The Papacy and Infallibility

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St. Peter and Petrine Primacy

50 New Testament Proofs for Petrine Primacy and the Papacy 14K

Reply to a Critique of my 50 New Testament Proofs for Petrine Primacy and the Papacy (Dave Armstrong vs. Jason Engwer) 97K

Second Refutation of the Reductio ad Absurdum Argument for a "Pauline Papacy" (Dave Armstrong vs. Jason Engwer) 153K

Dialogue: Is St. Paul Superior to St. Peter? 10K

Dialogue on Peter's Marriage, and Why it Doesn't Disprove Catholicism 21K

Debate: Catholicism vs. Anti-Catholicism (with particular emphasis on Petrine Primacy) (Mark McNeil vs. Dr. James White) 89K

The Metaphor of Peter as "Rock" 3K

EXTERNAL LINKS

Was St. Peter Ever in Rome? (Phil Porvaznik)
Was Peter the First Pope? (Art Kelly)
Was Peter the First Pope? PART II (Art Kelly)
Protestant Scholars Agree: Peter is the Rock (Gary Hoge)
On Peter (Church Fathers; ed. Joe Gallegos)
Peter in Rome (Church Fathers; ed. Joe Gallegos)
Biblical Arguments for the Papacy

The Papacy and Infallibility: "Keys of the Kingdom" (now included only in my book A Biblical Defense of Catholicism) 63K

Does the History of the Papacy Contradict Catholic Ecclesiology? 23K

Dialogue With an Anglican on the Papacy and Roman Primacy (particularly, the Keys of the Kingdom) (Dave Armstrong vs. Jon Jacobson) 117K

The Biblical, Primitive Papacy: St. Peter & the "Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven": Scholarly Opinion (Mostly Protestant) + much additional dialogue in BlogBack (Part One | Part Two)

Dialogue with a Lutheran on Papal Supremacy and Succession, the Keys of the Kingdom, and the Filioque (Dave Armstrong vs. Eric Phillips) 50K

50 New Testament Proofs for Petrine Primacy and the Papacy 14K

Reply to a Critique of my 50 New Testament Proofs for Petrine Primacy and the Papacy (Dave Armstrong vs. Jason Engwer) 97K

Second Refutation of the Reductio ad Absurdum Argument for a "Pauline Papacy" (Dave Armstrong vs. Jason Engwer) 153K

History of the Papacy and Roman Primacy

The Witness of the Church Fathers With Regard to Catholic Distinctives (With Examples of Protestant Corroboration of Catholic Doctrines or Clear Contradiction of Patristic Consensus) 205K (contains very extensive documentation of the views of the early Church on the papacy)

Does the History of the Papacy Contradict Catholic Ecclesiology? 23K

Dialogue With an Anglican on the Papacy and Roman Primacy (particularly, the Keys of the Kingdom) (Dave Armstrong vs. Jon Jacobson) 117K

Dialogue with a Lutheran on Papal Supremacy and Succession, the Keys of the Kingdom, and the Filioque (Dave Armstrong vs. Eric Phillips) 50K

Monophysitism, Montanism, and Historic Roman and Papal Opposition to Heresy (Dave Armstrong vs. Eric Phillips) 29K

Was Corruption in the Medieval Papacy the Primary Cause of the Protestant Revolt? 44K

On the Papacy and Councils (John Henry Cardinal Newman) 8K

Pope Silvester and the Council of Nicaea 12K

Protestant Contra-Catholic Revisionist History: Pope St. Pius X and Cardinal Newman's Alleged "Modernism" (Dave Armstrong vs. David T. King) 94K

EXTERNAL LINKS

Debate: On the Papacy and the Ancient Church (Joe Gallegos vs. James White)
The Ante-Nicene Development of Papal Primacy (I. Shawn McElhinney)
Pope St Leo--Pray to God for us! (website: Dave Brown)
On the Primacy of Rome (Church Fathers; ed. Joe Gallegos)
The Eastern Church Defends Petrine Primacy and the Papacy! (Fathers; compiled by Antoine Valentim)
Pope Leo the Great on the Papacy  (Antoine Valentim)
Pope Gregory the Great and the "Universal Bishop" Controversy (Phil Porvaznik)
Rome has Spoken; the Case is Closed (St. Augustine, Pelagianism, and the Holy See) (Dom John Chapman)
St. Cyprian on the Church and the Papacy  (Dom John Chapman)
Papal Infallibility and Authority

Dialogue with a Lutheran on Papal Supremacy and Succession, the Keys of the Kingdom, and the Filioque (Dave Armstrong vs. Eric Phillips) 50K

Brian Tierney: Inveterate Enemy of Papal "Tyranny" and Infallibility 76K

The Modernist, Secularist Historicism of Raymond Brown and Brian Tierney (including lengthy citations from St. Thomas Aquinas on papal infallibility, Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, Msgr. George A. Kelly, and Protestants J. Gresham Machen and Os Guinness on Liberalism) 94K

Dialogue: Is the Vatican I Proclamation of Papal Infallibility Non-Negotiable and Orthodox or "Radical Papal Tyranny" and the Triumph of Ultramontanism? (Dave Armstrong vs. Tim Enloe) 85K)

Dollinger's, Liberal & Old Catholics', and Tim Enloe's "Semi- Historical Positivism" & Rejection of Papal Infallibility / Cardinal Newman's Critique (Dave Armstrong vs. Tim Enloe, with Extensive Newman Citation)

Papal Infallibility and the First Vatican Council (John Henry Cardinal Newman) 7K

Pope St. Leo the Great (r. 440-461) and Papal Supremacy 30K

Pope St. Gregory the Great (r. 590-604) and the Universal Papacy 6K

Dialogue on (Supposedly Fallible) Pope Honorius 28K

EXTERNAL LINKS

The Church and Infallibility: A Reply to Anglican Polemicist George Salmon(B.C. Butler; includes much material dealing with Newman, the papacy, and development)
The Supposed Fall of Honorius and His Condemnation ("JHR")
Guilty Only of Failure to Teach (Honorius) (Steven O'Reilly)
Did Pope Vigilius Espouse or Infallibly Proclaim Heresy?
The Alleged Fall of Pope Liberius (P.J. Harrold)
Papal Authority in the First Ecumenical Councils (Brian W. Harrison)
Doctrinal Development of the Papacy

Dialogue on the Nature of Development of Doctrine (Particularly With Regard to the Papacy) (Dave Armstrong vs. Jason Engwer) 167K

Reply to a Protestant Counter-Response on Development of Doctrine (Particularly With Regard to the New Testament Canon and the Papacy) (Dave Armstrong vs. Jason Engwer) 143K

Refutation of William Webster's Fundamental Misunderstanding of Development of Doctrine (with particular reference to the papacy, Vatican I, Pope Leo XIII, St. Vincent of Lerins, and Venerable John Henry Cardinal Newman) 76K

Dialogue on Whether Extensive Use of Biblical Arguments Reduces to a Quasi-Sola Scriptura Position? (Development of Doctrine, Tradition, and Implicit vs. Explicit Biblical Proofs. The Papacy as a Test Case) (Dave Armstrong vs. an Anonymous Orthodox Christian) 52K

Does the History of the Papacy Contradict Catholic Ecclesiology? 23K

The Development of the Papacy (John Henry Cardinal Newman) 7K

EXTERNAL LINKS

Dialogue on Development of Doctrine and the Papacy (Phil Porvaznik vs. William Webster)
The Ante-Nicene Development of Papal Primacy (I. Shawn McElhinney)
Pope John Paul II (r. 1978-2005)

Pope John Paul the Great (1920-2005) -- My Tribute and Long List of Links to Biographical Articles and Papal Documents

Protestant Praise for Pope John Paul II as a Great Christian Man and Leader

"Traditionalist" Catholic Attacks on Pope John Paul II: Accusations of Incompetence, Modernism, Compromise, and Heresy

"Why Doesn't Pope John Paul II DO Something About the Modernist Dissenters in the Catholic Church?" 39K

Dialogue: Should the Pope Kiss The Koran?: Ecumenism as an Effort to Acknowledge Partial Truth Wherever it is Found (Dave Armstrong vs. David Palm) 71K

Pope Benedict XVI

The Holy Spirit Has Spoken Through the Cardinals: Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger): My Own Thoughts on the Current "Mind of the Church"

Heretical Conciliarism and Orthodox Collegiality

Conciliar Infallibility: Church Documents 23K

Dialogue on Vatican II, Conciliar Infallibility, and the SSPX 43K

Was Conciliarism an "Orthodox" Option in Medieval Catholicism? 152K

Tim Enloe's Missing Definition of "Orthodoxy" & the Logical Circularity of His Thesis on Conciliar Ecclesiology (Dave Armstrong vs. Tim Enloe) (blog)

Council of Constance (1414-1418): Triumph of Conciliarism or its Kiss of Death? (Dave Armstrong vs. Tim Enloe) (blog; see also additional comments on BlogBack)

Fourth Reply to Tim Enloe on Sola Scriptura, the Papacy, Open-Mindedness, Christian History, Etc. (Dave Armstrong vs. Tim Enloe)

Dollinger's, Liberal & Old Catholics', and Tim Enloe's "Semi- Historical Positivism" & Rejection of Papal Infallibility / Cardinal Newman's Critique (Dave Armstrong vs. Tim Enloe, with Extensive Newman Citation)

Reflections on Mediæval Ecclesiology ("Fallibilist Conciliarism"?) 16K

General

On the Nature of Ecumenism, Dogma, and Christian Unity 35K

Dialogue: Is St. Paul Superior to St. Peter? 10K

Dialogue on Peter's Marriage, and Why it Doesn't Disprove Catholicism 21K

Laymen Advising and Rebuking Popes 6K

Are All Catholic Laymen and Non-Theologians Qualified to Freely and Frequently Criticize the Pope's Opinions and Prudential Judgment? (Dave Armstrong vs. Mario Derksen) 72K

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Compiled by Dave Armstrong. Thorough URL Revision: 6 March 2004. Updated:28 April 2005.