FINA DOPING CONTROL PROGRAMME


 
 

DOPING HOME

 
 

DOPING CASES

 
 

 IN and UNANNOUNCED-OUT-OF COMPETITION

TESTS 2004 TESTS 2003
TESTS 2001 TESTS 2002
TESTS 1999 TESTS 2000
   
 

PROVISIONAL SUSPENSIONS

   
 

BARCELONA 2003

DOPING CONTROL PROGRAMME
 
 

MOSCOW 2002

DOPING CONTROL PROGRAMME
 
 

FUKUOKA 2001

DOPING CONTROL PROGRAMME
   
 

NATIONAL FEDERATION DOPING CONTROLS REPORT 

2003

2002

2001

2000

   
  SPREADSHEET TEMPLATE
 
 

DOPING RULES

   
 

DOPING PANEL

 
 

IOC ACCREDITED LABORATORIES

 
 

If you do not have Adobe
Acrobat Reader installed on
your computer, please visit 
their web site:

 












 

 


BACK TO THE ATHENS 2004 OLYMPIC GAMES
 

DOPING NEWS



YEAR 2004 REPORT

 

Throughout the first semester 2004, the Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) continued to deliver a top-class anti-doping programme.

FINA has conducted 921 tests during this period, 677 of these were completed out-of-competition
... more »
 


 

THERAPEUTIC USE EXEMPTIONS

According to the World Anti-Doping Code anf FINA DC 4.4., FINA is responsible for handling the requests for TUEs and abbreviated TUEs from International-Level athletes or any other athlete who is entered in an International competition. 

1. Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)

This procedure applies for request to use any prohibited substances of the WADA List 2004 with the exceptions of four beta-2-agonists, Insulin and non-systemic glucocorticosteroids according to section 7 of the International Standard for TUE (please see Appendix 1 attached).

 

2. Abbreviated TUE

For use of specific prohibited substances such as four beta-2-agonists to prevent and treat asthma (formoterol, salmeterol, salbutamol and terbutaline), and non-systemic glucocorticosteroids, International-Level athletes shall provide a request for abbreviated TUE following the section 8 of International Standard for TUE (please see Appendix 2 attached).

No request for abbreviated TUE for International-Level athletes will be considered without the documents specified in the related form.

 

International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE)(English)
International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE) (French)
Appendix 1: Standard Application Form
(English)
Appendix 1: Standard Application Form (French)

Appendix 2: Abbreviated Process (English)
Appendix 2: Abbreviated Process (French)

 


FINA and THG

Considering the developments on the tetrahydrogestrinone (THG) and the advise of its experts, FINA decided to retest, for the detection of this substance, all the 312 urine samples collected in the swimming, diving, synchronised swimming, water polo and open water swimming competitions of the 10th FINA World Championships held last July in Barcelona (ESP).


FINA DOPING PANEL DECISION


Lausanne (SUI), January 25, 2004 - The FINA Doping Panel decided that Ms. Corrie Clark (USA) may have committed a doping offence by having taken caffeine in a quantity not permitted, when she competed on 14 August 2003 at the 14th Pan American Games in Santo Domingo (DOM).

However, according to the principle of lex mitior which must be applied she cannot be sanctioned in no case as caffeine since 1st of January 2004 is not any more on the list of prohibited substances.

 

DECISION GO »
 


FINA DOPING PANEL DECISION  

Lausanne (SUI), November 4, 2003 - The FINA Doping Panel has decided that Ms Yuliya Pidlisna (UKR) was suspended for two years after a positive doping control result for the substance Stanozolol (Anabolic Agent – Class C). The doping control test was conducted on July 31, 2003 at the occasion of the European Junior Swimming Championships held in Glasgow (GBR).

Ms Yuliya Pidlisna’s suspension started on September 19, 2003.

An appeal may be submitted against this judgement at the Court of Arbitration for Sport, Lausanne, Switzerland within one month after receipt of this decision (FINA Rule C 12.8.3).
 

FULL WORDING DECISION GO »


FINA DOPING PANEL DECISION

Lausanne (SUI), October 13, 2003 - The FINA Doping Panel has decided that Ms Natalia Khudyakova (UKR) was suspended for two years after two positive doping control results for the substance Stanozolol (Anabolic Agent – Class C). The doping control tests were conducted on 25th and 26th July 2003 as part of the 10th FINA World Championships held in Barcelona (Spain).

Ms Natalia Khudyakova’s suspension started on 18th August 2003.

In accordance with FINA Rule DC 9 – “an anti-doping rule violation in connection with an In-Competition test automatically leads to Disqualification of the individual result obtained in that Event with all resulting consequences, including forfeiture of any medals, points and prizes” -, the results achieved by this athlete at the occasion of the 10th FINA World Championships 2003 were cancelled. Khudyakova had been seventh in the women’s 50m butterfly, so the final classification in this race will be as follows:

1. Inge de Bruijn (NED) 25.84
2. Jenny Thompson (USA) 26.00
3. Anna-Karin Kammerling (SWE) 26.06
4. Yafei Zhou (CHN) 26.85
5. Chantal Groot (NED) 26.92
6. Vered Borochovsky (ISR) 26.98
7. Angela San Juan (ESP) 27.24

FULL WORDING DECISION GO »


CLARIFICATION ON THE NEW FINA DOPING RULES

DOPING RULES IN PDF (ENFORCED FROM 11TH SEPTEMBER 2003)

Lausanne (SUI), September 26, 2003 – Following the enforcement from 11 September 2003 of the new FINA Doping Control Rules, which comply with the World Anti-Doping Code accepted at the Copenhagen Conference on Anti-Doping 5 March 2003, and were approved at the FINA Extraordinary Congress last July in Barcelona, and because of some information published in the media that were incomplete concerning reduction of sanctions for some athletes suspended for abuse of prohibited substances, FINA would like to clarify that:

- A transitional rule allowing FINA to reduce the remaining suspension running at the day of enforcement to comply with new rules was adopted.

- In doping cases still not finished, FINA accepts the application of the new rules with a maximum sanction of two years ineligibility for use of prohibited substances.

- In the name of fairness against competitors sanctioned according to the old rules and applying the principle of “lex mitior” used by the Court for Arbitration in Sport (CAS) in several awards, reduction of sanctions have been made in a few cases.

- In accordance with the old FINA Doping Control Rules competitors, who had used anabolic agents and similar drugs were sanctioned with a four years suspension for the first offence. FINA searched acceptance for such a rule in the World Anti-Doping Code during the preparatory phase of the Code. In the end however the Code became approved with a two years ineligibility for abuse of prohibited substances.
 

FINA DOPING PANEL DECISION

The FINA Doping Panel has decided after the hearing held on July 17, 2003 that Mr. Juan Jose Veloz (MEX)
was suspended for four (4) years after a positive doping control to 19-Norandrosterone (metabolites of Nandrolone).

Under FINA Rules
DC 2.1 (a) and DC 9.1.1 Mr. Juan Jose Veloz’s suspension starts on 5 December 2002.

This judgment shall become effective immediately.  All results achieved by the swimmer during the period
from 28 February 2001until 16 July 2003 shall be cancelled.

FULL WORDING DECISION GO »


TRANSITIONAL RULE

The FINA Bureau, at its meeting held in Barcelona (ESP) in July 2003, adopted the following transitional rule after that the FINA Extraordinary Congress on the 11th July 2003 had approved new FINA DC Rules:

“If on the date upon which the new FINA DC Rules become effective – 11 September 2003 – the remaining term of ineligibility of a competitor sentenced under the former FINA DC Rules exceeds two years, the FINA Executive shall be authorised to review whether any time served by the competitor under the former FINA DC sanction should be credited to the term he/she would serve, if he/she had been sentenced under the new FINA DC Rules”.

The FINA Executive will, after the 11th September 2003, review all pending suspensions in order to apply the transitional rule. Information about new expiring dates for suspension imposed in accordance with the old FINA DC Rules will be transmitted in each case.


FINA DOPING PANEL DECISION

The FINA Doping Panel has decided after the hearing held on July 15, 2003 that Mr. Marko Strahija (CRO) was suspended for four (4) years after a positive doping control on hCG.

Under FINA Rules DC 2.1 (a) and DC 9.1.1 Mr. Marko Strahija's suspension starts on 27 November 2002.

This judgment shall become effective immediately.

All results achieved by the athlete during the period from 22 January 2002 to 26 November 2002 shall be cancelled.

FULL WORDING DECISION GO »
 


FINA DOPING PANEL DECISION

The FINA Doping Panel has decided after the hearing held on July 23, 2003 that Ms. Aleksandra Herasimenia (BLR) was suspended for four (4) years after a positive doping control on Norandrostone, Noretiocholanolone.

Under FINA Rules DC 2.1 (a) and DC 9.1.1 Ms. Aleksandra Herasimenia's suspension starts on June 3, 2003.

All results achieved by the athlete during the period from 25 September 2002 to June 2 2003 shall be cancelled.

FULL WORDING DECISION GO »

 


FINA DOPING PANEL DECISION

Barcelona (ESP), July 20, 2003 – The FINA Doping Panel has decided after the hearing held on July 19, 2003 to sanction with a STRONG WARNING the water polo player Andrey SHEVTSOV from the Canadian men’s team who tested positive for the presence of the main metabolite of Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the active drug of cannabis preparations.

The doping control test was carried out on July 14, 2003 at the occasion of the match played between Canada and Romania in the men’s water polo tournament of the 10th FINA World Championships.

FULL WORDING DECISION GO »
 


NATIONAL DOPING CASE

Lausanne (SUI), May 7, 2003 - The FINA Doping Panel, composed of Mr. Harm Beyer (GER), Chairman, Mr. Jean Lob (SUI), Member, and Mr. Farid Ben Belkacem (ALG), Member, has decided after a hearing on this matter that Mr. Reza Ojagh (IRI) was suspended for four (4) years after a positive doping control on Nandrolone.

Under FINA Rules DC 2.1 (a) and DC 9.1.1 Mr. Reza Ojagh's suspension starts on February 21, 2003.

All results achieved by the athlete during the period from 3rd August 2001 to 20 February 2002 shall be cancelled.

An appeal may be submitted against this judgement at the Court of Arbitration for Sport, Lausanne, Switzerland within one (1) month after receipt of this judgement (FINA Rule C 12.8.3).

 

FULL WORDING DECISION GO »

 


NATIONAL DOPING CASE

Lausanne (SUI), April 11, 2003 - The FINA Doping Panel, composed of Mr. Harm Beyer (GER), Chairman, Mr. Bernard J. Favaro (USA), Member, and Mr. Peter Kerr (AUS), Member, has decided after a hearing on this matter that Ms Linda van Herk (NED) was suspended for two (2) years after her refusal of testing.

Under FINA Rules DC 2.1 (d), DC 9.1.1 and DC 9.2 Ms van Herk's suspension starts on December 5, 2002.

Also according to FINA Rule DC 9.1.1 all results achieved by the swimmer in competitions during the time period from September 30, 2001 until April 10, 2003 shall be cancelled.

An appeal may be submitted against this judgement at the Court of Arbitration for Sport, Lausanne, Switzerland within one (1) month after receipt of this judgement (FINA Rule C 12.8.3).



FULL WORDING DECISION GO »
 


NATIONAL DOPING CASE

Lausanne (SUI), March 2, 2003 - The FINA Doping Panel, composed of Mr. Harm Beyer (GER), Chairman, Mr. Bernard J. Favaro (USA), Member, and Mr. Peter Kerr (AUS), Member, has decided after a hearing on this matter that Mr Mahmoud Jadaan (SYR) was suspended for four (4) years after a positive doping test on Metenolone.

Under FINA Rules DC 2.1 (a) and DC 9.1.1 Mr Jadaan's suspension starts on April 25, 2002.

Also according to FINA Rule DC 9.1.1 all results achieved by the swimmer in competitions during the time period from August 2, 2001 until March 1, 2003 shall be cancelled.

An appeal may be submitted against this judgement at the Court of Arbitration for Sport, Lausanne, Switzerland within one (1) month after receipt of this judgement (FINA Rule C 12.8.3).



FULL WORDING DECISION GO »


NATIONAL DOPING CASE

Lausanne (SUI), February 20, 2003 - The FINA Doping Panel, composed of Mr. Harm Beyer (GER), Chairman, Mr. Ben Belkacem Farid (ALG), Member, and Mr. Jean Lob (SUI), Member, has decided after a hearing on this matter that Ms Anna Stylianou (CYP) was suspended for four (4) years after a positive doping test on 19-norandrosterone (metabolite of nandrolone) carried out on June 16, 2002.

Under FINA Rules DC 2.1 (a) and DC 9.1.1 Ms Stylianou's suspension starts on July 2, 2002.

Also according to FINA Rule DC 9.1.1 a retroactive sanction involving the cancellation of all results achieved by the swimmer during the six-month period before the collection of the positive sample is imposed.

An appeal may be submitted against this judgement at the Court of Arbitration for Sport, Lausanne, Switzerland within one (1) month after receipt of this judgement (FINA Rule C 12.8.3).



FULL WORDING DECISION GO »


NEW LIST OF PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES
TO BE ENFORCED FROM JANUARY 1, 2003  

Appendix A » 
Appendix B » 


"The True Game", by WADA

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) launched an educational interactive program for athletes, trainers and others involved
in sport. Through "The True Game", an interactive, multilingual (French and English) game, players can enroll and test
their knowledge of doping issues.

The visitors of the site can also consult medical, scientific and sociological information on doping and share their opinions on these themes. All this can be found at
www.truegame.org

 


Lausanne, September 27, 2002 - The FINA Doping Panel, composed of Mr. Harm Beyer (GER), Chairman, Mr. Peter Kerr (AUS), Member, and Mr. Jean Lob (SUI), Member, have decided after the hearings held on September 26-27, 2002 in Lausanne (SUI) that Mr Vasilios DEMETIS (GRE) and Ms Katerina BLIAMOU (GRE) were suspended each for four (4) years after a positive doping test on 19-norandrosterone (metabolite of nandrolone) carried out on September 5 and 6, 2001 respectively with the occasion of the Mediterranean Games in Tunis (TUN).

Under FINA Rules DC 2.1 (a) and DC 9.1.1 Mr. Demetis’s suspension starts on September 5, 2001. As for Ms Bliamou’s suspension, she already has served six months and twelve days and the remaining time starts on May 8, 2002.  

Also according to FINA Rule DC 9.1.1 a retroactive sanction involving the cancellation of all results achieved by the swimmers during the six-month period before the collection of the positive sample is imposed.

 

An appeal may be submitted against this judgement at the Court of Arbitration for Sport, Lausanne, Switzerland within one (1) month after receipt of this judgement (FINA Rule C 12.8.3).

BLIAMOU FULL WORDING DECISION GO »
DEMETIS FULL WORDING DECISION  GO »


EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REJECTS COMPLAINT AGAINST
INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE and FINA
 BY SWIMMERS BANNED FROM COMPETITIONS FOR DOPING

Press release from the European Commission

English

French


CLAUDIA POLL (CRC) CASE

Lausanne, June 6, 2002 - The FINA Doping Panel, composed of Mr. Harm Beyer (GER), Chairman, Mr. Farid Ben Belkacem (ALG), Member, and Mr. Jean Lob (SUI), Member, have decided after the hearing held on May 31, 2002 in Lausanne (SUI) that Ms Claudia POLL (Costa Rica) was suspended for having tested positive with the substance Norandrosterone (Metabolites of Nandrolone) with the occasion of a doping control test as part of the 2002 FINA Unannounced Out-of-Competition Testing Programme on February 25th, 2002... more »

FULL WORDING DECISION  GO »

However, please note that the athlete has appealed against the judgement made by FINA Doping Panel to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS)


CLAUDIA POLL (CRC) CASE
The four-year ban imposed on Claudia Poll confirmed
by the
Court of Arbitration for Sport CAS
 Press Release from the (CAS)
 

Lausanne, 4 February 2003 - The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) has dismissed the appeal filed by the Costarican swimmer Claudia Poll against the decision of the FINA Doping Panel to sanction her further to a positive out-of-competition doping control with nandrolone metabolites. Accordingly, the decision made by the FINA Doping Panel on 3 June 2002, providing for a four-year suspension commencing on 26 March 2002, is confirmed.
In the framework of the out-of-competition doping control programme conducted by FINA, Claudia Poll underwent a doping test in February 2002. The samples were sent to the IOC-Accredited Laboratory in Montreal, Canada. The analyses performed by the laboratory revealed the presence of norandrosterone in a concentration of 7.3 ng/ml ("A" sample) and 7.5 ng/ml ("B" sample). On the basis of the laboratory report, this case was submitted to the FINA Doping Panel which decided to sanction the Costarican swimmer with a four-year suspension commencing on 26 March 2002 and to cancel all her results achieved during the period from 26 September 2001 to 26 March 2002.

Claudia Poll appealed against that decision before the Court of Arbitration for Sport. Her appeal was submitted to a Panel composed of three CAS arbitrators : Dr. Martin Schimke, attorney at law in Dortmund/Germany (President), Prof. Richard McLaren, Barrister at law in London/Canada, Mr. Denis Oswald, attorney at law in Neuchatel/Switzerland. A hearing was held in Lausanne on 12 December 2002 in the presence of the athlete, her legal counsel and the FINA representatives. CAS announced its final decision to the parties in the evening of 3 February 2003.

In her appeal, Claudia Poll put forward that the sampling procedure had not been properly carried out, that the laboratory had failed to follow some requirements with respect to the analysis procedure and that the quantities of nandrolone detected in her urine samples were too low, considering that this substance can be produced naturally by athletes.

In its decision, the CAS Panel confirmed the CAS case law with respect to the principle of strict liability in doping cases : it is a matter for the sports federation to prove the presence of a banned substance in the athlete's body; if the federation is successful in proving this element, there is a legal presumption that the athlete committed an offence, whatever the intention of the athlete to commit such offence; the athlete can reverse this presumption of guilt by showing that the case is not one of doping and that he/she is innocent but it is for him/her to produce that proof.

The Panel found that Claudia Poll did not bring any convincing argument to establish that the laboratory analyses were not correctly conducted. Furthermore, the Panel considered that the athlete did not establish that the sampling procedure was flawed. Finally, the arbitrators noted that the quantity of nandrolone detected in Ms Poll's urine was above the threshold of 5 ng/ml which is provided by the FINA Regulations.
 


FINA UNANNOUNCED OUT-OF COMPETITION 
DOPING CONTROL PROGRAMME

Combined urine and blood tests from June 2002

Lausanne, May 23, 2002 – FINA will implement from the beginning of June 2002 combined urine and blood tests for the detection of the synthetic hormone erythropoietin (rEPO), darbopoietin (dEPO) and/or related substances as part of its unannounced out-of competition doping control programme.

This important step forward in FINA’s fight against doping is a direct consequence of the approval of these testing procedures by the FINA Extraordinary Congress in Moscow (RUS) on April 2, 2002. According to the FINA Rules, the decisions of the Congress take effect in a two-month delay time, i.e. on June 2, 2002. From that date, the athlete’s refusal to carry out these tests will be considered a doping offence and will be duly sanctioned as per FINA Doping Rules.

Even before the Congress decision, FINA was the first International Sport Federation to undertake from February 26, 2002 combined urine and blood tests as part of its unannounced out-of competition doping control programme. Also, this new procedure was used for the first time in a FINA competition, during the 6th FINA World Swimming Championships (25m) in Moscow (RUS) from April 3-7, 2002 (154 tests, of which 98 were blood samples, all negative). In both cases, the collection of the samples was depending on the athlete’s consent.


DOPING CONTROL PROGRAMME IN MOSCOW 2002
6th FINA Swimming World Championships (25m)
 

154 doping tests conducted in Moscow at the occasion of the 6th FINA Swimming World Championships (25m) were negative.  From those 98 were blood tests, the first conducted in FINA competitions to detect the presence of the synthetic hormone erythropoietin (rEPO), darbopoietin and related substances... more »
 


FINA EXTRAORDINARY CONGRESS ADOPTED BLOOD TESTING - APRIL 2, 2002

Moscow, April 2, 2002 – Delegates from 70 FINA National Federations unanimously adopted during an Extraordinary Congress held on April 2, 2002 in Moscow (RUS) the inclusion of both urine and blood tests for testing the presence of the synthetic hormone erythropoietin (rEPO), darbopoietin (dEPO) and/or related substances in the FINA Doping Control Rules.

After being the first International Federation to undertake from February 26, 2002 combined urine and blood tests as part of the unannounced out-of competition doping programme... more » 
 


FINA WILL TEST rEPO AND RELATED SUBSTANCES  
DURING THE 6th FINA WORLD SWIMMING CHAMPIONSHIPS (25m)

Lausanne, February 26, 2002 - FINA (Fédération Internationale de Natation) announced today that testing for the presence of the synthetic hormone erythropoietin (rEPO) and related substances would take place in conjunction with the 6th FINA World Swimming Championships (25m) to be held in Moscow (RUS) from April 3-7, 2002... more » 


NATIONAL FEDERATION DOPING CASE 
TRENT BRAY (NZL) 

Lausanne, March 22, 2002

The Court of Arbitration for Sport rules:

1.  The appeal is partially upheld

2.  The decision of the FINA Doping Panel of June 14, 2001 is modified as follows:

Mr. Trent Anthony Brent is suspended for a period of two years beginning on May 19, 2000.  All results obtained by the Appellant six months prior to May 19, 2000 are cancelled.

3.   The award is pronounced without costs, except for the Court Office fee of CHF 500 (five hundred Swiss Francs) paid by Mr. Bray which is kept by the CAS.

4.    Each party shall bear its own costs.


See the relevant dates of Trent Bray National Doping Case (NZL)

 


NATIONAL FEDERATION DOPING CASES

The Chinese swimmers Ying Shan and Jiawei Zhou are temporarily suspended by the Chinese Swimming Association after they tested positive for clenbuterol in a doping control carried out on January 31, 2002.

The Chinese Swimming Association is now proceeding to a further investigation on these two cases in order to decide the sanctions in accordance with the FINA Rules.

 


NATIONAL FEDERATION DOPING CASE 

Vasileios Demetis (GRE) appealed to the Greek Athletics Court.

(The Greek Swimming Federation, following its Rules and Regulations as well as the FINA Doping Rules, decided to impose... more
»   )


FINA DOPING PANEL DECISION
on CEZAR BADITA (ROM) DOPING CASE

The FINA Doping Panel decided on 10 February 2001 the following conclusion
on
Cezar Badita Doping Case

A
suspension of one (1) year,

shall be imposed on Mr. Cezar Badita, the suspension to start with 10th February 2001.

Also a retroactive sanction involving the 

Cancellation of all results achieved by the swimmer during
the period prior to the date the suspension takes effect
and extending back to six (6) months before 20 May 2000

is imposed. (see complete report » )


NEW FINA LIST OF PROHIBITED SUBSTANCES

The new list of FINA prohibited substances will take effect on September 1, 2001 and will remain in effect until December 31, 2002.
 



FINA
wishes to clarify its position in relation to some press statements on Erythropoietin (EPO) tests being conducted in connection with the Goodwill Games in Brisbane (AUS)

more
»

 


GH 2000 PROJECT 

WORLD SWIMMING CHAMPIONSHIPS IN HONG KONG -  APRIL 1999
As part of their campaign against the use of performance enhancing drugs in swimming FINA invited GH-2000 to send a team out to Hong Kong to the World Short course Swimming Championships in April 1999. GH-2000 offered to provide confidential post-event blood testing to detect the use of GH on swimmers on a voluntary basis. The information gathered was not to be used as evidence of a doping offence but to be used by FINA to see if there was any evidence to suggest that levels of markers of GH in blood different in any way from those of other international athletes, and in particular to assess whether there was any indication of doping amongst any of the swimmers.  Report and results.

 


STATEMENT

WITH REGARD TO DOPING CONTROL AT THE FINA SWIMMING WORLD CUP COMPETITIONS IN BERLIN (GER) 5-6, FEBRUARY 2000.

 

Shortly after the end of the FINA Swimming World Cup competition in Berlin (GER) 5-6 February 2000 FINA received information about an incident in the doping control station at the swimming complex.

After having been approached by the Australian Swimming Inc. and United States Swimming, the FINA Executive, on February 8th , decided to request written reports from those present in the doping control station.

Written reports have been provided FINA by the following persons:

February 9th  Dr. Eide Luebs, FINA Medical Delegate
February 16th  Chief Thomas, TSC Member, FINA Delegate
February 17th  Ian Thorpe (AUS) swimmer
February 21st  Lenny Krayzelburg (USA) swimmer, John Skinner (USA) coach
February 23rd  Don Talbot (AUS) coach

Faxletters in this matter have also been received from Terry Gathercole, President, Australian Swimming, Inc, Vena Murray, Executive Director, Australian Swimming Inc., and Chuck Wielgus, Executive Director, United States Swimming, Inc.

The FINA Executive has considered the reports from those persons directly involved in what happened in the doping control station in Berlin. The following observations have been made.

1. No violation of the FINA Doping Control Rules valid from 1 June 1999 has taken place at the doping control neither by the FINA Medical Delegate nor by anybody else.

2. The following remarks made in the reports requested special comments:

a) Although FINA Rule DC 6.4.5 requests that “the competitor must show identification at the doping control station” personal recognition of the competitor by the staff should be acceptable.
b) The use of a German Swimming Federation Doping Control form containing all necessary information does not invalidate the doping control.
c) There is no requirement in FINA Rule DC 8.1.6 that the competitors shall place the A- and B- containers in a transport container.
d) The FINA Rule DC 6.2 requests that “any swimmer establishing or breaking a World Record shall submit to doping control following the race”. It is thus the responsibility of the swimmer to do so.
e) The use of Versapak kits has been approved by FINA.

3. The FINA Executive decided that no action needs to be taken in the matter.
 

RECOMMENDATION:

Without correct knowledge about the FINA DC Rules, competitors and coaches should not interfere in the procedures at the doping control station. Medical Delegates appointed by FINA are responsible for the procedures and their decisions and actions must be respected in order not to create any doubt regarding the correctness of doping control at FINA Events. Remarks, if any, shall be directed to FINA without involvement of any third person.

Lausanne, March 1, 2000
 



The IOC Medical Commission has distributed the following explanatory note which modifies the reporting levels for Salbutamol and Ephedrines: 

Salbutamol:

Salbutamol is classified as both a stimulant and an anabolic agent.

The intent of unannounced out-of-competition testing is to detect anabolic agents. The revised rules on salbutamol consider it as anabolic agent when its concentration is higher than 500 nanograms/millilitre and confirmed by enantiomeric analysis.

However, pending the acceptance of the enantiomeric analysis by a peer-reviewed journal, only concentrations higher than 1000 nanograms/millilitre will be considered a positive as an anabolic agent until further notice. Samples that contain less than this amount are not to be reported to the authorities for unannounced out-of-competition testing.

In-competition testing is designed to detect the use of salbutamol either as an anabolic agent or as a stimulant. Whether or not the administration of salbutamol is declared is an important issue for in-competition testing.

As always, it is the task of the authorities to interpret the laboratory finding. In order not to overload authorities with the need to confirm medical notifications of non-recent inhaled use, laboratories do not need to report concentrations lower than 100 nanograms/millilitre.

All concentrations above correspond to free (non conjugated) salbutamol.

Ephedrines:

The pharmacology and urinary pharmacokinetics of the ephedrines were reviewed. The consensus was that the revised cutt-offs would detect all cases of doping where the ephedrines were ingested on the day of competition.



FINA DOPING CONTROL REVIEW BOARD MEETING
17 January 2000, Lausanne (SUI)


The FINA Doping Control Review Board had its 2nd Meeting on January 17 in Lausanne (SUI), with Dr. Andrew Pipe chairing the meeting. Attending the Meeting were: Mr. Gunnar Werner (FINA Honorary Secretary), Mr. Cornel Marculescu (FINA Executive Director), Prof. J. Malcolm Cameron (FINA Medical Committee Honorary Secretary), Dr. Brian Corrigan (AUS), Prof. Winton Arthur Hawksworth (RSA), Willem L. Mosterd M.D., Ph.D. (NED), Prof. Wu Moutian (CHN), Prof. Jordi Segura (ESP). Only Dr. Bowers was absent.
Some of the main issues discussed in the Meeting were the Review of Application for Exemptions and Review and the protocol for doping tests during Olympic Games and World Championships. The subject of blood testing was also mentioned: Dr. Mosterd expressed an opinion that blood collection is acceptable more in a moral way and it is faster, whilst Dr. Segura said that he did not foresee blood testing replacing urine analysis in the near future. Dr. Pipe stated that there are no reliable tests yet developed and that for the moment this remains a political issue.
It was agreed that the next meeting of the DCRB would be held on November 3, 2000, also in Lausanne (SUI).


FINA DELEGATION VISIT TO CHINA
1-3 December 1999, Shanghai (CHN)

The FINA delegation was formed by:
Mr. Ross E. Wales, FINA Vice President, Head of Delegation
Mr. Roger Smith, FINA Vice President
Mr. Sam Ramsamy, FINA Bureau Member, FINA Spokesperson
Mr. Pipat Paniangvait, FINA Bureau Member
Mr. Cornel Marculescu, FINA Executive Director

The following is a summary of the FINA Delegation meetings with representatives of the Chinese Swimming Association led by Vice President, Mr. Shi Tianshu.

The delegation also met with representatives of the Shanghai Swimming Association, athletes and coaches and visited the various swimming centres in the city of Shanghai.
 



Shanghai, China - 1-3 December 1999. FINA concluded their follow-up visit to China today where they received reports on doping control instituted by the Chinese Swimming Association. Previously, the FINA delegation visited China in 1995 and then again in 1998.

The delegation was pleased to learn that most of the recommendations that were jointly agreed upon at the February 1998 meeting had been implemented. Also, the delegation was very satisfied to hear that the Chinese Swimming Association, in conjunction with Chinese Olympic Committee, has instituted blood sampling of swimmers as a pilot project.

Moreover, the FINA delegation learned of more positive actions taken by the Chinese Swimming Association:

1. that the Chinese Swimming Association has strengthened its publicity policy on anti-doping and has expanded its education programme.

2. that there has been a marked increase in the number of unannounced out-of-competition tests. For 1999, 646 tests have already been conducted, 217 in-competition and 429 unannounced out-of-competition. In 1998 4 tests were returned positive and the appropriate sanctions were imposed on the guilty swimmers.

3. that the regulations pertaining to the allotment of cash awards were revised so that only 20% of the money is paid to the swimmers and the coaches and the remainder is only paid four years later, provided that the swimmer does not return a positive drug test.

4. that the Chinese Swimming Association now engages in international exchanges so that the previous suspicions and perceptions are corrected and clarified.

However, there was concern that certain aspects of the initial agreement had either not been fulfilled completely or that their implementation  had not been reported to FINA. The following was pointed out to the Chinese Swimming Association:

1. The issue surrounding  the Chinese Swimming Association's initial proposal to impose more severe sanctions for doping offences than imposed by FINA has been partially diluted. Because the FINA delegation understands the legal and social debate arising out of such severe sanctions, such an amendment should have been adopted in consultation with FINA.

2. There is a lack of fluidity in the communication process between the Chinese Swimming Association and FINA. FINA need to be informed in a timely manner about actions taken by the Chinese Swimming Association. Poor communication has resulted in delays in locating swimmers to conduct the unannounced out-of-competition doping tests.

The FINA delegation understands and accepts that doping in sport is a worldwide problem and not only specific to China.

Therefore, FINA and the Chinese Swimming Association have agreed, as part of the on-going campaign against doping in sport generally and doping in swimming specifically that:

1. the Chinese Swimming Association improve their registration system so that the national and provincial systems are integrated.

2. an official should be appointed solely to deal with doping matters; to connect swimmers with anti-doping education resources and to disseminate the appropriate publicity material to swimmers and coaches.

3. the anti-doping education programme will be extended to all swimmers on the national and provincial levels. 

4. The communication with FINA will be prompt to avoid delays in the execution of decisions and in obtaining the relevant information to clarify positions and perceptions.

5. All actions taken to intensify doping control and strengthen the anti-doping education programmes must be communicated to FINA as soon as possible. These must also be communicated to the media so that the previous negative perceptions of Chinese Swimming Association can be corrected. 

Since February 1998 there have been six positive results returned on the Chinese swimmers. This indicates that the campaign against doping needs to be strengthened. Both parties are committed to pursue anti-doping matters until the issue is brought to a positive and favorable conclusion.

 

 


 












 

TOP

 


  Competitions   |   Results     |   Calendar  |   Biographies   |   Records  |  Rankings
Press Releases   |     Publications    |   Olympic News   |   Doping News
  Directory   |   Constitution   | Development Programme  | Officials Lists Email

©1996-2001 FINA. All Rights reserved.