USACE Logo      

Part 1 (1775 -1865)       Part 2 (1866-1912)       Part 3 (1913-1952)       Part 4 (1953-present)


Lieutenant General Samuel D. Sturgis, Jr.Lieutenant General Samuel D. Sturgis, Jr.

Chief of Engineers

(March 17, 1953-September 30, 1956)

Born July 16, 1897, in St. Paul, Minnesota, Samuel Sturgis, Jr., came from an illustrious military family.  Both his father and grandfather were Military Academy graduates and major generals.   Young Sturgis graduated from the Military Academy in 1918.   As a junior engineer officer he taught mathematics at the academy for four years.   In 1926 he was ordered to the Philippines, where he served as Adjutant of the 14th Engineers.   His strategical studies of the islands over a three-year period developed knowledge he used later when he returned to the Philippines in 1944 as Chief Engineer of General Walter Krueger's Sixth Army.   Sturgis commanded a mounted engineer company at Fort Riley, Kansas, in 1929-33 and encouraged the adoption of heavy mechanical equipment.   He was district engineer in 1939-42 in Vicksburg, Mississippi, where he worked on flood control and a large military construction program.   In 1943-45 Sturgis' engineer troops built roads, airfields, ports, and bases from New Guinea to the Philippines.   Sturgis was senior engineer for the nation's air forces in 1946-48 and was Missouri River Division Engineer in 1949-51.   In 1951 he became the Commanding General of the 6th Armored Division and Fort Leonard Wood.   In 1952 he was appointed Commanding General of the Communications Zone supporting the United States Army in Europe.   He became Chief of Engineers on March 17, 1953.   His military decorations included the Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, Silver Star, Legion of Merit, and Bronze Star Medal.   He died July 5, 1964, in Washington, D.C.

Page Top


Lieutenant General Emerson C. ItschnerLieutenant General Emerson C. Itschner

Chief of Engineers

(October 1, 1956-March 27, 1961)

Born in Chicago, Illinois, July 1, 1903, Emerson Itschner graduated from the Military Academy in 1924 and was commissioned in the Corps of Engineers.   He obtained a degree in civil engineering from Cornell University in 1926.   Itschner served with the Alaska Road Commission in 1927-29.   He taught at the Missouri School of Mines and served as assistant to the Upper Mississippi Valley Division Engineer and the St. Louis District Engineer.   He commanded a topographic survey company in 1940-41.   In 1942-43 Itschner headed the office in Corps headquarters that supervised Army airfield construction in the 48 states.   In 1944-45 he oversaw the reconstruction of ports and the development of supply routes to U.S. forces in Europe as Engineer, Advance Section, Communications Zone.   Itschner headed the division in Corps headquarters responsible for military construction operations from 1946 to 1949.   After a year as Seattle District Engineer, he went to Korea as Engineer of I Corps and oversaw engineer troop operations in western Korea.   He was North Pacific Division Engineer in 1952-53.   From 1953 until being appointed Chief of Engineers, he served as Assistant Chief of Engineers for Civil Works.   General Itschner retired in 1961.   He was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit with two Oak Leaf Clusters, Bronze Star Medal, and Purple Heart.

Page Top


Lieutenant General Walter K. Wilson, Jr.Lieutenant General Walter K. Wilson, Jr.

Chief of Engineers

(May 19, 1961-June 30, 1965)

The son of an artillery officer, Walter Wilson, Jr., was born at Fort Barrancas, Florida, on August 26, 1906.   He graduated from the Military Academy in 1929 and was commissioned in the Corps of Engineers.   Before 1942 he served with troops, continued his military and engineering education, and was an instructor at the Military Academy.   During World War II Wilson served as Deputy Engineer-in-Chief with the Southeast Asia Command at New Delhi, India, and Kandy, Ceylon.   He became Commanding General, Advance Section, U.S. Forces, India-Burma Theater, and Chief of Staff of the Chinese Army in India.   Later, he commanded Intermediate and Base Sections and consolidated all three, commanding all ground forces remaining in the theater.   He was District Engineer in St. Paul, Minnesota (1946-49), and Mobile, Alabama (1949-52), and then South Atlantic (1952-53) and Mediterranean Division Engineer (1953-55).   He assumed command of the 18th Engineer Brigade at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, in 1955.   He served as Deputy Chief of Engineers for Construction from 1956 to 1960.   Wilson was Commanding General of the Army Engineer Center and Fort Belvoir and Commandant of the Army Engineer School in 1960-61.   He retired as Chief of Engineers on June 30, 1965.   Wilson's military honors included the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Soldier's Medal, and membership in the French Legion of Honor.   He died in Mobile, Alabama, on December 6, 1985.

Page Top


Lieutenant General William F. CassidyLieutenant General William F. Cassidy

Chief of Engineers

(July 1, 1965-July 31, 1969)

Born on an Army post near Nome, Alaska, on August 28, 1908, William Cassidy graduated from the Military Academy in 1931, and was commissioned in the Corps of Engineers.   He served as assistant to the District Engineer in Portland, Oregon; commanded an engineer company at Fort Belvoir, Virginia; and oversaw military construction projects in Hawaii.   During World War II Cassidy commanded engineer troops specializing in airfield construction in England, North Africa, and Italy.   He was Deputy Chief, then Chief, War Plans (later Operations and Training) Division, Office of the Chief of Engineers, in 1944-47.   At the outbreak of the Korean conflict, he was ordered to Japan where he was responsible for engineer supply.   He served as South Pacific Division Engineer from 1955 to 1958 and was the senior logistics advisor to the Republic of Korea Army in 1958-59.   Cassidy was the Corps' Director of Civil Works from September 1959 to March 1962 and was then appointed Deputy Chief of Engineers.   On March 1, 1963, he became the Commanding General of the Army Engineer Center and Fort Belvoir and Commandant of the Army Engineer School.   Cassidy became Chief of Engineers on July 1, 1965.   He was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for his service as Chief of Engineers.   His other military decorations included the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Bronze Star Medal, and the Republic of Korea Presidential Citation.

Page Top


Lieutenant General Frederick J. ClarkeLieutenant General Frederick J. Clarke

Chief of Engineers

(August 1, 1969-July 31, 1973)

Born in Little Falls, New York, on March 1, 1915, Frederick Clarke was commissioned in the Corps of Engineers in 1937 after graduating fourth in his Military Academy class.   Clarke received a master's degree in civil engineering from Cornell University in 1940 and later attended the Advanced Management Program of the Graduate School of Business, Harvard University.   During World War II he commanded a battalion that helped construct a military airfield on Ascension Island in the South Atlantic, and he served in Washington, D.C., with Headquarters, Army Service Forces.   After the war Clarke worked in the atomic energy field for the Manhattan District and the Atomic Energy Commission at Hanford, Washington, and at the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project at Sandia Base, Albuquerque, New Mexico.   As the District Engineer of the Trans-East District of the Corps in 1957-59, he was responsible for U.S. military construction in Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, and he initiated transportation surveys in East Pakistan and Burma.   In the decade before his appointment as Chief of Engineers, Clarke was Engineer Commissioner of the District of Columbia (1960-63); Director of Military Construction in the Office of the Chief of Engineers (1963-65); Commanding General of the Army Engineer Center and Fort Belvoir and Commandant of the Army Engineer School (1965-66); and Deputy Chief of Engineers (1966-69).   As Chief of Engineers Clarke guided the Corps as it devoted increased attention to the environmental impact of its work.   General Clarke was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal and the Legion of Merit.

Page Top


Lieutenant General William C. Gribble, Jr.Lieutenant General William C. Gribble, Jr.

Chief of Engineers

(August 1, 1973-June 30, 1976)

Born in Ironwood, Michigan, on May 24, 1917, William Gribble, Jr., graduated from the Military Academy in 1941 and was commissioned in the Corps of Engineers.   During World War II he served on the staff of the 340th Engineer General Service Regiment as it first built a section of the Alaska Highway in western Canada and later assisted MacArthur's drive in New Guinea and the Philippines.   At the end of the war he commanded the 118th Engineer Combat Battalion, 43d Infantry Division.   Gribble then worked in the Los Alamos laboratory and in the Reactor Development Division of the Atomic Energy Commission.   As Alaska District Engineer he oversaw construction of a nuclear power plant at Fort Greely, Alaska.   He headed the Army's nuclear power program in 1960-61.   In 1963 he was the Corps' North Central Division Engineer.   Gribble's scientific skills led to his service as Director of Research and Development in the Army Materiel Command in 1964-66 and as the Army's Chief of Research and Development in 1971-73.   In 1969-70 he commanded the Army Engineer Center and Fort Belvoir and was Commandant of the Army Engineer School.   He became Chief of Engineers in 1973.   Gribble received a master's degree in physical science from the University of Chicago in 1948 and an honorary doctorate in engineering from Michigan Technological University.   He was also an honorary member of the United Kingdom's Institute of Royal Engineers.   His decorations included the Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster, and the Brazilian Order of Military Merit.   General Gribble died at Fort Belvoir, Virginia, on June 2, 1979.

Page Top


Lieutenant General John W. MorrisLieutenant General John W. Morris

Chief of Engineers

(July 1, 1976-September 30, 1980)

John Morris was born in Princess Anne, Maryland, on September 10, 1921.   He graduated from the Military Academy in June 1943 and was commissioned in the Corps of Engineers.   During World War II he commanded an airfield construction company in the Western Pacific.   After the war he served in the Philippines and Japan, in the Corps' Savannah District, and as area engineer at Goose Bay, Labrador.   In 1960-62 he commanded the divisional 8th Engineer Battalion in Korea.   Morris headed the Corps' Tulsa District in 1962-65 as it improved navigation on the Arkansas River.   During the peak years of the Vietnam War, he was the Army's Deputy Chief of Legislative Liaison (1967-69), and he commanded the 18th Engineer Brigade in Vietnam (1969-70).   He was then Missouri River Division Engineer for two years, the Corps' Director of Civil Works for three years, and Deputy Chief of Engineers in 1975-76.   As Chief of Engineers, Morris convinced the Army to include the Corps of Engineers among its major commands.   Morris obtained a master's degree in civil engineering from the University of Iowa.   His military awards included the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit with three Oak Leaf Clusters, the Bronze Star Medal, and the Defense Meritorious Service Medal.   General Morris was selected Construction's Man of the Year for 1977 by the Engineering-News Record.

Page Top


Lieutenant General Joseph K. BrattonLieutenant General Joseph K. Bratton

Chief of Engineers

(October 1, 1980-September 14, 1984)

Joseph Bratton was born on April 4, 1926, in St. Paul, Minnesota.   He graduated third in the class of 1948 at the Military Academy and was commissioned in the Corps of Engineers.   He served with an engineer battalion in Austria in 1949-52 and with the divisional 13th Engineer Combat Battalion in Korea in 1953-54, both before and after the armistice there.   He later commanded the 24th Engineer Battalion, 4th Armored Division, in Germany (1964-65) and the 159th Engineer Group in Vietnam (1969-70).   Bratton also held numerous staff assignments.   He was a military assistant to Secretary of the Army Stanley Resor in 1967-69 and Secretary to the Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1970-72.   Having received a master's degree in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1959, Bratton served as Chief of Nuclear Activities, Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers, Europe (SHAPE), in 1972-75 and Director of Military Applications at the U.S. Department of Energy in 1975-79.   His last assignments before becoming Chief of Engineers in October 1980 were as Division Engineer of the Corps' South Atlantic Division (1979-80) and then briefly as Deputy Chief of Engineers.   His military awards included the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, the Army Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit with two Oak Leaf Clusters, and the Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster.

Page Top


Lieutenant General Elvin R. Heiberg IIILieutenant General Elvin R. Heiberg III

Chief of Engineers

(September 14, 1984-May 5, 1988)

Born at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, on March 2, 1932, Elvin Heiberg III became a third-generation West Pointer when he graduated fifth in the Military Academy class of 1953.   He later obtained three master's degrees, in civil engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and in government and administration from The George Washington University.   Early in his military career Heiberg served as Operations Officer of the 3d Brigade, 3d Infantry Division, in Germany, and taught in the Social Sciences Department at the Military Academy.   In 1968-69 he commanded the divisional 4th Engineer Battalion in Vietnam and was awarded a Silver Star.   He then served as Special Assistant and Executive Assistant to the Director, Office of Emergency Preparedness, under the Executive Office of the President.  

Heiberg served for a year as Executive to Secretary of the Army Howard Callaway.   He then headed the Corps' New Orleans District and in 1975-78 the Ohio River Division.   He served as senior engineer on the staff of U.S. Army, Europe, in 1978-79.   Heiberg was the Corps' Director of Civil Works in 1979-82 and then Deputy Chief of Engineers.   After managing the Army's Ballistic Missile Defense Program for a year, he became Chief of Engineers in 1984.   Heiberg graduated from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces.   His military awards included the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit with two Oak Leaf Clusters, the Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Bronze Star Medal.

Page Top


Lieutenant General Henry J. HatchLieutenant General Henry J. Hatch

Chief of Engineers

(June 17, 1988-June 4, 1992)

The son of an artillery officer, Henry Hatch was born on August 31, 1935, in Pensacola, Florida.   After graduating from the Military Academy in 1957, he completed airborne and ranger training at Fort Benning, Georgia, and earned a master's degree in geodetic science at Ohio State University.   Hatch held several leadership positions in Army airborne and airmobile units early in his career.  He commanded a company of the 307th Engineer Battalion, 82d Airborne Division, at Fort Bragg, North Carolina; served on the staff of the 2d Airborne Battle Group, 503d Infantry, in Okinawa; and commanded the 326th Engineer Battalion, 101st Airborne Division, in Vietnam in 1968-69.   Hatch subsequently oversaw West Point construction work for the Corps' New York District and in 1974 began a three-year tenure as Nashville District Engineer.   He then returned to the Far East to lead the 2d Infantry Division Support Command in Korea and later directed Army and Air Force construction in Korea, Japan, and the Pacific as the Corps' Pacific Ocean Division Engineer.   Hatch was Deputy Chief of Staff, Engineer, for U.S. Army, Europe, in 1981-84.   He next served briefly as Assistant Chief of Engineers and then for nearly four years as Director of Civil Works.   President Reagan appointed him Chief of Engineers in May 1988.   Hatch's military awards included the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, and the Meritorious Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster. 

Page Top


Lieutenant General Arthur E. WilliamsLieutenant General Arthur E. Williams

Chief of Engineers

(August 24, 1992-June 30, 1996)

Born in Watertown, New York, on March 28, 1938, Arthur Williams obtained a commission as an Army engineer officer upon his graduation in 1960 from Saint Lawrence University, where he majored in mathematics.   He later obtained a bachelor's degree in civil engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a master's degree in civil engineering and economic planning from Stanford University.   Williams commanded an armored engineer company in Germany and an engineer construction company in Vietnam.   During a second tour in Vietnam, he served as Operations Officer of the 577th Engineer Battalion.   He later commanded the 44th Engineer Battalion in Korea and was an assignment officer at the Army Military Personnel Center.   Williams headed the Corps' Sacramento District in 1982-85 and then served as Chief of Staff at Corps Headquarters.   He subsequently headed the Pacific Ocean Division and then the Lower Mississippi Valley Division.   He was also President of the Mississippi River Commission.   He returned to Corps Headquarters in July 1991 as Director of Civil Works.   President Bush appointed Williams Chief of Engineers in 1992.   His military awards include the Legion of Merit with two Oak Leaf Clusters, the Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, and the Defense Meritorious Service Medal.

Page Top


Lieutenant General Joe N. BallardLieutenant General Joe N. Ballard

Chief of Engineers

(October 1, 1996-August 2, 2000)

A native of Oakdale, Louisiana, Joe N. Ballard was born on March 27,1942, and graduated from Southern University and A&M College, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, with a degree in electrical engineering.  After graduation in 1965, he received a commission in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.  General Ballard served as a platoon leader in the 84th Engineer Battalion during his first tour of duty in South Vietnam and as a company commander in the 864th Engineer Battalion and as the Chief, Lines of Communication Section in the 18th Engineer Brigade during his second tour.  Following assignments with the Fifth U.S. Army and the Recruiting Command, he was Operations Officer and Executive Officer of the 326th Engineer Battalion, 1Olst Airborne Division.    In 1978 he went to South Korea where he served as Operations Officer and later as the Executive Officer on the staff of the U.S. Forces, Korea, Engineer.  Following Korea he returned to the Pentagon for duty on the Army Staff as the principal engineer in the Army Energy Office, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Logistics.  In 1982 he moved to another overseas theater as Commander of the 82d Engineer Battalion, 7th Engineer Brigade, in West Germany.  Later he became the Commander of the 18th Engineer Brigade and Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff, Engineer, in Headquarters, U.S. Army Europe.  Returning to the United States in 1991, General Ballard began his association with the U.S. Army Engineer School as Assistant Commandant of the Engineer School and Deputy Commanding General of the Engineer Center and Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.    After an assignment as Chief, Total Army Basing Study in the Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army, General Ballard returned to Missouri as Commanding General of the Engineer Center and Fort Leonard Wood.  When he was nominated by President William Clinton to be the Chief of Engineers and Commander, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, he was serving as Chief of Staff, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command in Fort Monroe, Virginia.  During his career General Ballard earned a master's degree in engineering management from the University of Missouri and graduated from the Engineer Officer Basic and Advanced Courses, the Command and General Staff College, and the Army War College.  His military awards include the Distinguished Service Medal, three Legion of Merit awards, two Bronze Star Medals, the Defense Meritorious Service Medal, four Meritorious Service Medals, and two Army Commendation Medals.

Page Top


Lieutenant General Robert B. FlowersLieutenant General Robert B. Flowers

Chief of Engineers

(October 23, 2000 - July 1, 2004 )

General Flowers was born in Pennsylvania and resided in several areas of the world as his family moved during his father's military career. Following graduation and commissioning from the Virginia Military Institute in 1969, he completed Airborne and Ranger training and began his career as an Engineer Officer. He holds a master's degree in civil engineering from the University of Virginia and is a Registered Professional Engineer.  Prior to his selection as Chief of Engineers and Commanding General of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, he served as the Commanding General of the Maneuver Support Center and Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.  His other commands include an Engineer Company in Germany; the 307th Engineer Battalion, 82nd Airborne Division; the 20th Engineer Brigade, XVIII Corps (Airborne); and the Mississippi Valley Division of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.  Operational deployments include command of an expanded brigade of 10 battalions (7,700 soldiers) during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm; Task Force Engineer for the Joint Task Force in Somalia; and Deputy Chief of Staff for Engineering (Forward), U.S. Army Europe in Bosnia.  Other assignments include Assistant Division Commander, 2nd Infantry Division (Mechanized), Eighth U.S. Army, South Korea; Deputy Commanding General and Assistant Commandant, U.S. Army Engineer Center and School, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri; Branch Chief, Counter-narcotics Operations Division, Washington, D.C.; Combat Developer, Combined Arms Center, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; Field Engineer and Research Project Manager for the Portland Engineer District; and Staff Engineer in Thailand for the Udorn Detachment and Northern Thailand. 

Page Top


 

Lieutenant General Carl A. Strock

Chief of Engineers

(July 1, 2004 -  )

Lieutenant General Carl A. Strock, was born in Georgia and grew up in an Army Family. He enlisted in the Army and received his commission as an infantry second lieutenant following graduation from Officer Candidate School in 1972.  After completing Ranger and Special Forces training, he served primarily with infantry units before transferring to the Engineer Branch in 1983. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in civil engineering from the Virginia Military Institute and a master's degree in civil engineering from Mississippi State University. He is a Registered Professional Engineer.  Prior to his selection as the Chief of Engineers and Commanding General of the U.S. Army Corps on Engineers, he served as Director of Civil Works, Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. In September 2003, he returned from a six-month tour of duty in Iraq as the Deputy Director of Operations for the Coalition Provisional Authority. His previous assignment was Director of Military Programs, Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. His command assignments include the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Northwestern Division; the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Pacific Ocean Division; the Engineer Brigade, 24th Infantry Division, Fort Stewart, Georgia; the 307th Engineer Battalion, 82nd Airborne Division, where he led the battalion through Operation Just Cause in Panama and Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm in Saudi Arabia and Iraq; Rifle Company Commander, 1st Battalion (Mechanized), 26th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division (Forward) in Germany; and Operational Detachment Commander, 2nd Battalion, 5th Special Forces Group at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.  Other assignments include Chief of Staff, U.S. Army Engineer Training Center and Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri; Personnel Staff Officer, Army Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, Washington, D.C.; Colonels Assignment Officer, U.S. Army Personnel Command, Washington D.C.; Exchange Officer and Instructor, Royal School of Military Engineering in England; Battalion Operations Officer, Assistant Division Engineer, and Battalion Executive Officer for the 307th Engineer Battalion, 82nd Airborne Division; Resident Engineer, Columbus Air Force Base, Mississippi; Project Officer, Tennessee- Tombigbee Waterway, Mississippi and Alabama; and Scout Platoon Leader and Company Executive Officer, 1st Battalion (Airborne), 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division.

 

Part 1 (1775 -1865)       Part 2 (1866-1912)       Part 3 (1913-1952)       Part 4 (1953-present)

                     

Page Top