Basarabia in the Gulag
This complements Room 23. Basarabia, had been part of Tsarist Russia for 106
years before joining Romania in 1918. In 1940, it was seized by Moscow under the
Molotov-Ribbentropp Pact, becoming a Soviet republic. It was re-liberated by
Romanian forces in 1941 but then re-annexed by the Soviet Union in 1944, to
become the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. It become a centre for
experiments by the CPSU and NKVD: deportations, extermination of elites,
collectivization of villages and forced industrialization, russification of
culture and public life and the destruction of independent thought.
On the room's walls, photos and texts are displayed, illustrating these
atrocities, which took place in each of the 16 republics of the Soviet empire
before its collapse in 1991.
The material was offered to the Sighet Memorial by professor Anatol Petrencu
from Chisinau University (president of the Association of Historians from the
Moldavian Republic) and dr. Elena Postica from the National History Museum of