Huguenot Emigrants on the James River (Martin Family)
materials were compiled by Ann Woodlief.
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See "A Brief History of the Huguenot Migration to Manakin Town, VA in 1700" from In River Time: The Way of the James by Ann Woodlief for further background. Check out the primary Manakin Huguenot site at huguenot-manakin.org.
Information for this Huguenot family tree comes from many sources: Priscilla Cabell Harris's Turff and Twigg (1988), various parish records for Goochland and Powhatan counties, The History of Woodford County by Thomas Bailey, R. A. Brock's Documents Chiefly Unpublished, Relating to the Huguenot Emigration to Virginia and to the Settlement at Manakin-town with an Appendix of Genealogies (1886, 1936), as well as information collected by Sallie Tompson Craig. See Martin Family Line for succeeding generations.
John [Jean] Martin [Martain, Mautin] (1674 France-after 1738) and Margaret LeCaze [Lacase, Cayce] (--after 1744?)Jean Martin arrived on the Peter and Anthony, the second ship arriving in 1700. He is listed as having a number of slaves. He had more French patents than anyone else (#894, 895, 897, 900, 908) and the largest total acreage, 1298 acres. (See Cabell's book for a map of his grant holdings; the largest grant included the land around the present Old Gun Road). He and Margaret were married by 11/1/1703 in Manakintown VA (although Cobb, Register of Huguenot Ancesters, says they married in 1697). As dowry his wife brought land with coal pits on it (#903), inherited from her father, James, born in Nare, Guienne, France C. 1675, d. 1707, m. Marguritte Coop, born in France, died before 1725, Henrico. Jean and Margaret evidently lived north of the James River on land next to the William Randolph land (Tuckahoe plantation) at the time of his death. In 1732 the value of improvements on his plantation was 1569/5 pounds; he had 60 head of cattle then and owned only patent 900 (bequeathed to James). Margaret married John Four/Fore after her husband died.
To John Martin, son of my deceased son John, a plantation, with house, and allthereto belonging, next to Mr. Joseph Pleasants, above my dwelling house on James River.
To daughter Judith Chasteen, what she has received, a bed and three negroes.
To my daughter Judith's son John Jeffodon, a negro man Will. If he dies without heirs, then to his brothers and sisters. If any of estate left by Thos. Jeffodon, dec'd which I had in my hands and delivered to Reny Chasteen till John Jeffodon comes of age, it is also to be divided among John's brother and sisters if he dies.
To my son Peter, my tract adjoining Mr. Randolph, Jr. with land I live on and houses after his mother's death, with negro Daniel, mulatto Farmer and items.
To daughter Jane Martin, 2 negroes or items, and mulatto girl Mary, for the term of her servitude.
To the poor of the parish 20 shillings.
To my wife Margaret, my plantation next to William Randolph, Jr. as long as she lives, with all belonging to it, and then to my son Peter.
Items are to be distributed to my children at my wife's death, with 1/5 to my dec'd son John's children, numbering three.Paragraph tag
Executors: wife and
Antoine [Anthoine] Rapine (--1737 Manakintown) and Margaret (--after 1755 Manakintown).Antoine first married Jane, who died in 1717; Margaret was first married to Charles Perault, who died the same year. She had two children by Perault, Daniel and Mary. Antoine and Margaret married around 1718.
Anthony Rapine came on the third ship in 1700/1701 with his first wife and two children; only one son is listed in 1714. He had 4 land patents; only one was French (#783). In the vestry records he is listed with his Negroes Dick, Sara, Kate, Peter, and Jinc. His will, written 4/10/1737, recorded 11/15/1737, left "To wife Margaret, 1/2 of negroes, household goods, land, etc., for life, then all to Mary Ann Marton and Peter Marton." However the estate was divided according to his will, between Margaret Rapeen, his widow, and Thomas Smith, husband of his dec'd daughter. Share to Smith is 204 [pounds]/3/6. 24 Aug 1747. (Goochland County Va: Wills and Deeds, 1742-1749).
In Margaret Rapine's will, she anticipated an inheritance from relations in Holland and England which would be divided between her son Daniel Perrow, her daughter Mary Force, and the children of her two deceased daughters, Mary Ann and Ann.
Daniel Guerin (1/5/1663 St. Nazaire, Saintonge, France-after 6/18/1730) and Marie L'OrangeThe Guerin family settled in Anjou, France between 1520-1550. According to The French Book of Heraldry, "The Guerrants are of the ancient and grand nobility, one of them being among the 2,000 Chevaliers who defended Mont Saint Michela against the English in 1427. ...descendants have continuously occupied the ancient Chateaux and Lordship of Grand Cannay, whose tenure extended over three parishes." Henri Guerin, father of Daniel, was broken on the wheel in France in 1696 (Smiles, 6). Daniel married Marie L'Orange before 16 Nov. 1730. Daniel Guerin, his wife, and four children came to VA in 1700 on the Nassau from Santogne, St. Nazaire, France, west of Nantes. His patent (#739) was not within the French lands. He witnessed numerous deeds and wills and farmed the glebe land briefly.
Marie was the daughter of Francis L'Orange of Rochelle, France, granddaughter of Jean L'Orange, and greatgranddaughter of Sir Velas Orange, according to William Pullin, Guerrant Family of Virginia (at Virginia Historical Society). Her brother(s)? Louis and Jean Velas L'Orange also came to Manakintown, and Louis (c. 1680-1735) also had families.
"A true and perfect inventory of all and singular the goods and chattels rights and credits of Daniel Guerrant late of the Parish of King William in the county of Goochland, dec'd, taken, valued and appraised, pursuant to an order of Goochland County Court, by Thomas Dinkins, Stephen Chastain and John Chastain, the 26 day of November in the year of our Lord 1730 as follows: vizt: The deceased's wife's wearing apparel, 13 yd 3/4 Gartering, 1/2 yds Dowlas, 1 1/2 yrds Jr., 45 yrds bro. Lin, 4 yrds Rappers, 25 3/4 yds of hd wide Stuff, 1/2 yds. do, 50 yds Calico, 3 quires paper, 1 piece Inklo, 1 1/2 oz. Mustard, 1 horn comb, 27 Razors, 3 Strands sewing silk, 17 Sts, Ten dozen Coats Butt's, 12 1/2 dozen Coat Butt's fine, 11 dozen Brass Coat Buttons, 1 Small parcel of Alum, A bundle saddlers tacks, 1 lb. brimstone, 18 pr Buckles, 1 Small parcel of buckles. rusty, 7 pr Fine Buckles, 1 Knife and fork, Old pair of money scales, 18 Poor Swine, 3 Hides tanned leather damnified, 1 Parcel of old lumber in the kitchen, 1 Old Saddle, Old raw hides, 1 Old Cart; wheels, A small parcel of old silver, 2 Old chests and box, some old lumber, 3 Horn Boxes, 1 Brass Ink Pot, 3 Rapers lafe; hone, 46 lbs. Old pewter, etc, 3 Old Candle sticks, 2 smoothing irons, 5 lbs of Dears leather, 1 old clost, 1 Old bed and furniture, 1 Parcel of old book, 1 Parcel of old lumber, A lot of bills of Exchange, the draght by Mr.Claude Rouview and Mr. John Maynard, Merchant in London and payable to the deceased for 50 lbs. sterling, 1 Horse (worth 1 pound), 1 Negro man (worth 25 pounds), 1 Pocket compass, 27 Thread lates, 7 Pairs Women's shoes, 30 yds Shalloon, 40 yds Drugot, 6 Fine boys hats, 3 Mens hats, 41 yds Planos, 5 yds Coarse Muslin, 6 Eight Quarter Ruggs Coarse, Two thousand five hundred; 10 penny nails, 4 Hods, 1 Slate Cock, 325 lbs. Shott, 74 lbs gun powder, 1 Carvers Knife; 2 Flushing knives, 1 Lot for the currying knives, 22 Old Lasts, 10 Shoemaker tools, 1 Pegging aul and 3 hand lasts, 1 pr Nippers & Pinchers, 1 Shoemaker's Hammer, 1 Old gun, 1 pr old stillyards, 7 Cows and 3 calves (worth 7 pounds), 1 Negro woman and sick child near 14 mo old (worth 25 pounds), 2 Iron pots weighing 74 cwt and pott hook, 1 Old pot and frying pan and ax, 1 Grid Iron, 2 Old tables, 1 old paid; 5 old chairs, 1 pr Silver Buckles; 1 pr studs, do, 1 Old Sun Dial, 3 Cows and three yearlings, 1 Colt and 1 Mare, 22 Barrels and 1 Bushel of Indian Corn, 32 pounds flax and 7 1/2 pence a pound, 36 Bushels; 1 peck Wheat @ 20 d, 1758 pounds Tobacco @8 s and 4 d, 1 Plow, 2070 ft plank @5d of peice, 513 lbs. Tobacco
Dr. Pierre Chastaine (-1728) after Antoine died. Antoine and Magdelaine were likely married around 1704.
Antoine Trabue (either listed as Dupuy in second convoy arriving in 1700 or in the third ship) was a native of Montauban on the Tarn River in the province of Guyenne. Daniel Trabue's book says the family name was originally Strabo, but William Byrd changed it to Trabue. Julia Trabue Yates (The Trabue Family in America, 1700-1983) finds it to be Trabuc in parish records, born to Antoine Trabuc, tanner, (bp. 27 Mar 1585, m. 4 Feb. 1646)and Bernarde Chibailhe (dau of Jean and Marie Chilailhe): David, Jean, Marie, Andre, Anne, Marguerite, Antoine. Antoine Trabuc was the son of Guillaume Trabuc, merchant middleman of Montauban (-before 1615) and Ann Azam (dau. Jean and Naude de Marty); siblings were Anne, Pierre, David.
In 1687 Antoine was described in a Lausanne document as a saddle maker around 19 years of age, as "of good size, fine carriage, dark complexion, having a scar under his left eye"; It adds that he has always professed the Reformed religion, as do his parents, and that he has not committed any known scandal. Unfortunately, his name is worn through. This slip of parchment or vellum, much worn but surprisingly legible, is at the Virginia Historical Society.
Antoine was granted patent #904 (163 acres) in 1715. In 1717 he was granted 522 acres on the gr fork of Swift Creek; under the headrights of 11 person, including Katherine Trabue (his first wife?) He appears on tithe lists from 1710-20, alone. In 1723 he is listed with four tithes; himself, Jacob Trabue, 2 slaves. Another list in 1714 records him with his wife and three sons.
Magdelaine's father was Moise Verrueil (1651--ca. 1701), a French merchant from Rouen, tenth child of Jean Vereul and Madeleine Du Fay of Rouen (m.2-2-1633) . Magdelaine's mother, Magdalene Prodhomme (Prodon), was born about 1638 at The Hague, daughter of Magdalaine Tevening and Nicolas Louis Prodon. She married Jacob Flournoy 12/19/1703 after Moses died. Moise and Magdalene came to Virginia on the Peter and Anthony in 1700 with their five children. (from The Trabue Family in America: 1700-1983, Julia Trabue Yates) Priscilla Harris in Turff and Twigg believes that Magdalen was the child of Jacob Flournoy's first marriage, but married Antoine Trabue before coming (1699?) and so is not listed with Flournoy's second wife and children. But that would mean that she married Trabue at 14 or so. Yates presents convincing evidence that she was Flournoy's stepdaughter by his third marriage to her widowed mother in 1703; Francis Flournoy, mentioned in her will, is her stepbrother then. Magdalen and Francis had grandchildren who married, Martha Trabue and Josiah Wooldridge.
"The Escape of Anthony Trabue" by Daniel TrabueMy grandfather, Anthony Trabue, fled from France in the year of our Lord, 1687, at the time of a bloody persecution against the dissenters by the Roman Catholics. The law against the dissenters was very rigid at that time. Whoever was known to be one, or even suspected, if he would not swear to visit the priest, his life and estate were forfeited, and [he was] put to the most shameful and cruel tortue and death. And worse than all, they would not let any move from the kingdom. Guards and troops were stationed all over the kingdom to stop and catch any that might run away. At every place where they would expect those persons might pass, there were guards fixed and companies of inquisitors, and patrols going on every road, and every other place, hunting for those heretics, as they called them; and where there was one who made his escape, perhaps there were hundreds put to the most shameful torture and death. * * When the decree was first passed, a number of the people thought it would not be put in execution so very hastily; but the priests, friars and inquisitors were very intent for their estates, and they rushed quick. * * I understand that my grandfather, Anthony Trabue, had an estate, but concluded he would leave it if he could possibly make his escape. He was a very young man, and he and another young man took a cart, and made their escape to an English ship, which took them on board, and they went over to England, leaving their estates, native country, relations, and everything for the sake of Jesus who died for them. [probably he went to Switzerland instead]
The original certificate on vellum given Anthony Trabue by the ministers and civil officers of Lausanne, attesting to his place of origin, Protestantism, and character, is dated in Lausanne 7/15/1687. This small, burnt and tattered piece of history is in the Virginia Historical Society Library (although one source claims it was burned in a fire).
In his Journal, Daniel Trabue also tells about the Huguenots' religious beginnings. He says they were a sect of dissenters called Congregationalists. In Virginia the King of England allowed them their "privilege of conscience; and to have their religious worship, and it was never taken away from them, and they were never compelled to pay anything to the separate church, but paid their own, and what they were pleased to pay." Becoming Anglicans, then, was achieved painlessly. In 1771 Baptist ministers began coming to the settlement, and 7 were in jail at one time. However, others came to visit, and many, including Daniel, were converted by John Waller. He later "backslid" and was converted again, as were others in a big revival and much baptizing, in 1785, just before removing to Kentucky.
First, I resign my soul to God Almighty, from where it came, in hopes of a forgiveness of all my sins, and a joyful resurrection; and secondly, my body to be decently buried after my decease, as my executor shall see fit.
Item: I leave and bequeath unto my well beloved son, Anthony Trabue, my negro woman, Betty, and her child, Jenny, for him and his heirs, forever; my riding horse called Spark with a man saddle and bridle belonging to it; one of my gold rings marked "M.C." the large Psalm Book, a silver seal, and ten barrels of corn, and my desire is, that he may be freely virtue of this my present will and testament.
Item: To my well beloved daughter, Magdalene Trabue, I leave and bequeath my cupboard, my side saddle, one box, iron, my black silk suit of clothes, and my calico, which is not yet made up, one gold ring with red stones, one pair of gold bobs, my small Psalm Book, my silver girt buckle, one silver bodkin, and thimble with my spectacles.
Item: To my well beloved daughter, Judith Trabue, I leave and bequeath my chest, my red suit of clothes, my striped silk lined with red silk, a Dutch iron, one gold ring marked"M.T", one pair of gold bobs with small red stones, one pair of silver buckles, and one bodkin.
Item: To my well beloved son, John James Trabue, I leave and bequeath one chain, gold ring, and a silver teaspoon.
Item: I will and bequeath the remainder part of my clothes to be equally divided betwixt my two mentioned daughters.
Item: I will and desire that my daughter Magdalene be boarded at my son, Jacob Trabue's, her brother, or at her godmother's, Elizabeth Dutois, which herself shall like best. And I will and desire that my daughter, Judith, be placed or boarded with her brother Jacob, he being willing to it; if not, with her Aunt Mary Flournoy.
Item: I will and bequeath the remainder part of my estate after debts and other demands are paid and satisfied, to my son Jacob Trabue.
Item: I will and ordain and constitute my beloved brother Francis Flournoy to be executor and administrator of this my present last will and testament. In witness thereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this second day of June, 1729.
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