Online Language Courses  
  • member of the Ugric branch of the Finno-Ugric languages.
  • the languages most closely related to Hungarian are Vogul and Ostyak, spoken near the Ob’ River in westernmost Siberia.
  • Hungarian has many different cases (esetek). Most common are the Nominative case, Accusative case, Dative case; some express location (inside: Inessive case, on the surface: Superessive case, nearby: Adessive case); some express placement (from inside: Elative case, from the surface: Delative case, from nearby: Ablative case, to inside: Illative case, to the surface: Sublative case, to nearby: Allative case); some express other relations (Terminative case, Essive-formal case, Instrumental-comitative case, Translative case, Causal-final case). There are further cases of restricted use (Locative case, Essive-modal case, Distributive case, Distributive-temporal case, Sociative case).
  • Hungarian vocabulary contains many words borrowed from various Turkic languages, as well as a few words borrowed from the Turkish language, and several hundred loans from German and Slavic languages but has retained its Ugric originality.
  • Hungarian is written using a variant of the Latin alphabet. Hungarian has a phonemic orthography. In addition to the standard letters of the Latin alphabet, Hungarian uses several additional letters. These include letters with acute accents (á,é,í,ó,ú) which represent long vowels, the diaereses ö and ü and their long counterparts ő (unicode Ő and ő) and ű (unicode Ű and ű). Sometimes ô or ő is used for ő and ű for ű due to the limitations of the Latin-1 / ISO-8859-1 codepage. Hungarian can be properly represented with the Latin-2 / ISO-8859-2 codepage, but this codepage is not always available. (Hungarian is the only language using the ő and ű codes.) Of course Unicode includes the glyphs, and they therefore can be used on the internet.
  • Hungarian distinguishes between long and short vowels, where the long vowels are written with accents, and between long consonants and short consonants, where the long consonants are written double. The digraphs, when doubled, become trigraphs: <sz>+<sz>=<ssz>. Usually a trigraph is a double digraph, but there are a few exceptions: tizennyolc "eighteen" is tizen + nyolc. There are doubling minimal pairs: tizenegyedik (eleventh) vs. tizennegyedik (fourteenth).


Online Dictionaries
Online newspapers





























© Copyright 2002-2004 Language Directory All Rights Reseved.

The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL