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Quick FactsOfficial Emblems - Flag, Coat of Arms, Bird, Flower, Tree and Tartan.

Manitoba Flag
Manitoba Flag The official flag of the Province of Manitoba is the Red Ensign, bearing the provincial coat of arms. This flag was given royal approval by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in October 1965, and officially proclaimed on May 12, 1966.

The Coat of Arms
The Coat of Arms The Coat of Arms of Manitoba, first assigned May 10, 1905 by King Edward VII, was augmented on October 23, 1992 by Governor-General Ramon Hnatyshyn. The 1905 shield is at its centre, while above are a gold helmet, red and silver mantlings, a beaver holding a prairie crocus, and finally a crown. A unicorn and a white horse support the left and right sides. Other elements that symbolize Manitoba's past include maple leaves, the wheel of a Red River cart, and Aboriginal bead and bone decorations. The shield and supporters rest on a base representing a diverse landscape, with a banner below bearing the Latin version of the provincial motto, "Glorious and Free."

The Great Gray Owl
The Great Gray Owl Chosen to represent Manitoba by numerous naturalists and school groups, the Great Gray Owl was officially adopted by Manitoba as the provincial bird emblem on July 16, 1987. A year- round resident of Manitoba, the Great Gray Owl is North America's largest owl, with a wingspan of 1.3 metres. It can be found throughout the mixed wood and coniferous forests of Manitoba, from the south-eastern corner of the province, west to Riding Mountain National Park and north to the treeline.

The Floral Emblem - Crocus
The Floral Emblem - Crocus The floral emblem of Manitoba was officially adopted when an act respecting its adoption was given Royal Assent on March 16, 1906. Accordingly, "The flower known botanically as the anemone patens, and popularly called the crocus, shall be adopted as and deemed to be the floral emblem of the province." This early spring flower, known as the "Prairie Crocus" was chosen by the school children as the floral emblem of the province.

The White Spruce
The White Spruce The White Spruce was chosen as Manitoba's provincial tree emblem because of its extensive use by early and modern cultures. It is also easily identifiable and aesthetically pleasing, has a high economic value and is found throughout most of Manitoba. The white spruce is also disease resistant and capable of growing in most climatic and environmental conditions of the province

The Manitoba Tartan
The Manitoba Tartan The Manitoba Tartan, approved by the Lord Lyon King at Arms, guardian of Scottish Heraldry, is registered in Scotland as the official tartan of the province. The design received royal assent May 1, 1962. Each colour has its own significance: Dark Red Squares-natural resources of the province; Azure Blue Lines-Lord Selkirk, founder of Red River Settlement (Winnipeg); Dark Green Lines-the men and women of many races who have enriched the life of the province; and Golden Lines-grain and other agricultural products.

Did You Know?
Listen to the call of a Virginia Rail (372 KB)

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