Romantic and Imaginative

George Macdonald (1824-1905): Master of Christian Fantasy and Myth-Making

A romantic theologian does not mean one who is romantic about theology but one who is theological about romance, one who considers the theological implications of those experiences which are called romantic.

-- C.S. Lewis --

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C.S. Lewis and the Romantic Poets on Longing, Sehnsucht, and Joy 33K
Romanticism, Wagner, C.S. Lewis, Christianity, and Me 28K
The Relationship of Romanticism to Christianity and Catholicism in Particular 104K
Dialogue on Romanticism and Christianity (also, a discussion of "natural evil": diseases, hurricanes, drought, etc.) (Dave Armstrong and Keith Rickert, Jr.) 92K
Harry Potter Series: Literary Magic or Magical Mystery Sewer?


Christian Fantasy, Folklore, Mythology, Imagination, and Romanticism

[Disclaimer: I emphatically do not endorse any pagan, occultic, Wiccan, New Age or other beliefs hostile to Christianity, which may appear on some of these sites unbeknownst to me. I am interested in mythology only insofar as it is consistent with a Lewis/Tolkien/George MacDonald sort of imaginative Christian Romanticism]

Now as myth transcends thought, Incarnation transcends myth. The heart of Christianity is a myth which is also a fact . . . To be truly Christian we must both assent to the historical fact and also receive the myth (fact though it has become) with the same imaginative embrace which we accord to all myths . . . For this is the marriage of heaven and earth: Perfect Myth and Perfect Fact: claiming not only our love and our obedience, but also our wonder and delight, addressed to the savage, the child, and the poet in each one of us no less than to the moralist, the scholar, and the philosopher.

-- C.S. Lewis --


Fairy-tales are much more of a picture of the permanent life of the great mass of mankind than most realistic fiction.

-- G.K. Chesterton --


The Song of the Golden Horn: An Epic in Progess (Tim Kearns)
The Mythopoeic Society
Religion and the Romantic Movement (Christopher Dawson)
Christianity, Paganism and Literature (Steve Hayes)
International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts
Historical Imagination and the Renewal of Culture (Michael O'Brien)
Just a Fairy Story? (Michael O'Brien)
Religiously-Themed Science Fiction & Fantasy
Germanic Myths, Legends, and Sagas
The Nibelungenlied
The Story of the Volsungs (Volsunga Saga)
"Thou hast arrived at: Robin Hood on the Web"
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
The High History of the Holy Graal
Arthur: the Matter of Britain
Arthur Of Britain
Lancelot's Castle
Magical Glastonbury (G. Ashe)
A Quest for Arthur (G. Ashe)
The Quest: Arthurian Legend Studies
Gerald of Wales: The Exhumation of Arthur's Body
Catholic Encyclopedia: THE HOLY GRAIL
Catholic Encyclopedia: CHIVALRY
The religious element in Romanticism, whether Catholic or non-Catholic, goes much deeper than the superficial aesthetic appeal. It has its roots in the fundamental principles of the movement.

-- Christopher Dawson --

The Inklings & Other Friends and Influences on C.S. Lewis


C. S. Lewis and the Inklings Home Page (Dr. Bruce Edwards)
The Inklings: The Other Oxford Movement (Walter Hooper)
Incredible Inklings (Andrew Ashcroft)
Introduction to the Inklings (Elesha Coffman)
The Inklings Site List
Owen Barfield World Wide Website
"The Bird and Baby" (photo of the Oxford Pub where Lewis and the Inklings regularly met)
Seven: An Anglo-American Literary Review (devoted to C.S. Lewis, Chesterton, Tolkien, MacDonald, Williams, Barfield, Sayers)
The Mythopoeic Society

 Nature is not just something objective which exists outside us. Nature is speaking to us. It is a parable of life itself, a revelation of fearful symmetry.

-- Malcolm Muggeridge --


It is not difficult to imagine the peculiar excitment and joy that one would feel, if any specially beautiful fairy-story were found to be 'primarily' true, its narrative to be history, without thereby necessarily losing the mythical or allegorical significance that it had possessed . . . God is the Lord of angels, and of men -- and of elves. Legend and History have met and fused . . . The Evangelium has not abrogated legends; it has hallowed them, especially the 'happy ending'.

-- J.R.R. Tolkien --


J.R.R. Tolkien: Truth and Myth (Joseph Pearce)
Finding Frodo's Faith  (Joseph Pearce)
A Catholic Poem in Time of War: The Lord of the Rings (Ken Craven)
The Lord of the Rings as a Defense of the Freedoms of Western Civilization (John West, Jr.)
Christianity and Middle-Earth
Heeding Tolkien's Words (Terry Mattingly)
J.R.R. Tolkien: Lord of the Imagination  (The Irish Family)
The Fellowship of the Ring (Steven Greydanus)
Mara and Galadriel:  MacDonald’s and Tolkien’s Vehicles for Spiritual Truth  (Betsy Matthews)
Remembering J.R.R. Tolkien (Theresa Carson)
Is Tolkien Actually Any Good? (Andrew Rilstone)
Gazing Upon Everlasting Day
Taruithorn, The Oxford Tolkien Society
The Tolkien Society
Tolkien Online - The One Ring | The Lord of the Rings Source
The Grey Havens - The Ultimate J.R.R. Tolkien Resource Web Page
A Tribute to J.R.R. Tolkien
The World of J.R.R. Tolkien
JRR Tolkien Biography
The Halls of Tolkien
The HoBBiT Site
One Ring: The Complete Guide to Tolkien Online
The J.R.R. Tolkien Page
Tolkien Encyclopedia: Interactive Edition
Tolkien Atlas Home Page
Tolkien's Haven
Steuard's Tolkien Pages
A Chronological Bibliography of the Writings of J.R.R. Tolkien
Tolkien: The Scrolls of Orthanc
The World of JRR Tolkien
Tolkien's Grave (Photo)
In poetry the words are the body and the 'theme' or 'content' is the soul. But in myth the imagined events are the body and something inexpressible is the soul.

-- C.S. Lewis --


The Web of Exchange: The Charles Williams WWW Page
The Charles Williams Society
Charles Williams Biography : Author Spotlight: Charles Williams
The Novels of Charles Williams (Glen Cavaliero)
Book Review by Eric Rauscher: Charles Williams (edited by David Llewellyn Dodds) buying info: Descent into Hell buying info: War in Heaven buying info: Many Dimensions buying info: Charles Williams : Essential Writings in Spirituality and Theology
The Dorothy L. Sayers Society
Dorothy Sayers (Carl Olson)
Dorothy L Sayers: Description of Books (James E. Kiefer)
Book Review of Creed or Chaos? by Dorothy L. Sayers (Joseph McCleary) buying info: Creed or Chaos? Why Christians Must Choose Either Dogma or Disaster buying info: The Mind of the Maker buying info: The Man Born to Be King: A Play-Cycle on the Life of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ

I do not think the resemblance between the Christian and the merely imaginative experience is accidental. I think that all things, in their way, reflect heavenly truth, the imagination not least.

-- C.S. Lewis --

General Romanticism and Christian-Influenced Romantic Poetry Links

The Period of the French Revolution (The Cambridge History of English and American Literature, vol. 11)
Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Romanticism


CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Francois-Rene de Chateaubriand


The Samuel Taylor Coleridge Archive
Selected Poetry and Prose of Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)


Selected Poetry and Prose of John Dryden (1631-1700)


Hopkins, Gerard Manley. 1918. Poems




Coventry Patmore (1823-1896)


CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Friedrich von Schlegel


Selected Poetry of Francis Thompson (1859-1907)


Classical Christian Poetry


William Wordsworth: Complete Poetical Works
The William Wordsworth Page

The Harry Potter Controversy


JKRowling Official Site - Harry Potter and more
Harry Potter and the Inklings: The Christian Meaning of The Chamber of Secrets (John Granger)
The Alchemist’s Tale: Harry Potter & the Alchemical Tradition in English Literature (John Granger)
The Hidden Key to Harry Potter (book by John Granger / page)
Finding God in Harry Potter (book by John Granger / page)
What's a Christian To Do With Harry Potter? (book by Connie Neal / page)
The Gospel According to Harry Potter (book by Connie Neal / page)
A Parent's Guide to Harry Potter (book by Gina Burkart / page)
God, the Devil, and Harry Potter: A Christian Minister's Defense of the Beloved Novels (book by John Killinger / page) Harry Potter page
Opinion Roundup: Positive About Potter (Christianity Today)
Why We Like Harry Potter (Christianity Today)
Deconstructing Rowling (David Kopel / National Review)
Harry Potter is converting Christian critics (Nancy Churnin)
Harry Potter gets Vatican's blessing (BBC: Feb. 3, 2003)
Think twice before engaging in Potter witchhunt says Evangelical Alliance
Wizards, witches and Christians: A Christian bookstore sells Harry Potter (Hillel Italie)
Harry Potter’s Magic (Alan Jacobs / First Things)
Harry Potter is a Hobbit: Rowling, Tolkien, and the Question of Readership (Amy H. Sturgis)
Speak Of The Devil...Transcript of the Vatican Radio program 105live on Thursday, July 14, 2005 (also, hear the audio file) (Fr. Roderick Vonhögen)
The Secrets of Harry Potter (podcast  / audio files by Fr. Roderick Vonhögen)
Catholic Discussion Board on Harry Potter
Fairy Tales Retold: An Interview with Regina Doman | The ULTIMATE Harry Potter Site
Harry Potter Links and Websites


Pope Opposes Harry Potter Novels - Signed Letters from Cardinal Ratzinger Now Online
Pope Benedict Opposes Harry Potter Novels (
The war for our children's souls (Michael D. O'Brien)
Pope Benedict and Harry Potter (Michael D. O'Brien)
Why Harry Potter Goes Awry: An Interview with Zenit News Agency (Michael D. O'Brien)
The Potter controversy, or Why that boy sorcerer just won't go away (Michael D. O'Brien)
Harry vs. Frodo  (Michael D. O'Brien)
Interview with Catholic World Report: Special Tolkien issue (Michael D. O'Brien)
"No" to Harry Potter Doesn't Mean "Yes" to Fundamentalism (Michael D. O'Brien)
Some Thoughts on the Harry Potter Series (Michael D. O'Brien)
Parental Concerns & Questions about Harry Potter (Michael O'Brien, Vivian Dudro & Fr. Philip Scott: audio CD for sale)
Harry Potter, Narnia, and The Lord of the Rings (book by Richard Abanes / page)
A Wave of Harry's Wand Stirs Backlash (book by Gabriele Kuby:  Harry Potter - Good or Evil?)
Dangerous Gnosticism on the Rise (
Gnosticism and the Struggle for the World's Soul (+ Part Two) (Fr. Alfonso Aguilar)
Rome's Chief Exorcist Warns Parents Against Harry Potter (LifeSite Daily News)
Harrycane: a sign of the times (Fr. Lazare de la Mere de Dieu, F.J.)
Harry Potter and the Paganization of Children's Culture (Michael D. O'Brien)
The Perils of Harry Potter: Literary device or not, witchcraft is real—and dangerous (Jacqui Komschlies / Christianity Today)
Parents Push for Wizard-free Reading (Christianity Today)
Harry Potter and The Lost Generations (Clare McGrath Merkle)
Is "Harry Potter" Harmless? (ChristianAnswers.Net)
Is Harry Potter Good For Our Kids? (Vivian W. Dudro)
Harry Potter and D&D -  Like Two Peas in a Pod? (Berit Kjos)
Mainstreaming Witchcraft? (Tim Drake)
There's Something About Harry:A Catholic Analysis of the Harry Potter Phenomenon (Patrick Madrid, Michael O'Brien, Toni Colins: audio talk for sale)


June Letter to Editor of Catholic World Report from Sandra Miesel and Response from Michael O'Brien
Harry Potter: Pro and Con (Catholic Insight)
Harry Potter: Friend or Foe for Kids? Parents and Others Weigh Whether He's Really Magic (Zenit)
Harry Potter: Agent of Conversion (Toni Collins / Envoy)
Virtue on a Broomstick: The Harry Potter books, and the controversy surrounding them, bode well for the culture (Michael G. Maudlin / Christianity Today)
Musings On Harry Potter (Gregory Koukl)
Potter books: Wicked witchcraft? New documentary claims tales lead kids to the occult (Julie Foster / WorldNetDaily)
Harry Potter and Christians (Reachout Trust)
The Problem of Harry Potter (
The Split Verdict on Harry Potter (Mindy Sink / New York Times)
Pre-16 On Harry Potter (Jimmy Akin)
Vatican Radio On Pre-16 Potter Brouhaha (Jimmy Akin)
Is Harry Potter’s magic kid-friendly? (Kate Ernsting)

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Uploaded by Dave Armstrong. Thorough URL Revision: 8 March 2004. Updated on 19 July 2005.