The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) [UK]
Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills
Page created 15 July 2000. Corrected and updated 04.12.2005
The Buffs
(Royal East Kent Regiment)
crest and tie
by A. Melville-Brown
United Kingdom 
  Titles & Lineage
  Battle Honours
  Colours, Standards & Guidons
  Uniforms & Badges

  Biography & Gallantry Awards
  Associations, Forums, Re-Enactors
  Museums, Monuments, Memorials

How to find information about individuals who served in this corps
1572 Thomas Morgan's Company
formed for service in Holland
1605 expanded to brigade of four regiments
1665 The British brigade, numbering three English and four Scottish regiments  were required to  take the oath of allegiance to the States-General or be cashiered.  The English refused and disbanded in Holland.  The Scots continued in Dutch service until 1794 when they were placed on the British establishment as The Scotch Brigade.
1665.05.31 The Holland Regiment
formed in England from repatriated veterans of the three disbanded English regiments in Dutch service; also known until 1751 by the names of colonels
1689 Prince George of Denmark's Regiment
1751.07.01 3rd Regiment of Foot, or The Buffs
1782.08.31 3rd (the East Kent) Regiment of Foot
1881.07.01 The Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
reorganised as the county regiment of East Kent, encompassing also its Militia and Volunteer infantry [see below]
1935.06.03 The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
1961.03.01 amalgamated with The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, to form The Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (Association site)
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), unofficial page by Peter Blanche.
History of The Buffs, by Peter Blanche.
History of The Buffs, by F.A. Mason.
The Danish Connection (Association site)
1st/3rd Foot (The East Kent, The Buff's) Regiment of Foot [in Australia] 1823-1827, by B & M Chapman.
The Buffs in Australia - 1822 to 1827 (abstract: Sabretache, Vol. 36, no. 1, Jan/Mar 1995)
The Buffs, by Chris Baker (The British Army in the Great War).
The Buffs, by Brad Chappell (The Regimental Warpath 1914-1918)
RHQ and Depot:
  ? Depot Battalion [1856-1871]
  45th Brigade Depot at Canterbury [1873-1881]
  3rd Regimental District at Canterbury [1881-1905]
  C Group, at Shorncliffe [1946-1948]
  Home Counties Brigade, at Canterbury [1948-1961]
    1st Battalion [1572-1961]
    2nd Battalion [1756-1758]
    2nd Battalion [1678-1679, 1803-1815, 1857-1949]
Militia and Special Reserve:
3rd Battalion (East Kent Regiment of Militia) [1881-1953]
4th Battalion [1881-1888]
Territorials and Volunteers:
1st Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
2nd (The Weald of Kent) Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
4th Battalion [1908-1921]
4th/5th Battalion [1921-1961]
5th (The Weald of Kent ) Battalion [1908-1921]
5th Battalion [1956-1961]
Hostilities-Only Units (First and Second World War, including T.A. duplicates):
2/4th Battalion [1914-1917]
3/4th Battalion [1915-1919]
2/5th Battalion [1914-1917]
3/5th Battalion [1915-1916]
5th Battalion [1939-1947]
6th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
6th (Home Defence) Battalion [1939-1941]
7th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
7th Battalion [1940-1941]
8th (Service) Battalion [1914-1918]
8th Battalion [1940-1942]
9th (Reserve) Battalion [1914-1915]
9th Battalion [1940-1946]
10th (Royal East Kent and West Kent Yeomanry) Battalion
10th Battalion [1940-1943]
11th Battalion [1940-1940]
30th Battalion [1941-1943]
70th (Young Soldiers) Battalion [1940-1943]
Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Dettingen, Guadeloupe 1759, Douro, Talavera, Albuhera, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Punniar, Sevastopol, Taku Forts, South Africa 1879, Chitral, Relief of Kimberley, Paardeberg, South Africa 1900-02

The Great War (16 battalions)1 Aisne 1914, Armentières 1914, Ypres 1915 '17, Gravenstafel, St. Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Hooge 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Thiepval, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916 '18, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Messines 1917, Pilckem, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Avre, Amiens, Bapaume 1918, Hindenburg Line, Épéhy, St. Quentin Canal, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Struma, Doiran 1918, Macedonia 1915-18, Gaza, Jerusalem, Tell 'Asur, Palestine 1917-18, Aden, Tigris 1916, Kut al Amara 1917, Baghdad, Mesopotamia 1915-18

The Second World War:  Defence of Escaut, St. Omer-La Bassée, Withdrawal to Seine, North-West Europe 1940, Sidi Suleiman, Alem Hamza, Alam el Halfa, El Alamein, El Agheila, Advance on Tripoli, Tebaga Gap, El Hamma, Akarit, Djebel Azzag 1943, Robaa Valley, Djebel Bech Chekaoui, Heidous, Medjez Plain, Longstop Hill 1943, North Africa 1941-43, Centuripe, Monte Rivoglia, Sicily 1943, Termoli, Trigno, Sangro, Anzio, Cassino I, Liri Valley, Aquino, Rome, Trasimene Line, Coriano, Monte Spaduro, Senio, Argenta Gap, Italy 1943-45, Leros, Middle East 1943, Malta 1940-42, Shweli, Myitson, Burma 1945

1. AO 55/1925 as amended by AO 426/1925.


Colours in St. Michael's Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral, by Peter Blanche.
1906.11.09 HM Frederick VIII, King of Denmark
1914.05.12 HM Christian X, King of Denmark, KG, GCB, GCVO
1947.12.23 HM Frederick IX, King of Denmark, KG, GCB, GCVO
Note:  The Danish connection began in 1689, when the regiment was named for Prince George of Denmark (d. 1708), consort of Princess Anne (Queen from 1702 to 1714)
1572 Thomas Morgan
1665.05.31 Col. Robert Sidney
1668.08.12 Maj-Gen. Sir Walter Vane [also 6th Foot]
1673.12.12 Lt-Gen. John (Sheffield), Duke of Buckingham (3rd Earl of Mulgrave), KG
1682.11.06 Col. Philip (Stanhope), 2nd Earl of Chesterfield
1684.01.26 Lt-Gen. John (Sheffield), Duke of Buckingham (3rd Earl of Mulgrave), KG [reappointed]
1685.10.23 Brig-Gen. Sir Theophilus Oglethorpe
1688.12.31 Gen. Charles Churchill
1707.02.26 F.M. John (Campbell), 2nd Duke of Argyll, KG, KT (Earl of Islay, Lord Lorne) [also 4th Tp Horse Gds, R Horse Gds, 3rd Horse, Lorne's Foot(1), Lorne's Foot(2), Argyll's Foot; Gov. Minorca 1712-16; MGO 1725-40]
1711.02.26 Col. John Selwyn
1713.04.14 Brig-Gen. Archibald (Douglas), 2nd Earl of Forfar
1716.01.05 Gen. Sir Charles Wills, KB [also 1st Gds, 30th Foot]
1726.08.26 Col. Thomas (Pitt), 1st Earl of Londonderry
1729.11.24 Lt-Gen. William Tatton
1737.06.27 Lt-Gen. Thomas Howard
1749.08.21 F.M. Sir George Howard, KB
1763.05.13 Col. John Craufurd [also 85th Foot]
1764.11.22 Maj-Gen. Ralph Burton [also 95th Foot]
1768.11.07 F.M. Sir Jeffrey (Amherst), 1st Baron Amherst, KB [also 2nd Tp Horse Gds, 2nd Tp Horse Gren Gds, 15th Foot; Col.-in-Chief, 60th Foot; C-in-C North America; Gov. Virginia]
1779.04.21 Lt-Gen. William Style
1786.04.18 Gen. Thomas Hall [also 79th Foot]
1809.12.29 Gen. Charles Leigh
1815.08.09 Lt-Gen. Sir Henry Clinton, GCB, GCH
1829.12.21 Gen. Sir George Don, GCB, GCH [also 36th Foot, 96th Foot, 9th West India Regt]
1832.01.30 Gen. Kenneth Alexander (Howard), 1st Earl of Effingham, GCB
1845.03.18 Gen. Sir Henry King, CB, KCH, KC
1854.07.25 Lt-Gen. Sir Nathaniel Thorn, KCB, KH
1857.01.29 Lt-Gen. Nicholas Wodehouse
1857.12.12 Maj-Gen. Sir Henry Havelock, KCB [died at Lucknow]
1857.12.12 Lt-Gen. Berkeley Drummond
1860.05.04 Gen. Hon Charles Grey
1863.07.06 Lt-Gen. John Wharton Frith
1864.09.09 Lt-Gen. Day Hort Macdowall
1870.09.15 Lt-Gen. Hon. Sir James Lindsay, KCMG
1874.08.14 Gen. William Craig Emilius Napier [also KOSB]
1882.09.23 Gen. Sir Julius Augustus Robert Raines, GCB
1909.04.12 Maj-Gen. Frederick Taylor Hobson
1909.10.05 Maj-Gen. Robert George Kekewich
1914.11.06 Gen. Sir Arthur Henry Fitzroy Paget, GCB, KCVO
1928.12.10 Maj-Gen. Sir Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell, KCB, KCMG
1937.01.02 Maj-Gen. Sir John Kennedy, GBE, CB, CMG, DSO
1943.06.04 Maj-Gen. Hon. Percy Gerald Scarlett, CB, MC
1953.06.04 Maj-Gen. Valentine Boucher, CB, CBE [continued 1961 as Dep. Col. QO Buffs]
Victoria Crosses [3rd Regiment], by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
Victoria Crosses [Buffs], by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
Victoria Crosses (Association site)
VCs in the Buffs Regimental Museum, by Iain Stewart.
A Buffs Web Page [Roll of Honour] 1914-1919, by David New.
Pvt. Wilfrid George Young, 1938-1946, by Michael S.Young.
Motto: Veteri frondescit honore
Nicknames: The Buffs, The Buff Howards [adopted ca.1738-1744 to distinguish by facing colour Thomas Howard's Regiment from Charles Howard's Regiment - The Green Howards; in both instances the nickname evolved into the formal title]
The Nutcrackers [from the battle of Albuhera, 1811, when they cracked the heads of the enemy]
Anniversaries: Corunna (16 Jan.), Albuhera (16 May)
Miscellaneous Tradition Links:
The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
The Irish Fusiliers of Canada (Vancouver Regiment)
3rd Infantry Battalion (The Werriwa Regiment) 1930-1960
Regimental Association of The Queen's Own Buffs
6th Battalion The Buffs (Great War Association)
The Buffs Regimental Museum, Canterbury (Army Museums Ogilby Trust)
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Museum, Dover (Army Museums Ogilby Trust)
The Buffs Museum, by Henrik Teller (Simonides listing)
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Museum, Dover (Simonides listing)
St. Michael's Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral, by Peter Blanche.
Warriors' Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral (Association site)
Regimental Journal:
The dragon.
Full Histories:
Short Histories:





First World War:


Second World War:

Manuscripts and Archives:
Orderly Books of the Crown Forces in America 1775-1784, compiled by John K. Robertson, Don Hagist, Todd Braisted, and Don Londahl-Smidt (RevWar'75)