The Vitamin C Contents of Various Apple Varities


January, 1968

Vitamin 'C', or ascorbic acid, is essential for human health. The Nutrition Board, National Research Council, recommends a daily intake of 75 milligrams (mg) by the average adult. Children's doses range from 30 mg for the infant to 100 mg for the active boy between 16 and 20. An oversupply of vitamin 'C' to the body is considered harmless, even in multiples of the recommended values.

When an apple tree is growing normally the vitamin content of its fruit will primarily depend on the variety and on the weather. Specifically it depends on the sunlight striking the fruits during the period immediately before picking time. Shaded fruits will contain less vitamin 'C' than more exposed fruits. Within the apple, vitamin 'C' is concentrated in the flesh right under the skin, and decreases towards the core. These variables may explain why research findings are occasionally confusing and incongruent.

The listing below is based on a number of sources and gives average and interrelated values. It is evident that many apple varieties are "good", some even "excellent" sources of this health preserving vitamin.

Vitamin "C" (Ascorbic Acid) Content in mgs per 100 grams of fruit          
Ananas Rtte 21 Kelly No. 1 9 Ribston 16
Arkansas Black 12 King of the Pippin 21 Rome Beauty 17
Baldwin 16 King of Tompkins County 14 Roxbury Russet 6
Berlepsch 24 King David 22 Secor 8
Ben Davis 8 Limbertwig 14 Spartan 8
Blenheim Orange 15 Lodi 10 Spigold 17
Boskoop 18 MacMahon 7 Stark 14
Brabant Bellflower 20 Maiden Blush 5 Stayman 6
Britemac 8 Mantet 10 Transparent of Croncels 26
Cortland 15 McIntosh 6 Tolman Sweet 12
Court Pendu 21 Melba 12 Twenty Ounce 24
Cox Orange 16 Milton 9 Wegener 19
Elliot 28 Monroe 10 Wealthy 15
Empire 15 Mother 8 White Winter Calville 25
Esopus Spitzenberg 24 Niagara 12 Winesap 25
Fall Pippin 3 Northern Spy 18 Winter Banana 20
Fameuse (Snow) 8 Ontario 22 Winter St.Lawrence 10
Golden Delicious 23 Pewaukee 8 Wolf River 3
Gravenstein 5 Porter 6 Yellow Bellflower 15
Greening 19 Pumkin Sweet 5 Yellow Transparent 11
Grimes Golden 5 Rambo 10 Young America Crab 13
Hyslop Crab 20 Red Astrachan 6 Ottawa 292 17
James Grieve 9 Red Delicious 13 Ottawa 294 7
Jonathan 19        
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

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