The high point for per
capita egg consumption was 402 eggs in 1945. Per capita
consumption had been steadily declining due to life style
changes with more women working and to health concerns. Per
capita consumption reached its lowest in 1991 (233.9), but
has steadily increased as the good news about eggs reached
Currently, the top ten egg producing states (ranked by
number of layers represented in thousands) are:
1. Iowa 44,271, 2. Ohio -27,278, 3.
Indiana -23,474, 4. Pennsylvania -22,340, 5.
6. Texas - 13,679, 7. Nebraska -11,496,
8. Florida -11,000, 9. Georgia -10,965, 10.
The five largest egg producing states represent
approximately 50% of all U.S. layers.
U.S. egg production during July 2004 was 6.45 billion
table eggs. Total U.S egg production during 2003 was 73.93
billion table eggs.
Presently, there are 64
egg producing companies with 1 million plus layers and 11
companies with greater than 5 million layers.**
To date, there are
approximately 260 egg producing companies with flocks of
75,000 hens or more. These 260 companies represent about 95%
of all the layers in the U.S.** Seventeen years ago (1987),
there were around 2,500 operations.** (Number of operations
in 1987 include some contract farms and divisions.)
In 2003, the average
number of egg-type laying hens in the U.S. was 278.3
million. Flock size for August 1, 2004 was 283 million
layers; 3.18% larger than a year ago, up 9 million hens.
Rate of lay per day on August 1, 2004 averaged 71.0 eggs per
100 layers, down one percent from a year ago.
Of the 206.9 million
cases of shell eggs produced in 2003:
60.9 million cases
were further processed (for foodservice, manufacturing,
retail & export);
125.8 million cases (60.87%)
went to retail;
18.6 million cases (9.4%)
went for foodservice use; and
1.6 million cases ( 0.8%)
the first five months 2004, the U.S. exported 12.3 million
dozen table eggs, a decrease of 37 percent from the same
period in 2003. Table egg export value for January-May was
$10.2 million, down 3 percent. Top markets included Canada
and Hong Kong. In the first five months of this year, Canada
imported 8.4 million dozen table eggs a 211 percent
increase over 2003 valued at $6.7 million, up 204 percent.
Egg exports to Hong Kong totaled 2.8 million dozen, a
decrease of 63 percent. Value decreased by 33 percent to
$2.4 million. Unlike last year, when the EU imported
significant quantities of U.S. eggs to counter a severe
domestic shortfall because of disease problems in several
egg-producing EU member states, the U.S. exported no eggs to
the EU in the first five months of the year.
Egg product exports during
January through May of 2004 decreased in value by 9 percent
to $33.7 million compared to the same period in 2003. Canada
remained the largest market for U.S. egg products, importing
about $11.9 million, an increase of 11 percent. The EU
followed with imports of $8 million, up 10 percent. Exports
to Japan, which had traditionally been the largest and most
consistent market for U.S. egg products, fell by 58 percent,
to $5 million, as the U.S. and Japanese government continue
to negotiate terms of a cooking time and temperature
protocol for pasteurized egg products. ***
Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, **American Egg Board,