The Royal Welch Fusiliers [UK]
Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills
Page created 15 July 2000. Corrected and updated 04.12.2005
The Royal Welch Fusiliers
crest and tie
by A. Melville-Brown
United Kingdom 
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How to find information about individuals who served in this corps
1689.03.16 Lord Herbert's Regiment of Foot
also known until 1751 by the names of other colonels
1702 The Welch Regiment of Fuzileers
converted to fusiliers for protection of artillery (variously spelled "Fuzileers" during 18th cent.)
1713 The Royal Regiment of Welch Fuzileers
(royal accolade granted for service in war of the Spanish Succession)
1714 The Prince of Wales's Own Royal Regiment of Welch Fuzileers
(named for the future King George II)
1723.04 The Royal Regiment of Welch Fuzileers
1747 ranked as 23rd Foot
1751.07.01 23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welsh Fuzileers)
1881.07.01 The Royal Welsh Fusiliers
reorganised as the county regiment of Caernarvonshire, Denbighshire, Flintshire, Merionethshire and Anglesey, encompassing also its Militia and Volunteer infantry [see below]
1921.01.01 The Royal Welch Fusiliers
(ancient spelling of "Welch" officially restored, but regiment had always unofficially retained that style)
2006.03.01 to unite with The Royal Regiment of Wales, to form The Royal Welsh
The Royal Welch Fusiliers (Regimental site)
The Royal Welch Fusiliers (Army site)
The Royal Welch Fusiliers, by Glenvil Roberts.
Short History of the Regiment (Regimental site)
The Royal Welch Fusiliers
A Brief History of the 23rd Regiment of Foot, The Royal Welch Fusiliers [1689-1783], by J. Morgan.
The Royal Welsh Fusiliers, by Chris Baker (The British Army in the Great War).
The Royal Welsh Fusiliers, by Brad Chappell (The Regimental Warpath 1914-1918)
RHQ and Depot :
RHQ: The Barracks, Caernarfon
Reserve Battalion [1843-1852]
    ? Depot Battalion [1856-1871]
    23rd Brigade Depot at Wrexham [1873-1881]
    23rd Regimental District at Wrexham [1881-1905]
    L Group at Brecon [1946-1948]
    Welsh Brigade at Brecon [1948-1968]
    Prince of Wales's Division at Lichfield [1968-2006]
  1st Battalion [1689-2006]
    2nd Battalion [1756-1758]
    2nd Battalion [1804-1814, 1857-1948, 1952-1957]
Militia and Special Reserve:
3rd Battalion (Royal Denbigh and Flint Militia) [1881-1953]
4th Battalion (Royal Carnarvon and Merioneth Militia) [1881-1908]
Territorials and Volunteers:
  1st Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
  2nd Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
  3rd Volunteer Battalion [1897-1908]
  4th Battalion [1908-1971]
  5th (Flintshire) Battalion [1908-1938]
  6th (Caernarvonshire and Anglesey) Battalion [1908-1947]
  6th/7th Battalion [1956-1971]
  7th (Merionethshire and Montgomeryshire) Battalion [1908-1947]
  Welsh Volunteers [1967-1971]
3rd (V) Battalion [1971-1999]
The Royal Welsh Regiment [1999-2006]
Hostilities-Only Units (First and Second World War, including T.A. duplicates):
  2/4th (Denbighshire) Battalion [1914-1918]
  4th (Reserve) (Denbighshire) Battalion [1915-1919]
  2/5th (Flintshire) Battalion [1914-1918]
  5th (Reserve) (Flintshire) Battalion [1915-1916]
  2/6th (Carnarvonshire and Anglesey) Battalion [1914-1917]
  6th (Reserve) (Carnarvonshire and Anglesey) Battalion [1915-1916]
  2/7th (Montgomery) Battalion [1914-1917]
  7th (Reserve) (Montgomery) Battalion [1915-1916]
  8th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  8th (Denbighshire) Battalion [1939-1947]
  9th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  9th (Caernarvonshire and Anglesey) Battalion [1939-1947]
  10th (Service) Battalion [1914-1918]
  10th (Merionethshire and Montgomeryshire) Battalion [1939-1942]
  11th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  11th (Home Defence) Battalion [1939-1941]
  2/11th (Home Defence) Battalion [1940-1940]
  12th (Reserve) Battalion [1914-1916]
  12th Battalion [1940-1942]
  13th (1st North Wales) (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  13th Battalion [1940-1946]
  14th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  15th (1st London Welsh) (Service) Battalion [1914-1918]
  16th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  17th (2nd North Wales) (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  18th (2nd London Welsh) (Reserve) Battalion [1914-1916]
  19th (Service) Battalion [1914-1918]
  20th (Reserve) Battalion [1914-1916]
  21st (Reserve) Battalion [1914-1916]
  22nd (Reserve) Battalion [1914-1916]
  23rd Battalion [1917-1919]
  24th (Home Service) Battalion [1916-1917]
  24th (Denbigh Yeomanry) Battalion [1917-1919]
  25th (Montgomery and Welsh Horse Yeomanry) Battalion [1917-1919]
26th (Home Service) Battalion [1916-1918]
26th (Service) Battalion [1918-1920]
30th Battalion [1941-1943]
31st Battalion [1941-1946]
50th (Holding) Battalion [1940-1940]
70th (Young Soldier) Battalion [1940-1943]
1st Garrison Battalion [1915-1920]
2nd Garrison Battalion [1915-1919]
3rd (Reserve) Garrison Battalion [1915-1919]
5th (Home Service) Garrison Battalion [1917-1917]
6th Garrison Battalion [1916-1919]
7th Garrison Battalion [1917-1917]
Cadet Battalions (Regimental site)
Namur 1695, Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Dettingen, Minden, [Egypt]1, Corunna, Martinique 1809, Albuhera, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Waterloo, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Lucknow, Ashantee 1873-74, Burma 1885-87, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902, Pekin 1900

The Great War (42 battalions)Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914 '18, La Bassée 1914, Messines 1914 '17 '18, Armentières 1914, Ypres 1914 '17 '18, Langemarck 1914 '17, Gheluvelt, Givenchy 1914, Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, Festubert 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Guillemont, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916 '18, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Arleux, Bullecourt, Pilckem, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Lys, Bailleul, Kemmel, Scherpenberg, Hindenburg Line, Havrincourt, Épéhy, St. Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Selle, Valenciennes, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Piave, Vittorio Veneto, Italy 1917-18, Doiran 1917 '18, Macedonia 1915-18, Suvla, Sari Bair, Landing at Suvla, Scimitar Hill, Gallipoli 1915-16, Rumani, Egypt 1915-17, Gaza, El Mughar, Jerusalem, Jericho, Tell 'Asur, Megiddo, Nablus, Palestine 1917-18, Tigris 1916, Kut al Amara 1917, Baghdad, Mesopotamia 1916-18

The Second World WarDyle, Defence of Escaut, St. Omer-La Bassée, Caen, Esquay, Falaise, Nederrijn, Lower Maas, Venlo Pocket, Ourthe, Rhineland, Reichswald, Goch, Weeze, Rhine, Ibbenburen, Aller, North-West Europe 1940 '44-45, Madagascar, Middle East 1942, Donbaik, North Arakan, Kohima, Mandalay, Ava, Burma 1943-45

1.  the Sphinx badge superscribed "Egypt".

1901.12.21 F.M. HM King George V
1936.12.10 F.M. HM King George VI
1953.06.02 HM Queen Elizabeth II
1689.03.08 Col. Henry (Herbert), 4th Baron Herbert of Chirbury
1689.04.10 Col. Charles Herbert
1691.07.13 Col. Toby Purcell
1692.04.20 Col. Sir John Morgan, Bt
1693.02.28 Lt-Gen. Richard Ingoldsby
1705.04.01 Gen. Joseph Sabine
1739.11.23 Col. Newsham Peers
1743.07.28 Gen. John Huske
1761.01.16 Lt-Gen. Hon George Boscawen
1775.05.11 Gen. Sir William (Howe), 5th Viscount Howe, KB [also 19th Lt Dgns, 46th Foot; CinC North America 1775-78]
1786.04.21 Gen. Richard Grenville
1823.04.23 Gen. Sir James Willoughby Gordon, Bt., GCB, GCH [also 85th Foot, R African Corps; QMG 1811-51]
1851.01.31 Lt-Gen. Sir George Charles D'Aguilar, KCB
1855.05.22 Gen. Henry Rainey, CB, KH
1860.12.27 Gen. Sir William John Codrington, GCB
1875.03.16 Gen. Charles Crutchley
1898.03.31 Gen. Sir Edward Earle Gascoigne Bulwer, GCB
1910.12.09 Maj-Gen. Hon. Sir Savage Lloyd Mostyn, KCB
1914.06.03 Maj-Gen. Sir Luke O'Connor, VC, KCB
1915.02.02 Lt-Gen. Sir Francis Lloyd, GCVO, KCB, DSO
1926.02.27 Lt-Gen. Sir Charles Macpherson Dobell, KCB, CMG, DSO
1938.10.26 Maj-Gen. John Randle Minshull-Ford, CB, DSO, MC
1942.03.03 Maj-Gen. Nigel Maitland Wilson, CB, DSO, OBE
1947.01.01 Brig. Llewellyn Augustus Arthur Alston, CBE, DSO, MC
1948.02.16 Brig. Sir Eric Ommanney Skaife, CB, OBE
1952.10.18 Maj-Gen. Sir Hugh Charles Stockwell, KBE, CB, DSO [AG 1959-60]
1965.10.18 Col. John Edward Theodore Willes, MBE
1974.03.04 Maj-Gen. Peter Raymond Leuchars, CBE
1984.03.04 Brig. Anthony Chester Vivian, CBE
1990.03.04 Maj-Gen. Richard Morgan Llewellyn, CB, OBE
1997.03.04 Brig. David John Ross, CBE
2001.03.04 Maj-Gen. Brian Peter Plummer, CBE
2005.04.01 Maj-Gen. Jonathon Peter Riley, DSO
Victoria Crosses [23rd Regiment], by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
Victoria Crosses [Royal Welch Fusiliers], by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
VCs in the Royal Welch Fusiliers Museum, by Iain Stewart.
Motto: Nec aspera terrent
Anniversaries: St. David's Day (1 Mar.)
Miscellaneous Tradition Links:

Le Royal 22e Régiment

3rd Battalion, The Frontier Force Regiment
The Pretoria Regiment (Princess Alice's Own) 1927-1961,
Unofficial Alliance:
United States Marine Corps
The Royal Welch Fusiliers Web Ring
Comrades' Association (Regimental site)
Royal Welch Fusiliers Comrades Association Colwyn Bay and District Branch
The Royal Welch Fusiliers in America [American Revolution; Eastern USA], by J. Morgan.
23rd Foot Royal Welch Fusiliers [1777; 1798; UK]
Third Captain's Company of the Royal Welch Fusiliers in America, by Jeff Preston
The King's Grenadiers, 23rd Foot, Royal Welch Fusiliers
The Royal Welch Fusiliers (Great War Association)
Regimental Museum The Royal Welch Fusiliers, Caernarfon, (Army Museums Ogilby Trust)
Regimental Museum The Royal Welch Fusiliers, Caernarfon, (Simonides listing)
Regimental Museum The Royal Welch Fusiliers, Caernarfon, (Regimental site)
Regimental Journal:
Y Ddraig Goch.
Full Histories:
Short Histories:





First World War:


Second World War:

Special Topics:
Hunter, David J. The regiments of Wales : the Welsh Guards, the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, the Royal Regiment of Wales (24th/41st), the Monmouthshire Regiment. Tollerton : D.J. Hunter, 2000. (Famous regiments on cigarette & trade cards) ISBN: 0953373886
Manuscripts and Archives:
Orderly Books of the Crown Forces in America 1775-1784, compiled by John K. Robertson, Don Hagist, Todd Braisted, and Don Londahl-Smidt (RevWar'75)