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Technological Determinism

"Technological determinism is the keystone of (Marshall) McLuhan's theories. If Marx believed that class struggle was the engine of history, then McLuhan held that the engine was the engine of history: he saw technological change, specifically, new forms of communication, as the prime mover behind human history.

"Societies have always been shaped more by the nature of the media by which men communicate than by the content of the communication," he wrote. In other words, the medium is the message."

Source: Dery, M., Marshall McLuhan, The Medium's Messenger


"A theory of the relationship between technology and society that sees the historical development of technology as separate and independent of social, political, and economic forces. In this view, technologies arise independently, and then determine the shape of societies associated with them.

Symptomatic technology also assumes that research and technology are self-generating, but sees their development in a slightly different way: historically, according to this theory, technologies become symptomatic of their societies. Intentional technology, on the other hand, views technological phenomena as the direct products of social, political, and economic forces."

Source: Monaco, J., How to Read a Film


Marshall McLuhan: The Medium's Messenger - by Mark Dery
Technological or Media Determinism - by David Chandler
Blinded by Science? - by John December
Déjà Vu All Over Again - by Todd Lappin

Other Essays (Society and Technology)

The Struggle of Writing against the Limitations of Print Culture - by James Tarling
The New Rule of Wireless - by George Gilder
New Telecomms, Family and Social Relations - by Karen Wale and Patricia Gillard
Invention as a Social Process by Brian Dickens
Shock Wave (Anti)Warrior - Peter Schwartz interviews Alvin Tofler
James Joyce and Pre-History of Cyberspace - by Donald F Theall
Vannevar Bush - by Marc Berrnier
As We May Think - by Vannevar Bush
Derrida and Deconstruction - by David Arnason
Scoping Out The Data Highway - by Mary Eisenhart
A Hypermedia Timeline - 1945 - 1994
'Writing as a Visual Art' by Graziella Tonfoni - A Foreword by Marvin Minski
The Role of Technology in Social Change
Information Technology and Social Change
The Media in Culture and (British)Society - Theoretical Approaches
Censorship - by Milton R. Konvitz
How are Media Born? - by Brian Winston
The Baylis Radio - Clockwork Radio Wins BBC Design Award - by Liz Clark
The March of Radio - Technology and Utopia
The Future of U.K. Commercial Radio in the UK - by Sandra Dickinson
Creative Radio for Development - by Gordon Adam
Radio "Me" Values - by Ted Hudson Research
Radio's Peacekeeping Potential - by Gordon Adam

Other Essays (The Industrial Revolution)

The Industrial Revolution - A Short Overview
Science and the Industrial Revolution - by Professor Ronald C. Tobey
The Industrial Revolution: An American Perspective - Encyclopedic References

Radio in Poetry and Prose

'Radio' - by Bertolt Brecht
A Broadcasting Alphabet - by Eleanor Farjeon
From Crystal Set To Internet - by Andrew Burke
Desert Sonnet Number 12 - by John Pockley
I Am a Radio - by Eric H. Palmer

Radio in Contemporary Song

Edison - by Barry, Robin and Maurice Gibb
Mr Radio - by Jeff Lynne
Radio Ga Ga - by Roger Taylor
Raised on Radio - by Perry and Cain
Video Killed the Radio Star - by Trevor Horn, Geoff Downes and Bruce Wolley

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