Mani compared with Jesus – the historical record



Below is a comparison of external references to Mani as compared to Jesus, broken down into thirds of a century after their accepted date of death (33CE vs 276CE)

I have indicated the number of references, with font size showing a broad classification of the size of the reference –

a small reference (paragraph or so) and/or 1 or 2 mentions;

a moderate size reference (page or a few) and/or several mentions; (3-20)

a large reference (a detailed refutation, and/or a chapter or more) or numerous mentions. (21-50)

an entire work dedicated to refutation, and/or a very large number of references. (50+)



After Jesus' death

Years after

After Mani's death

(34-66)

1-33

(278-309)

Alexander of Lycopolis (16)

Arnobius (3)


(67-100)

Josephus (2 ?)

34-66

(310-342)

Archelaus (97)

Athanasius (7)


(101-133)

Tacitus (2)

Pliny (1)

67-100

(343-376)

Ephraim (88)

Cyril of Jerusalem (18)

Gregory of Nyssa (9)

Hilary of Poitiers (7)

Eusebius (1)

Gregory Nazianzen (1)


(134-166)


101-133

(378-409)

Augustine (154)

Jerome (12)

John Chrysostom (6)

Macarius Magnes (1)

Rufinous Tyranius (1)


(167-200)

Celsus (~40)

Lucian (1)

Galen (2)


134-166

(410-442)

Theodoretus (13)

Socrates Scholasticus (7)

Leo the Great (6)






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