Versiune romaneascaDeutsche Version
"When justice does not succeed in being a form of memory,
memory itself can be a form of justice"

Ana Blandiana  
The Memorial of the Victims of Communism
» Museum » Ground Floor » Room 22
Basarabia in the Gulag

This complements Room 23. Basarabia, had been part of Tsarist Russia for 106 years before joining Romania in 1918. In 1940, it was seized by Moscow under the Molotov-Ribbentropp Pact, becoming a Soviet republic. It was re-liberated by Romanian forces in 1941 but then re-annexed by the Soviet Union in 1944, to become the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. It become a centre for experiments by the CPSU and NKVD: deportations, extermination of elites, collectivization of villages and forced industrialization, russification of culture and public life and the destruction of independent thought.

On the room's walls, photos and texts are displayed, illustrating these atrocities, which took place in each of the 16 republics of the Soviet empire before its collapse in 1991.

The material was offered to the Sighet Memorial by professor Anatol Petrencu from Chisinau University (president of the Association of Historians from the Moldavian Republic) and dr. Elena Postica from the National History Museum of Chisinau.

» Museum » Ground Floor
» Room 5
Maps Room
» Room 8
Elections of 1946
» Room 9
The cell where Iuliu Maniu (1873-1953) died
» Room 10
Ilie Lazar - a hero of Maramures
» Room 11
Destruction of the Political Parties
» Room 12
Year 1945. From Yalta to Moscow
» Room 13
Repression against the Church
» Room 14
The Security Police (Securitate) between 1948 and 1989
» Room 17
Forced labour
» Room 18
Collectivization. Resistance and repression
» Room 19
Year 1948 - Romania's sovietization
» Room 20
Communism versus the Monarchy
» Room 21
"Bessarabians in the gulag"
» Room 22
Basarabia in the Gulag
» Room 23
The countries of Eastern Europe (1945-1989)
» Rooms 25-26
The Penitentiary regime
» Plan Ground Floor
Room 5
Maps Room Room 8
Elections of 1946 Room 9
The cell where Iuliu Maniu (1873-1953) died Room 10
Ilie Lazar - a hero of Maramures Room 11
Destruction of the Political Parties Room 13
Repression against the Church Room 14
The Security Police (Securitate) between 1948 and 1989 Room 17
Forced labour Room 18
Collectivization. Resistance and repression Room 19
Year 1948 - Romania's sovietization Room 20
Communism versus the Monarchy Room 21
'Bessarabians in the gulag' Room 22
Basarabia in the Gulag Room 23
The countries of Eastern Europe (1945-1989) Rooms 25-26
The Penitentiary regime Room 12
Year 1945. From Yalta to Moscow
» Museum » Ground Floor
Rooms 25-26
The Penitentiary regime

On the lateral passage of the former prison was the former kitchen. When the building was reconstructed, the workers who rebuilt this section repaired the old stoves without realizing their historical importance. Consequently, the huge room lost its authenticity so. the organizers decided to use this space instead to describe other aspects of the penitentiary regime, by displaying objects made in [...]
» Besides the collections
The verdict

Aparut: 2001
Nr. pag.: 150
Pret: 10.00 €

A novel about Romanian prisons. [...]
» Short history of the building of Sighet prison
» Short history of the Memorial Museum
» The Steering committee of the Memorial of the Victims of Communism and of the Resistance
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