Australia's Lost Kingdoms

Australia's reptiles, birds and mammals from the Cretaceous to the present

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Powerful Thylacine (Thylacinus potens)

Powerful Thylacine
Powerful Thylacine.
Illustration: Copyright © A Musser.

Lived: 8 million years ago (late Miocene)

Size: Length (head and body): 1.5m

Description: Several kinds of thylacine have lived in Australia during the past 25 million years; the Powerful Thylacine was the largest of them all. It was also the largest meat-eating marsupial of its time.

The death of the last known Thylacine in Hobart Zoo, in 1936, marked the end of thylacines for all time. Today, the closest living relatives of the Powerful Thylacine are the dasyurid marsupials, including quolls and the Tasmanian Devil.

Fossils: A partial skull of the Powerful Thylacine was found at Alcoota Station in the Northern Territory.

Did you know?: The Powerful Thylacine was one of the largest carnivorous mammals ever to live in Australia. Only the Pleistocene Marsupial Lion was larger.

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