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Source: ER 1938-39
Langdon Down, Dr. Reginald MB, MRCP
Eugenics Society V.P. 1909-11 Council 1916, 1927-45 Fellow 1922, 1937 Director 1936
Personal: b. 1866; 1896 took over Normansfield, a home for the mentally retarded, following father, J.L.H.Langdon Down
(J.L.H. Langdon Down, who named Down's Syndrome)
assisted by brother q.v.; very humane care by anyone's standards but supported sterilization; 1937 address: Broom Close, Broom Rd., Teddington, Middlesex; Physician for National Association for the Welfare of the Feeble Minded; relative of John Maynard Keynes q.v.
son and daughter:
1. son, Antony Turnbull Langdon-Down (Antony Turnbull Langdon-Down; b. 31 Dec. 1922; Part Time Chairman, Social Security Appeals since 1985; clerk to Merchant Taylor's Company 1980-85)
2. daughter, Stella married Walter Russell Brain q.v.; Stella and Walter Russell Brain's daughter married L.J.H. Arthur q.v., who sedated and starved to death John Pearson, Down's Syndrome baby.
nephew, Norman Langdon Down running Normansfield in 1950's under NHS (Norman Langdon Down; MB 1939; DPM 1938; Dep. Medical Supt., Normansfield, Teddington 1958)
Source: Articles of Association 1926, ER 1909-11, 1916, 1938, 1943, ESAR 1937, WSW 1990, CH, Medical Directory 1958, Debretts 1976, Obit ER 1954-56
Langdon Down, Mr. Robert
Eugenics Society Director 1932 V.P. 1932
Personal: Director, Normansfield Ltd., a home for Downs syndrome children; see Reginald Langdon Down q.v.
Source: CH
Langdon Brown, Sir Walter DSc, MD, FRCP
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937 Council 1938-46
Personal: 1870-1946; maternal uncle of John Maynard Keynes q.v.; relative of Langdon Downs q.v.
Pubns:
Thus We Are Men.
Source: ER 1938-39, CH, Obit ER 1947, p. 187
Langham, Miss E.M.
Uplands, Tring Rd., Aylesbury, Bucks 1937
Eugenics Society Life Fellow 1937, 1957 Member 1977
Source: ESAR 1937, ER 1957, 1977 list
Langley, Mr. L.A. PhD, FRGS
Eugenics Society Member 1959
Personal: Fellow, Royal Geographical Society 1959
Source: ER 1959
Langley, Mr. Leslie BS, MA
Eugenics Society Member 1983
Source: B&S; 1984
Large, Mr. Spencer
Brantford, Ont., Canada
Eugenics Society Fellow 1957
Source: ER 1957
Laski, Mrs. Frida
Eugenics Society Fellow 1953, 1957
Personal: supported Abortion Law Reform Society during Bourne case; wife of Harold Laski
(Harold Laski 1893-1950; friend of Francis Galton; "My wonderful boy Jew, Laski by name, came here with his brother" August 7, 1910 from Life of Galton. by Karl Pearson; "On the Scope of Eugenics", Westminster Review 1910; studied with Karl Pearson for six months; McGill 1914; Harvard 1916, met Felix Frankfurter, Oliver Wendell Holmes; Authority in the Modern State. 1919; London School of Economics from 1920; Prof. of Political Science, University of London 1926-1950; Fabian Society Exec. (1922, 36); Labour Party Exec. Cttee (1936-49, Chmn. 1945-46); taught John F. Kennedy during this period; Correspondent of Oliver Wendell Holmes, see espec.on Buck v. Bell ("sterilize all the unfit among whom I include all fundamentalists", H. Laski); Liberty in the Modern State. 1930; Democracy in Crisis. 1933; "The Scope of Eugenics", Westminster Review, Vol. 174, 1910; "The Moral Basis of Eugenics", lecture in Glasgow Jan. 11, 1912 reported in ER 1912)
Source: ER 1953, 1957; Holmes-Laski Letters: The Correspondence of Mr. Justice Holmes and Harold J. Laski, 1916-35., ed. Mark DeWolfe Howe (Harvard University Press, 1953), pp. 938-941; WWW
Lassota, Mr. Antonio
Eugenics Society Member 1943
Source: ER 1943-45
Laston, Mr. A.E.H.
Eugenics Society Member 1943-45
Source: ER 1943-45
Laszlo, Mrs. H.P. De
Old Bowry House, Wraysbury, nr. Staines, Middlesex 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Latham, Mr. J.
Eugenics Society Member 1949
Source: ER 1948-49
Latham, Sgt. L.J. RASC
Eugenics Society Fellow 1943
Personal: Royal Army Service Corp
Source: ER 1943-45
Lattimer, Mrs. Pamela
Eugenics Society Member 1947
Source: ER 1947
Laurence, Prof. K.M. MA, DSc, FRCP, FRC Path
Eugenics Society Member 1982
Personal: Fellow, Royal College of Pathology
Source: Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1983
Laurie, Prof. Douglas FZS
Eugenics Society Consultative Council 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Laurie, Prof. Robert Douglas
Liverpool
Eugenics Society Council 1916 First International Eugenics Congress 1912, Delegate, Liverpool Biology Society
Personal: zoology; Prof., University College, Aberystwyth, Wales; v.p., Universities Federation for Animal Welfare; Founder, Association of University Teachers (General Secretary 1919-52)
Source: ER 1916, Obit ER July 1953 p. 80; Problems in Eugenics. 1912 (repr.)
Lawrence, Miss Evelyn BSc (Econ), PhD
30A Primrose Hill Rd., London NW3
Eugenics Society Member 1945 Fellow 1949 Consultative Council 1952-53
Personal: economics
Source: ER 1945-46, 1952-53, 1957
Lawrence, Dr. Robert David MD, FRCP
149 Harley St., London
Eugenics Society Consultative Council 1937, 1957
Personal: MA Aberdeen 1912; MD 1922; FRCP 1932; Banting Medal 1946; Cons. Physician, Diabetic Dept., Kings College Hosp., London 1958; Fellow, Royal Society of Medicine (Sect. on Experimental Medicine and on Endocrinology)
Pubns:
Happiness and Our Instincts. 1947; Clinical Medicine. 1954.; The Diabetic Life. (15th ed. 1954)
Source: ESAR 1937, ER 1957, Medical Directory 1958
Laws, Mrs. Pamela
London
Eugenics Society Member 1946, 1957
Source: ER 1945-46, 1957
Laws, Mr. Robert Alan ACA
Eugenics Society Member 1946
Source: ER 1945-46
Laws, R.M. PhD
Eugenics Society Fellow 1959
Source: ER 1959
Lawson, Mrs.
Eugenics Society Member 1944
Source: ER 1943-45
Lawson, Surg-Lt.
Eugenics Society Fellow 1944
Personal: Surgeon
Source: ER 1943-45
Lawson, Mrs. Janet K.
Haslemere, Surrey
Eugenics Society Member 1957
Source: ER 1957
Lean, Dr. George MB, ChB, BSc
c/o Mr. John Houston, 45 West George St., Glasgow C2, 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Leathard, Miss Audrey BA
Surbiton, Surrey
Eugenics Society Member 1977
Personal: Family Planning Association Ltd: Company Director (1979, 1984), National Executive Council, (1981-82, 1986-87).; Lect. in Social Policy and Social Administration, Polytechnic of the South Bank, 1979
Pubns:
The Fight for Family Planning. 1980, London; unsigned articles in Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1980
Source: 1977 list, CH, Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1980
Lee, Dr. John R. MB
Eugenics Society Member 1960
Source: ER 1960
Leech, Mr. L.C.
Eugenics Society Member 1944
Source: ER 1943-45
Leeson, Dr. G.W. BA, MSc, MA, PhD
Eugenics Society Member 1982
Source: Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1983
Lehmann, Dr. Hermann MD, MA, PHD, FRIC, FRC Path, FRS
Dept. of Clinical Biochemistry, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge Univ.
Eugenics Society Fellow 1954, 1957, 1977 Council 1966 Editorial Board, ER 1968 V.P. 1969-71
Personal: b. 1910; educ. in Germany under Meyerhoff in Heidelberg; investigated sickle cell disease in Uganda in 1949; Dept. of Clinical Biochemistry, Cambridge University 1963-1977; connected with the MRC Molecular Biology Unit at Cambridge; Fellow, Royal Institute of Chemistry
Pubns:
Man's Haemoglobins. (rev. ed. 1974)
Source: ER 1954, 1957, 1966; 1977 list, WWW
Leigh, Mrs.
Eugenics Society Member 1941
Source: ER 1941
Leigh Taylor, Mr. H.S.
Windham Club, St. James Sq., London SW1, 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lelean, Col. P.S. CB, CMG, FRCS
Usher Institute of Public Health, Warrender Park Rd., University of Edinburgh 1937, 1938
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Personal: Member: Eugenics Research Association, USA 1938
Source: ESAR 1937, ERA list 1938
Lenel, Dr. Ursula MA, PhD, MIM, C Eng
Eugenics Society Member 1985
Personal: Chartered Engineer; Member, Institute of Metals
Source: B&S; 1986
Lenox Conyngham, Miss A.
The Manor House, Moneymore, Co. Derry, Ireland 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Leonard, Mr. T. LDS, RCS
Eugenics Society Member 1959
Personal: Licentiate in Dental Surgery
Source: ER 1959
Lerner, Prof. Michael BSA, PhD, DSc
Dept. of Genetics, Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Eugenics Society Fellow 1964, 1977
Personal: Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
Pubns:
Modern Developments in Animal Breeding. w/ H.P. Donald (1966 London, NY) "The economic and social perspective that has been created ... (in this book makes it) ... exceptionally valuable reading for students of animal science ... (and) ... those who have a responsibility in framing policies in animal breeding, government officials ... livestock authority employees and members of breed society councils." (ER 1967, p.125, review by M. Cooper); Genetic Homeostasis. 1954 (selection from genetic extremes may reduce fitness)
Source: ER 1964, 1977 list
Lethbridge, Commander M.H.
Guildford, Surrey
Eugenics Society Fellow 1957
Source: ER 1957
Lethbridge, Mrs.
Marycourt, Sidmouth, Devon 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lett, Mr. Hugh CBE, FRCS, KCVO, DCL
Eugenics Society Member 1933
Personal: Hugh Cochrane Baillie; Commander of the Order of the British Empire; Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons; Sir Hugh Lett 1941
Source: ER 1933
Levvy, Mrs. A.C.
Aberdeen
Eugenics Society Fellow 1977
Source: 1977 list
Levvy, Mrs. G. A.
Bieldside, Aberdeenshire
Eugenics Society Fellow 1957
Source: ER 1957
Lewis, Dr. Aubrey MD, FRCP
Mill Hill Emergency Hospital, London NW7
Eugenics Society Council 1931-32, 1938-43 Fellow 1937, 1957 Director 1944
Clinical Director, Maudsley Hospital, Denmark Hill, London 1936-48; Prof. of Psychiatry, University of London 1946-66; Hon. Dir., Social Psychiatric Research Unit, MRC 1958
Personal: MB, BS 1923; Rockefeller Medical Fellow 1926-28; MD Adelaide, Australia 1931; FRCP (Johns Hopkins, Heidelberg); m. Hilda Lewis q.v.; World Federation of Mental Health Associate 1960-66
Pubns:
"German Eugenic Legislation: An Examination of Fact and Theory" ER, 1934-35, pp. 183-91; "Social Psychiatry" Edinburgh Med. Jl. 1951; 1958 "Fertility and Mental Disorder", ER, v. 50, p. 91, Galton Lecture 1958; Inquiries in Psychiatry. 1967; Mapother lecture 1969
Source: ESAR 1937, MBH p. 123, ER 1931-32, 1957, ER, WWW, Medical Directory 1958
Lewis, Dr. F.C. MD
Eugenics Society Council 1921 Member 1926
Source: ER 1921, Articles of Association, 1926
Lewis, Mr. Geoffrey BSc, D Phil
Abingdon, Oxfordshire
Eugenics Society Fellow 1977
Source: 1977 list
Lewis, Dr. Hilda MD, MRCP
Maudsley Hospital, London
Eugenics Society Member 1955 Fellow 1957 Council 1960, 1966
Personal: Lady Lewis; nee Stoessiger; wife of Aubrey Lewis q.v.; MB 1924; MD 1927; Psychiatric adviser to Conference of Societies Registered for Adoption; Psychiatrist for the Children's Society Adoption Committee 1958; Ass't Physician, Maudsley Hosp.; Hon. Dir., Children's Psychiatric Clinic, St. George's Hosp.; Company Director: Marie Stopes Memorial Foundation Ltd. 1960-, Society for Constructive Birth Control Ltd. 1960; d. Oct. 1966
Pubns:
Deprived Children: the Mersham Experiment. 1954 published by Oxford Press for the Nuffield Foundation; "Psychological Disorder in Children of Unsatisfactory Parents", ER 1955; Medical Aspects of Child Adoption. (ed.) 1966
Source: ER 1955, 1957, 1960, 1966, Obit ER 1966-67, p. 8; ER 1955-56, p. 149; Medical Directory 1958
Lewis, Dr. John Biddulph S. MA, MD, DPM
Beaconsfield, Bucks
Eugenics Society Fellow 1948
Personal: MA Cambridge Univ. 1919; DPM 1925; MD 1934; Emeritus Physician, Bethlem and Maudsley Hosp. 1958; ex- Medical Supt., St Bernard's Hosp.; Medical Officer, Anglo-Persian Oil Co., SW Persia
Pubns:
L.C.C. (London County Council) Handbook on Mental Health Social Work. (jt.)
Source: ER 1948-49, Medical Directory 1958
Lewis-Faning, Mr. E. PhD, DSc
Dept. of Preventive Medicine, Welsh National School of Medicine, Cardiff, Wales
Eugenics Society Fellow 1946, 1957
Pubns:
Report of the Royal Commission on Population. 1948; "Family Limitation and Its Influences on Human Fertility during the last fifty years", cited by Lane Report
Source: ER 1945-46, 1957
Background:
The Catholic Bishops attacked eugenics in their comment on the Report of the Royal Commission on Population: "The inspiration of the report was not so much in the birth control movement as in the pseudo-science eugenics" (Roman Catholic Hierarchy in the newspaper, "The Universe", quoted in ER, July 1951, p. 71)
Lewis-Jones, Dr. D.I.
Eugenics Society Member 1986
Source: B&S; 1988
Leybourne, Miss Grace G. MA, BSc, PhD
Eugenics Society Member 1939
Personal: Commonwealth Fellow to USA 1935-37; Cons. to Resettlement Division of the USA 1935-37; Research worker, Population Investigation Committee 1937
Pubns:
"Estimate on the Future Population of Great Britain", (Soc. Rev. 1934, ER 1937, p. 97)
Source: ER 1938-39
Leyton, Dr.
Hinksey Hill, Oxford 1937
Eugenics Society Life Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Leyton, Mrs. Helen G.
London SW5
Eugenics Society Fellow 1957
Source: ER 1957
Librach, Dr. Israel Mayer MB, BCh, DPH, DCH
Romford, Essex
Eugenics Society Member 1947, 1983
Personal: MB Belfast 1938; Diploma in Public Health 1942; Examiner and Lect., General Nursing Course, St. John Ambulance Brigade and British Red Cross; Ass't Medical Officer of Health, Nottingham; Physician, Red Bridge Health District; Fellow, Society of Medical Officers of Health 1958; ret. by 1991
Pubns:
Medical Cons., to Nursing Mirror; Editorial Board: Medical Digest, British Jl. of Clinical Practice
Source: ER 1947, B&S; 1984, Medical Directory 1958, 1985, 1991
Lidbetter, Mr. E.J.
West Worthing, Sussex
Eugenics Society Fellow 1921, 1937, 1957 Council 1931-32
Personal: Poor Law Officer; developed term 'social problem group'; worked with Nettleship q.v.; 1937 address: 69 Reigate Rd., West Worthing, Sussex; d. 1962
Pubns:
"Some Examples of Poor Law Eugenics", ER 1910, p. 204 ff; "The Social Problem Group as Illustrated by a Series of East London Pedigrees", Galton Lecture, 1932, ER 1932; Heredity and the Social Problem Group. 1933
Source: Articles of Association 1926, ER 1931-32 1957, Obit ER
Quotes:
"...the standard of pauperism laid down by the Commission of 1834 that the condition of the pauper should be less eligible than that of the independent laborer"
"...a high proportion of chargeability is due to defect, which, if not hereditary, is yet found repeated in the children and grandchildren of defectives." both quotes from "Some Examples of Poor Law Eugenics", ER 1910, p. 204 ff
Liddell, Dr. Emily Margaret MB, BS, DCH, DPM
London
Eugenics Society Fellow 1963, 1977
Personal: MB, BS London; Diploma in Child Health 1950; Diploma in Psychological Medicine 1954
Source: Medical Directory 1958; ER 1963, 1977 list
Light, Miss Phyllis A. BSc
Eugenics Society Member 1965
Source: ER 1965
Lightbourne, Dr. R.E.A. BA, MSc, PhD
Eugenics Society Member 1981
Pubns:
Urban Rural Differentials in Contraceptive Use. 1980, London World Fertility Survey
Source: Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1982
Lilly, Miss Lorna J.
Botany Dept., Liverpool Univ., Liverpool
Eugenics Society Member 1955, 1957
Source: ER 1955, 1957
Limerick, Countess Angela GBE, CH
Chiddingley, West Hoathly, Sussex
Eugenics Society Fellow 1932, 1937, 1957, 1977
"Countess of Contraception"
Personal: Angela Trotter; m. 5th Earl of Limerick; d. 1981; Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire
son, Patrick
(Patrick; Dep. Chmn., Kleinwort Benson Grp. since 1985 and was a director of Kleinwort Benson Ltd. 1967- (Vice Chairman: 1983-85, Deputy Chmn. 1985-87)
Patrick m. Sylvia
(Sylvia; Chmn., British Red Cross Society since 1985; Health Council, Kensington 1974-77; Vice President, UK Cttee for UN Children's Fund 1979- (Pres.1972-79); Member, Cttee of Management, Inst. of Child Health 1976-; Reviewed National Association of Citizens Advice Bureau 1983; Pres., Health Visitors Assoc. (from Debretts 1988, WSW 1990))
see Limerick, Earl of q.v.
Background: Population Concern was set up by Earnest Kleinwort, Sir Cyril Kleinwort, Prince Philip, Lord Caradon, Lord Renton and Lord McCorquodale. The McCorquodale's are connected with Glaxo Pharmaceuticals, the contraceptive manufacturer. Kleinwort Benson is the largest merchant bank in Britain.
Source: ER 1932, 1957, ESAR 1937, 1977 list, WSW 1990
Limerick, The Rt. Hon. Earl of DSO
Eugenics Society Fellow 1933, 1937
Personal: 5th earl; Edmund Colquhoun; b. 1888; m. 1926 Angela Olivia Trotter q.v.; succ. 1929; Pres., Medical Research Council (MRC) 1952-60
Source: ER 1933, ESAR 1937, Debretts 1988
Background: - 4th Earl - William Edmond de Vere Shaeffe; b. 1863; d. 1929
Lindon, Mrs. J.B.
23 Bryanston Sq. London W1, 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lindsay, Dr. Archibald C. MB, ChB
Preston, Lancs
Eugenics Society Member 1948, 1957
Personal: MB Glasgow 1919; Exam. Medical Officer, National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act; Treasury Medical Officer; Clinical Ass't, Royal London Ophthal. Hosp. (Moorfields)
Pubns:
Annual Reports., Medical Officer of Health, Tickhill Urban District Council
Source: ER 1948-49, 1957, Medical Directory 1958
Lindsay, Prof. J.A.
Belfast, N. Ireland
Eugenics Society Member 1911, 1916
Source: ER 1911, 1916
Ling, Dr. T.M. MD, MRCP
Eugenics Society Fellow 1944
Source: ER 1944
Lister, Dr. H.
Eugenics Society Member 1960
Source: ER 1960
Lister, Mr. H. BSc, PhD
Dept. of Geography, Newcastle upon Tyne Univ., Newcastle upon Tyne
Eugenics Society Member 1977
Source: 1977 list
Little, Dr. J.
Eugenics Society Member 1986
Source: B&S; 1988
Littlejohn, Dr. E.S. MRCS, LRCP
The Manor, Epsom, Surrey 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1931, 1937
Source: ER 1931, ESAR 1937
Livermore, Lt. Col. N.B.
216 Pine St., San Francisco, California, USA 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lloyd, Mr. E.M.H. BA, CB, CMG
Tillingbourne Hey, Gravel Hill, Boxmoor, Herts
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937, 1957 Council 1938-43
Personal: b. 1889; m. Margaret Russell (father was Rollo Russell); Ministry of Food 1917-19; Econ. and Financial Section, League of Nations 1919-21; Ministry of Food 1939-42; UNRRA; FAO 1946-47; Undersecretary, Ministry of Food 1947-53; Pres., Agricultural Economics Society; Consultant, PEP (see Elmhirst q.v, Lafitte q.v.)
Pubns:
Experiments in State Control. 1924; Food and Inflation in the Middle East 1940-45.
Source: ER 1937, 1943, 1957, WWW
Lloyd, Mr. T.E.
43 Hanna Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ER 1937, ESAR 1937
Lobstein, H.E. BSc, MIS
Eugenics Society Member 1965
Source: ER 1965
Lockhart, Mrs.
Eugenics Society Member 1933
Source: ER 1933
Lockhart, Dr. L.P. MD
Eugenics Society Member 1932
Source: ER 1932
Logan, Mr. R.Y.
Eugenics Society Member 1938
Source: ER 1938
Lomax, Miss J.
9 Handside Lane, Welwyn Garden City, Herts 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Long, Mrs. Arthur
Eugenics Society Member 1947, 1951
Personal: author; wrote under pseudonyms Marjorie Bowen, George Preedy, Joseph Shearing; biographies of William of Orange, John Wesley, John Knox, Lady Hamilton, Mary Wolstoncraft, Mary, Queen of Scots
Source: ER 1947, 1951; Obit ER 1953, p. 14
Long, Mr. Vincent
Delisle Ltd., London
Eugenics Society Member 1949, 1957
Source: ER 1948-49, 1957
Lopes, Dr. Cunha
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ER 1937
Lorenc, Dr. J.
Eugenics Society Member 1943
Source: ER 1943-45
Lorimer, Lt. Col. D.L.R. CIE, IA, MRAS, FRGS
Welwyn Garden City, Herts
Eugenics Society Member 1957
Personal: Indian Army 1937; 1937 address: 32 Parkway, Welwyn Garden City, Herts
Source: ESAR 1937, 1957 list
Lorsignal, Madame Bertha
Eugenics Society Fellow 1936
Personal: b. Bertha White; m. Mons. Lorsignal; worked for the legalization of abortion; Exec. Cttee and v.p., Abortion Law Reform Association (1st)
Source: ER 1936, Obit ER 1955-56, p. 14
Lotka, Alfred J.
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Personal: Ass't Statistician, Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., 1 Madison, Ave., New York, NY, USA 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lourie, J.A. BA
Eugenics Society Member 1966
Source: ER 1966
Lovesay, Miss Catherine
Eugenics Society Member 1945
Source: ER 1945
Low, Dr. Alexander
144 Blenheim Pl., Aberdeen 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Low, Mrs. Helen
London
Eugenics Society Member 1955, 1957
Source: ER 1955, 1957
Luard, Mr. D.G.T.
Eugenics Society Member 1958
Source: ER 1958
Lubbock, The Hon. Moyra
Manor House, Wardington, Banbury 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Personal: sister of 3rd Baron Avebury q.v.; b. 1917; m. Dorian Williams 1938
Pubns: books on psychology of horses and humans
Source: ESAR 1937, ER 1937, Debretts 1990
Lucan, Earl of MC
11 Hanover House, London
Eugenics Society Member 1957
Personal: b. 1898; 6th Earl; Coldstream Guards, WW I and WW II (Colonel, commanded 1st Battalion, WWII); Captain, H.M. Bodyguard of the Yeomen of the Guard 1950-51; Parliamentary Undersecretary of State for Commonwealth Relations 1951; Chief Opposition Whip in House of Lords 1954-; d. 1964; family name Bingham; family important in Co. Mayo, Ireland
Source: ER 1957, WWW, Debretts 1976
Lucas, Mrs.
Haworth House, Kintbury, Berks 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lucas, Miss E.
Eugenics Society Member 1942
Source: ER 1942
Lucas, Mr. James Walter
224 Turney Rd., London SE21, 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1935, 1937
Source: ER 1935, ESAR 1937
Lugg, Mr. Albert
S. Tabors, Great Baddow, Chelmsford 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1932, 1937
Source: ER 1932, ESAR 1937
Lush, Dr. I.E.
Eugenics Society Member 1989
Source: ER 1989
Luytens, Lady Emily
Eugenics Society Council 1909-11
Personal: also important in the New Age movement.
Source: ER 1909-11; Constance Cumbey
Lyne, Mr. W. Courtney LDS
Wastehills, Constantine Bay, Padstow, N. Cornwall 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1936, 1937
Source: ER 1936, ESAR 1937
Lynn, Prof. Richard PhD
Dept. of Psychology, New University of Ulster, Coleraine, N. Ireland
Eugenics Society Fellow 1977
Personal: b. 1930; Prof. of Psychology, (Dublin) Economic and Social Research Institute Ltd.1967-72; Prof. of Psychology, Ulster Univ. 1972-(1994); Funded by the Pioneer Fund for "research into the comparative intelligence of races and the development of IQ over time. He argues that the oriental people are more genetically evolved than other races." (The Independent on Sunday, 1 March 1990, p. 4, Home Section); US MENSA Award for work on intelligence 1985; Hon. Assoc. Editor of Mankind Quarterly, see R.R. Gates q.v.
Pubns:
articles in Mankind Quarterly; The Irish Braindrain. 1969; Personality and National Character. 1971; An Introduction to the Study of Personality. 1972; Dimensions of Personality. (papers in Honor of H.J. Eysenck. 1981 (see Eysenck, Rees, Burt, Hearnshaw q.v.); 1988 "Why Johnny can't read, but Yoshio can", National Review, v. 40, Oct. 28, p. 40; Educational Achievement in Japan: Lessons for the West; "What makes peoples rich?", National Review, v. 43, Sept. 1991; The Secret of the Miracle Economy: Different National Attitudes to Competitiveness and Money, (rev. in Journal of Economic Psychology, June 1992, p. 370)
Source: 1977 list, WSW 1990; Journal of Biosocial Science 1994 January
Background:
Pioneer Fund: 299 Park Ave., New York, NY 10171, USA; Inc. 1937; educational research in heredity and genetics; support for immigration reform; Pres., Harry Y. Weyer; John B. Trevor Jr., Treas.; William D. Miller, Marion A. Parrott, Randolph Speight 1992; see AES list, entry under Wickliffe Draper, WWW, Pioneer.org, The Bell Curve
Lyon, Dr. Louis Carlyle MB, BCh
Eugenics Society Member 1948
Personal: MB Aberdeen 1927; Physician, Charterhouse Rheumatic Clinic; Mem., Marriage Guidance Council and Family Planning Association 1958; Medical Referee, London and Manchester Insurance Co.; Local Medical Officer, Metropolitan Water Board
Pubns: Editorial Bd., Medical Digest; "Menstrual Histories and the Tabulo Period Chart", Proc. Royal Society of Medicine 1956
Source: ER 1948-49, Medical Directory 1958
Lyttelton, Rev. Hon. E.
Eugenics Society V.P. 1909-11 First International Eugenics Congress 1912, General Committee
Source: ER 1909-11; Problems in Eugenics. 1912 (repr.)
Lytton, Earl of
Eugenics Society V.P. 1909-11
Personal: 2nd Earl; Victor Alexander George Robert; GCIE; succ. 1891; Civil Lord of the Admiralty 1917; Under Sec, of State for India 1920; Governor of Bengal 1922-27 (Acting Viceroy 1925); d. 1947
Source: ER 1909-11, Debretts 1990
Background:
- Edward George Bulwer Lytton; b. 1803; novelist; MP; Secretary of State to the Colonies 1858-59; d. 1873
- Edward Robert Lytton; CIE; b. 1831; Viceroy and Governor General of India 1876-80; Lord Rector of Glasgow University 1887-90; cr. Earl Lytton 1880; m. Edith Villiers (see P. Bloom, Uncommon People.); d. 1891
LIST OF MEMBERS

Source of members names: From 1930 until 1990 members' names were published in the Society journal as they joined or became fellows. These sources are shown as a journal abbreviation followed by the year in which the person entered the Society, e.g., ER 1942. (ER = Eugenics Review; Bulletin of the Eugenics Society; B&S; = Biology and Society). The Eugenics Review at times listed all the officers and members of the council. These sources are also shown as a journal abbreviation followed by a date. The Society is a corporation and its directors are listed in its annual reports deposited in Company House (CH). In 1937 the Society published a list of members in its Annual Report (ESAR 1937). In 1957 the Society published a list of members in the Eugenics Review (ER 1957). A list of members compiled in 1977 was deposited in the Welcome Archives (1977 list). Deaths of members were sometimes noted in obituaries in the Society journals (Obit + journal abbreviation and date). Other sources are as specified.

Lacey, Mr. E.D.

Eugenics Society Member 1988
Source: B&S; 1989
Laffan, Mrs. J. de Courcy
17 Gayfere St., London SW1, 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1933, 1937
Source: ER 1933, 1937
Lafitte, Prof. Francois
Social Policy and Administration, Univ. of Birmingham, Edgbaston
Eugenics Society Fellow 1943, 1964 Council 1966
Adopted son of Havelock Ellis q.v.; Chmn., British Pregnancy Advisory Service 1968-88; University of Birmingham, Professor of Social Policy and Administration (1959-1980); Council of ES 1966
Personal: b. 3 Aug 1913; son of Francoise Lafitte (aka Francois Cyon) and John Collier (see Havelock Ellis q.v.); Population Policies Committee 1939; Chmn. of PEP Research groups on health services 1943-46, housing policy 1948-51 (see Elmhirst); subscriber to Family Planning Association Ltd. articles of incorporation 1966 (see Denman q.v., Pyke q.v.); Chairman: Birmingham Pregnancy Advisory Service 1968 (Times 17 June 1971, p. 2) which was connected with the Calthorpe Nursing Home, an abortion clinic. (see M. Cole q.v.); Chmn., British Pregnancy Advisory Service Trust & British Pregnancy Advisory Service Ltd. 1968-30 July 1988, thus connected with Merseyside Nursing Home and four other abortion clinics. (see Raymond Goodman q.v.)
Publications:
- with R. Titmuss q.v., "Eugenics and Poverty", Eugenics Review, JA, 106-112, 1942
- The Internment of Aliens. 1940 (repr. 1988); Britain's Way to Social Security. 1945; Family Planning in the Sixties. 1964; Socially Deprived Families in Britain. 1970; and contrib to Eugenics Review
- For Lane Commission:
"Written Evidence"; "Abortion in Britain Today." (New Society, 14 December 1972. Chap 4, para 77 of Lane Report); "helpful suggestions" given to Institute for Social Studies in Medical Care for Vol. 3 of Lane Report; "Personal Communication.", reference for Vol. 3, Lane Report
Source: ER 1943, 1964, 1966, CH, WSW 1990, Lane Report, ER , ER Index
Quotes:
"Whenever the law tries to suppress both abortion and contraception, the effect appears to be to swell the abortion rate. Thus in France, with about the same population as Britain, the minimum estimate of the number of abortions is 250,000 a year, against our figure of just over 100,000 (IPPF Medical Bulletin 6, 4, Aug 1972) ... Italy is estimated to have as many abortions as births (The Guardian, 7 Oct 1971); ... most Latin American countries one abortion for every two to five pregnancies. ("Abortion: a World Survey" IPPF News 216, March 1972)", from Family Planning January 1973 (by 1990 the British rate of abortion had reached this "Latin American" rate)
"Charity" begins abroad:
Claimed that "Increasingly the commercial sector is having to make its money by attracting foreign women, like the 30,000 who came last year." p 81, Family Planning 1973 (the BPAS was receiving clients from the Ulster Pregnancy Advisory Association and from France at the time this statement was made.)
Sterilisation:
" BPAS charged 105 British pounds for a man and 300 British pounds for a woman in Feb. 1992 (from Parents, Feb. 1992)
Lafitte's Dream:
Hunting Down the English "for eugenicists ... our broad strategy must be, by general measures to encourage healthy parenthood in all classes, and by specific measures, to hunt out individuals who are undesirable as parents ... (by) ... personal casework ... (The job of hunting out to be done by) ... social workers and doctors ... trained in ... human heredity ... when more is known", from "Family Allowances and Eugenics" by Lafitte in ER July 1941, p. 69-70
Good Germans Needed in 1941:
When German aliens were interned at the start of World War II, Lafitte complained that "2,000 people (from some of whom the Eugenics Review would have welcomed contributions) were herded into a derelict rat-infested ... factory ... we shall have need of good Germans" (from a review of The Internment of Aliens. 1940 by Richard Titmuss q.v., ER Jan. 1941, p. 136)
Background: Lafitte's Dream Come True
from Diane Munday, BPAS PR person: "I emphasize the stupidity of the suggestion that BPAS should provide the full range of alternatives to abortion. BPAS is unashamedly an Abortion and Fertility Control providing service." (quoted by Jill Knight in Hansard 13 Dec. 1979 according to ALDU Newsletter No. 6, 1980. Lafitte was BPAS chairman at this time.)
Laing, U.A.N.
Eugenics Society Member 1960
Source: ER 1960
Lamb, Miss Kathryn BA
Eugenics Society Member 1984
Source: B&S; 1985
Lambert, Mrs. BSc
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ER 1937
Lambert, Mr. E.W. MA, MSc, AICS, FCS
Manchester
Eugenics Society Member 1951, 1957
Source: ER 1951, 1957
Lamont, Mr. G.C.
Eugenics Society Member 1939
Source: ER 1939
L'Amy, S.M. Ramsey
86 Cornwall Gardens, London SW7, 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lanctot, Dr. C. MD
Eugenics Society Member 1962
Source: ER 1962
Landman, Dr. Augusta MB, BCh
Eugenics Society Member 1949
Personal: MB, BCh Leeds 1915; Medical Officer, N.W. London Family Planning Clinic 1958; Mem., Comm., London Marriage Guidance Council 1958
Source: ER 1949, Medical Directory 1958
Lane, Miss

Eugenics Society Librarian 1939-43 Ass't to Editor, ER 1940 Editor, Eugenics Review 1960
Personal: (see Mrs. Hodson); Secretary, International Federation of Eugenic Organizations (IFEO) 1934
Source: ER, EN 1934
Background:
Influence of the Eugenics Society: "the strength of the Eugenics Society lies not in its numbers but in the influence it can exert, through farsightedness, in high places." (ER 1954-55, p. 71, Notes of the Quarter) (see Lafitte, Blacker, Osborn, IPPF as examples of influence exerted in high places)

Lane, Mr. J. Ernest FRCS
Eugenics Society Council 1909-11, 1916 First International Eugenics Congress 1912, General Committee
Personal: Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons
Source: ER 1909-11, 1916; Problems in Eugenics. 1912 (repr.)
Lane-Roberts, Mr. C.S. MS, FRCS, FRCOG
Eugenics Society Fellow 1939
Personal: Master of Surgery; Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons; Fellow, College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Source: ER 1938-39
Langdon Down, Dr. Reginald MB, MRCP
Eugenics Society V.P. 1909-11 Council 1916, 1927-45 Fellow 1922, 1937 Director 1936
Personal: b. 1866; 1896 took over Normansfield, a home for the mentally retarded, following father, J.L.H.Langdon Down
(J.L.H. Langdon Down, who named Down's Syndrome)
assisted by brother q.v.; very humane care by anyone's standards but supported sterilization; 1937 address: Broom Close, Broom Rd., Teddington, Middlesex; Physician for National Association for the Welfare of the Feeble Minded; relative of John Maynard Keynes q.v.
son and daughter:
1. son, Antony Turnbull Langdon-Down (Antony Turnbull Langdon-Down; b. 31 Dec. 1922; Part Time Chairman, Social Security Appeals since 1985; clerk to Merchant Taylor's Company 1980-85)
2. daughter, Stella married Walter Russell Brain q.v.; Stella and Walter Russell Brain's daughter married L.J.H. Arthur q.v., who sedated and starved to death John Pearson, Down's Syndrome baby.
nephew, Norman Langdon Down running Normansfield in 1950's under NHS (Norman Langdon Down; MB 1939; DPM 1938; Dep. Medical Supt., Normansfield, Teddington 1958)
Source: Articles of Association 1926, ER 1909-11, 1916, 1938, 1943, ESAR 1937, WSW 1990, CH, Medical Directory 1958, Debretts 1976, Obit ER 1954-56
Langdon Down, Mr. Robert
Eugenics Society Director 1932 V.P. 1932
Personal: Director, Normansfield Ltd., a home for Downs syndrome children; see Reginald Langdon Down q.v.
Source: CH
Langdon Brown, Sir Walter DSc, MD, FRCP
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937 Council 1938-46
Personal: 1870-1946; maternal uncle of John Maynard Keynes q.v.; relative of Langdon Downs q.v.
Pubns:
Thus We Are Men.
Source: ER 1938-39, CH, Obit ER 1947, p. 187
Langham, Miss E.M.
Uplands, Tring Rd., Aylesbury, Bucks 1937
Eugenics Society Life Fellow 1937, 1957 Member 1977
Source: ESAR 1937, ER 1957, 1977 list
Langley, Mr. L.A. PhD, FRGS
Eugenics Society Member 1959
Personal: Fellow, Royal Geographical Society 1959
Source: ER 1959
Langley, Mr. Leslie BS, MA
Eugenics Society Member 1983
Source: B&S; 1984
Large, Mr. Spencer
Brantford, Ont., Canada
Eugenics Society Fellow 1957
Source: ER 1957
Laski, Mrs. Frida
Eugenics Society Fellow 1953, 1957
Personal: supported Abortion Law Reform Society during Bourne case; wife of Harold Laski
(Harold Laski 1893-1950; friend of Francis Galton; "My wonderful boy Jew, Laski by name, came here with his brother" August 7, 1910 from Life of Galton. by Karl Pearson; "On the Scope of Eugenics", Westminster Review 1910; studied with Karl Pearson for six months; McGill 1914; Harvard 1916, met Felix Frankfurter, Oliver Wendell Holmes; Authority in the Modern State. 1919; London School of Economics from 1920; Prof. of Political Science, University of London 1926-1950; Fabian Society Exec. (1922, 36); Labour Party Exec. Cttee (1936-49, Chmn. 1945-46); taught John F. Kennedy during this period; Correspondent of Oliver Wendell Holmes, see espec.on Buck v. Bell ("sterilize all the unfit among whom I include all fundamentalists", H. Laski); Liberty in the Modern State. 1930; Democracy in Crisis. 1933; "The Scope of Eugenics", Westminster Review, Vol. 174, 1910; "The Moral Basis of Eugenics", lecture in Glasgow Jan. 11, 1912 reported in ER 1912)
Source: ER 1953, 1957; Holmes-Laski Letters: The Correspondence of Mr. Justice Holmes and Harold J. Laski, 1916-35., ed. Mark DeWolfe Howe (Harvard University Press, 1953), pp. 938-941; WWW
Lassota, Mr. Antonio
Eugenics Society Member 1943
Source: ER 1943-45
Laston, Mr. A.E.H.
Eugenics Society Member 1943-45
Source: ER 1943-45
Laszlo, Mrs. H.P. De
Old Bowry House, Wraysbury, nr. Staines, Middlesex 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Latham, Mr. J.
Eugenics Society Member 1949
Source: ER 1948-49
Latham, Sgt. L.J. RASC
Eugenics Society Fellow 1943
Personal: Royal Army Service Corp
Source: ER 1943-45
Lattimer, Mrs. Pamela
Eugenics Society Member 1947
Source: ER 1947
Laurence, Prof. K.M. MA, DSc, FRCP, FRC Path
Eugenics Society Member 1982
Personal: Fellow, Royal College of Pathology
Source: Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1983
Laurie, Prof. Douglas FZS
Eugenics Society Consultative Council 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Laurie, Prof. Robert Douglas
Liverpool
Eugenics Society Council 1916 First International Eugenics Congress 1912, Delegate, Liverpool Biology Society
Personal: zoology; Prof., University College, Aberystwyth, Wales; v.p., Universities Federation for Animal Welfare; Founder, Association of University Teachers (General Secretary 1919-52)
Source: ER 1916, Obit ER July 1953 p. 80; Problems in Eugenics. 1912 (repr.)
Lawrence, Miss Evelyn BSc (Econ), PhD
30A Primrose Hill Rd., London NW3
Eugenics Society Member 1945 Fellow 1949 Consultative Council 1952-53
Personal: economics
Source: ER 1945-46, 1952-53, 1957
Lawrence, Dr. Robert David MD, FRCP
149 Harley St., London
Eugenics Society Consultative Council 1937, 1957
Personal: MA Aberdeen 1912; MD 1922; FRCP 1932; Banting Medal 1946; Cons. Physician, Diabetic Dept., Kings College Hosp., London 1958; Fellow, Royal Society of Medicine (Sect. on Experimental Medicine and on Endocrinology)
Pubns:
Happiness and Our Instincts. 1947; Clinical Medicine. 1954.; The Diabetic Life. (15th ed. 1954)
Source: ESAR 1937, ER 1957, Medical Directory 1958
Laws, Mrs. Pamela
London
Eugenics Society Member 1946, 1957
Source: ER 1945-46, 1957
Laws, Mr. Robert Alan ACA
Eugenics Society Member 1946
Source: ER 1945-46
Laws, R.M. PhD
Eugenics Society Fellow 1959
Source: ER 1959
Lawson, Mrs.
Eugenics Society Member 1944
Source: ER 1943-45
Lawson, Surg-Lt.
Eugenics Society Fellow 1944
Personal: Surgeon
Source: ER 1943-45
Lawson, Mrs. Janet K.
Haslemere, Surrey
Eugenics Society Member 1957
Source: ER 1957
Lean, Dr. George MB, ChB, BSc
c/o Mr. John Houston, 45 West George St., Glasgow C2, 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Leathard, Miss Audrey BA
Surbiton, Surrey
Eugenics Society Member 1977
Personal: Family Planning Association Ltd: Company Director (1979, 1984), National Executive Council, (1981-82, 1986-87).; Lect. in Social Policy and Social Administration, Polytechnic of the South Bank, 1979
Pubns:
The Fight for Family Planning. 1980, London; unsigned articles in Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1980
Source: 1977 list, CH, Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1980
Lee, Dr. John R. MB
Eugenics Society Member 1960
Source: ER 1960
Leech, Mr. L.C.
Eugenics Society Member 1944
Source: ER 1943-45
Leeson, Dr. G.W. BA, MSc, MA, PhD
Eugenics Society Member 1982
Source: Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1983
Lehmann, Dr. Hermann MD, MA, PHD, FRIC, FRC Path, FRS
Dept. of Clinical Biochemistry, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge Univ.
Eugenics Society Fellow 1954, 1957, 1977 Council 1966 Editorial Board, ER 1968 V.P. 1969-71
Personal: b. 1910; educ. in Germany under Meyerhoff in Heidelberg; investigated sickle cell disease in Uganda in 1949; Dept. of Clinical Biochemistry, Cambridge University 1963-1977; connected with the MRC Molecular Biology Unit at Cambridge; Fellow, Royal Institute of Chemistry
Pubns:
Man's Haemoglobins. (rev. ed. 1974)
Source: ER 1954, 1957, 1966; 1977 list, WWW
Leigh, Mrs.
Eugenics Society Member 1941
Source: ER 1941
Leigh Taylor, Mr. H.S.
Windham Club, St. James Sq., London SW1, 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lelean, Col. P.S. CB, CMG, FRCS
Usher Institute of Public Health, Warrender Park Rd., University of Edinburgh 1937, 1938
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Personal: Member: Eugenics Research Association, USA 1938
Source: ESAR 1937, ERA list 1938
Lenel, Dr. Ursula MA, PhD, MIM, C Eng
Eugenics Society Member 1985
Personal: Chartered Engineer; Member, Institute of Metals
Source: B&S; 1986
Lenox Conyngham, Miss A.
The Manor House, Moneymore, Co. Derry, Ireland 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Leonard, Mr. T. LDS, RCS
Eugenics Society Member 1959
Personal: Licentiate in Dental Surgery
Source: ER 1959
Lerner, Prof. Michael BSA, PhD, DSc
Dept. of Genetics, Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Eugenics Society Fellow 1964, 1977
Personal: Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
Pubns:
Modern Developments in Animal Breeding. w/ H.P. Donald (1966 London, NY) "The economic and social perspective that has been created ... (in this book makes it) ... exceptionally valuable reading for students of animal science ... (and) ... those who have a responsibility in framing policies in animal breeding, government officials ... livestock authority employees and members of breed society councils." (ER 1967, p.125, review by M. Cooper); Genetic Homeostasis. 1954 (selection from genetic extremes may reduce fitness)
Source: ER 1964, 1977 list
Lethbridge, Commander M.H.
Guildford, Surrey
Eugenics Society Fellow 1957
Source: ER 1957
Lethbridge, Mrs.
Marycourt, Sidmouth, Devon 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lett, Mr. Hugh CBE, FRCS, KCVO, DCL
Eugenics Society Member 1933
Personal: Hugh Cochrane Baillie; Commander of the Order of the British Empire; Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons; Sir Hugh Lett 1941
Source: ER 1933
Levvy, Mrs. A.C.
Aberdeen
Eugenics Society Fellow 1977
Source: 1977 list
Levvy, Mrs. G. A.
Bieldside, Aberdeenshire
Eugenics Society Fellow 1957
Source: ER 1957
Lewis, Dr. Aubrey MD, FRCP
Mill Hill Emergency Hospital, London NW7
Eugenics Society Council 1931-32, 1938-43 Fellow 1937, 1957 Director 1944
Clinical Director, Maudsley Hospital, Denmark Hill, London 1936-48; Prof. of Psychiatry, University of London 1946-66; Hon. Dir., Social Psychiatric Research Unit, MRC 1958
Personal: MB, BS 1923; Rockefeller Medical Fellow 1926-28; MD Adelaide, Australia 1931; FRCP (Johns Hopkins, Heidelberg); m. Hilda Lewis q.v.; World Federation of Mental Health Associate 1960-66
Pubns:
"German Eugenic Legislation: An Examination of Fact and Theory" ER, 1934-35, pp. 183-91; "Social Psychiatry" Edinburgh Med. Jl. 1951; 1958 "Fertility and Mental Disorder", ER, v. 50, p. 91, Galton Lecture 1958; Inquiries in Psychiatry. 1967; Mapother lecture 1969
Source: ESAR 1937, MBH p. 123, ER 1931-32, 1957, ER, WWW, Medical Directory 1958
Lewis, Dr. F.C. MD
Eugenics Society Council 1921 Member 1926
Source: ER 1921, Articles of Association, 1926
Lewis, Mr. Geoffrey BSc, D Phil
Abingdon, Oxfordshire
Eugenics Society Fellow 1977
Source: 1977 list
Lewis, Dr. Hilda MD, MRCP
Maudsley Hospital, London
Eugenics Society Member 1955 Fellow 1957 Council 1960, 1966
Personal: Lady Lewis; nee Stoessiger; wife of Aubrey Lewis q.v.; MB 1924; MD 1927; Psychiatric adviser to Conference of Societies Registered for Adoption; Psychiatrist for the Children's Society Adoption Committee 1958; Ass't Physician, Maudsley Hosp.; Hon. Dir., Children's Psychiatric Clinic, St. George's Hosp.; Company Director: Marie Stopes Memorial Foundation Ltd. 1960-, Society for Constructive Birth Control Ltd. 1960; d. Oct. 1966
Pubns:
Deprived Children: the Mersham Experiment. 1954 published by Oxford Press for the Nuffield Foundation; "Psychological Disorder in Children of Unsatisfactory Parents", ER 1955; Medical Aspects of Child Adoption. (ed.) 1966
Source: ER 1955, 1957, 1960, 1966, Obit ER 1966-67, p. 8; ER 1955-56, p. 149; Medical Directory 1958
Lewis, Dr. John Biddulph S. MA, MD, DPM
Beaconsfield, Bucks
Eugenics Society Fellow 1948
Personal: MA Cambridge Univ. 1919; DPM 1925; MD 1934; Emeritus Physician, Bethlem and Maudsley Hosp. 1958; ex- Medical Supt., St Bernard's Hosp.; Medical Officer, Anglo-Persian Oil Co., SW Persia
Pubns:
L.C.C. (London County Council) Handbook on Mental Health Social Work. (jt.)
Source: ER 1948-49, Medical Directory 1958
Lewis-Faning, Mr. E. PhD, DSc
Dept. of Preventive Medicine, Welsh National School of Medicine, Cardiff, Wales
Eugenics Society Fellow 1946, 1957
Pubns:
Report of the Royal Commission on Population. 1948; "Family Limitation and Its Influences on Human Fertility during the last fifty years", cited by Lane Report
Source: ER 1945-46, 1957
Background:
The Catholic Bishops attacked eugenics in their comment on the Report of the Royal Commission on Population: "The inspiration of the report was not so much in the birth control movement as in the pseudo-science eugenics" (Roman Catholic Hierarchy in the newspaper, "The Universe", quoted in ER, July 1951, p. 71)
Lewis-Jones, Dr. D.I.
Eugenics Society Member 1986
Source: B&S; 1988
Leybourne, Miss Grace G. MA, BSc, PhD
Eugenics Society Member 1939
Personal: Commonwealth Fellow to USA 1935-37; Cons. to Resettlement Division of the USA 1935-37; Research worker, Population Investigation Committee 1937
Pubns:
"Estimate on the Future Population of Great Britain", (Soc. Rev. 1934, ER 1937, p. 97)
Source: ER 1938-39
Leyton, Dr.
Hinksey Hill, Oxford 1937
Eugenics Society Life Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Leyton, Mrs. Helen G.
London SW5
Eugenics Society Fellow 1957
Source: ER 1957
Librach, Dr. Israel Mayer MB, BCh, DPH, DCH
Romford, Essex
Eugenics Society Member 1947, 1983
Personal: MB Belfast 1938; Diploma in Public Health 1942; Examiner and Lect., General Nursing Course, St. John Ambulance Brigade and British Red Cross; Ass't Medical Officer of Health, Nottingham; Physician, Red Bridge Health District; Fellow, Society of Medical Officers of Health 1958; ret. by 1991
Pubns:
Medical Cons., to Nursing Mirror; Editorial Board: Medical Digest, British Jl. of Clinical Practice
Source: ER 1947, B&S; 1984, Medical Directory 1958, 1985, 1991
Lidbetter, Mr. E.J.
West Worthing, Sussex
Eugenics Society Fellow 1921, 1937, 1957 Council 1931-32
Personal: Poor Law Officer; developed term 'social problem group'; worked with Nettleship q.v.; 1937 address: 69 Reigate Rd., West Worthing, Sussex; d. 1962
Pubns:
"Some Examples of Poor Law Eugenics", ER 1910, p. 204 ff; "The Social Problem Group as Illustrated by a Series of East London Pedigrees", Galton Lecture, 1932, ER 1932; Heredity and the Social Problem Group. 1933
Source: Articles of Association 1926, ER 1931-32 1957, Obit ER
Quotes:
"...the standard of pauperism laid down by the Commission of 1834 that the condition of the pauper should be less eligible than that of the independent laborer"
"...a high proportion of chargeability is due to defect, which, if not hereditary, is yet found repeated in the children and grandchildren of defectives." both quotes from "Some Examples of Poor Law Eugenics", ER 1910, p. 204 ff
Liddell, Dr. Emily Margaret MB, BS, DCH, DPM
London
Eugenics Society Fellow 1963, 1977
Personal: MB, BS London; Diploma in Child Health 1950; Diploma in Psychological Medicine 1954
Source: Medical Directory 1958; ER 1963, 1977 list
Light, Miss Phyllis A. BSc
Eugenics Society Member 1965
Source: ER 1965
Lightbourne, Dr. R.E.A. BA, MSc, PhD
Eugenics Society Member 1981
Pubns:
Urban Rural Differentials in Contraceptive Use. 1980, London World Fertility Survey
Source: Bulletin of the Eugenic Society 1982
Lilly, Miss Lorna J.
Botany Dept., Liverpool Univ., Liverpool
Eugenics Society Member 1955, 1957
Source: ER 1955, 1957
Limerick, Countess Angela GBE, CH
Chiddingley, West Hoathly, Sussex
Eugenics Society Fellow 1932, 1937, 1957, 1977
"Countess of Contraception"
Personal: Angela Trotter; m. 5th Earl of Limerick; d. 1981; Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire
son, Patrick
(Patrick; Dep. Chmn., Kleinwort Benson Grp. since 1985 and was a director of Kleinwort Benson Ltd. 1967- (Vice Chairman: 1983-85, Deputy Chmn. 1985-87)
Patrick m. Sylvia
(Sylvia; Chmn., British Red Cross Society since 1985; Health Council, Kensington 1974-77; Vice President, UK Cttee for UN Children's Fund 1979- (Pres.1972-79); Member, Cttee of Management, Inst. of Child Health 1976-; Reviewed National Association of Citizens Advice Bureau 1983; Pres., Health Visitors Assoc. (from Debretts 1988, WSW 1990))
see Limerick, Earl of q.v.
Background: Population Concern was set up by Earnest Kleinwort, Sir Cyril Kleinwort, Prince Philip, Lord Caradon, Lord Renton and Lord McCorquodale. The McCorquodale's are connected with Glaxo Pharmaceuticals, the contraceptive manufacturer. Kleinwort Benson is the largest merchant bank in Britain.
Source: ER 1932, 1957, ESAR 1937, 1977 list, WSW 1990
Limerick, The Rt. Hon. Earl of DSO
Eugenics Society Fellow 1933, 1937
Personal: 5th earl; Edmund Colquhoun; b. 1888; m. 1926 Angela Olivia Trotter q.v.; succ. 1929; Pres., Medical Research Council (MRC) 1952-60
Source: ER 1933, ESAR 1937, Debretts 1988
Background: - 4th Earl - William Edmond de Vere Shaeffe; b. 1863; d. 1929
Lindon, Mrs. J.B.
23 Bryanston Sq. London W1, 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lindsay, Dr. Archibald C. MB, ChB
Preston, Lancs
Eugenics Society Member 1948, 1957
Personal: MB Glasgow 1919; Exam. Medical Officer, National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act; Treasury Medical Officer; Clinical Ass't, Royal London Ophthal. Hosp. (Moorfields)
Pubns:
Annual Reports., Medical Officer of Health, Tickhill Urban District Council
Source: ER 1948-49, 1957, Medical Directory 1958
Lindsay, Prof. J.A.
Belfast, N. Ireland
Eugenics Society Member 1911, 1916
Source: ER 1911, 1916
Ling, Dr. T.M. MD, MRCP
Eugenics Society Fellow 1944
Source: ER 1944
Lister, Dr. H.
Eugenics Society Member 1960
Source: ER 1960
Lister, Mr. H. BSc, PhD
Dept. of Geography, Newcastle upon Tyne Univ., Newcastle upon Tyne
Eugenics Society Member 1977
Source: 1977 list
Little, Dr. J.
Eugenics Society Member 1986
Source: B&S; 1988
Littlejohn, Dr. E.S. MRCS, LRCP
The Manor, Epsom, Surrey 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1931, 1937
Source: ER 1931, ESAR 1937
Livermore, Lt. Col. N.B.
216 Pine St., San Francisco, California, USA 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lloyd, Mr. E.M.H. BA, CB, CMG
Tillingbourne Hey, Gravel Hill, Boxmoor, Herts
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937, 1957 Council 1938-43
Personal: b. 1889; m. Margaret Russell (father was Rollo Russell); Ministry of Food 1917-19; Econ. and Financial Section, League of Nations 1919-21; Ministry of Food 1939-42; UNRRA; FAO 1946-47; Undersecretary, Ministry of Food 1947-53; Pres., Agricultural Economics Society; Consultant, PEP (see Elmhirst q.v, Lafitte q.v.)
Pubns:
Experiments in State Control. 1924; Food and Inflation in the Middle East 1940-45.
Source: ER 1937, 1943, 1957, WWW
Lloyd, Mr. T.E.
43 Hanna Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ER 1937, ESAR 1937
Lobstein, H.E. BSc, MIS
Eugenics Society Member 1965
Source: ER 1965
Lockhart, Mrs.
Eugenics Society Member 1933
Source: ER 1933
Lockhart, Dr. L.P. MD
Eugenics Society Member 1932
Source: ER 1932
Logan, Mr. R.Y.
Eugenics Society Member 1938
Source: ER 1938
Lomax, Miss J.
9 Handside Lane, Welwyn Garden City, Herts 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Long, Mrs. Arthur
Eugenics Society Member 1947, 1951
Personal: author; wrote under pseudonyms Marjorie Bowen, George Preedy, Joseph Shearing; biographies of William of Orange, John Wesley, John Knox, Lady Hamilton, Mary Wolstoncraft, Mary, Queen of Scots
Source: ER 1947, 1951; Obit ER 1953, p. 14
Long, Mr. Vincent
Delisle Ltd., London
Eugenics Society Member 1949, 1957
Source: ER 1948-49, 1957
Lopes, Dr. Cunha
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ER 1937
Lorenc, Dr. J.
Eugenics Society Member 1943
Source: ER 1943-45
Lorimer, Lt. Col. D.L.R. CIE, IA, MRAS, FRGS
Welwyn Garden City, Herts
Eugenics Society Member 1957
Personal: Indian Army 1937; 1937 address: 32 Parkway, Welwyn Garden City, Herts
Source: ESAR 1937, 1957 list
Lorsignal, Madame Bertha
Eugenics Society Fellow 1936
Personal: b. Bertha White; m. Mons. Lorsignal; worked for the legalization of abortion; Exec. Cttee and v.p., Abortion Law Reform Association (1st)
Source: ER 1936, Obit ER 1955-56, p. 14
Lotka, Alfred J.
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Personal: Ass't Statistician, Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., 1 Madison, Ave., New York, NY, USA 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lourie, J.A. BA
Eugenics Society Member 1966
Source: ER 1966
Lovesay, Miss Catherine
Eugenics Society Member 1945
Source: ER 1945
Low, Dr. Alexander
144 Blenheim Pl., Aberdeen 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Low, Mrs. Helen
London
Eugenics Society Member 1955, 1957
Source: ER 1955, 1957
Luard, Mr. D.G.T.
Eugenics Society Member 1958
Source: ER 1958
Lubbock, The Hon. Moyra
Manor House, Wardington, Banbury 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Personal: sister of 3rd Baron Avebury q.v.; b. 1917; m. Dorian Williams 1938
Pubns: books on psychology of horses and humans
Source: ESAR 1937, ER 1937, Debretts 1990
Lucan, Earl of MC
11 Hanover House, London
Eugenics Society Member 1957
Personal: b. 1898; 6th Earl; Coldstream Guards, WW I and WW II (Colonel, commanded 1st Battalion, WWII); Captain, H.M. Bodyguard of the Yeomen of the Guard 1950-51; Parliamentary Undersecretary of State for Commonwealth Relations 1951; Chief Opposition Whip in House of Lords 1954-; d. 1964; family name Bingham; family important in Co. Mayo, Ireland
Source: ER 1957, WWW, Debretts 1976
Lucas, Mrs.
Haworth House, Kintbury, Berks 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1937
Source: ESAR 1937
Lucas, Miss E.
Eugenics Society Member 1942
Source: ER 1942
Lucas, Mr. James Walter
224 Turney Rd., London SE21, 1937
Eugenics Society Member 1935, 1937
Source: ER 1935, ESAR 1937
Lugg, Mr. Albert
S. Tabors, Great Baddow, Chelmsford 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1932, 1937
Source: ER 1932, ESAR 1937
Lush, Dr. I.E.
Eugenics Society Member 1989
Source: ER 1989
Luytens, Lady Emily
Eugenics Society Council 1909-11
Personal: also important in the New Age movement.
Source: ER 1909-11; Constance Cumbey
Lyne, Mr. W. Courtney LDS
Wastehills, Constantine Bay, Padstow, N. Cornwall 1937
Eugenics Society Fellow 1936, 1937
Source: ER 1936, ESAR 1937
Lynn, Prof. Richard PhD
Dept. of Psychology, New University of Ulster, Coleraine, N. Ireland
Eugenics Society Fellow 1977
Personal: b. 1930; Prof. of Psychology, (Dublin) Economic and Social Research Institute Ltd.1967-72; Prof. of Psychology, Ulster Univ. 1972-(1994); Funded by the Pioneer Fund for "research into the comparative intelligence of races and the development of IQ over time. He argues that the oriental people are more genetically evolved than other races." (The Independent on Sunday, 1 March 1990, p. 4, Home Section); US MENSA Award for work on intelligence 1985; Hon. Assoc. Editor of Mankind Quarterly, see R.R. Gates q.v.
Pubns:
articles in Mankind Quarterly; The Irish Braindrain. 1969; Personality and National Character. 1971; An Introduction to the Study of Personality. 1972; Dimensions of Personality. (papers in Honor of H.J. Eysenck. 1981 (see Eysenck, Rees, Burt, Hearnshaw q.v.); 1988 "Why Johnny can't read, but Yoshio can", National Review, v. 40, Oct. 28, p. 40; Educational Achievement in Japan: Lessons for the West; "What makes peoples rich?", National Review, v. 43, Sept. 1991; The Secret of the Miracle Economy: Different National Attitudes to Competitiveness and Money, (rev. in Journal of Economic Psychology, June 1992, p. 370)
Source: 1977 list, WSW 1990; Journal of Biosocial Science 1994 January
Background:
Pioneer Fund: 299 Park Ave., New York, NY 10171, USA; Inc. 1937; educational research in heredity and genetics; support for immigration reform; Pres., Harry Y. Weyer; John B. Trevor Jr., Treas.; William D. Miller, Marion A. Parrott, Randolph Speight 1992; see AES list, entry under Wickliffe Draper, WWW, Pioneer.org, The Bell Curve
Lyon, Dr. Louis Carlyle MB, BCh
Eugenics Society Member 1948
Personal: MB Aberdeen 1927; Physician, Charterhouse Rheumatic Clinic; Mem., Marriage Guidance Council and Family Planning Association 1958; Medical Referee, London and Manchester Insurance Co.; Local Medical Officer, Metropolitan Water Board
Pubns: Editorial Bd., Medical Digest; "Menstrual Histories and the Tabulo Period Chart", Proc. Royal Society of Medicine 1956
Source: ER 1948-49, Medical Directory 1958
Lyttelton, Rev. Hon. E.
Eugenics Society V.P. 1909-11 First International Eugenics Congress 1912, General Committee
Source: ER 1909-11; Problems in Eugenics. 1912 (repr.)
Lytton, Earl of
Eugenics Society V.P. 1909-11
Personal: 2nd Earl; Victor Alexander George Robert; GCIE; succ. 1891; Civil Lord of the Admiralty 1917; Under Sec, of State for India 1920; Governor of Bengal 1922-27 (Acting Viceroy 1925); d. 1947
Source: ER 1909-11, Debretts 1990
Background:
- Edward George Bulwer Lytton; b. 1803; novelist; MP; Secretary of State to the Colonies 1858-59; d. 1873
- Edward Robert Lytton; CIE; b. 1831; Viceroy and Governor General of India 1876-80; Lord Rector of Glasgow University 1887-90; cr. Earl Lytton 1880; m. Edith Villiers (see P. Bloom, Uncommon People.); d. 1891