PC 68 
Achille Deveria 
(French, 1800-1857)
Satisfaction 
Lithograph, 1830 
8.5" x 10"
PC 69 
Achille Deveria
(French, 1800-1857)
Young Woman, Seated 
Lithograph, 1830 15.5" x 12"
Achille Deveria was a painter, lithographer, and stained-glass designer. He was a pupil of Louis Lafitte and specialized in illustration like his mentor. Deveria produced over 3000 lithographs, most of which were published by his father-in-law, Charles-Etienne Motte. Deveria is known for his "maniere noire" (dark manner) lithography. This involves covering the stone with broad hatchings of lithographic crayon, working it with a modeling tool to push the crayon into the grain, then covering the stone with chalk dissolved in turpentine, which creates an overall black tone. The light areas are brought out by removing the coating with flannel, brushes, or scraping tools. Later in his life he became Conservator of the Cabinet des Estampes of Bibliotheque Nationale. This appointment showed the esteem that artist-lithographers had attained at the time. 

Most of his work consisted of "pseudo-historical, pious, sentimental or erotic scenes."(Wright) These new images fed the dreams of fantasy of the generation. He rarely depicted tragic or grave themes, therefore appearing less Romantic than many other artists of the time. Deveria was also known for his portraits of artists and writers, whom he entertained in his Paris studio on Rue de l'Ouest. Some of his sitters included Dumas, Walter Scott, David, Gericault, Victor Hugo, and Franz Liszt. Baudelaire commented that his portrait series showed "all the morals and aesthetics of the age". 

The two Deveria prints in the Wake Forest Collection, Satisfaction and Young Woman Seated, both date from 1830. Satisfaction shows a woman lounging on a chase in a somewhat provocative pose, similar to the odalisques of nineteenth century art. The woman looks directly at the viewer and shows satisfaction in her half-smile as if awaiting a suitor, her hat and shoes lying on the floor below. An inscription on the border gives the date and publisher's name, Charles-Etienne Motte. Young Woman Seated is neither signed nor has any indication of ever being published. This woman is completely different than the one in Satisfaction. She wears a beautiful dress with many folds and layers as the wealthier women might have worn at the time. She sits uprights and turns her gaze away from the the viewer, in the more deferential pose commonly given to women in 19th century art. 

Caroline Gray (May, 2001)

References: 
Morel, Dominique. "Achille Deveria," Grove Dictionary of Art On-line.
Lithography, 200 Years of Art, History and Technique (New York, 1983).
M. Twyman, Lithography 1800-1850. (London, 1970).
W. Weber, A History of Lithography (New York, 1966). 
B. Wright, "Scott and Shakespeare in Nineteenth Century France," Arts-Magazine (Feb. 1981), 129-133.