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1951 World Championship Match

1951 World Chess Championship
Mikhail Botvinnik (USSR) vs. David Bronstein (USSR)
Moscow, USSR
March 15 - May 11, 1951

Conditions:  Best of 24 Games.  In the event of 
a 12-12 tie, Botvinnik retains the title.



USSR, 1951 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Score
Botvinnik ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 12
Bronstein ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 1 0 ½ 12
Result:  Mikhail Botvinnik retains the World Title.

See the Games of the Match!

  • This is one of only two times in World Championship history in which the Black pieces scored higher than the Whites. In this match, Black won 6 times to White's 4 times. The only other championship match won by Black was the 1934 Alekhine-Bogolubov Match.

  • One unusual rule in this match was the requirement for adjourned games to have moves sealed in two separate envelopes, each given to separate arbiters. Botvinnik feared that a friendly arbiter might allow Bronstein to alter his move before the resumption.