Standard No 41 / ? / GB
YUGOSLAV SHEPHERD DOG - arplaninac
ORIGIN : Yugoslavia / Macedonia.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE VALID ORIGINAL STANDARD
CLASSIFICATION FCI : Group 2 (Pinschers and
Schnauzers, Molossus and Swiss Shepherd Dogs)
Section 2.2 (Molossus - A type of Mountains Dog)
Without Working Trial.
|The shepherd dog of Sarplanina is
Yugoslav dog breed from ancient times in all
South-Eastern mountain regions of Yugoslavia. Most
frequently found in the region of Sarplanina (Shara
mountain), hence the name, now it is breed throughout the
country The breed was registered with FCI in 1939., reg.
No.41, under the name of Illyrian shepherd dog. In 1957.,
at the request of JKS (Yugoslav association), FCI
accepted the change of name into Yugoslav Shepherd Dog -
Sarplaninac. Its true origin can only be speculated upon.
It had probably come from Asia to Europe and the Balkans,
alongside the cattle herded by the peoples migrating that
way. However, it has remained unchanged in type only in
the previously mentioned regions, where extensive sheep
herding is still the predominant type, with this dog as
an irreplaceable herding dog and guard against wild
GENERAL APPEARANCE AND
|Strong, well-built dog, above the
average height, of completely harmonious build. Covered
with long, thick and rather rough coat, which presents
the impression of compact build. Dog with strong
constitution, calmly tempered, well-natured but very
sharp. Devoted to his master and incorruptible dog.
|Average height of the male is 62 cm
and 58 cm for females. Taller dogs are desirable. Males
under 56 cm and females under 54 cm are eliminated from
gaining a positive mark. Average weight of an adult male
in working condition is between 35 and 45 kg, and of a
female between 30 and 40 kg.
|The body is slightly longer than its
height (male 8-10% and female 10-12% longer of height).
|The head is proportional to body size
and approximately 25 cm long (or 40% of the withers
height). The skull is slightly longer than the muzzle,
covering 58% of the total length of the head. The female
has a slightly longer muzzle (57%:43%). Seen from the
profile forehead topline is slightly convex, and muzzle
topline is flat, slightly converged respectively.
|The forehead is dry, wide, with an
obvious central forehead line. Viewed from above and
profile, skull is slightly convex and rounded. The
eye-arcs are gently expressed.
|The transition between the skull and
the muzzle is moderately defined.
|The muzzle is shorter than the skull,
with wide and deep base, gradually and gently narrowing
towards the tip. The nostril is straight and wide. The
profile of the under jaw crossing from a slanting arc to
a straight line, which diverges with the nostril line.
|The nose is wide and black pigmented.
|The lips are of the medium thickness,
nestled, the upper lip slightly exceeding the lower one.
The corners of the lips are closed.
|The teeth meet in a scissors bite.
Dentition must be complete.
|The eyes are almond-shaped, neither
protruding nor falling in, dark or light brown, with a
calm, but piercing and fearless expression. The eyelids,
like all visible mucous tissues are black pigmented.
|The ears are fixed into the imaginary
line which connects the top of the nose and the inner
eye-corners, or slightly lower. They are hanging, set by
on the head in a "V" shape, medium long,
reaching the inner corners of the eyes and covered with a
short, dense coat.
|Upper profile neck line is gently
convex or straight in the upper part, and the bottom neck
line is straight. The neck is medium long. Because of its
dense coat, neck appears shorter, deep, wide and
muscular. It is well linked with the head and body,
without rapid transition between them. The neck is gently
raised in relation to the line of back. The skin is
tightly stretched, without loose folds of skin. The coat
is dense, long and rough, creating a mane where the head
meets the neck, which visually widens and deepens this
part of the head.
|Upper line of the body is straight, or
gently lets down from the withers to the hips. Back line
where hips are higher than withers, is tolerable with
dogs brought up in mountains. Body is slightly longer
than the height.
|The withers are gently expressed and
broad. The neck and withers are strongly connected, with
a gently transition between them.
|The back is straight and broad, not
too long. The loin is shorter, broad and muscular.
|Hips are medium long, slanting
backwards, broad and well muscled.
|The thorax is deep, and its bottom
line reaching at least until the elbows, medium long with
gently rounded ribs. The breast is broad and muscular.
The width of the thorax should be at least 20% larger
|The abdomen is tight and muscular. The
bottom abdominal line is gently rising backwards. The
loin is relatively short with expressed transitions.
|The tail is long and reaches at least
to the hock. The hip line continues following the upper
line of the tail, without rapid transitions. The tail is
powerful at its base, gradually becomes thinner towards
the tip. Covered with thick hair which is longer on the
bottom parts, giving a bunchy impression. The tail is
saber-shaped, raised high when in action, and when
anxious, carried in an arch over the back line.
|Generally viewed, the forelegs have a
proper posture, in proportion with the body, and the
height at the elbows amounts is 55% of the withers
height. The individual parts of the forelegs are in
proportion with one another as well as with the body.
|Sufficiently long and wide, well
connected to the thorax, slanting gently, making an angle
of 65 degrees with the horizontal axis. The upper arm is
muscular, more falling than the shoulder blades, making
an angle of 55 degrees with the horizontal axis. The
elbow angle (between upper arm and shank) is
approximately 145 degrees. The elbow is broad, with a
proper posture, set slightly closed to the thorax.
|Vertical, with strong bones, long and
muscular. The hind part of the shank is richly coated.
The paw ankle is wide, with gradual lines of transition.
|Gently slanted, strong and broad.
|Powerful, with convex toes compactly
closed together, spoon-shaped. Nails are strong, with
black pigment, finger-tips and pads have dark or black
pigment, strong but flexible.
|Viewed from behind the posture of the
hind legs is proper, slightly wider than the forelegs.
The profile also shows proper leg posture, and angles
being sufficiently closed. The thigh is well muscled,
with strongly rounded muscle structure, slanted, forming
similar angle with the horizontal axis as the shoulder
blade. The angle of the knee is more open than the one of
the shoulder (approximately 125 degrees). The knee is
strong and wide. The shank is slanted and strong, with a
sufficiently deep muscle structure and with expressive
"flags" of coat.
|Broad and enough open (with an angle
of approximately 130 degrees).
|Hind Upper Paw:
|Strong, slightly more slanting than
the front upper paw, with rare cases of dewclaws, which
should be removed.
|The step is rich, long and easy. It
prefers the medium long, but high trot. When galloping it
is somewhat heavier, but with long and rich jumps.
|Medium thick, flexible and tightly
stretched on the body, with no wrinkles. All visible
mucous tissues have dark or black pigment.
|The head, ears and front parts of the
legs are covered in thick and short coat. The neck, body,
the back parts of the limbs and tail are covered in long
and slightly rougher, almost straight coat. Under the
long outer coat, there is shorter, much finer and thicker
undercoat. The length of coat on the withers is 10-12 cm,
and should not be shorter than 7 cm.
|The dog is self-colored. All shades
ranging from white to dark gray, almost black, are
acceptable. Most popular is the grayish-green and dark
gray color. Multicolor is not allowed. In pigmented dogs,
small white marks on the breast and toes are allowed, but
not desirable. In all pigmented dogs the dominant color
is most intensive on the upper parts of the head, neck
and body. In the bottom body parts the pigment gradually
fades into lighter shades of the bottom leg parts (dirty
gray or yellowish). These transitions into lighter shades
must not be sharp, or to avoid a multi-colored
|The male in working condition should
weigh approximately 35-45 kg, and the female 30-40 kg.
|Insufficiently wide head skull,
slightly longer muzzle, insufficiently developed jaws,
insufficiently wide and broad chest, too flat or too
rounded ribs, light defects in leg posture, slightly
shorter coat (while the hair on the rare parts of legs is
still well expressed), white marks on the chest and paws,
slightly shorter tail, "rabbit paws", as other
|Too long (pointed) muzzle, too
expressed stop, ears are set-on too high and
insufficiently folded over, level bite, the back is
saddle-like, the tail is carried sideways, lymphatic
build as all other serious faults.
|Absence of premolar teeth, greater
disproportion between length and height, insufficient
height at the withers, insufficiently long coat (under 7
cm), multicolored coat, tiger-like color, no pigment in
the visible mucous tissues and eyes, degenerative
phenomena (overshot and undershot bite, obvious
"O" and "X" leg posture, congenitally
short tail, docked tail, very sagged back and other