OUR National Flag is our country’s most revered national symbol. It represents the Filipino Nation. It is historic and has a storied past.
The first emblem raised by the Filipinos when the Philippine Revolution broke out in August, 1896, was a red cloth at the center of which was the letter "K’’ written in the ancient Filipino script. Another flag had a skull and crossbones at the center of a black cloth. The color red was a popular among the Filipino patriots because it conveyed their readiness to fight for their country’s freedom, while the color black symbolized their willingness to die in pursuit of their libertarian dreams.
Our present national flag was the brainchild of President Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy. President Aguinaldo described its various features. The color red, he said, means that Filipino valor is second to none. This was the color that was used by the Filipino forces in Cavite when they joined the revolution on August 31, 1896, until the Truce at Biyak-na-Bato. The color blue symbolizes the loftiness of the Filipino aspirations for freedom. The color white declares to all that the Filipinos can govern themselves like any other people. The three five-pointed stars represent the three major geographic divisions of the Philippine archipelago; their five points represent the islands that abound in these geographic divisions. The eight rays in the risen sun represents the eight provinces of Bulacan, Pampanga, Morong (Rizal), Laguna, Batangas, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, and Cavite that were declared by the colonial government in a state of war (en estado de Guerra) and these rays drive away the darkness in the land, shining on the farthest reaches of the country people by Aetas, Igorots, Mangianes, Moros, etc., who are also Filipinos. Marcela M. Agoncillo, wife of the first Filipino diplomat Don Felipe Agoncillo and one of the three women who created the original flag, declared that the equilateral triangle represents the Katipunan ideals of Liberty, Equality, and the Brotherhood of Men.
Let us revere our National Flag. It is our national emblem and it embodies all our hopes and ideals as a people.