MATHEMATICS 1: Fall, 2003. Tu Th 1:152:30
Office: Fletcher 224 Phone: x 73160; Secretary x. 6218218.
Email: jgrabiner@pitzer.edu
Office Hours: Posted on Office Door
Also by appointmentjust ask!
Every reasonable effort will be made to accommodate students with disabilities.
If you need to request accommodations or need additional assistance, please
contact the Academic Support Services Office at 73553
Central Question:  


Key Illustrations: (1) Probability and Statistics (2) Geometry  
Required Books: 





Assignments: 


(a) "Realworld problems" This is to get us all into
the habit of seeing mathematics in the world. Each week (unless announced
otherwise), every student will find and hand in ON THURSDAY, at the START
of class, a realworld problem and its solution. (1) A description of the realworld situation that gives rise to the
problem 

(b) Daily responses: 10% of total grade. At the end of every class, hand one sheet of paper, explaining your view in one sentence of both of these: (1) the most important point (2) a question you have, or an item of interest to you. No makeups on these.  
(c) Occasionally: finding statistical fallacies in ads and in the news, analyzing publicopinion polls and advertisements, problem sets.  
(d) Short inclass report and 34 page written version of it. Near
the end of the course, each student will report on how mathematics is used in some area of interest to the student. In the past, topics have ranged from sports to painting to pathology to social work; please talk with me to find material on your topic. You provide your interest; I'll help you find the mathematics. Students in past years have found listening to other students' reports a highlight of the course. Attendance at others' reports, and written responses to them, will be required. This assignment will be worth 15% of your course grade. 

(f) Exams: Midterm in class, Thursday, October 16. Final: Wednesday, Dec. 17, 2 PM.  
(g) Grading: Midterm 22%, daily responses 10%, project 15%, all
other assignments 20%, Final 33%. 



CALENDAR for Math One, Fall 2003 

Dates & Assignments:  
Sept. 4.  Introduction to the course Pascal's "Wager," from the Pensées [Thoughts] (written in the 1650's) and Stephen Jay Gould, "The Median Isn't the Message" (from his Adam's Navel (1995). Question from L. A. Times (August 31, 2003) about polling. (All three readings will be handed out on Sept. 2. For the first two, identify the key philosophical points being made, ask yourself why the author chooses to use mathematics to make these points, and try to figure out the mathematicswe'll discuss it further in class.). 

Sept. 9:  Read Huff, How to Lie with Statistics, 2d. ed., first half.
Start working through the Huff handout (for you; NOT to be handed in). 

Sept. 11:  Second half of Huff. Note: We will also be looking at public
opinion polls, especially about the California recall, as they come about. We may deviate from this calendar if events promote it. 

Sept. 16:  Weaver, Lady Luck: The Theory of Probability, 21101. Do not miss this class; it will be your first introduction to probability theory.  
Sept. 18, Sept. 23, 25:  Weaver, 102117, 132135, 149156, 304323. More probability theory, applications, and philosophical implications. There will also be a problem set.  
Sept. 30:  The problem of free will. Laplace and Maxwell (in packet).  
Oct. 2:  Moving from "probable" to "certain": Plato, from Republic, selections from Books 6 &7. These are in the reading packet (or, if you own another edition of Plato, on Greek page numbers 509end of 528).  
Oct. 7:  If you're registered in California, don't forget to vote. Read: Plato, Meno.  
Oct. 9:  Reflections on the election. Second discussion on the Meno.  
Oct. 14:  Review of all material to date  
Oct. 16:  Midterm exam. Study questions will be provided.  
Oct. 21:  No class Tuesday (Fall Break).  
Oct. 23:  Euclid, Elements, pp. 241242 (Proposition I), up to the paragraph that starts "Zeno..." also, read and understand the definitions, postulates, common notions, on pages 153155. Be able to construct an equilateral triangle yourself with straightedge and compass, following the description in Proposition I. Note: The English used by Heath is oldfashioned, with subjunctive mode and complex words. Translate it into 21stcentury English for yourself, but make sure you understand it, and ASK ME if you don't.  
Oct. 28:  Euclid, Elements, Statements and proofs of propositions 1316,
pp. 275280; master the proof of prop.15. Handouts: "Informal remarks on proofs, " and "Logic Handout." These are important assigned readings. 

Oct. 30:  Begin Euclid's theory of parallels. Reread Postulate 5, and skim the notes following it, esp. pp. 202204, 220. Read the statements, and try to master proofs, in Book I, Propositions 2728.  
Nov. 4:  Continue with the theory of parallels, trying to master the proofs of Book I, Propositions 2932.  
Nov. 6:  Catchup on logic and parallels. Also, practical geometry: Euclid, Book I, Prop. 26, and the note on p. 305 and diagram. See if you can figure out how Thales, on the shore, found the distance of a ship at sea.  
Nov. 11:  Philosophy influenced by geometry: Descartes, selections from Discourse on Method (1637), in packet  
Nov. 13:  Benedict Spinoza, selections from Ethics, (1675), "On God," in packet. Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence, in packet. (Also, you should be thinking about your project topic. Please ask me if you would like help or advice.)  
Nov. 18:  George Gamow on nonEuclidean Geometry (in packet). Exhibition,
in class, of 2dimensional and 3dimensional nonEuclidean spaces. DO NOT MISS THIS CLASS: It's cool. 

Nov. 20:  Kant, Prolegomena and Critique of Pure Reason (selections), in packet.  
Nov. 25:  Voltaire, selections from the Dictionary (in packet). Helmholtz, "Geometrical Axioms," in packet.  
Nov. 27:  Happy Thanksgiving  
Dec. 24.  Student reports. Everyone must be ready on Monday. Responses to be handed in each day. 5 homework points for each response; no makeups.  
Dec. 911.  Student reports. Responses, as in previous week. A review will be scheduled for the final, and study questions will be made available.  
Dec. 17  Final Examination, Wednesday, December 17, 2:00 P. M.  