Summary of Reportable Injuries in Oklahoma
Oklahoma City Bombing Injuries
Locations of Deaths and Injuries
Deaths. Of 167 persons who died, 163 were occupants of the Alfred P. Murrah Building (Figure 2). Of these, 118 worked in the Murrah Building, 15 were children in the day-care center, and 30 were visitors (including 4 children) in the building, Two additional deaths occurred in the Water Resources Building, one death in the Athenian Building, and one death occurred outdoors near the blast.
Occupants of the Alfred P. Murrah Building experienced the highest number of injuries and deaths (Figure 3). Forty-five percent (163/361) of the building's occupants died, and 47% (168/361) were injured, yielding a combined fatal and nonfatal injury rate of 92% (331/361). Within the second floor day care center of the Murrah Building, 76% (19/25; 15 children and 4 adults) of the occupants died. Additionally, 1 death (which was not a direct result of the blast) occurred when a volunteer rescuer was injured entering the Murrah Building after the blast.
Injured Survivors. Sixty-one percent (419) of injured survivors were located inside the most heavily damaged buildings at the time of the blast: Murrah (168 injured persons), Journal Record (128), YMCA (78), Water Resources (41), and Athenian (4).
Another 25% (172) of injured survivors were located in other buildings and 9% (60) were outdoors or in vehicles at the time of the blast. Location was not ascertained for 33 (5%) of injured survivors.
Uninjured Survivors. Thirty-four percent (305/886) of survivors in the most heavily damaged buildings [Murrah (30), Journal Record (168), YMCA (85), and Water Resources (22)] were uninjured or received very minor injuries that did not require medical treatment. Another 85 persons in other buildings, outdoors, or in vehicles, survived uninjured or with very minor injuries that did not require medical treatment.
Acute Care Hospital Costs. Hospital charges for acute care exceeded $2.5 million (charges exclude emergency transport, physician, surgeon and rehabilitation charges). The mean charge for persons treated and released in emergency departments was over $350 and the mean hospitalization charge was over $28,000.