The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) [UK]
Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills
Page created 15 July 2000. Corrected and updated 30.10.2005
 
The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster)
crest and tie
by A. Melville-Brown
United Kingdom 
  Titles & Lineage
  History
  Battle Honours
  Colours, Standards & Guidons
  Uniforms & Badges
  Colonels-in-Chief
  Colonels

  Biography & Gallantry Awards
  Traditions
  Alliances
  Associations, Forums, Re-Enactors
  Museums, Monuments, Memorials
  Bibliography

How to find information about individuals who served in this corps
 
1680.07.13 2nd Tangier, or Earl of Plymouth's Regiment of Foot
also known until 1751 by the names of colonels
1684 The Duchess of York and Albany's Regiment of Foot
(named for the future Queen Mary)
1685.02? The Queen's Regiment of Foot
(redesignated when the Duchess of York became Queen)
1688 The Queen Consort's Regiment of Foot
(re-named for Queen Mary, consort of William III)
1702 The Queen's Regiment of Foot
1703 The Queen's Own Regiment of Marines
1710 The Queen's Own Regiment of Foot
1715 The King's Own Regiment of Foot
(re-named for King George I)
1751.07.01 4th (The King's Own) Regiment of Foot
1867 4th (The King's Own Royal) Regiment of Foot
1881.07.01 The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment)
reorganised as the county regiment of North Lancashire, encompassing also its Militia and Volunteer infantry [see below]
1921.01.01 The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster)
1959.10.01 amalgamated with The Border Regiment, to form The King's Own Royal Border Regiment
Regimental History Card, by Lancaster Priory
1st/4th Foot (Lancaster) King's Own Regiment [in Australia] 1832-1837, by B & M Chapman.
Remember! : [The King's Own Royal Regiment in the Great War], by Steve Irwin.
The King's Own Royal Regiment, by Chris Baker (The British Army in the Great War).
The King's Own Royal Regiment, by Brad Chappell (The Regimental Warpath 1914-1918)
     
RHQ and Depot:
  ? Depot Battalion [1856-1871]
  11th Brigade Depot at Lancaster [1873-1881]
  4th Regimental District at Lancaster [1881-1905]
 
  D Group at Carlisle [1946-48]
    Lancastrian Brigade at Preston [1948-1959]
     
  Regulars:
    1st Battalion [1680-1959]
    2nd Battalion [1756-1758]
    2nd Battalion [1799-1802, 1804-1815, 1857-1949]
     
Militia and Special Reserve:
3rd Battalion (1st Royal Lancashire Regiment of Militia (The Duke of Lancaster's Own)) [1881-1953]
4th Battalion [1881-1908]
Territorials and Volunteers:
1st Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
2nd Volunteer Battalion [1900-1908]
4th Battalion [1908-1938]
5th Battalion [1908-1942, 1947-1959]
Hostilities-Only Units (First and Second World War, including T.A. duplicates):
2/4th Battalion [1914-1916]
3/4th Battalion [1915-1919]
2/5th Battalion [1914-1919]
3/5th Battalion [1915-1916]
6th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
6th Battalion (Pioneers) [1940-1946]
7th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
7th Battalion (Pioneers) [1940-1947]
8th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
8th Battalion (Pioneers) [1940-1944]
9th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
9th Battalion (Pioneers) [1940-1941]
10th (Reserve) Battalion [1914-1915]
10th Battalion [1940-1942]
11th (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1918]
12th (Reserve) Battalion [1916-1916]
12th Battalion [1917-1918]
50th (Holding) Battalion [1940-1940]
Namur 1695, Gibraltar 1704-05, Guadeloupe 1759, St. Lucia 1778, Corunna, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, San Sebastian, Nive, Peninsula, Bladensburg, Waterloo, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Abyssinia, South Africa 1879, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902

The Great War (16 battalions):  Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, Armentières 1914, Ypres 1915 '17, Gravenstafel, St Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Festubert 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Guillemont, Ginchy, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916, Arras 1917 '18, Scarpe 1917 '18, Arleux, Messines 1917, Pilckem, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Lys, Estaires, Hazebrouck, Béthune, Bapaume 1918, Drocourt-Quéant, Hindenburg Line, Canal du Nord, Selle, Valenciennes, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Struma, Doiran 1917 '18, Macedonia 1915-18, Suvla, Sari Bair, Gallipoli 1915, Egypt 1916, Tigris 1916, Kut al Amara 1917, Baghdad, Mesopotamia 1916-18

The Second World War:   St Omer-La Bassée, Dunkirk 1940, North-West Europe 1940, Defence of Habbaniya, Falluja, Iraq 1941, Merjayun, Jebel Mazar, Syria 1941, Tobruk 1941, Tobruk Sortie, North Africa 1940-42, Montone, Citta di Castello, San Martino Sogliano, Lamone Bridgehead, Italy 1944-45, Malta 1941-42, Chindits 1944, Burma 1944

4th, 5th Battalions:  South Africa 1900-02

5th Battalion:  Honorary Distinction: badge of the Royal Armoured Corps with year-dates "1944-45" and one scroll "North-West Europe"

Colours in The King's Own Regimental Chapel, Lancaster Priory
   
Badges:
Uniform:
   
   
     
   
1903.03.17 F.M. HM King Edward VII
1913.08.19 F.M. HM King George V
 
 
1680.07.13 Col. Charles (FitzCharles), 1st Earl of Plymouth
[illegitimate son of Charles II, d. 1680]
1680.11.27

Lt-Gen. Hon Piercy Kirke (senior)

1682.04.23 Col. Charles Trelawny
1688.12.01 Col. Sir Charles Orby, 2nd Bt.
1688.12.31 Maj-Gen. Charles Trelawny [reappointed]
1692.01.01 Brig-Gen. Henry Trelawny
1702.02.12 Lt-Gen. William Seymour [also Seymour's Regt, 24th Foot; Brig-Gen. of Marine Regts]
1717.12.25 Brig-Gen. The Hon. Henry Berkeley
1719.04.21 Gen. Charles (Cadogan), 2nd Baron Cadogan
1734.08.08 Lt-Gen. William Barrell [also 22nd Foot, 28th Foot]
1749.08.22 Lt-Gen. Sir Robert Rich, 5th Bt.
1756.05.12 Lt-Gen. Alexander Duroure
1765.01.23 Col. The Hon. Robert Brudenell
1768.11.07 F.M. Studholme Hodgson
1782.06.07 Lt-Gen. Sir John Burgoyne
1792.08.08 Gen. George Morrison [also 17th Foot, 75th Foot; QMG]
1799.12.05 Gen. John (Pitt), 2nd Earl of Chatham, KG
1835.09.30 Gen. John Hodgson [also 83rd Foot]
1846.02.07 Gen. Sir Thomas Bradford, GCB, GCH [also 30th Foot, 94th Foot; C-in-C Bombay 1825-29]
1853.12.26 Gen. Sir John Bell, GCB
1876.11.21 Gen. Studholme John Hodgson
1890.09.01 Gen. William Sankey, CB
1892.11.17 Lt-Gen. William Wilby, CB
1894.01.16 Gen. Sir William Gordon Cameron, KCB, VD
1913.03.26 Gen. Sir Archibald Hunter, GCB, GCVO, DSO, LLD, TD
1926.11.19 Lt-Gen. Sir Oswald Cuthbert Borrett, KCB, CMG, CBE, DSO
1945.01.01 Maj-Gen. Russell Mortimer Luckock, CB, CMG, DSO
1947.09.01

Brig. John Herbert Hardy, CBE, MC

1957.09.01

Maj-Gen. Richard Neville Anderson, CB, CBE, DSO [also 10th Gurkha Rifles]

Victoria Crosses, by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
VCs in the King's Own Royal Regimental Museum, by Iain Stewart.
 
Motto:
Nicknames:
Anniversaries:
Freedoms: Lancaster (1953)
Marches:
Musicians:
Mascot:
Miscellaneous Tradition Links:

The King's Own Calgary Regiment

1927-1959
4th (King's Own) Regiment of Foot [American Revolution] (North West Territory Alliance)
King's Own Light Infantry [American Revolution], by Chris Woolf
King's Own Royal Regiment Museum, Lancaster, by Howard Martin.
King's Own Royal Border Regiment Museum, Carlisle (Army Museums Ogilby Trust)
King's Own Royal Regiment Museum, Lancaster (Army Museums Ogilby Trust)
King's Own Royal Regiment Museum, Lancaster (Simonides listing)
Border and Kings Own Royal Border Regimental Museum, Carlisle, by Stuart Eastwood.
King's Own Regimental Chapel, Lancaster Priory
  Regimental Journal:
The lion and the rose.
 
  Full Histories:
Cowper, L.I.  The King's Own : the Story of a Royal Regiment. Vol. 1, 1680-1814.  Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1939.
Cowper, L.I.  The King's Own : the Story of a Royal Regiment. Vol. 2, 1814-1914.  Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1939.
Cowper, J.M.  The King's Own : the Story of a Royal Regiment.  Vol. 3, 1914-1950.  Aldershot : Gale & Polden, 1957.
Eastwood, Stuart A.  Lions of England : a pictorial history of the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster), 1680-1980.  Great Addington, Kettering, Northants : Silver Link Pub.,  1991.  ISBN: 0947971688 
The King's Own Regiment, 1st Battalion, Lucknow, 1910.   Paris : Evrard, 1910.
A short history of The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster).  Aldershot : Gale & Polden, 1925.
The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster).  Morecambe ; Morecambe Bay Printers, [ca. 1961]
Green, Howard. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) (The 4th Regiment of Foot). London : Leo Cooper, 1972. (Famous regiments)  ISBN: 0850520908
May, Ralph Keogh. The King's Own Royal Border Regiment, 1680- 1980 : a short regimental history written to mark the regimental tercentenary on the 13th July 1980. [Merseyside?] : North West Publications Ltd, 1980.
May, Ralph Keogh.  The King's Own Royal Border Regiment : 1680-1984 : a short regimental history written to mark the 25th anniversary of the amalgamation of the King's Own Royal Regiment and the Border Regiment, 1st October, 1984.  Liverpool : North West Publications, 1984.
Thorne, A.D.  A record of the articles and monuments of historical interest placed in the King's Own Memorial Chapel, Lancaster, since its deidcation by the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Manchester on 24th July, 1904.  London : W.H. Smith and Son, 1924.
   
Short Histories:
Cannon, Richard.  Historical record of the Fourth, or The King's Own, Regiment of Foot, containing an account of the formation of the regiment in 1680 and of its subsequent services to 1839.  London : Longman, Orme & Co., 1839.  (Cannon's historical record series)
   

Militia

Williamson, Ralph John Thomas, comp.  History of the old county regiment of 
Lancaster Militia ... : new 3rd & 4th Battalions, The King's Own (Royal Lancaster) Regiment from 1689 to 1856
.  London :  Simpkin, Marshall & co., 1888.
Whalley, J. Lawson, comp.  Roll of officers of the old county regiment of Lancashire Militia ... : now 3rd and 4th Battalions, The King's Own (Royal Lancaster) Regiment from 1642 to 1889.  London :  Simpkin, Marshall & co., 1889.
   

First World War:

Record of the War Memorial of The King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, 1914-1918.  London : W.H. Smith and Son, 1924.
Hodgkinson, Albert.  The King's Own, T.F., being a record of the 1/5th Battalion, the King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) in the European War, 1914-1918.  Lewes : Lewes Press, 1921.
Wadham, Walter F. A.  The Fourth Battalion, the King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) and the Great War : early days.  London : s.n., 1920.
Wadham, Walter F. A.; and Crossley, James.  The Fourth Battalion, the King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) and the Great War.  London : s.n., 1935.
   

Second World War:

The history of the 107 Regiment Royal Armoured Corps (King's Own), June 1940-February 1946.  Lengerich, Westphalia : Bischof & Klein, 1946.