DILIGENCE,16. Brig. (1795 Bursledon. Lost 1800) 1796 Capt. J. West, 1/96. 1799 R. MENDS, 1/97, Jamaica. 1800 Charles Hodgson ROSS, Jamaica. In September 1800 she was wrecked on the Honda Bank near Havana, all the crew were saved by THUNDERER,74.
DILIGENCE,18. (Hired lugger) 1800 Lieut. DOBBINS, North Sea.
DILIGENCE,14. Sloop. (Purchased 1801. She was sold out of the service as a merchant ship in the summer of 1812) 1801 Richard JONES, North Sea. (He was 1st Lieutenant of DEFENCE at the battle of the Nile.) A court martial was held at Sheerness on 6 December on D. SPARROW, sergeant of marines, for embezzlement of marine clothing and some of the men's wages. He was sentenced to be reduced to the ranks, receive 10O lashes and have the cost of clothing and wages deducted from his wages.
1803 Alexander Robert KERR, 6/02, Channel. She was employed watching the enemy's flotilla at Boulogne. Capt. KERR moved to COMBATANT on similar service.
1805 T.H. TIDY, off Boulogne. 1807-8 out of commission. 1808 John M'KERLIE, 6/08. 1811 A. LOWE. Downs - Baltic. On 9 May 1811 he captured a Danish privateer rowboat carrying two swivels and 16 men.
DILIGENT,6. (Hired armed cutter) 1800 M. RANDALL, Downs.
DILIGENT,16. (Captured from the French by Cdr. GOGHLAN of RENARD in the West Indies on 28 May 1806. She was first renamed PRUDENTE in 1806 and then WOLF in 1807. BU 1811)
DIOMEDE,50. (1798 Deptford. Sold 1815) Capt. C. ELPHINSTONE, 3/98. She sailed for the East Indies from Portsmouth on 30 December 1798 with the CARNATIC and TAUNTON CASTLE Indiamen under her convoy. She brought home a convoy from China in the spring of 1800. 1802 Capt. Samuel MOTTLEY. Cape of Good Hope. He returned home as a passenger on board LEOPARD,50, in February 1803.
1803 Capt. William FOTHERGILL. In the spring of 1803 she was on passage home from the Cape of Good Hope. 1805 Capt. Hugh DOWNMAN, 1/04, Guernsey, flagship of Sir James SAUMAREZ. He continued in command for 14 months and then commanded DIADEM at the reduction of the Cape of Good Hope. After returning home with dispatches he rejoined DIOMEDE in the River Plate. (see DIADEM) After the capture of Monte Video DIOMEDE returned to England and was put out of commission in June 1807.
1808 Capt. John SYKES, Jersey. Flagship of Rear Ad. Sir E. NAGLE. 1811 Capt. Hugh COOKE, East Indies. Oct 1811 ditto, Chatham. 1812 in ordinary at Chatham. 1812 Capt. Charles M. FABIAN, 8/12 Spithead. 1815 ditto, Halifax- Jamaica.
DIRECTOR,64. (1784 Gravesend. BU 1801) 1796 Capt. William BLIGH. At the Battle of Camperdown on 12 October 1797 engaged the ALKMAAR,56, and the HAARLEM,68. when the former surrendered he left the Dutch rear and made for the flagship, the VRIJHEID,74. He commenced action some twenty yards off the Dutchman`s larboard quarter and soon left him nothing standing with 58 killed and 98 wounded. DIRECTOR lost only 7 men wounded.
1799 North Sea. 1800 Downs.
DISCOVERY. Bomb. (Built at Rotherhithe and purchased new in November 1789 as a sloop. Bomb 1799. BU 1834) 1791 Commander George VANCOUVER. Threats of war by Britain had compelled Spain to hand back territory she had seized at Nootka Sound in 1789 and he was ordered there, with documents from the Spanish government, to receive it from Spanish officials, and survey that part of the north-west American coast. Accompanying him was the tender CHATHAM, Lieut. William BROUGHTON. They sailed on 1 April for the Cape of Good Hope and left there on 10 July for Australia where he discovered and surveyed King George Sound on the south-west coast in September. He continued on to New Zealand where he was the first to survey Dusky Bay. Tahiti was reached on 30 December. Here he was rejoined by CHATHAM, which had discovered Chatham Island in November while separated in stormy weather. After 3 weeks in Tahiti and a month in the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) they reached the Californian coast on 18 April 1792. Sailing northward they passed through the Juan da Fuca Strait and surveyed the waters beyond, naming a deep inlet Puget Sound after a lieutenant in DISCOVERY. By discovering a narrow channel named Johnstone`s Strait he determined the insularity of Vancouver`s Island. DISCOVERY grounded in Queen Charlotte Sound to the north of the island but she was got off with the aid of CHATHAM and a rising tide. He reached Nootka Sound on 28 August to find the DAEDALUS storeship, Lieut. HANSON, had arrived from Oahu where her captain, Lieut. HERGEST and an astronomer, Mr Gooch, had been murdered. In October VANCOUVER surveyed the west coast of the island while CHATHAM explored the Columbia River. In November DISCOVERY sailed for San Francisco where the population consisted of 35 soldiers and some monks. She joined CHATHAM at Monterey and in January Lieut. BROUGHTON was sent home overland across Mexico with dispatches, being replaced by Lieut. PUGET. DAEDALUS sailed for Port Jackson and DISCOVERY returned to the Sandwich Is. on 22 February. The survey of the American coast was resumed between April and December 1793 and again in March 1794 before sailing for home. Between 25 March and 7 May 1795 he was obliged to enter Valparaiso in Chile to repair the main-mast. Previous to this scurvy had broken out on board, although he had tried to follow the precepts of Capt. COOK. But he did not have the humanity of COOK and his harsh treatment of his crew (more floggings than on any other British ship in the Pacific in the previous 30 years) meant that he did not have their affectionate obedience. DISCOVERY returned to the Thames on 20 October 195, three days after CHATHAM.
1797 out of commission at Deptford. Converted to a bomb.
1800 J. DICK, Portsmouth. 1801 John CONN, Downs. When Lord NELSON saw that the enemy flotilla off Boulogne numbered 24 on 4 August 1801 he resolved to make an attack on them using bombs. This was followed on the night of the 15th/16th with an attack by four divisions of boats to try and bring them off. Capt. CONN commanded a division of four howizer boats supporting Capt. PARKER's boats. He kept on towards the pier until the headmost boat was aground, then threw about 8 shells into it. The tide coming out of the harbour swept him away from the pier head but he continued firing on the enemy camp. One seaman from DISCOVERY was wounded. Because of the tide and the strength of the enemy the attack was not a success.
1803 Woolwich. 1805 Charles PICKFORD, Downs. 1807 Sheerness as an army hospital ship. 1818 Convict hulk at Woolwich, at Deptford from 1824. Broken up there in February 1834.
DISPATCH Sloop (Captured 1790. Sold 1801)
DISPATCH,18. (DESPATCH) (1804 Falmouth. 'Cruizer'. BU 1811) 1805 Edward HAWKINS, Plymouth. While serving with Sir Thomas LOUIS's squadron she accepted the surrender of the French 40-gun frigate PRESIDENTE on 27 September 1806.
On 10, 11 and 12 February 1807 Capt. HAWKINS faced a court martial on board GLADIATOR at Portsmouth. An anonymous letter which proved to have been written by Thomas THOMPSON, late master of DISPATCH, charged him with the wilful murder of seaman William DAVIE, a sick person, by negligence and inattention between 9 and 25 December 1805. The captain brought evidence to show that DAVIE was a skulker who was being treated for venereal disease by the surgeon but had been dosing himself with quack medicines. Character witnesses said that Capt. HAWKINS behaviour was always marked with humanity and gentleness. The court decided that the charges were malicious and scandalous and he was acquitted.
1807 James LILLICRAP. In the spring of 1807 DISPATCH convoyed a fleet of transports carrying two divisions of the King's German Legion from the Downs to the island of Rugen off the German Baltic coast where the French were besieging Stralsund, then the capital of Swedish Pomerania. She remained off the coast with a small squadron under Capt. LILLICRAP to protect the troops and, with ROSAMOND, cover the eventual evacuation of King Gustavus in a Swedish frigate. On one occasion DISPATCH, MUTINE and CENSOR fired broadsides at the French outposts near Griefswald. On 21 August DISPATCH escorted the last troops to leave Rugen to Kioge Bay in Zealand to join the rest of the army which had landed five days earlier to prepare for the attack on Copenhagen.
When DISPATCH joined Ad. GAMBIER off Copenhagen Capt. LILLICRAP was ordered to mount four long 18-pounders and join the inshore squadron as senior commander under Capt. PUGET. The sloop was then engaged with the enemy gunboat flotillas nearly every day. On 31 August the armed transport CHARLES was blown up close to her by a shell from the Danish battery at Three Crowns with the loss of 10 killed and 21 wounded.
Although many commanders received promotion Capt. LILLICRAP did not receive post rank for another three years and DISPATCH sailed for Jamaica. On the night of 2 October 1808, while off Nevis with a convoy of merchantmen he captured a small French privateer schooner DORADE armed with one brass gun and carrying 20 men and retook a captured British merchant ship. While on the station he visited the interior of Haiti. Capt. LILLICRAP was promoted to post captain on 21/10/10, the fifth anniversary of Trafalgar but did not receive official notification until March 1811. He sailed for home in NAIAD. 1811 James ABERDOUR, Jamaica. DISPATCH was home again by October when she was sold for breaking up.
DISPATCH,18. (1812 Upnor. 'Cruizer'. Sold 1836) 1812 James GALLOWAY, 12/12, coast of Spain. When the Duke of Wellington asked for a demonstration on the back of the rock of San Sebastian on 1 September 1813, two divisions of ship's boats were placed under the command of Capt. GALLOWAY and Capt. BLOYE of LYRA. Their objective was to divert the attention of the enemy from the defence of the breach.
When the sloops weighed in a slight breeze DISPATCH was unable to make enough speed but gunboats Nos.14 and 16 were able to distract the enemy. The assault on the breach was made about 11 o'clock and and the town was entered and possessed by half past one. The rock was not to fall for another eight days.
1814 ditto, cruising in the Channel, then to America America. On 9 August Capt. HARDY of RAMILLIES with PACTOLUS, DISPATCH and TERROR made an attack on Stonington which had been harbouring the torpedoes used against his Magesty's ships off New London. DISPATCH anchored within pistol-shot of the battery but PACTOLUS could not approach near enough to support her so the brig was recalled, having had two men killed and twelve wounded. On the 11th TERROR threw in some shells and carcasses and RAMILLIES and PACTOLUS, anchoring as close as they could, fired several broadsides into the town. DISPATCH captured the American schooner NANCY and on 10 October she destroyed the American cutter EAGLE,2, of 75bm.
In January 1815 MAJESTIC (a razee), ENDYMION, POMONE, TENEDOS and DISPATCH were stationed off Sandy Hook to prevent the escape of PRESIDENT and other American vessels at Staten Island. PRESIDENT was captured by ENDYMION when she came out on the 17th.
1816-20 Chatham. 1822 Wm. GERVOISE, 1/21, Mediterranean. 1824 Capt. Edward SCOTT, 7/23, Mediterranean. 1825 Rt. PARSONS, 7/25, Chatham. 1826 ditto, Particular Service. 1827 ditto, Cork. 1828 William BOWYER, 9/28, Plymouth. 1830 Ed. FRANKLAND, 2/30, Cork. 1834 G. DANIELL, 6/32, N.A.W.I. DISPATCH, to the windward of Barbados, captured a Spanish schooner of only 75bm but having on board 292 slaves of both sexes, mostly under 12 years of age. 1836 Sheerness.
DIXMUNDE. GV. 1803 Portsmouth.
DOLLY,8. (Hired cutter) 1799 Alex. WATSON, Channel. She served as a dispatch boat between Plymouth and the fleet of Brest. At the end of March 1800 FOWEY had attempted to burn the remains of REPULSE which had been wrecked off Ushant on the 10th but she could not get near enough because the French had brought up a battery. In May DOLLY joined her for another attempt but they were driven off. During a gale on 16 May she came across TROMPEUSE and RAILEUR and passed under the stern of the latter which was laying-to under bare pole. DOLLY came into the Sound on the 23rd.
DOLORE,10. (Schooner taken from the Spanish in 1807) 1808 Lieut. Samuel Sharpe TREACHER, off the River Plate.
DOLPHIN,24, (1751 Woolwich Dockyard. Broken up 1777) 1756 Capt. Carr SCROPE, Mediterranean. With a small squadron under Capt. Hon. George EDGCUMBE off Minorca, where Capt. SCROPE commanded the seamen and marines who were assisting the construction of defensive works ashore. When the French landed an army in Minorca EDGCUMBE retired to Gibraltar, leaving Capt. SCROPE behind with the DOLPHIN`s barge, to join Vice Ad. John BYNG who had arrived there with a fleet from England on 2 May.
On the 8th BYNG sailed for Minorca, sending DOLPHIN, Cdr. Benjamin MARLOW, and PHOENIX,20, on ahead with CHESTERFIELD,40, to try and make contact with the army in the castle of St. Philip at Port Mahon. DOLPHIN was also to make a private signal to Capt. SCROPE, so he could come off in the barge. Before they could accomplish this the French fleet appeared and they had to retire. The two fleets engaged on the afternoon of the 20th, the two lines nearly parallel, exchanging broadsides. Casualties were nearly equal although the British suffered more aloft. BYNG held a council of war and sailed for Gibraltar. This decision was to result in BYNG`s court martial and execution.
On 23 November 1757 DOLPHIN and HUSSAR,28, Capt John ELLIOT, fought and sank French two-decked ship, later discovered to have been the ALCION,50.
1764 Capt. John BYRON. A voyage of discovery including a circumnavigation. For details see TAMAR 1758.
1766 Capt. Samuel WALLIS. The results of BYRON`s voyage were disappointing so a second expedition with DOLPHIN and SWALLOW, Cdr. Philip CARTERET, set out from Plymouth on 22 August and reached Cape Virgins at the entrance to Magellan`s Straits in December. Fresh vegetables and fish had the same good effects on the health of the crew as in BYRON`s passage of the Straits. WALLIS took longer, not reaching Cape Pilar until 11 April 1767, losing contact with SWALLOW the same day. He reached Tahiti on 20 June and stayed for seven weeks allowing his sick men to recover their health. After discovering and naming a few islands to the westward WALLIS lost interest in exploration and returned to England by way of Tinian and the Cape of Good Hope, arriving back in Plymouth on 20 May 1768.
Broken up January 1777.
DOLPHIN,44, (1781 Chatham. BU 1817) 1781. First commissioned by Capt. BLAIR.
In 1781 Sir Hyde PARKER hoisted his flag in FORTITUDE, as commander of a squadron, including DOLPHIN, to escort 70O sail of merchantmen from Leith to the Baltic. As he was returning from that service with the home bound convoy, Sir Hyde, with seven line-of-battle ships, and six frigates, fell in with the Dutch Admiral Zoutman, with the same number of ships and also escorting a convoy, off the Dogger Bank.
Ad. PARKER placed the convoy in charge of Capt. SUTTON in TARTAR with orders to get it home as best as possible. The British squadron then formdeced line and bore down on the Dutch, who had placed their convoy and frigates to the leeward of the squadron. They closed to within a pistol shot without firing until, after an incessant exchange of broadsides for three hours and forty minutes, Vice Ad. PARKER hauled down the signal for battle and the British ships hove to to repair damage. FORTITUDE lost twenty killed and Lieuts. Joseph HARRINGTON (mortally), John WAGHORN and Martin KINCKLEY, the boatswain, the pilot and 67 men were wounded. DOLPHIN had 12 killed including Lieut. DALBY and 33 wounded including her Boatswain. The total for the squadron was 109 killed and 362 wounded, many mortally. The Dutch losses were heavier. The HOLLANDIA sank in the night and her flag was rescued by BELLE POULE and presented to Ad. PARKER. On the other Dutch ships 142 were killed and 403 wounded. In spite of this the Dutch claimed a victory when they reached Holland.
1793 Lieut. J. MAY. DOLPHIN evacuated the wounded from Toulon, when the French Republicans stormed the forts held by the British and French Royalists and took them to Gibraltar. 1794 Capt R. RETALICK, 10/94. 1797 Cdr. Josiah NISBITT,(Nelson`s stepson) 12/97. Lieut. Nisbitt had been promoted into the DOLPHIN hospital ship by Sir John Jervis at the urging of Nelson, and, according to a letter from St Vincent "Acquitted himself marvellously well in getting his ship out and joining us of Cadiz when we arrived, in conducting a convoy of transports with troops from Gibraltar to Lisbon, and pushing out to protect the stragglers of a convoy in very bad weather."
1799 Capt. T. BAYLEY, 1/99. Capt. P. BEAVER, 8/99, Hospital ship at Woolwich. Converted to a troopship in April 1800 - out of commission at Deptford. 1805 Capt. Isaac FERRIERES, to the West Indies on 21 August. In 1807 depot ship for Royal Marines at Woolwich. From 1811 A. BLACK, master, armed en flute, to the Cape of Good Hope and the East Indies. 1812 Deptford, 1814 Bermuda, 1815 Spithead..Broken up in July 1817.
DOLPHIN,6. (Hired lugger) 1799 Lieut. William MARSH, Falmouth. A court martial was held on board MAGICIENNE, frigate, lying in the harbour at Sheerness, to try John COOK, alias HARRIS, a Jew, for desertion from DOLPHIN. He was sentenced to receive 150 lashes.
DOLPHIN. (Hired cutter) 1799 Lieut. J. JARRETT, Downs - Portsmouth. On 30 May 1800 ROSE (2), Lieut. H. RICHARDSON with DOLPHIN in company was ordered by Capt. PRICE of BADGER to examine creeks and harbours on the French coast between Cape Barfleur and Cape La Hogue. At half past four the following morning DOLPHIN sighted a cutter to windward and made ROSE a signal for the enemy. They immediately went in chase and captured her an hour later about 10 miles north of Cape Barfleur. She was the RISQUE A TOUT, a privateer mounting two 4-pounders with 16 men. Under captain Jacques Neel she was 10 hours out of Cherbourg. On Tuesday 9 September CHAMPION, DOLPHIN, SPARKLER and BOUNCER drove two enemy sloops on shore and destroyed them.
In 1803 DOLPHIN was tender to SALVADOR DEL MUNDO,112, and on 18 June she and ROSE brought into Plymouth the Dutch East Indiaman, CORNELIUS MARIA, laden with a valuable cargo of coffee, sugar and spices, which had been detained by the CATHERINE & MARY privateer of London.
DOLPHIN,3. Brigantine. (1835 Sheerness. Customs 1861) Lieut. Thomas Lorey ROBERTS, 28/7/36, Coast of Africa. He took the slavers INCOMPEHEHENSIVE on 23 December 1836 and, with help from SCOUT's boats, DOLORES on 19 April 1837. Payment of prize money for the latter was not made until December 1850. Lieut. John MACDOUGALL, 12/9/37, Coast of Africa.
1838 Lieut. Edward HOLLAND, 2/8/38, Chatham for the coast of Africa. 1839 R. H. DUNDAS, coast of Africa. On 13 August 1839 DOLPHIN, some 20 miles off the African cost near Quipo, encountered a vessel sailing under the American flag,. When she was brought to and boarded she proved to be the CATHERINE and fitted out for slaving although no slaves were found on board, only a cargo of tobacco and spirits. Instructions on how to deceive a man-of-war were found among the papers on board. She had been fitted out at Havana and her papers had been supplied by the American vice-consul there.
1840- Lieut. Edward LITTLEHALES, 3/40, Coast of Africa. On 5 January 1841 she took the slaver CAROLINA. At daylight on 30 May DOLPHIN gave chase to a brigantine off Whydah. When LITTLEHALES found that he was not gaining on the stranger he sent off the 20ft cutter with nine men and the gig with six under the command of the mate, Augustus Charles MURRAY and the 2nd master, John REES. After a pull of two hours under a hot sun they came up with the brigantine which immediately opened up with a continuous musket fire. Braving this they boarded on each quarter. Mr MURRAY, the first aboard, was knocked back by a musket butt which broke his collar bone but clambered up again and nearly lost his left hand at the wrist from a cutlass blow. The bowman of the cutter was killed as he mounted the side and the bowman of the gig was shot at his oar. It took 20 minutes to quell all resistance. She turned out to be the Brazilian slaver FIRME.
During June the schooner DORES (60x15ft) which had been taken at Quitah was sent in charge of DOLPHIN's gunner to Sierra Leone. Six weeks later she was found only 30 miles away with the gunner and most of the prize crew dead from fever. Mr MURRAY, who had just recovered from his wounds, took command with a crew of two men and two boys. The voyage to Sierra Leone was to take 146 days. One seaman was taken by a shark and MURRAY severely injuring and tearing his leg. When they arrived on 6 January 1841, having been given up for lost, MURRAY found his promotion awaiting him for the capture of FIRME.
1843 Lieut. William HOARE, 5/43, Brazils. On 18 November 1843 she took the slaver ANNA and on 7 May 1844 the BELLA ANGELLA. 1845 Lieut. Reginald Thomas LEVINGE, 2/45, east coast of South America. In August 1845 she was involved with GORGON, FIREBRAND, PHILOMEL and COMUS in operations in the Uruguay River to rescue foreign nationals during the invasion of Uruguay by the Argentinian dictator DE ROSAS. In November she joined the Anglo-French squadron which forced a passage through a boom across the Parana River at Obligado. (see PHILOMEL) At one time during the attack DOLPHIN found herself the target of all the enemy guns until the French SAN MARTIN came up to relieve her. Although all her boats were destroyed a party under Mate Frederick Falkiner Nicholson joined those from FIREBRAND to make a gap in the boom. DOLPHIN lost five men killed including Clerk George ANDREWS, 6/43, and 24 wounded including Second Master Richard Henry WARREN, Ass. Surgeon John GALLAGHER, 7/43, and Ass. Clerk T. ELLSTOB.
While the rest of the squadron pressed on up the river as far as Asuncion, more than 70O miles from Buenos Aires, DOLPHIN and the schooner FANNY returned to Montevideo to collect some merchantman which they and FIREBRAND safely escorted past the guns and troops with which the Argentines were hoping to close the river above Rosario.
LEVINGE was promoted to Commander for his part in all these operations. 1848 Lieut. Hon. Robert BOYLE, 9/47, Coast of Africa. Captured the slavers SEGUNDO ANDORINHA on 23 April, CURIOSO on 24 June and BRAZILIEUSE on 12 October 1848.
DOMINICA. Schooner. (Purchased 1805. BU 1808) 1805 Lieut. Robert PETER, Leeward Is. On 11 August she captured the rowing boat HAZARD having 14 men armed with muskets. Three days out of Pointe a Petre, Guadaloupe they had taken no prizes.
On 25 August, while under the lee of Roseau, Dominica, she took another rowboat, RAVANCHE, this time armed with a 12-pounder carronade and several swivels. Eight weeks out of Guadaloupe she had taken three small vessels. Fifteen miles off the Saintes on 2 September another rowboat, PRUDENTE, mistook DOMINICA for a merchant vessel. Before she could make good her escape she was chased and taken by midshipman JACKSON and 8 men in the boat. James MORGAN was the only man hurt.
About 20 May 1806 she was seized by mutineers and taken into Guadaloupe where the French renamed her NAPOLEON, fitted her out as a privateer with a crew of 75 under Vincent Gautier and sent her out on the 23rd. with a schooner, l'IMPERIAL, to attack the merchant shipping in Roseau Bay. On 24 May, following a signal from CYGNET, she was recaptured after a chase of some hours by WASP, which was then standing in for the Bay. The packet, DUKE OF MONTROSE, took on board a party of the 46th regiment and captured the schooner.
1806 Lieut W. DEANS, Leeward Is. On 18 August he captured a French rowboat privateer between Dominica and Marie Galante. She was the BATEUSE, armed with musketry and with a complement of 19 men. Ten of these were sent into Martinique by a small schooner which he had captured off St. Lucia. On 27 November he captured, to the windward of Marie Galante, a lugger-rigged French privateer rowboat BASILISK with one brass 3-pounder and 16 men. She was returning to Point-a-Petre from a three month cruise and had made three captures.
DOMINICA,14. (A French privateer TAPE A L'OEIL captured 1807. Lost off Tortola in August 1809)
DOMINICA,14. (The French schooner DUC DE WAGRAM taken in 1809. Lost 1815) 1812 Robert HOCKINGS, West Indies. He reported from St. Thomas's that on the 11 September he had captured the American privateer PROVIDENCE after a chase of ten hours. She was pierced for 12 guns but had thrown all but four overboard in her efforts to escape. Thirty days out of Providence she had taken no prizes.
1813 Lieut. George Wilmot BARRETE. On 5 August 1813 DOMINICA had the packet QUEEN CHARLOTTE under convoy off Charleston when she was attacked by the American privateer brig DECATEUR. At the third attempt the Americans boarded and left only 15 of DOMINICA's crew not killed or wounded, BARRETE losing his life in the action. She was caried into Charleston on the 20th. James NICHOLLS, acting lieutenant, and the other survivors were acquitted of blame for the loss at the subsequent court martial.
She was recaptured 22 May 1814. 1815 Lieut. Richard CRAWFORD. On 15 August 1815 she was wrecked off Bermuda.
DONEGAL,80. (The French HOCHE taken with three other vessels off Ireland by Sir J.B. WARREN on 12 October 1798. BU 1845) 1000 Plymouth. 1801 Capt. Sir Richard STRACHAN, Channel. Mr William BISSELL was her first lieutenant from 1801 until December 1805.
Following the outbreak of hostilities with Spain DONEGAL was employed watching the French squadron at Cadiz. She fell in with the large Spanish frigate AMPHITRITE,42, during November 1804. After a chase of 46 hours AMPHITRITE carried away her mizen-top-mast which enabled DONEGAL to come up with her. Sir Richard dispatched a boat to bring the captain on board but, since neither understood the language of the other, it was with difficulty that he managed to acquaint the Spaniard that his orders required him to conduct the AMPHIRITE back to Cadiz.
He allowed the Spanish captain three minutes to decide whether he would comply and then, after waiting in vain for six minutes, fired into AMPHITRITE. After an engagement of eight minutes, during which the Spanish captain was killed by a musket ball, AMPHITRITE struck her colours. She was carrying dispatches from Cadiz to Teneriffe and Havana and was laden with stores. DONEGAL also captured another Spanish vessel from Cadiz with a cargo reputed to be worth 200,000 pounds.
1805 Capt. Pulteney MALCOLM, off Cadiz. DONEGAL accompanied NELSON in his pursuit of the combined fleets across the Atlantic to the West Indies and back.
On 23 October DONEGAL captured the partially dismasted Spanish first rate EL RAYO which, on its return to port after Trafalgar, had been ordered to sea again to try and rescue some of the prizes.
When Vice Ad. DUCKWORTH commanding the squadron off Cadiz learnt of the sailing of two French squadrons from Brest in December 1805, he sailed over to Barbados in search of one of them. The French were sighted of San Domingo on 6 February. The British ships were, the weather line, SUPERB, NORTHUMBERLAND and SPENCER, and the lee line, AGAMEMNON, CANOPUS, DONEGAL and ATLAS. DONEGAL fired her broadside into the French BRAVE and forced her to surrender after half an hour's close action. Capt. MALCOLM then quitted his prize to run aboard JUPITER after giving her a few broadsides. The French surrendered to a boarding party headed by a lieutenant and two midshipmen. Capt. MALCOLM directed ACASTA to take possession of BRAVE. Donegal lost her foreyard and had 12 killed, including Mr Charles KYNASTON, midshipman, and 33 wounded including Mr John AIREY, master, and Messrs. RUDALL, OGIEUM and ACTON.
1807 ditto, Off Finisterre. Flagship of Rear Ad. E. HARVEY. Later in the year under Rear Ad. KEATS in the Channel. 1808 Spithead. For 5 days from 1 August Capt. MALCOLM oversaw the debarkation of Sir Arthur Wellesley's army at Mondego Bay. Lieut. James ASKEY, first of DONEGAL acted as beachmaster.
Rear Ad. STOPFORD's squadron chased three enemy frigates into the Sable d'Olonne on 23 February 1809. DEFIANCE anchored within half a mile of them, DONEGAL and CAESAR, because of their draft, farther out. Their fire forced two of the frigates to cut and run ashore. DONEGAL had 1 killed and 6 wounded.
In April 1809 DONEGAL was with Lord GAMBIER's fleet in the Basque Roads. Lieut. ASKEY commanded the HERCULE fire ship in the attack on the French squadron. He was assisted by midshipman Charles FALKINER of the same ship.
Commanded by Capt. Edward Pelham BRENTON (act.), DONEGAL sailed for Cadiz on 24 July 1809 with the Marquis Wellesley (brother of Sir Arthur) as Ambassador to the Junta at Seville. When they arived on 1 August the city was celebrating the news of the victory at Talavera. She brought the Marquis home in November and Capt. BRENTON was superseded by Capt. MALCOLM.
On 13 October 1810 DIANA and NIOBE drove two French frigates ashore near La Hogue. The following day DONEGAL arrived with REVENGE to assist and the four ships took turns in firing on the enemy as long as the tide would allow. DONEGAL had 3 men wounded.
1811 off Cherbourg. Later in the year in ordinary at Portsmouth. 1814- in ordinary at Chatham.
DORDRECHT,64. (Captured by Ad. ELPHINSTONE in Saldanha Bay on 17 August 1796. BU 1823) Capt. J.S. RAINIER, 4/97. Capt. S.H. LINZEE, 9/97. Capt. C. BRISBANE, 6/98. Capt. D. ATKINS, 7/98. Capt. R. HONEYMAN, 1/99. North Sea.
DORIS,36. (1795 Gravesend. Wrecked 1805) Capt. Hon. C. JONES, 11/95. Lord RANELAGH, 7/97, Channel. 1801 Capt. John HALLIDAY, Channel. The French ship HURON was captured on 20 January and on the 23rd she took the FAVOURITE, bound for Bordeaux from L'Orient with staves, copper and hides.
On 20 February DORIS and ALCMENE sent into Falmouth the MERCURY letter of marque which had been on passage from Livorno to London with a valuable cargo of silks and bale goods. When she captured a French privateer and put a prize crew on board, two of her seamen joined the French prisoners to seize the MERCURY and were taking her in to L'Orient when the two frigates came in sight and recaptured her.
The BELLONA brig, master Mr Dean, from Galway to Londonderry with a cargo of kelp, oats, bread, herrings, etc, which had been captured by the French privateer RUSE,14, was recaptured by DORIS and sent into Plymouth on 14 July.
On 26 November DORIS recaptured the COUNTESS of BUTE of Glasgow. She had been taking barrelled salmon and oil from Newfoundland to Naples and Livorno when, after separating from her convoy off the Newfoundland banks on the 10th she was captured by the French privateer BRAAVE on the 19th.
1801 Capt. HALLIDAY. At the end of January 1801 MAGICIENNE, THAMES and DORIS captured two very valuable French East Indiamen and three brigs off Bordeaux. They arrived in Plymouth on the 30th. Dispatches to Napoleon from Mauritius were discovered in the false bottom of a chest on one of the Indiamen, the HURON, and forwarded to Earl ST. VINCENT.
1801 Capt. Charles BRISBANE, Channel. In July 1801 DORIS, BEAULIEU and URANIE were anchored off Brest watching the combined fleet.
On the 21st the French corvette CHEVRETTE which was anchored in Camaret Bay, saw the British ships and decided that it would be safer to move further into the bay under the protection of shore batteries. As a further precaution troops were put on board, a redoubt built on Pointe du Grand Gouin and a guard boat mounting two 32-pounders was stationed at the entrance.
That evening seven boats from DORIS and URANIE, six from BEAULIEU and two from ROBUST left to attack the enemy. Lieut. Woodley LOSSACK of the VILLE DE PARIS went off with six boats in search of the guard boat. When he did not return Lieut. MAXWELL, realising that they were still 6 miles from the corvette, decided to take command and at half past midnight they pulled through a hail of grape and musket balls to board her. She was cut adrift, the sails set and those Frenchmen who were not killed, wounded or jumped overboard, took refuge below where they kept up musket fire and tried to blow up the quarter deck.
In the morning the prize joined the frigates off Pointe de St. Mathieu. Lieut. Henry Walter BURKE of DORIS was wounded in the shoulder by grape shot and died later of fever in Plymouth hospital, Lieut. Sinclair of BEAULIEU's marines was killed as he was defending a wounded midshipman, Mr CROFTON of DORIS. Sixteen seamen from DORIS were also wounded.
1803 Capt. R.H. PEARSON, Channel. While cruising off Ushant on 18 May 1803, DORIS fell in with the French lugger AFFRONTEUR, mounting fourteen long 9-pounders and commanded by Lieut. Marce Dutoya with 92 men. She was captured after a running fight in which her first captain and 8 men were killed and 14 wounded. DORIS had only one man wounded.
On 24 June DORIS captured a small French privateer PELAGIE of 4 guns and 37 men. She had come from Nantes through the passage du Raz and intended to go through the Passage du Four intothe Channel. She was scauutled on the orders of Rear Ad. CAMPBELL. Capt. Patrick CAMPBELL, 9/03, Channel.
On 12 January 1805 DORIS, on her way to Quiberon Bay, struck the Diamond Rock and started to make so much water through a leak under the fore-foot that Capt. CAMPBELL was forced to throw her guns overboard. They managed to ride out a gale during the following day and, when the weather moderated, the pumps started to gain on the leak, so they set a course for England accompanied by the FELIX schooner. During the third night, in a heavy sea, the leak increased and the ship became waterlogged and would not answer the helm. Capt. CAMPBELL anchored her near the mouth of the Loire and transferred the crew to the FELIX and a Danish brig. DORIS was was then set on fire and she burned until her after magazine blew up and she sank.
DORIS,36. (PITT, an Indiaman built in Bombay and purchased in 1808. Sold 1829) 1808 Capt. Christopher COLE, from CULLODEN. With PSYCHE under his orders he transported Col. Malcolm, the ambassador to the Persian court, to Abashir in the Persian Gulf. (See PSYCHE) During the following two years DORIS was employed cruising in the Malacca Straits and the South China Sea.
When news was received of the patriotic rising against the French in Spain, Rear Ad. DRURY sent DORIS and PSYCHE to the Phillipines to try and win over the Spanish authorities there. He was successful in his mission.
He had the good fortune to encounter and capture the valuable Japan ship from Batavia and when, he learnt from her that two French frigates had gone to China, he set off in pursuit. The enemy was not at Macao and when he attempted to return the monsoon drove the two ships out into the Pacific. DORIS lost 40 men from scurvy and dysentery and when she arrived at Malacca only one lieutenant, the gunner and 56 men were able to stand watch. PSYCHE suffered equally. Capt. COLE removed, at his own request, to CAROLINE in 1810.
1810 Capt. William Jones LYE, East Indies. On 19 October 1810 Vice Ad. BERTIE resumed the blockade of Port Louis, Mauritius, and on the 24th he was joined by Rear Ad. DRURY with RUSSELL, CLOIRINDE, DORIS, PHAETON, BUCEPHALUS, CORNELIA and HESPER. He detatched CORNELIA and HESPER to join the blockade and sailed with the rest to Rodriguez where he joined a division of about 10,000 troops from Bombay under Major Gen. Abercromby on 3 November.
The whole fleet weighed on the 22nd and on the 29th the troops started landing in Grande Baie on Mauritius. Capt. LYE and Capt. BRIGGS of CLORINDE and their people were employed under the orders of Capt. BEAVER who controlled the disembarkation. Capt. William MONTAGUE of CORNWALLIS commanded the naval brigade ashore. The island surrendered on 3 December.
1812 Capt. Barrington REYNOLDS, East Indies. DORIS paid off in November 1812.
1813 Capt. Robert O'BRIEN, 1/13. In the course of the year he escorted the outward bound trade to China. When Rear Ad. Sir George BURLTON died, Capt O'BRIEN removed himself to WELLESLEY on 1 November 1815 and assumed the position of Commodore without authority. (see CORNWALLIS)
1821 Capt. Thomas GRAHAM, 3/21, Brazil. 1822 Capt. Frederick VERNON, 4/22, Brazil. 1823 Capt. William JOHNSTONE, 10/23, Brazil. He removed from ECLAIR to assume command of DORIS at Pernambuco in March 1824. The province was in a state of revolt against the government and the port was closely blockaded by a royalist squadron from Rio de Janeiro. DORIS was stationed there for nearly four months to protect British lives and property.
On 22 June two midshipmen and a boat's crew were made prisoners when they landed under the impression that they had taken part in a attack the previous night. A lieutenant was sent ashore to demand their release and an apology. When the blockade was lifted a few days later DORIS returned to Rio Janeiro.
She returned home to England from Rio de Plata in December 1824 and paid oiff on 12 January 1825.
1825 Capt. Sir John Gordon SINCLAIR, 2/25, South America. In 1825 she saved a French national brig and a Brazilian corvette from destruction.
DOROTHEA. (Hired ship) 1818 David BUCHAN. (see ADONIS) He was appointed on 14 January 1818 to take advantage of the disappearance of ice from much of the Arctic seas to sail north between Spitzbergen (Svalbard) and Greenland and, if the they found open water, to head for the Bering Strait. At the same time Capt. John ROSS was to attempt to find a passage across the north of America to the Pacific from Baffin's Strait. DOROTHEA was accompanied by the TRENT hired brig, Lieut. John FRANKLIN. (Later Sir John)
They sailed from Deptford early in May 1818 and reached Spitzbergen on the 26th. To the north of the island they found a barrier of ice which sail could not penetrate. They tried dragging the ships with ropes to force a way in and this resulted in their being beset for 13 days within two miles of land in shoaling water. During a second attempt they were in the ice for four weeks and reached 80deg 40min N. On 29 July, being once more in open water, they were hit by a sudden gale which drove them at the ice. They hung fenders over the bows and put on more sail in hope that the they would enter the pack for protction. The greater part of their timbers were either broken or sprung and DOROTHEA was stove in in several places. When the gale abated early the next morning TRENT forced her way out but DOROTHEA was too badly damaged to try. However within a few hours they were both clear of the ice and made for the harbour of Dane's Gat where they remained until the end of August making repairs.
DOTTEREL (1802 Bursledon. 'Cruizer'. Hulk 1827) Anthony ABDY, 11/08. At the beginning of March 1809 DOTTEREL joined the 23 ships ranging from frigates to armed cutters under Admiral Lord GAMBIER which carried out an attack on the French fleet in the Basque Roads. During the night of 11 April she was stationed with EMERALD, BEAGLE, CONFLICT and GROWLER at the eastern end of the Isle D'Aix to create a diversion while fire ships and explosion vessels were launched towards the French. Cdr. ABDY removed to act in TONNANT off Ferrol in June 1809.
1811 W.W.DANIEL, 10/10, Portsmouth. 1812 ditto, Spithead. 1814-15 John NATCHBULL, Jamaica. DOTTEREL, MAJESTIC and MORGIANA captured the American schooner DOMINICA of 4 guns and 36 men, laden with rice, tobacco, wine and naval stores, on 22 May 1814.
During 1815 a court martial tried James NEWMAN of DOTERELL for deserting from a dockyard party then, after he had been taken by the press, getting out of his irons and escaping from VICTORIOUS in a boat. He got no further than the mud on the shore where he was recaptured by the boats of the ship. The court sentenced him to 20O lashes and to lose all his pension time.
1816 Chatham. 1818- John GORE, 2/18, St. Helena. 1820 ditto, Cork. 1822 Wm. HENDRY, 7/21, Halifax. 1823 Richard HOARE, 7/22, Halifax. 1825 Henry EDWARDS, 8/25, Woolwich. 1826 Lieut. William Alexander HAMILTON sailed for Bermuda in BLONDE with dispatches for Rear Ad. LAKE and, on his arrival, was ordered to take command of DOTERELL at Halifax. The appointment was confirmed by the Admiralty in November but, having encountered much bad weather in her passage across the Gulf Stream, DOTERELL was found to be so defective on arrival at Bermuda that she was dismantled and laid up there. Cdr. Hamilton, his officers and part of the crew returned home in the QUEENSBERRY packet on 7 May 1827.
DOVE,4. Schooner (Purchased 1804. Captured 1805) 1804 Lieut. Alexander BOYACK, Channel. She was captured by the Rochefort squadron on 5 August 1805.
DOVE,6. (purchased 1823. Sold 1829) Lieut. Jas. CROSBY, 12/23, 1827 Lieut. G.B. FORSTER, 11/26, Packet Service.
DOVER,44. (1786 Burlesdon. Burnt 1806) 1795 Lieut. T.H. WILSON. 1797 Lieut. H. KENT, belonging to the Transport Office at Deptford. 1800 Gibraltar 1803- out of commission at Woolwich. In 1806 she was lying alongside the dockyard warf, near to the mast houses at the upper end of the town. She was being used as a temporary marine barracks for the new Woolwich Division and normally contained three or four hundred marines, plus officers and women and children.
At about half past twelve in the morning of 6 August the poop sentry gave the alarm of fire on board and in half an hour she was ablaze from end to end. By three o'clock she had burnt to the water's edge. There were only about 120 men on board with 50 women and about 25 children. Men were seen dragging their wives out of port holes and women were screaming for their children. One sergeant's wife threw her child out of a port hole and and then jumped after it. It being low tide they fell on the mud and were rescued. Only one man was lost when he went back on board to save something.
DOVER,38. (1804 Bombay. Purchased as DUNCAN in 1805. Renamed DOVER in 1807. Wrecked 1811) 1807 Capt. Edward TUCKER, East Indies. In 1809 Vice Ad. DRURY was directed to put the islads of Java and the Moluccas under strict blockade but, since he lacked the recources he decided that seizing the principal settlement in the eastern Islands and destroying the shipping in the Moluccas would accomplish the same result.
To execute this service he selected DOVER with CORNWALLIS and SAMARANG under Capt. TUCKER's orders. Since the squadron was deficient in marines two companies from one of the native regiments were embarked on the first two. DOVER's first lieutenant was Mr INCLEDON; the master, Mr GARLAND: the purser, Mr PALMER; the gunner, Mr GREEN.
During December 1809 and January 1810 DOVER and her boats captured 15 proas and a brig off Batavia. Between them they carried 50 guns. On 6 February 1810 DOVER captured two Dutch brigs-of-war, REMBANG,18, and HOOP,10, off the island of Amboyna.
DOVER was joined on the 9th by CORNWALLIS and the Dutch sloop MANDARINE,12, which she had taken, and they sailed up the harbour of Amboyna and anchored in Latitia Bay. The anchorage was protected by numerous batteries erected since the English restored the island to the Dutch in 1803.
On 16th 176 troops and 85 seamen and marines from DOVER joined 140 seamen and marines from the other two ships in the boats. As the ships bore up together, the boats were all slipped at the same moment within a cable's length of the landing place a little to the right of Portuguese Bay. They immediately began an assault on the batteries on the heights. Meanwhile the ships bombarded the port and its batteries for two and a half hours. Two field pieces were landed from DOVER during the night together with 40 men from SAMARANG who got the guns up to the heights.
On the 18th the original force marched in to Fort Victoria and took possession, the enemy having previously laid down their arms. One seaman from DOVER was killed and four were wounded. Two cutters and a brig, the MANDURESE,12, were sunk by the Dutch in the harbour on the 19th. The brig was later raised. There were 52 vessels of all kinds in the harbour. Following the fall of Amboyna two ships, the PATMAN DAMVERS and the PATHOLGAIR, a brig, CHARLOTTE and a ketch, SALO SALA, were captured. They were from Sourabaya, richly laden with supplies of every kind.
During the following two weeks the valuable islands of Saparoua, Harouka, Nasso-Laut, Bouro and Manippa surrendered.
After sending all the Dutch officers and troops from Amboyna to Java, Capt. TUCKER sailed for the Dutch port of Gorontello, in the Bay of Tommine, on the north-east part of the island of Celebes in June 1810. Although the Dutch flag was flying over fort Nassau, the settlement was governed by a Sultan and his two sons on behalf of the Dutch East India Co. He persuaded the Sultan to allow the British to replace the Dutch.
Manado, where Fort Amsterdam was protected by two heavy batteries, surrendered without opposition when Capt. PARKER pointed out that an English frigate, with guns ready to fire and volunteers waiting in her boats, was waiting to storm the Dutch position. Manado had a garrison of 113, including officers, and the fort and the batteries mounted 50 guns.
On 21 August 10O troops under Capt. Forbes of Madras European regiment were embarked on board DOVER at Amboyna. She sailed for Ternate and sighted the island on the 25th but because of light airs it was early in the morning of the 28th before a landing coud be effected. The party consisted of 74 Europeans of the coast artillery and Madras European regiment, 32 natives from the Amboyna corps, 36 marines and 32 seamen, 174 including officers.
They had intended to land near Fort Kayo Meirah and storm the walls but an unfavourable current kept them offshore until after daylight when they landed out of the line of fire behind a point of land. A calm prevented DOVER from closing before the afternoon when Capt. PARKER called on the governor to surrender but the ultimatum was rejected. During the night the winds and current were unfavourable so it was the afternoon of the 29th before Lieut. JEFFERIES and the seamen who had landed could be got back on board together with Lieut. Higginson and a few marines. DOVER then opened fire three batteries and Fort Orange with grape and canister while the troops ashore engaged a numerous body of the enemy. By five in the evening flags of truce were hoisted and three officers came on board to arrange a surrender. One royal marine was killed and 6 seamen and 1 royal marine wounded.
DOVER returned to MADRAS without the loss of one man by sickness.
With Lieut. Charles GENERIS as acting captain, DOVER was wrecked in the Madras Road on 2 May 1811 by a hurricane which arose as she was departing for an expedition against Batavia.
DOVER,4. (Hired cutter) 1811 Lieut. H. THRACKSTONE. Channel fleet.
DRAGON,10 Cutter. (Purchased 1782. Sold 1785)
DRAGON,74. (1798 Rotherhithe. BU 1850) 1798- Capt. G. CAMPBELL, 4/98, with the Channel fleet. On 11 June 1800 she sailed with KENT for the Straits with a large supply of naval and military stores. 1801 Capt. John AYLMER, Plymouth for the Cadiz station with Sir John WARREN's squadron. Early in the year Rear Ad. Gautheaume sailed from Brest and arrived safely in Toulon on 19 February. Sir John, supposing they were heading for Egypt, followed them through the Straits, refitted at Minorca and sailed from there on 24 February but was forced to put back again after his ships were damaged in a storm the following night. On 4 March the squadron sailed for Palermo and Naples then for Toulon. On passage for the latter destination the Admiral learned from the SALAMINE brig that the French had sailed on the 19th, six days earlier, with 4000 troops. He immediately altered course to the eastward and, on the 26th, gave chase to the enemy between Sardinia and Maritimo. The following night was foggy and the French were no longer in sight in the morning so Sir John made for Alexandria.
In October 1801 Capt. Frederick Lewis MAITLAND was appointed to the temporary command of DRAGON and he remained in her until the following August.
On 6 October 1802 DRAGON, in company with GIBRALTAR, SUPERB and TRIUMPH, was on passage from Gibraltar to Malta to rejoin Ad. BICKERTON, when mutineers took possession of GIBRALTAR and ran her under the sterns of the other vessels, cheering them, in the hope that the crews would join. Dissappointed, the mutineers became panic-struck and were easily overpowered by the ship's officers assisted by the detachment of marines.
At the beginning of November two of the ringleaders were tried by court martial on board DRAGON at Oriflagni Bay, Sardinia, and executed on board GIBRALTAR. In Sardinia they had joined KENT, the flagship, AGINCOURT and MONMOUTH. The bay was one which no warship had entered before. At the end of the month it was struck by a violent gale of wind.
Early in the morning of 18 June 1803 DRAGON and ENDYMION fell in with and captured the national corvette COLOMBE, Lieut. Carro, which had sailed from Martinique 40 days previously for Brest. She was copper bottomed, pierced for 16 guns and had 65 men on board.
1804 Capt. Edward GRIFFITH, with Sir Edward PELLEW off Ferrol. f On 22 July she joined Sir Robert CALDER's fleet at the close of his action with the combined Franco-Spanish fleet. For most of the time the fog was so thick that it was impossible to take advantage of the enemy by signals and only two ships were captured. DRAGON had 4 men wounded. She subsequently went into the Mediterranean in company with QUEEN and a fleet of transports with 5000 men commanded by Sir James Craig.
On 22 August DRAGON fell in with PHOENIX some 45 miles off Cape Ortegal and found her towing the dismasted French frigate DIDON,44, which she had captured on the 10th. 1805 At the end of the year Capt. Matthew Henry SCOTT was appointed to DRAGON and he commanded her for the next three years.
1810 Capt. Thomas FORREST, 8/10, flagship of Rear Ad. Sir Francis LAFORY, Leeward Is. He remained Commander in Chief there until the beginning of 1814. Her first lieutenant was James CLEPHAN who was promoted to the command of CHARYBDIS in April 1810. 1812 Capt. F.A. COLLIER, flag captain.
1813 Capt. Robert BARRIE was appointed to DRAGON in the spring of 1813 on the Halifax station. During the winter of 1813, one remarkable for the severity of the weather, Capt. BARRIE commanded the squadon blockading the Chesapeake from September until the arrival of Rear Ad. COCKBURN in May 1814. Only one of the enemy cruisers, the ADAMS frigate, managed to escape the blockade and she was subsequently destroyed. (see below)
On 1 June 1814 Capt. BARRIE was sent with the boats of DRAGON and ALBION and the schooner ST. LAWRENCE to attack a flotilla being fitted out at Baltimore to capture or destroy the JASEUR which had been causing havoc among American shipping. They fell in with the flotilla standing down the Chesapeake and retreated before it towards the DRAGON which was anchored off Smith's Point. When DRAGON got under weigh the Americans retreated into the Paxutent River wher the ship could not follow them. The boats were not strong enough to attack the enemy on their own so Capt. BARRIE attempted to divide the enemy force by cutting off a schooner under Cove Point but the Americans allowed the vessel to be burnt.
On the 6th the flotilla moved further up the Paxutent but when the LOIRE and JASEUR arrived the following day he followed them in. The enemy retreated into St. Leonard's creek so detachments of seamen and marines had to be landed on both sides of the river where they forced some 30O-40O of the enemy militia to flee into the woods.
On the 15th NARCISSUS joined and Capt. BARRIE proceeded up river with 12 boats containing 180 marines and 30 black colonial troops. They occupied Benedict and Marlborough and loaded tobacco on the boats and a schooner before destroying the tobacco stores. Although the enemy had assembled regulars and militia on some cliffs which the boats had to pass they were cleared off by a party of marines. DRAGON refittred at Halifax where she became the flagship of Rear Ad. GRIFFITH.
DRAGON, ENDYMION, BACCHANTE and SYLPH with 10 troop transports sailed from Halifax on 26 August and anchored off Metinicus Island on the 31st. where they were joined by BULWARK, TENEDOS, RIFLEMAN, PERUVIAN and PICTON. That evening the fleet sailed up Penobscot Bay and the following morning reached Castine. After the exchange of a few shot the fort and and town were abandoned by the enemy and occupied by a landing party. Capt. BARRIE with 80 marines from DRAGON and 60O picked troops in PERUVIAN and SYLPH and a number of armed boats from the squadron made sail up the river during the afternoon to attack the ADAMS frigate at Hamden. Troops and artillery were landed about two thirds of a mile from Ball's Head and the boats under Lieut. PEDLAR of DRAGON advanced in line with the right flank with a rocket boat manned by Mr GLINTON, gunner, and Mr SMALL, midshipman, of DRAGON about a quarter of a mile ahead. An battery of eight 18-pounders on a hill covered the road to Hamden and fifteen 18-pounders on a warf near the ADAMS covered the river but the rockets threw the enemy into confusion and they ran from their guns as the troops stormed the hill. Before the boats could reach the warf battery the enemy set the ADAMS on fire. The Americans under Brig. Gen. Blake retreated to Bangor where they surrendered.
DRAGON subsequently returned to the Chesapeake where Capt. BARRIE re-assumed command of the squadron. On 29 November, with the boats of the squadron and a party of marines, he landed at Tappahanock and brought off tobacco and flour together with the arms and baggage which the enemy troops had abandoned as they retreated to a nearby hill. He landed at Tappahanock again on 4 December and attacked a force of about 60O militia at Farham Church capturing a large field piece.
On 11 January 1815, proceeded to the coast of Georgia in company with REGULUS and BRUNE and transports having on board two companies of the 2d West India regiment, and took possession of Cumberland Island.
He landed on the mainland on the 13th and captured a fort at Point Petre and destroyed the barracks and store houses at St. Mary's before bringing out a ship laden with timber and a captured English East Indiaman.
DRAGON returned to Plymouth at the end of 1815 and was put out of commission. Her officers presented Capt. BARRIE with a piece of plate value 10O guineas and on 21 December 1815 a public dinner was held at Preston to honour his services which several officers travelled several hundred miles to attend.
1824 Quarantine service at Milford. 1834 Marine Barrack ship at Pembroke. 1842 Renamed FAME, hulk.
DRAKE,14. (1779 Dover. Out of service 1800) 1793 J. DOLING. 1794 S. BROOKING. 1796 T. GOTT. 1797- J. PERKINS, Jamaica. She was condemned as unseaworthy in the summer of 1800.
DRAKE,14. (The French privateer TIGRE taken in 1800. Wrecked 1804) 1803 William FERRIS, Leeward Is.
On 14 November 1803 14 seamen from DRAKE and 60 from BLENHEIM, accompanied by the SWIFT cutter, attacked the French privateer cutter HARMONIE in Marin Harbour, in the Bay of St. Ann Martinique. The whole operation was under the orders of Capt. FERRIS.
Meanwhile the marines from BLENHEIM seized Fort Dunkirk commanding the harbour, taking prisoners and spiking the battery of nine guns. The schooner was boarded under fire losing 2 killed and 14 wounded out of her crew of 66. The British losses were 1 man killed and 5 wounded, 3 from DRAKE. The enemy left 2 men dead and 14 wounded, the rest jumping into the sea. Fifty guinea swords were awarded to all the officers by the Patriotic Fund.
At the beginning of 1804 Capt. FERRIS moved to BLENHEIM as acting captain while Lieut. Samuel W. KING, first of CENTAUR, commanded DRAKE. On the night of 19 February , Lieut. COMPSTON and Mr ROBSON, master, volunteered to bring three American vessels out of the harbour of Trinite in the north part of Martinique, where they were taking in cargoes in defiance of the blockade. Under heavy fire from a fort within pistol-shot they managed to get possession of two brigs and a schooner but, through lack of wind they could only bring out the schoooner. Five days later a party of 21 men and 9 marines was landed at night and succeeded in spiking the guns, three 32 pounders, asnd the two fieldpieces which commanded the entrance to the fort. One seaman died of his wounds and Lieut. COMPSTON and one seaman were each wounded in the arm.
On the morning of 14 March DRAKE was off Englishman's Head in Guadaloupe when a French privateer schooner with a large ship, her prize, in company. When the ship ran on shore near the batteries at the Haye, Lieut. KING attempted to cut off the schooner but he was prevented from doing so when his main-top was shot away and the wind dropped.
When another ship was seen in the offing, apparently intending to run ashore, he made sail after her, leaving two boats under Mr ROBSON, the Master, to watch the first ship. As the boats approached, the enemy abandoned her, leaving only one man who did not have time to get in the boats. They took possession but after about half an hour she blew up, killing a Master's Mate, three seamen and one marine. Mr ROBSON died of his wounds a few hours later. The second ship, which was recaptured, proved to be the ENTERPRIZE of Bideford, which had been taken by the DECIDE.
In April DRAKE took part in the reduction of Surinam. The EMERALD frigate pushed in over the bar and anchored close to a battery of seven 18-pounders. She was closely followed by Capts. NASH and FERRIS in PANDOUR and DRAKE. The fort was silenced by a few broadsides after the ships had anchored, and 45 officers and men were captured by the 64th regiment. When the Dutch refusal to surrender the colony was received on the 28th, the ships moved up the river, the EMERALD, with Commodore HOOD and Brig. Gen. Hughes on board, passing through the mud in three feet less than she drew. The various forts and redoubts were captured and, when preparations were made to attack Fort Amsterdam, the Dutch surrendered on 5 May.
In September 1804 DRAKE grounded on a shoal off Nevis, Jamaica and was wrecked. All the crew were saved.
DRAKE,16. (The EARL MORNINGTON purchased in 1804. BU 1808) 1805 W.H. DRURY, Jamaica. 1806 John FLEMING, Jamaica. On 26 October 1806 DRAKE assisted the schooner PITT in floating off the privateer SUPERB which PITT had driven on shore in San Domingo. 1807 George BELL is shown in Steel's list as captain of DRAKE but he was in the East Indies during this period. 1808 J. FLEMING, Sheerness.
DRAKE,10. (1808 Ipswich. 'Cherokee'. Wrecked 1822) 1810 Eyles MOUNSHER, Channel. She destroyed a large French privateer schooner near Camperdown on 7 March 1810 and captured the TILSIT, of 18 guns and 64 men, on 9 April. 1811 Colin CAMPBELL. H. BARWELL. 1812- Gregory GRANT, Downs. 1815 orders for the West Indies. 1816 Jamaica station. Capt. GRANT was superceeded by C. JACKSON in the spring of 1816. 1817 out of commission at Portsmouth.
1818 Henry SHIFFNER, 1/18, fitting out for the Newfoundland station. He removed to the CARNATION in May 1819. From May until December 1819 DRAKE was commanded by William Nugent GLASCOCK. Ill health forced him to resign his command. 1820 Octavius Venables VERNON, 2/20, Newfoundland. Charles Adolphus BAKER, 12/20. On 20 June 1822 DRAKE was wrecked off Newfoundland. Many lost their lives, including Capt. BAKER. Among those saved was the cook, John POWERS, who had received his warrant on board PILOT seven years earlier. On 17 June 1815 he had been lying on his back under a skylight undergoing amputation of his thigh when he astonished the surgeon by pointing out an error in a hawser being reeved on deck above him.
DREADNOUGHT,98. (1801 Portsmouth. BU 1857) After 13 years on the stocks she was finally launched at midday on Saturday 13 May when, in the presence of at least 10,000 people, Commissioner Sir Charles Saxton broke a bottle of wine over her stem. As the first man of war launched since the Union of the British Isles it was appropriate that at her head she had a lion couchant on a scroll bearing the Imperial arms as emblazoned on the Standard. After the launch Sir Charles gave a most sumptuous cold collationto the nobility and officers of distinction.
By half past one the DREADNOUGHT had been brought into dock for coppering and a great number of people went on board to view her. The following day, due to the exertions of Mr Peake, the builder, and the artificers of the dockyard, she was completely coppered in six hours and on the Monday morning she went out of dock for rigging and fitting.
Her first commander was Capt. James VASHON. After cruising for some time in the Channel he proceeded off Cadiz and Minorca where he continued until the summer of 1802
1803 Capt. Edward BRACE, Flag-Captain to his old friend Sir William CORNWALLIS, Cawsand Bay. Capt. John Child PURVIS, Channel. he served under the orders of Ad. CORNWALLIS until he was promoted to Rear Admiral in April 1804.
1804 Capt. John CONN, Vice Ad. COLLINGWOOD, Channel. All through the winter the weather off the French coast was bad with the gales badly damaging five of the major warships maintaining the blockade. DREADNOUGHT joined Ad. CORNWALLIS at the beginning of January and lost most of her powder when water poured into the magazine.
In the spring CORNWALLIS returned to England for a well earned rest and he was replaced by an ailing Lord GARDNER who allowed the close blockade to be slackened. On 30 March the French fleet escaped from Toulon and reached Cadiz on 9 April. The French and Spanish squadrons sailed separately from there and joined forces in Martinique on 26 May. On 15 May COLLINGWOOD and his squadron of seven ships received orders from the Admiralty to sail for Barbados. The arrival of NELSON from the Mediterranean in pursuit of the French changed things and DREADNOUGHT remained off Cadiz. At the beginning of October COLLINGWOOD moved his flag to the ROYAL SOVEREIGN.
At the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October DREADNOUGHT was the eighth ship in the lee division to enter the action. She started firing on the SAN JUAN at 2 o'clock and fifteen minutes later ran her on board and forced her to surrender. She then attempted to engage the PRINCIPE DE ASTURIAS but the Spanish ship hauled off. During the battle DREADNOUGHT lost 7 killed 26 wounded.
Capt. Edward ROTHERHAM, flagship of Vice Ad. COLLINGWOOD, off Cadiz. 1807 Capt. William LECHMERE, Channel fleet. 1808-9 Capt. G.B. SALT, flagship of Rear Ad. Thomas SOTHEBY, off Ushant. 1811 Capt. S.H. LINZEE, Lisbon in the spring. In the Baltic at the end of the year. 1812 out of commission at Portsmouth. 1827 Lazaretto (hospital ship) at Milford.
DRIVER,18. (1797 Bermuda. BU 1834) 1799 J. DUNBAR, Sheerness - North Sea. 1803 F.W. FANE. 1805 Bahamas. 1806 Robert SIMPSON, Halifax. 1807 William LOVE, acting commander of the frigate CLEOPATRA, exchanged ships after SIMPSON's promotion to post captain was confirmed on 13/2/07. As a result of LOVE's activities, when he cruised the coast of South Carolina in search of privateers, President Jefferson issued a proclamation on 3 May 1806 banning DRIVERT from entering any United states port. LOVE, then lying in Charleston, replied that any insult to the British flag would be resisted.
The capture of the Spanish packet RANGER on 20 April yielded the information that the Charleston schooner EL BOLADORA had been fitted out at St. Augustine by the Scottish born Robert Ross. The privateer sailed from Norfolk on 6 June and captured the British brig CERES bound for Liverpool with logwood. Six days later DRIVER captured her about 8 miles off Cape Henry lighthouse.
ROSS had been responsible for the massacre of the crew of the British vessel off Charleston but, because he claimed to be an American, and at his trial his place of birth could not be proved, he escaped punishment.
In October 1806 DRIVER and the schooner MULLET left Halifax with a convoy of 13 merchantmen bound for the West Indies. They were hit by a gale which knocked DRIVER on her beam ends and swept the deck clear of boats. Lieuts. STANLY and SANDFORD cut away her top-masts and the bower anchor was lowered to bring her head to wind. She survived the storm but MULLET was lost with all hands.
1808 Charles CLARIDGE, 4/07, Halifax. On 10 February 1807 HORATIO,38, was in close action with the large French frigate JUNON off the Virgin Is. The LATONA frigate came to her aid and the British suffered losses of 7 men killed and 32 wounded before the French surrendered. DRIVER came on the scene during the action but Capt. CLARIDGE did not offer any assistance. He was removed from his command for misconduct in the face of the enemy. 1811 T.S. DYE, Spithead. 1812- Sheerness. 1817 Charles H. REID, 12/17, Leith. recommissioned 9/18. 1821 Thomas WOLRIGE, 10/21, Portsmouth. 1822 Charles BOWEN, 7/22, Coast of Africa.
1825 Convict ship at Woolwich.
DROMEDARY,20. (An East Indiaman purchased in 1805. First named HOWE and then renamed DROMEDARY in 1806. BU 1854) 1818 Store ship at Danzig. 1820 Store ship at New South Wales. 1822 Store ship at Chatham. 1825- Convict Ship at Bermuda. Richard SKINNER, Master.
DRUID,32. (1783 Bristol. BU 1813) 1793 Capt. J. ELLISON. 1795 Capt. R.C. REYNOLDS. 1795 Capt. Richard KING was appointed to her in the summer of 1795 and was employed in the Channel and escorting the trade to and from Portugal. 1797 Capt. Edward CODRINGTON. On 7 January 1797 DORIS,36, UNICORN,32, and DRUID captured the French frigate VILLE DE LORIENT, armed en flute and carrying 40O hussars to join the rebels in Ireland. 1798 armed en flute, Capt. C. ABTHORP, Guernsey. On 14 May 1798 an expedition consisting of EXPEDITION,44, CIRCE, VESTAL, HEBE, MINERVA and DRUID, the last three fitted as troopships, CHAMPION, ARIADNE, HARPY, SAVAGE, DART, KITE, WLVERINE, TARTARUS and HECLA, left Margate under the orders of Sir Home POPHAM, to take part in an expedition against Ostend. The British government had received intelligence that a great number of gun-boats and transports had been collected at Flushing for an invasion attempt on England and the plan was to destroy the locks and sluice gates on the Bruges canal to prevent them using it to get to Ostend and Dunkirk.
Unfavouable wind prevented their arrival before the morning of the 19th and, despite it blowing hard, the troops were landed and the sluices blown, while the ships exchanged fire with shore batteries. Unfortunately the surf was running too high for the troops to be brought off and 1134 were taken prisoner with about 60 killed and wounded. Although the sluice gates had been destroyed they were soon repaired in a few weeks. Naval casualties are noted under their respective ships.
1803 out of commission at Chatham.
1805 Capt. Phillip Bowes Vere BROKE, 4/05. So many ships were lying idle for want of crews that Capt. BROKE offered to sail with the barest minimum and try to bring her up to complement by pressing men from merchant ships off Land`s End and in the Bristol Channel. When he was successful he was placed under the orders of Lord GARDNER on the Irish Station.
On 2 February 1805, after a chase of 90 miles DRUID captured the French privateer PRINCE MURAT,18, Mon. Rine Murin, five days out of L`Orient without making any capures. A fast, coppered vessel, she was sent into Plymouth. On 1 May 1806, after a run of 160 miles, DRUID chased the French brig corvette PANDOUR,18, into Rear Ad. STIRLING`s squadron where she was brought to. She was commanded by M. Malingre with a crew of 114 men. She was bound for France from Senegal. Two of her 6-pounder guns were thrown overboard in the chase. Capt. BROKE brought her into Plymouth on 9 May. About the same time he chased a large frigate into the Passage du Raz, near Brest. He was appointed to SHANNON in June 1806.
1807 Capt. Hon. J.A. BENNETT, Spithead. Capt. D.H. MACKAY, Irish station. 1808 Capt. Sir William BOLTON, Irish station. 1811 Capt. Sir Thomas LOUIS, Irish station. Capt. T. SEARLE, Mediterranean. 1812 Capt. Francis STANFELL, Mediterranean.
DRUID,46. (1825 Pembroke. Sold 1863) 1825 Capt. Samuel CHAMBERS, 7/25, Plymouth for Jamaica. In 1827 DRUID conveyed Simon Bolivar from La Guiara to Carthagena.
1828 Capt. William SANDOM, 5/28, Jamaica. 1829 Capt. G.W. HAMILTON, 11/29, South America. 1833- out of commission at Plymouth. 1839 Capt. Rt. Hon. Lord John S.CHURCHILL, 4/39, East Indies. 1840 Capt. Henry SMITH, 6/40, East Indies. 1844 Devonport. 1846- Quarantine service at Liverpool
DRYAD,36. (1795 Deptford. BU 1860) 1795 Capt. Lord Amelius BEAUCLERK, 12/95. He was stationed off the coast of Ireland and had considerable success against enemy privateers. On 13 June 1796 he captured, after a 45 minute action, the PROSPERINE,42. Of the 348 on board the enemy, 30 were killed and 45 wounded. DRYAD lost 2 killed and 7 wounded. PROSPERINE was taken into the Royal Navy as AMELIA. DRYAD`s senior lieutenant, Edward Durnford KING was promoted to commander for his part in the action.
1798 Capt. C.J.M. MANSFIELD, 12/98, Ireland.
1803 Capt. Robert WILLIAMS, 5/02, Portland, for the suppression of smuggling. He removed into the RUSSEL in February 1803.
1804 Capt. John GIFFARD. Conveyed Lord GARDNER to Cork and remained under that officers orders on the Irish Station. Resigned due to ill health at the end of the year and was replaced by Capt.Adam DRUMMOND.
On 2 November 1805 DRYAD and BOADICEA fell in with four line-of-battle ships off Ferrol which had escaped from the battle of Trafalgar under Rear-Ad. Dumanoir le Pelly. The two ships tried to lead the enemy into the path of a British squadron by firing rockets but unfortunately lost them a short time after their signals had been seen by Sir Robert STRACHAN. (After an action lasting three and a half hours the French ships struck their colours to CAESAR, HERO, NAMUR & COURAGEUX, 74`s; and SANTA MARGARITTA, PHOENIX, REVOLUTIONNAIRE & AEOLUS, frigates)
1807 Capt. William Price CUMBY, 7/07, pro tempore command of DRYAD, making several valuable captures during a three month cruise on the Irish Station.
1808 Capt. Adam DRUMMOND, Irish Station. On 22 March 1808 he captured the French privateer RENNAIR,13, with a crew of 95 men.
1809 Capt. Edward GALWEY. He commanded DRYAD during the expedition against Walcheren and later on the north coast of Spain under the orders of Sir Robert MENDS. On 23 December 1812 he drove a nameless French national brig of 22 guns ashore on the Isle d`Yeu where she was completely wrecked. DRYAD was hulled several times by shots from the shore and her foremast was hit, but received no casualties.
On 26 March 1814, while returning from Newfoundland DRYAD encountered the wreck of the French frigate CLORINDE,40, with only her foremast standing and one third of the crew dead or wounded, trying to escape from the EUROTAS,45, with whom she had fought a bitter action. Capt. GALWEY accepted her surrender and towed her into port when DRYAD was put out of commission. CLORINDE was taken into the Royal Navy as TOPAZE.
1816 Sheerness, fitting for Jamaica. This was cancelled and she remained out of commission at Sheerness until 1825.
1825 Capt. Hon Robert RODNEY, 8/25, Sheerness. He died on 20 July 1826 while in command of the frigate.
1826 Capt. Hon. George CROFTON, 7/26, Mediterranean. 1830 Capt. John HAYES, 5/30, Plymouth.Sailed for the coast of Africa on 29 September 1830 as Commodore on that station. (See FAIR ROSAMOND which acted as tender to DRYAD) She was put out of commission on 13 September 1832
1832 Harbour service as Receiving Ship at Portsmouth.
DUBLIN,74. (1812 Rotherhithe. Sold 1885) 1812 Capt. David MILNE, fitting out at Sheerness. 1814 Capt. Thomas ELPHINSTONE, Plymouth. 1815 out of commission in the Hamoaze.
1826 50 guns. 1831 Capt. Rt. Hon. Lord James TOWNSHEND, Plymouth for South America. Ordered home in the spring of 1834. 1835 Capt. Charles HOPE, 1/35, Plymouth. 1835 Capt, George W. WILLES, 10/35, South America. 1836 Capt. Robert TAIT, 7/36, South America. Ordered home in the spring of 1838. 1840 out of commission at Portsmouth. 1841 Capt. John J. TUCKER, 5/41, Flagship South America. 1844 Flagship, Pacific. 1845 Harbour service
DUKE,90. (1777 Plymouth. BU 1843) 1793 Capt. G. DUFF with with Commodore G. MURRAY's broad pendant.1796 Capt. J. HOLLOWAY. During January 1797 she bore the flag of Rear Ad. C. PARKER.
1799 Harbour service as a Lazaretto in Stangate Creek.
DUKE OF CLARENCE,10. Hired cutter. 1804 Lieut. Nicholas Brent CLEMENTS. She was wrecked on the Portuguese coast in December 1804.
DUKE OF YORK,8. Hired lugger. 1799 Lieut. Benjamin SPARROW, cruising in Channel.
DUKE OF YORK,8. Hired cutter. 1807 Lieut. A. MOTT, Plymouth. 1808 Lieut. G.V. CROSBE, convoy to the Downs in November. 1811 Lieut. T. BANKS, Guernsey.
DUNCAN,38. (The East Indiaman CARRON purchased in 1804. Wrecked 1811) 1807 Renamed DOVER
DUNCAN,74. (1811 Deptford. BU 1863) 1812 Capt. R. LAMBERT, off Flushing. 1814 To the Mediterranean early in the year. 1815 VCapt. Samuel CHAMBERS, flagship of Rear Ad. Sir J.P. BERESFORD, to the Brazils in January. 1816- out of commission at Portsmouth. 1826 Harbour service.
DUQUESNE,74. (Captured from the French by BELLEROPHON and VANGUARD off San Domingo on 25 July 1803. BU 1805) The DUQUESNE, bearing the broad pendant of Commodore Kerrangel, had tried to break the blockade of Cape Francois in San Domingo by slipping out in a heavy squall. When the weather moderated she was discovered and pursued by the squadron. After a chase of 20 hours she was overtaken by Capt. James WALKER in VANGUARD and, following a running fight of an hour and a half, compelled to surrender. VANGUARD then escorted her, and a schooner which had been captured by the squadron to Jamaica. Following the surrender of the French and their evacuation in British ships to protect them from the vengeance of the black General Dessalines, Capt. WALKER was appointed to DUQUESNE for the passage to England. It was an anxious voyage because he had only 160 men to work the ship and guard almost the same number of French officers and soldiers on board. DUQUESNE was in want of extensive repair and was paid off shortly after her arrival.
DWARF,10. cutter. (1810 Sandgate. Wrecked 1824) 1811-12 Lieut. S. GORDON, Downs. 1814-18 ditto in the Channel. He recommissioned her in August 1815. 1819 Lieut. Nicholas CHAPMAN, 11/18, Plymouth. 1822 Lieut. Nicholas GOULD, 1/21, Plymouth. She was wrecked on the pier at Kingstown on 3 March 1824.
© 1995, 2000 Michael Phillips
Discovery 1790, more information added 18 Oct. 00. Dolphin 1751 added 13 Dec. 00.